Current Demographic Research Report #78, April 11, 2005.

CDERR (Current Demographic Research Reports) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography and Ecology at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. This report will contain selected listings of new: reports, articles, bibliographies, working papers, tables of contents, conferences, data, and websites. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:


Index to this issue:


Census Bureau Report
Centers for Disease Control Article
Social Security Administration Report
National Center for Education Statistics Report
Bureau of Labor Statistics Report, Periodical
National Institutes of Health News Release
World Health Organization Report
Canadian Institute for Health Information Report
AIHW Report
Department for International Development Report
Urban Institute Report
Brookings Institute Presentation Transcript
_Health Affairs_ Article Abstract
_New England Journal of Medicine_ Article Abstract
_Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology_ Article
European Observatory on Health Systems & Policies Report
Info Health Pop. Reporter


University of Michigan Population Studies Center
National Bureau of Economic Research
Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research
Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)
New Zealand Treasury
Medical Expenditure Panel Survey


Other Journals


Population Research Institute


Institute for Health, Health Care Policy & Aging Research
National Institutes of Health


Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research


American Public Health Association
Urban Institute
Kaiser Family Foundation



Census Bureau Report: "We the People of More Than One Race in the United States," by Nicholas A. Jones (CENSR-22, April 2005, .pdf format, 19p.).

Centers for Disease Control Article: "Update: Influenza Activity---United States, 2004--05 Season," (_Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report_, Vol. 54, No. 13, Apr. 8, 2005, HTML and .pdf format, p. 328-331).


Social Security Administration Report: "Children Receiving SSI, December 2003," (US Social Security Administration, Office of Policy, March 2005, .pdf and HTML format, 20p.).

National Center for Education Statistics Report:

A. "Dual Credit and Exam-Based Courses in U.S. Public High Schools: 2002-03," by Tiffany Waits, J. Carl Stezer, and Laurie Lewis (NCES 2005-009, April 20005, .pdf format, 85 p.).

This report is based on the first national survey to provide baseline data on dual credit and exam-based courses, including Advanced Placement (AP) and International Baccalaureate (IB) courses, for public high school students. The report provides national estimates of the number of public high schools that offered dual credit and/or exam-based courses, as well as the number of enrollments in those courses. In addition, it examines the location and educational focus of these courses, dual credit course characteristics, and school requirements surrounding dual credit courses. Survey findings are presented at the national level and by school characteristics such as enrollment size, school locale, region, and percent minority enrollment.

B. "Dual Enrollment of High School Students at Postsecondary Institutions: 2002-03," by Brian Kleiner and Laurie Lewis (NCES 2005-008, April 2005, .pdf format, 83 p.).

This report provides data from a nationally representative survey of Title IV degree-granting postsecondary institutions on the topic of dual enrollment of high school students. Dual enrollment, also known as "dual credit," "concurrent enrollment," and "joint enrollment," refers to the participation in college-level courses and the earning of college credits by high school students. Survey respondents at selected postsecondary institutions were asked to report on the prevalence of college coursetaking by high school students at their institutions during the 2002-03 12-month academic year, both within and outside of dual enrollment programs. Among institutions with dual enrollment programs, additional information was obtained on the characteristics of programs, including course location and type of instructors, program and course curriculum, academic eligibility requirements, and funding. Survey findings are presented at the national level and by institution type and size.

Bureau of Labor Statistics Report, Periodical:

A. "Characteristics of Minimum Wage Workers: 2004" (April 2005, .pdf format, 13p.).

B. _Compensation and Working Conditions Online, March 2005_. The latest articles are dated Mar. 30, 2005.

C. _Monthly Labor Review_ (Vol. 128, No. 3, March 2005, .pdf format). This issue is devoted to the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth: 1979, as it celebrates its 25th anniversary.

Note: This is a temporary address. When the next _MLR_ is released, this one, along with all others back to 1983, will be available at:

Department of Health and Human Services Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration Report: "Injection Drug Use Update: 2002 and 2003," (National Survey on Drug Use & Health (NSDUH), April 2005, .pdf and HTML format, 3p.).

National Institutes of Health News Release: "NICHD Launches Project to Treat Infant Asphyxia In Lower Income Countries," (April 7, 2005).

UNICEF Report: "The 'Rights' Start to Life: A statistical analysis of birth registration," (United Nations Children's Fund, Feb. 2005, .pdf format, 32p.).

World Health Organization Report: "The World Health Report 2005 - Make Every Mother and Child Count," (April 2005, .pdf and HTML format, 229p.). Note: The report can also be downloaded in French and Spanish.

Press release:

Canadian Institute for Health Information Report: "Drug Expenditure in Canada 1985 to 2004," (April 2005, .pdf format, 145p.). Note: You will need to register (free) to download the full report.

