Current Demographic Research Report #75, March 21, 2005.

CDERR (Current Demographic Research Reports) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography and Ecology at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. This report will contain selected listings of new: reports, articles, bibliographies, working papers, tables of contents, conferences, data, and websites. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:


Index to this issue:


Census Bureau Report
Centers for Disease Control Periodicals, Periodical Article, Press Release
National Institutes of Health News Release
Medical Expenditure Panel Survey Statistical Briefs
National Center for Education Statistics Report, Issue Briefs
Department of Housing and Urban Development Periodical
National Science Foundation Reports
Institute of Medicine Monograph
Urban Institute Reports
Brookings Institute Policy Brief
_New England Journal of Medicine_ Various
Info Health Pop. Reporter
NLS Bibliography Updates


Rand Corporation Labor and Population Program
University of Wisconsin Institute for Research on Poverty
Population Council
National Bureau of Economic Research
Princeton Center for Research on Child Well Being
University of Connecticut Department of Economics
Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)
Tilburg University Center for Economic Research
Institute for Fiscal Studies


Other Journals


Southern Demographic Association _Population Research and Policy Review_


Census Bureau
Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research (ICPSR)
National Longitudinal Study
Economic and Social Data Service Announcement
UK Data Archive
US Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service


National Institute of Corrections



Census Bureau Report: "2003 Annual Survey of Local Government Finances - School Systems" (March 2005, .pdf format, 129p. with accompanying data in Microsoft Excel and/or comma delimited or SAS format). The report and data are linked from a Census Bureau news release (Education Revenues Top $440 Billion; D.C. Spent the Most Per Student, Utah the Least" (CB05-37, Mar. 17, 2005).

Centers for Disease Control Periodicals, Periodical Article, Press Release:

A. _Preventing Chronic Disease_ (Vol. 2, No. 2, April 2005, HTML and .pdf format).

Note: This is a temporary address. When the next _PCD_ is released, this one, along with all others, will be available at:

B. _Emerging Infectious Diseases_ (Vol. 11, No. 3, March 2005, HTML and .pdf format).

Note: This is a temporary address. When the next _EID_ is released, this one, along with all others, will be available at:

C. "Trends in Tuberculosis --- United States, 2004" (_Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report_, Vol. 54, No. 10, Mar. 18, 2005, HTML and .pdf format, p. 245-249).



D. "Rubella No Longer Major Public Health Threat in the United States" (Mar. 21, 2005).

National Institutes of Health News Release: "College Alcohol Problems Exceed Previous Estimates" (Mar. 17, 2005).

Department of Health and Human Services Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration Report: "Inhalant Use and Delinquent Behaviors among Young Adolescents" (National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), March 2005, HTML and .pdf format, 3p.).

Medical Expenditure Panel Survey Statistical Briefs:

A. "Premiums in the Individual Health Insurance Market for Policyholders under Age 65, 1996 and 2002," by Leslie J. Conwell and Joel W. Cohen (Statistical Brief #72, March 2005, .pdf format, 6p.).


Using data from the 1996 and 2002 Household Component of the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS-HC), this Statistical Brief examines the changes in premium levels and the population with individual health insurance between 1996 and 2002. The health insurance policies discussed provide coverage for hospital and physician services.

B. "Characteristics of Persons with High Medical Expenditures in the U.S. Civilian Noninstitutionalized Population, 2002," by Leslie J. Conwell and Joel W. Cohen (Statistical Brief #73, March 2005, .pdf format, 6p.).


Using data from the Household Component of the 2002 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS-HC), this Statistical Brief presents characteristics of persons in the U.S. civilian noninstitutionalized (community) population in calendar year 2002 who were in the top 5 percent of the medical expenditure distribution compared with persons in the bottom 50 percent of that distribution.

National Center for Education Statistics Report, Issue Briefs:

A. "Feasibility of a Student Unit Record System Within the Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System," by Alisa F. Cunningham, John Milam, and Cathy Statham (NCES 2005160, March 2005, .pdf format, 168p.).