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare [AIHW] Report:

A. "Australian Health Inequalities: 2 Trends in Male Mortality by Broad Occupational Group," (AIHW Bulletin No. 25, April 2005, .pdf format, 19p.).

B. "The 2004 National Drug Strategy Household Survey," (Drug Statistics Series No. 13, April 2005, .pdf format, 141p.).

National Centre for Social and Economic Modelling [NATSEM] Report: "The Financial Impact of Divorce in Australia: Love can hurt, divorce will cost," by Simon Kelly and Ann Harding (AMP Income and Wealth Report Issue 10, April 2005, .pdf format, 25p.). Note: This link contains both the full-text report, and the AMP Press Release.,2461,FI28466%255FSI3,00.pdf?filename=apr+5+%2D+national+amp%2Enatsem+divorce+report%2Epdf

Department for International Development [UK] Report: "Increasing people's access to essential medicines in developing countries: a framework for good practice in the pharmaceutical industry," (March 2005, .pdf format, 43p.).

Urban Institute Repors:

A. "Indicators of the Nonprofit Safety Net for Children in the Washington, D.C., Region," by Eric C. Twombly and Jennifer Auer (Vital Signs, March 2005, .pdf format, 16p.).

B. "State and Local Revenues," by Kim Rueben and Kelly Rader (Urban Institute, March 28, 2005, .pdf format 1 p.).

Brookings Institute Presentation Transcript: "Measuring Child Well-being: Reducing Risky Behavior," a forum held March 30, 2005 (March 2005, .pdf format, 43p.).

_Health Affairs_ Article Abstract: "It's The Premiums, Stupid: Projections Of The Uninsured Through 2013," by Todd Gilmer and Richard Kronick (_Health Affairs_, April 2005).

_New England Journal of Medicine_ Article Abstract: "Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus Disease in Three Communities," by Scott K. Fridkin, Jeffrey C. Hageman, Melissa Morrison, Laurie Thomson Sanza, Kathryn Como-Sabetti, John A. Jernigan, Kathleen Harriman, Lee H. Harrison, Ruth Lynfield, and Monica M. Farley, for the Active Bacterial Core Surveillance Program of the Emerging Infections Program Network (_New England Journal of Medicine_, Vol. 352, no. 14, April 7, 2005, p. 1436-1444).

_Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology_ Article: "Psychological and Behavioral Risk Factors for Obesity Onset in Adolescent Girls: A Prospective Study," by Paul Rhode, Eric Stice, Katherine Presnell, and Heather Shaw (2005, vol. 73, no. 2, p. 195-202).

European Observatory on Health Systems and Policies Report: "Making decisions on public health: a review of eight countries," by Sara Allin, Elias Mossialos, Martin McKee and Walter Holland (World Health Organization, 2004, .pdf format, 99p.).

Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) Press Release: "PAHO Issues Call for Action on Healthy Mothers, Children," (.pdf format April 7, 2005) Note: Also available in Spanish.

Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health's Center for Communication Programs Compendium: Info Health Pop. Reporter (vol. 5, no. 15, Apr. 11, 2005). "The Johns Hopkins University Population Information Program delivers the reproductive health and family planning news you need. Each week our research staff prepares an electronic magazine loaded with links to key news stories, reports, and related developments around the globe."

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University of Michigan Population Studies Center:

A. "Immigration and Domestic Migration in US Metro Areas: 2000 and 1990 Census Findings by Education and Race," by William H. Frey (PSC Research Report 05-572, April, 2005, .pdf format, 54p.).


This report compares 2000 census metropolitan migration data for the 1995-2000 period with 1990 census data for 1985-90 to detect changes from the earlier patterns. The findings show that while the earlier, signature migration dynamics of the three types of metropolitan areas tend to persist, significant changes are emerging First, while "High Immigration areas" continue to sustain net domestic out migration, this low skilled "flight" is no longer dominated by whites, but includes substantial numbers of Hispanics and Asians, both foreign and native born. Second, although "High Domestic migration" areas continue to attract well educated whites and blacks, they are also attracting large numbers of primarily low skilled immigrant minorities both as domestic migrants and immigrants. Third, while "High Out-migration" areas continue to sustain "brain drains" of domestic migrants, they are now being compensated by immigrant flows, with higher average educational attainments than the immigrant flows going to other metropolitan area types. Thus, although each type of metropolitan area is developing distinct race-ethnic profiles, the continued dispersion of immigrant minorities is affecting the population profiles of all three types of areas.

B. "Racial Segregation in US Metropolitan Areas and Cities, 1990-2000: Patterns, Trends, and Explanations," by William H. Frey and Dowell Myers (PSC Research Report 05-573, April 2005, .pdf format, 64p.).