This report describes the feasibility of collecting individual enrollment and financial aid information for each student in postsecondary education. NCES held three public meetings with key stakeholders from institutions, states and other interested parties to get feedback on such issues as burden, cost, and privacy, and to solicit information on other technical aspects of developing such a unit record system. This report details the issues discussed in these meetings. This feasibility study is an important step to determine the problems that may be encountered and the issues to be addressed if Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System were redesigned to replace five current IPEDS surveys with a unit record system.

B. "Trends in Undergraduate Career Education," by Lisa Hudson and Ellen Carey (NCES Issue Brief 2005012, March 2005, .pdf format, with 3 pages of supplementary graphs, also .pdf format).


This Issue Brief examines trends in undergraduate credentials (certificates, associate's degrees, and bachelor's degrees) in career-related areas of study. These trends are examined at both the sub-baccalaureate and baccalaureate levels, from 1984-85 to 2000-01. The number of undergraduate credential awards increased over this period, in both academic and career areas, and at both the sub-baccalaureate and baccalaureate levels. Although career education grew at a slower pace than academic education, it remained a majority proportion of undergraduate credentials in 2000-01. In addition, of the 11 career areas of study, 6 increased as a proportion of all credentials at the sub-baccalaureate level, and 4 increased at the baccalaureate level. Career areas that declined as a proportion of all credential awards were largely concentrated in business/marketing and engineering/architectural sciences, at both levels of education.

C. "Computer Technology in the Public School Classroom: Teacher Perspectives," by Lawrence Lanahan and Janet Boysen (NCES Issue Brief2005083, March 2005, .pdf format, 3p., with standard error tables (.pdf format, 3p.)).


This Issue Brief examines public school teacher views on technology in the classroom. Using data from the 2000-01 Teacher Follow-up Survey (TFS), the Brief reports on what types of technology teachers find essential and whether they consider technology sufficiently available in their classrooms. It also compares teacher opinions across various teacher characteristics. A majority of teachers (57 percent) considered their classroom technology sufficiently available.

Department of Housing and Urban Development Periodical: _U.S. Housing Market Conditions_ (Fourth Quarter 2004, February 2005, .pdf format and Microsoft Word format).

Note: This is a temporary address. When the next _USHMC_ is released, this one, along all others back to 1994, will be available at:

National Science Foundation Reports:

A. "Federal Science and Engineering Support to Universities, Colleges, and Nonprofit Institutions: Fiscal Year 2002" (NSF 05-309, March 2005, Microsoft Excel and .pdf format, 274p.). Note: Microsoft Excel tables are available via the "Hypertext Format" link.

B. "Graduate Students and Postdoctorates in Science and Engineering: Fall 2002" (NSF 05-310, March 2005, .pdf and Microsoft Excel format, 171p.). Note: Microsoft Excel tables are available via the "Hypertext Format" link.

Institute of Medicine Monograph: _The Threat of Pandemic Influenza: Are We Ready? Workshop Summary_, edited by Stacey L. Knobler, Alison Mack, Adel Mahmoud, Stanley M. Lemon (National Academies Press, 2005, OpenBook format, 432p.). Note: Ordering information for a print or .pdf copy is available at the site.

Urban Institute Reports:

A. "Job Turnover, Wage Rates, and Marital Stability," by Avner Ahituv and Robert I. Lerman (November 2004, .pdf format, 48p.).

B. "Experiences of Seriously Ill Prisoners Returning to Cincinnati," by Christy Visher, Rebecca Naser, Demelza Baer, Jesse Jannetta (Mar. 2005, .pdf format, 26p.).

Brookings Institute Policy Brief: "Closing Achievement Gaps," by Ron Haskins and Cecilia Rouse (Future of Children Policy Brief, Spring 2005, .pdf format, 8p.).

_New England Journal of Medicine_ Book Article Abstract, Editorial Extract, Review Extract:

A. "A Potential Decline in Life Expectancy in the United States in the 21st Century," by S. Jay Olshansky, Douglas J. Passaro, Ronald C. Hershow, Jennifer Layden, Bruce A. Carnes, Jacob Brody, Leonard Hayflick, Robert N. Butler, David B. Allison, and David S. Ludwig (Vol. 352, No. 11, Mar. 17, 2005, p. 1138-1145).

B. "Deadweight? -- The Influence of Obesity on Longevity," by Samuel H. Preston (Editorial Extract, Vol. 352, No. 11, Mar. 17, 2005, p. 1135-1137).

C. _The Status Syndrome: How Social Standing Affects Our Health and Longevity_ by Michael Marmot, reviewed by Stephen Bezruchka (Vol. 352, No. 11, Mar. 17, 2005, p. 1159-1160).

Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health's Center for Communication Programs Compendium: Info Health Pop. Reporter (Vol. 5, No. 12, Mar. 21, 2005). "The Johns Hopkins University Population Information Program delivers the reproductive health and family planning news you need. Each week our research staff prepares an electronic magazine loaded with links to key news stories, reports, and related developments around the globe."

NLS Bibliography Updates: Note: These citations, along with all of the NLS bibliography, can be found at:

Note: Where available, direct links to full text have been provided. These references represent updated citations from Mar. 14 - Mar. 18, 2005.

For more information on any of these citations (selected abstracts are available) go to the above listed address and click on "Title List". Click on the first item, which will give the syntax of the citation urls:[0]=320

Then change the number after the equal sign (320 in this case) to the number listed as the "ID Number" in the citations below. You will be taken to the full citation listing.

The National Longitudinal Survey of Youth: 1979 Cohort at 25
Monthly Labor Review 128,2 (February 2005): 3-7
Cohort(s): Children of the NLSY79, NLSY79
ID Number: 4910
Publisher: U.S. Department of Labor

Antecedents and Predecessors of NLSY79: Paving the Course
Monthly Labor Review 128,2 (February 2005): 8-14
Cohort(s): NLSY79
ID Number: 4911
Publisher: U.S. Department of Labor

Education Data in the NLSY79: a Premiere Research Tool
Monthly Labor Review 128, 2 (February 2005): 15-20
Cohort(s): Children of the NLSY79, NLSY79
ID Number: 4912
Publisher: U.S. Department of Labor

The Transition from School to Work: Education and Work Experiences
Monthy Labor Review 128, 2 (February 2005): 21-32
Cohort(s): NLSY79
ID Number: 4913
Publisher: U.S. Department of Labor

Job Mobility and Wage Growth: Evidence from the NLSY79
Monthly Labor Review 128, 2 (February 2005): 33-39
Cohort(s): NLSY79
ID Number: 4914
Publisher: U.S. Department of Labor

Self-employment, Entrepreneurship, and the NLSY79
Monthly Labor Review 128,2 (February 2005): 40-47
Cohort(s): NLSY79
ID Number: 4915
Publisher: U.S. Department of Labor

Worker Training: What We~Rve Learned from the NLSY79
Monthly Labor Review 128,2 (February 2005): 48-58
Cohort(s): NLSY79
ID Number: 4916
Publisher: U.S. Department of Labor

Children of the NLSY79: a Unique Data Resource
Monthly Labor Review 128,2 (February 2005): 59-62
Cohort(s): Children of the NLSY79
ID Number: 4917
Publisher: U.S. Department of Labor

The Problem of Respondent Attrition: Survey Methodology is Key
Monthly Labor Review: 128,2 (February 2005): 63-70
Cohort(s): Children of the NLSY79, NLSY79, NLSY79 Young Adult
ID Number: 4918
Publisher: U.S. Department of Labor