This report provides a comprehensive overview of 1990 and 2000 neighborhood dissimilarity indices measured for Blacks and Whites, Asians and Whites, and Hispanics and Whites among the nation's 318 metropolitan areas, as well as 1,220 places with populations exceeding 25,000 in 2000. It also evaluates social, economic and demographic metropolitan area factors associated with metropolitan-level segregation. We find Black-White segregation is declining fairly consistently for most metropolitan areas and cities. Hispanic-White segregation is on the increase for about half of the cities, and most metropolitan areas. Yet, Asian-White segregation is on the decline in most metropolitan areas and places. Despite these pervasive patterns, many changes for individual areas are small, preserving the long-standing national "pecking order" of segregation for different racial and ethnic groups. We also find that location in metropolitan areas that are "multi-ethnic"--with strong representation of two or more minority groups--tends to be associated with declining levels of Black-White segregation at both the metropolitan area level and at the city level, but has less consistent effects on the segregation levels of other race- and ethnic groups. However, given the continued clustering of Hispanics and Asians in different metropolitan areas across the country and their continued mixing within those metropolitan areas, these findings suggest that significant linkages exist between metropolitan demographic shifts and city segregation dynamics.

National Bureau of Economic Research:

A. "Suicidal Behavior and the Labor Market Productivity of Young Adults," by Erdal Tekin and Sara Markowitz (NBER Working Paper No. 11238, April 2005, .pdf format, 39p.).


This paper provides a comprehensive analysis of the link between suicidal behaviors and labor market productivity of young adults in the United States. Using data from the National Survey of Adolescent Health (Add Health), we estimate the effects of suicide thoughts and suicide attempts on the work and schooling activities of young adults as well as on their hourly wage rates. The richness of the data set allows us to implement several strategies to control for unobserved heterogeneity and the potential reverse causality. These include using a large set of control variables that are likely to be correlated with both the suicidal behavior and the outcome measures, an instrumental variables method, and a twin fixed effects analysis from the subsample of twin pairs contained in the data. The longitudinal nature of the data set also allows us to control for past suicide thoughts and attempts of the individuals from their high school years as well as the suicide behaviors of the members of their family. Results from the different identification strategies consistently indicate that both suicide thoughts and suicide attempts decrease the hourly wage rate and the probability that a young adult individual works and/or attends school. The results are found to be robust to various specification tests.

Click on "PDF" or submit your email address for full text.

B. "Charter School Quality and Parental Decision Making With School Choice," by Eric A. Hanushek, John F. Kain, Steven G. Rivkin, and Gregory F. Branch Erdal Tekin and Sara Markowitz (NBER Working Paper No. 11252, April 2005, .pdf format, 28p.).


Charter schools have become a very popular instrument for reforming public schools, because they expand choices, facilitate local innovation, and provide incentives for the regular public schools while remaining under public control. Despite their conceptual appeal, evaluating their performance has been hindered by the selective nature of their student populations. This paper investigates the quality of charter schools in Texas in terms of mathematics and reading achievement and finds that, after an initial start-up period, average school quality in the charter sector is not significantly different from that in regular public schools. Perhaps most important, the parental decision to exit a charter school is much more sensitive to education quality than the decision to exit a regular public school, consistent with the notion that the introduction of charter schools substantially reduces the transactions costs of switching schools. Low income charter school families are, however, less sensitive to school quality than higher income families.

Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research:

A. "Why does Sweden have such high fertility?" by Jan M. Hoem (MPIDR Working Paper 2005-009, April 2005, .pdf format, 13p.).


By current European standards, Sweden has had a relatively high fertility in recent decades. During the 1980s and 1990s, the annual Total Fertility Rate (TFR) for Sweden undulated considerably around a level just under 1.8, which is a bit lower than the corresponding level in France and well above the level in West Germany. (In 2004 the Swedish TFR reached 1.76 on an upward trend.) The Swedish completed Cohort Fertility Rate (CFR) was rather constant at 2 for the cohorts that produced children in the same period; for France it stayed around 2.1 while the West-German CFR was lower and declined regularly to around 1.6. In this presentation, I describe the background for these developments and explain the unique Swedish undulations. Part of the explanation of the trend and level in Swedish fertility is the extensive battery of public family policies in the country. They reflect the great generosity, high flexibility, and universalistic approach of the whole system, where family policies are coordinated with educational policies and labor-market policies in an effort to promote the status of women and achieve equity for all residents. The state has been engaged in the development of high-quality all-day childcare arrangements available to all children, and has conducted campaigns to influence public attitudes toward a woman-friendly political culture. Reforms have been motivated by gender-equality considerations and by a drive to induce women to participate in the labor force and to induce men into parenting and childrearing. Legal rules are individualistic, as highlighted by the abolishment of the public widow~Rs pension and by a tax system where income tax is levied from the individual and not from the married couple or the household, as in Germany. Welfare-state benefits are directed similarly to the individual, not to the family. Policies can be said to focus on the equal right of working women to have children rather than of the right of mothers to have a job. There is no inclination in the Swedish system to encourage a mother to stay home and take care of her children; if anything there has been a move toward securing both-parent participation in childrearing.