Three Essays in Empirical Economics
Ph.D. Dissertation, Stanford University, 2004. DAI-A 65/09, p. 3487, Mar 2005
Cohort(s): NLSY79
ID Number: 4920
Publisher: UMI - University Microfilms, now Bell and Howell Information and

Distinct Voluntary Turnover Paths and Determinants: A Survival Analysis with a Competing Risks Approach
Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 2004. DAI-A 65/08, p. 3060, Feb 2005
Cohort(s): NLSY79
ID Number: 4921
Publisher: UMI - University Microfilms, now Bell and Howell Information and Learning

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Rand Corporation Labor and Population Program: "Under-Reporting of Medicaid and Welfare in the Current Population Survey," by Jacob Alex Klerman, Jeanne S. Ringel, and Beth Roth (WR-169-2,2005, .pdf format, 85p.).


Conventional estimates of the number of uninsured Californians are derived from the Current Population Survey (CPS). Unfortunately, CPS estimates of the number of people receiving Medi-Cal and welfare (AFDC/CalWORKs) are well below the numbers implied by official Medi-Cal records, suggesting that the conventional estimates of the number of uninsured Californians (and their characteristics) are seriously flawed. To improve our understanding of these issues, the California HealthCare Foundation (through its then separate the Medi-Cal Policy Institute-MCPI) and the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families (DHHS-ACF) funded RAND to match CPS data to individual-level administrative data for the Medi-Cal program. With the cooperation of the California Department of Health Services (CDHS), the U.S. Bureau of the Census, and the California Census Research Data Center (CCRDC), that match was performed. This document describes the findings of the analysis of those matched data.

University of Wisconsin Institute for Research on Poverty: "Taking a Couples Rather than an Individual Approach to Employment Assistance," by Rachel A. Gordon and Carolyn J. Heinrich (Discussion Paper DP 1294-05, March 2005, .pdf format, 38p.).


In contrast to the standard individualistic approach to employment services delivery, we present evaluation results for an employment program in which both partners in a couple relationship simultaneously participate. We find that participating mothers had larger gains in employment and earnings and decreases in TANF receipt immediately upon program exit relative to mothers who participated as individuals. These gains eroded in the two years following program completion. Fathers show similar though weaker results. We suggest directions for future couples-oriented employment programs based on couples interventions in other fields and encourage program developers to consider the range of mechanisms associated with a focus on couples, including potential unintended consequences.

Population Council: "Poverty and children's schooling in urban and rural Senegal," by Mark R. Montgomery and Paul C. Hewett (WP 196, 2005, .pdf format, 30p.).


This paper presents findings of an investigation into the effects of living standards and relative poverty on children's schooling in urban and rural areas of Senegal. To measure living standards, we apply a multiple-indicator, multiple-cause (MIMIC) factor-analytic model to a set of proxy variables collected in the 2000 Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey and extract an estimate of the relative standard of living for each household. Using this estimate, we find that in Senegal's urban areas, living standards exert substantial influence on three measures of schooling: Whether a child has ever attended school; whether he or she has completed at least four grades of primary school; and whether he or she is currently enrolled. In rural areas of Senegal, however, the effects are weaker and achieve statistical significance only for the wealthiest fifth of rural households. Two educational inequalities persist with living standards held constant. First, the advantages enjoyed by urban families in Senegal remain considerable: Even the poorest fifth of urban children are more likely than rural children to have attended school, to have completed four years or more of primary education, and to be currently enrolled. Second, gender gaps in schooling are pervasive and are only modestly influenced by standards of living. In both urban and rural areas of Senegal, girls suffer from marked disadvantages relative to boys in all three measures of schooling. In wealthier urban households, girls' disadvantages are smaller, but not completely eliminated. Furthermore, no systematic reduction in female disadvantage is apparent in rural Senegal, even in the uppermost stratum of households. To judge from these findings, in Senegal income growth alone is unlikely to close the schooling gap between urban and rural areas or between boys and girls.

"PDF" link above abstract leads to full text.

National Bureau of Economic Research:

A. "Testing, Crime and Punishment," by David N. Figlio (w11194, March 2005, .pdf format, 27p.).


The recent passage of the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 solidified a national trend toward increased student testing for the purpose of evaluating public schools. This new environment for schools provides strong incentives for schools to alter the ways in which they deliver educational services. This paper investigates whether schools may employ discipline for misbehavior as a tool to bolster aggregate test performance. To do so, this paper utilizes an extraordinary dataset constructed from the school district administrative records of a subset of the school districts in Florida during the four years surrounding the introduction of a high-stakes testing regime. It compare the suspensions of students involved in each of the 41,803 incidents in which two students were suspended and where prior year test scores for both students are observed. While schools always tend to assign harsher punishments to low-performing students than to high-performing students throughout the year, this gap grows substantially during the testing window. Moreover, this testing window-related gap is only observed for students in testing grades. In summary, schools apparent act on the incentive to re-shape the testing pool through selective discipline in response to accountability pressures.

B. "Names, Expectations and the Black-White Test Score Gap," by David N. Figlio (w11195, March 2005, .pdf format, 31p.).


This paper investigates the question of whether teachers treat children differentially on the basis of factors other than observed ability, and whether this differential treatment in turn translates into differences in student outcomes. I suggest that teachers may use a child's name as a signal of unobserved parental contributions to that child's education, and expect less from children with names that "sound" like they were given by uneducated parents. These names, empirically, are given most frequently by Blacks, but they are also given by White and Hispanic parents as well. I utilize a detailed dataset from a large Florida school district to directly test the hypothesis that teachers and school administrators expect less on average of children with names associated with low socio-economic status, and these diminished expectations in turn lead to reduced student cognitive performance. Comparing pairs of siblings, I find that teachers tend to treat children differently depending on their names, and that these same patterns apparently translate into large differences in test scores.

C. "The Effect of the 1998 Master Settlement on Prenatal Smoking," by Douglas E. Levy and Ellen Meara (w11176, March 2005, .pdf format, 35p.).


The Master Settlement Agreement (MSA) between the major tobacco companies and 46 states created an abrupt 45 cent (21%) increase in cigarette prices in November, 1998. Earlier estimates of the elasticity of prenatal smoking implied that the price rise would reduce prenatal cigarette smoking by 7% to 21%. Using birth records on 10 million U.S. births between January 1996 and February 2000, we examined the change in smoking during pregnancy and conditional smoking intensity in response to the MSA. Overall, adjusting for secular trends in smoking, prenatal smoking declined much less than predicted in response to the MSA.

D. "Reading, Writing and Raisinets: Are School Finances Contributing to Children's Obesity?" by Patricia M. Anderson and Kristin F. Butcher (w11176, March 2005, .pdf format, 36p.).


The proportion of adolescents in the United States who are obese has nearly tripled over the last two decades. At the same time, schools, often citing financial pressures, have given students greater access to "junk" foods, using proceeds from the sales to fund school programs. We examine whether schools under financial pressure are more likely to adopt potentially unhealthful food policies. We find that a 10 percentage point increase in the probability of access to junk food leads to about a one percent increase in students' body mass index (BMI). However, this average effect is entirely driven by adolescents who have an overweight parent, for whom the effect of such food policies is much larger (2.2%). This suggests that those adolescents who have a genetic or family susceptibility to obesity are most affected by the school food environment. A rough calculation suggests that the increase in availability of junk foods in schools can account for about one-fifth of the increase in average BMI among adolescents over the last decade.

Princeton Center for Research on Child Well Being:

A. "Child Support and Father-Child Contact: Leveraging Panel Data to Establish a Causal Path," by Lenna Nepomnyaschy (WP 2005-05-FF, March 2005, .pdf format, 35p.).


Three waves of panel data are used to examine the relationship between child support payments and fathers' contact with their nonmarital children. Cross-lagged effects models are incorporated to identify the direction of causality between these two behaviors. Controlling for the lagged term and a rich set of individual characteristics eliminates the relationship between paying formal support and whether fathers see their children, although a strong reciprocal relationship remains between paying any support (formal or informal) and contact. For the subgroup of fathers who consistently see their children, paying any support leads to more frequent contact, but the reciprocal relationship does not exist.

B. "HAPPILY EVER AFTER? Religion, Marital Status, Gender, and Relationship Quality in Urban Families," by Nick Wolfinger and Brad Wilcox (WP 2005-06-FF, March 2005, .pdf format, 32p.).


Religious participation has traditionally been linked to greater satisfaction in intimate relationships. This research has focused on married couples, so little is know about whether religion also benefits participants in less traditional relationships. Using data from the three waves of the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study, we find that religious participation by married men has the most consistent benefits for the quality of romantic relationships among new parents in urban America; others, including women and unmarried men, benefit only intermittently. These results suggest that men's investment in relationships depends more on the institutional contexts of those relationships--namely marriage and religion--than do women's.

University of Connecticut Department of Economics: "Other Things Being Equal: A Paired Testing Study of Discrimination in Mortgage Lending," by Margery Austin Turner, Erin Godfrey, Stephen L. Ross, and Robin R. Smith (WP 2005-03, February 2005, .pdf format, 47p.).


This paper analyzes data from a recently completed study of discrimination against African-American and Hispanic homebuyers when they visit mortgage lending institutions in two major metropolitan markets to make pre-application inquiries. It represents the first application of paired testing to rigorously measure discrimination in the mortgage lending process. The paired tests isolated significant levels of differential treatment on the basis of race and ethnicity in Chicago with African Americans and Hispanics receiving less information and assistance than comparable whites. Adverse treatment of African-Americans and Hispanics is also observed in Los Angeles for specific treatments, but the overall pattern of treatment observed did not differ statistically from equal treatment. Multivariate analyses for Chicago indicate that large lenders treat minorities more favorably than small lenders and that lenders with substantial numbers of applications from African-Americans treat African Americans more favorably than lenders with predominantly white application pools.

Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) [University of Bonn, Germany]:

A. "A Portrait of Child Poverty in Germany," by Miles Corak, Michael Fertig, and Marcus Tamm (Discussion Paper 1528, March 2005, .pdf format, 43p.).


This paper offers a descriptive portrait of income poverty among children in Germany between the early 1980s and 2001, with a focus on developments since unification in 1991. Data from the German Socio-Economic Panel are used to estimate poverty rates, rates of entry to and exit from poverty, and the duration of time spent in and out of poverty. The analysis focuses upon comparisons between East and West Germany, by family structure, and citizenship status. Child poverty rates have drifted upward since 1991, and have been increasing more than the rates for the overall population since the mid-1990s. In part these changes are due to increasing poverty among children from households headed by non-citizens. Children in single parent households are by all measures at considerable risk of living in poverty. There are also substantial differences in the incidence of child poverty and its dynamics between East and West Germany.

B. "The Health Status of Indigenous and Non-Indigenous Australians," by Alison L. Booth and Nick Carroll (Discussion Paper 1534, March 2005, .pdf format, 30p.).


We use unique survey data to examine the determinants of self-assessed health of Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians. We explore the degree to which differences in health are due to differences in socio-economic factors, and examine the sensitivity of our results to the inclusion of 'objective' health measures. Our results reveal that there is a significant gap in the health status of Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians, with the former characterised by significantly worse health. These findings are robust to alternative estimation methods and measures of health. Although between one third and one half of the health gap can be explained by differences in socio-economic status - such as income, employment status and education - there remains a large unexplained component. These findings have important policy implications. They suggest that, in order to reduce the gap in health status between Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians, it is important to address disparities in socio-economic factors such as education. The findings also suggest that there are disparities in access to health services and in health behaviour. These issues need to be tackled before Australia can truly claim to have 100% health-care coverage and high levels of health and life expectancy for all of its population.

Tilburg University [Netherlands] Center for Economic Research: "Birth spacing and neonatal mortality in India: dynamics, frailty and fecundity," by Sonia Bahlotra and Arthur van Soest (WP 2005-06, January 2005, .pdf format, 42p.).


A dynamic panel data model of neonatal mortality and birth spacing is analyzed, accounting for causal effects of birth spacing on subsequent mortality and of mortality on the next birth interval, while controlling for unobserved heterogeneity in mortality (frailty) and birth spacing (fecundity). The model is estimated using micro data on about 29000 children of 6700 Indian mothers, for whom a complete retrospective record of fertility and child mortality is available. Information on sterilization is used to identify an equation for completion of family formation that is needed to account for right-censoring in the data. We find clear evidence of frailty, fecundity, and causal effects of birth spacing on mortality and vice versa, but find that birth interval effects can explain only a limited share of the correlation between neonatal mortality of successive children in a family.

Centro de Desenvolvimento e Planejamento Regional Faculdade de Ciencias Economicas Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (Cedeplar-UMFG) [Brazil]: "Managing migration: the Brazilian case," by Eduardo L. G. Rios-Neto (Discussion Paper No. 249, February 2005, .pdf format, 15p.).


The objective of this paper is to present the Brazilian migration experience and its relationship with migration management. The article is divided into three parts. First, it reviews some basic facts regarding Brazilian immigration and emigration processes. Second, it focuses on some policy and legal issues related to migration. Finally, it addresses five issues regarding migration management in Brazil.

Institute for Fiscal Studies [London, UK]:

A. "Imputing consumption in the PSID using food demand estimates from the CEX," by Richard Blundell, Luigi Pistaferri, and Ian Preston (WP04/27, January 2005, .pdf format, 30p.).


In this paper we discuss an empirical strategy that allows researchers to impute consumption data from the CEX to the PSID. The strategy consists of inverting a demand for food equation estimated in the CEX. We discuss the conditions under which such procedure is successful in replicating the trends of the first two moments of the consumption distribution. We argue that two factors appear to be empirically relevant: accounting for differences in the distribution of food expenditures in the two data sets, and accounting for the presence of measurement error in consumption data in the CEX.

B. "The impact of parental income and education on the schooling of their children," by Arnaud Chevalier, Colm Harmon, Vincent O'Sullivan, and Ian Walker WP 05/05, January 2005, .pdf format, 28p.).


This paper addresses the intergeneration transmission of education and investigates the extent to which early school leaving (at age 16) may be due to variations in permanent income, parental education levels, and shocks to income at this age. Least squares estimation reveals conventional results - stronger effects of maternal education than paternal, and stronger effects on sons than daughters. We find that the education effects remain significant even when household income is included. Moreover, decomposing the income when the child is 16 between a permanent component and shocks to income at age 16 only the latter is significant. It would appear that education is an important input even when we control for permanent income but that credit constraints at age 16 are also influential. However, when we use instrumental variable methods to simultaneously account for the endogeneity of parental education and paternal income, we find that the strong effects of parental education become insignificant and permanent income matters much more, while the effects of shocks to household income at 16 remain important. A similar pattern of results are reflected in the main measure of scholastic achievement at age 16. These findings have important implications for the design of policies aimed at encouraging pupils to remain in school longer.

More information about IFS:

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JOURNAL TABLES OF CONTENTS (check your library for availability):

INGENTA Tables of Contents: INGENTA provides fee based document delivery services for selected journals.

A. Point your browser to:

B. click on "advanced search"
C. Type in your publication name and click "Exact title" radio button
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Journal of Biosocial Science (Vol. 37, No. 2, 2005).

Other Journals

AIDS (Vol. 19, No. 5, Mar. 25, 2005).

Health Policy and Planning (Vol. 20, No 2, March 2005).

International Journal for Quality in Health Care (Vol. 17, No. 2, April 2005). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue

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Southern Demographic Association _Population Research and Policy Review_. Special Issue on Spatial Demography: "The goal of this special issue is to introduce demographers to new analytical approaches involving demographic data that are spatially referenced. It is anticipated that most articles will use U.S. census data, although other types of data (e.g., disease incident events or crime events) are solicited, and similar kinds of data and analyses from other countries are quite welcome. Analytical papers that address issues of large-scale spatial heterogeneity and small-scale spatial dependence and include specification and estimation of spatial models (including space-time models and hierarchical models involving a level of spatially aggregated data) will be given preference for manuscript acceptance, although the standard peer-review process, the usual publication standards and formatting requirements of Population Research and Policy Review remain in place. Maps and graphs should be prepared for B&W (grayscale) printing. Proposals . Please submit a 300 to 500 word proposal for your paper to the guest editor by July 29, 2005. A plain text abstract in e-mail or an attached document either in MSWord (.doc) or WordPerfect (.wpd) is required. Send queries and proposals" For more information see the July 29, 2005 entry at:

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Census Bureau: The Census Bureau has updated Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Area Definitions as of November 2004 (based on July 1, 2002 and July 1, 2003 population estimates). See all items under that title (ASCII text or Microsoft Excel format).

Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research (ICPSR): ICPSR at the University of Michigan has recently released the following datasets, which may be of interest to demography researchers. Note: Some ICPSR studies are available only to ICPSR member institutions. To find out whether your organization is a member, and whether or not it supports ICPSR Direct downloading, see:

Consumer Expenditure Survey, 2002: Diary Survey (#3937)

Consumer Expenditure Survey, 2002: Interview Survey and Detailed Expenditure Files (#3949)

National Longitudinal Study: The Bureau of Labor Statistics NLS has released the latest data and documentation, available via the Center for Human Resource Research at the Ohio State University:

National Longitudinal Surveys CD-Rom, All Cohorts, Feb. 2005 (DNLS-02/2005). Note there is a cost of 20 US dollars for this CD.

2001 Mature Women Questionnaire (W1301, .pdf format).

2003 Mature Women Questionnaire (W1303, .pdf format).

2001 Young Women Questionnaire (G1301, .pdf format).

2003 Young Women Questionnaire (G1303, .pdf format).

Scroll to the available data and documentation.

Economic and Social Data Service [UK] Announcement: "Information on Country of Birth from the LFS (Labour Force Survey) has changed significantly over time... The accompanying Word/PDF document provides more detailed information about the changes over time and SPSS syntax to derive each variable for corresponding years. For more information see:

More information on ESDS Government:

UK Data Archive (Essex University, Colchester, UK): The UK Data Archive has recently added the following dataset to its holdings. Note: There may be charges or licensing requirements on holdings of the UK Data Archive. For more information see:

SN 3721 JUVOS Cohort : Longitudinal Database of the Claimant Unemployed Since 1982

US Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service: "Rural-Urban Commuting Area Codes. (March 2005, Microsoft Excel format)." "The rural-urban commuting area (RUCA) codes classify U.S. census tracts using measures of population density, urbanization, and daily commuting. The most recent RUCA codes are based on data from the 2000 decennial census. The classification contains two levels. Whole numbers (1-10) delineate metropolitan, micropolitan, small town, and rural commuting areas based on the size and direction of the primary (largest) commuting flows. These 10 codes are further subdivided to permit stricter or looser delimitation of commuting areas, based on secondary (second largest) commuting flows. The approach errs in the direction of more codes, providing flexibility in combining levels to meet varying definitional needs and preferences." Also included are 1990 RUCA codes (not strictly comparable with the 2000 codes).

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National Institute of Corrections: "Correction Statistics...In Your State." This site allows the user to pick a state and receive selected corrections characteristics.

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Jack Solock
Data Librarian--Center for Demography and Ecology
4470 Social Science University of Wisconsin-Madison
Madison, WI 53706