B. "Becoming a parent in East Germany during the 1990s. The impact of personal considerations on the timing of entry to parenthood," by Holger von der Lippe and Gunnar Andersson (MPIDR Working Paper 2005-008, April 2005, .pdf format, 36p.).


This paper deals with psychological determinants of fertility differentials in East Germany in the 1990s. We test the explanatory and statistical power of psychological covariates in an event-history model of first-birth intensities together with other covariates. We show that different psychological covariates (wishes and fears, coping-styles, etc.) are important determinants of the transition to parenthood. A crucial finding is the existence of strong sex differentials in such impacts.

Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) [University of Bonn, Germany]:

A. "Wage Differences Between Men and Women in Austria: Evidence from 1983 and 1997," by Rene Boheim, Helmut Hofer, and Christine Zulehner (Discussion Paper 1554, April 2005, .pdf format, 20p.).


In most OECD countries the wage gap between men and women has declined during the past two decades. Developments of the last 20 years, e.g. increased labour market attachment of women, changes in the bargaining structure, and the introduction of equal pay laws, may have reduced the gender wage gap. We investigate the extent, persistence, and socio-economic determinants of the gender wage gap in Austria, for the years 1983 and 1997. Using wage decomposition techniques, we find that the average gender wage gap was almost as high in 1997 as it was in 1983. Not accounting for differences, the gender wage gap dropped from 25.5 to 23.3 per cent. Taking observable differences between men and women into account, we estimate that the mean gender wage gap which cannot be explained, i.e. discrimination against women, dropped from 18 to 15.5 per cent of men's wages. The drop in discrimination is the main reason for the narrowing of the gender wage gap.

B. "School-to-Career and Post-Secondary Education: Evidence from the Philadelphia Educational Longitudinal Study," by Frank F. Furstenberg, Jr., David Neumark (Discussion Paper 1552, April 2005, .pdf format, 20p.).


We study a set of programs implemented in Philadelphia high schools that focus on boosting post-secondary enrollment. These programs are less career oriented than traditional school-to-work programs, but are consistent with the broadening of the goals of school-to-work to emphasize post-secondary education. The Philadelphia Longitudinal Educational Study (PELS) data set that we examine contains an unusually large amount of information on individuals prior to placement in STC programs. We use the detailed information in the PELS to study the process of selection into these programs and to examine their impact on a set of mainly schooling-related outcomes during and after high school, although we also consider their impact on non-academic outcomes. The data point to positive effects of these programs on high school graduation and on both academic and non-academic awards in high school, and similar negative effects on dropping out of high school. The results also suggest positive effects on aspirations for higher education and on college attendance. In addition, there is some evidence that these programs are more effective in increasing college attendance and aspirations among at-risk youths.

New Zealand Treasury: "Population Ageing and Government Health Expenditure," by John Bryant, Audrey Sonerson, Martin Tobias, Jit Cheung and Mhairi McHugh (Policy Perspectives Paper 05/01, March 2005, .pdf format, 6p.).


The average person aged 65 or over currently costs New Zealand's public health system five times as much as the average person under 65. Over the next 50 years, the proportion of the population aged 65 and over is expected to double. Although this appears to imply that population ageing will put substantial pressure on government health care expenditures, international evidence suggests that changes in age structure may be a less decisive influence on health expenditure than is often assumed. To explore the implications of these issues for New Zealand, an inter-disciplinary team from the Treasury and the Ministry of Health has constructed a model of ageing, health and health expenditures. This paper uses results from the model to address a number of key questions concerning New Zealand's health expenditure.

Go to "tpp_05-01.pdf" at bottom of page.

Social and Economic Dimensions of an Aging Population [McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada]: "Income Inequality and Self-Rated Health Status : Evidence from the European Community Household Panel," by Vincent Hildebrand and Philippe Van Kerm (SEDAP Research Paper, no. 127, February 2005, .pdf format 70 p.).


We examine the effect of income inequality on individual self-rated health status in a pooled sample of 10 member states of the European Union using longitudinal data from the European Community Household Panel (ECHP) survey. Taking advantage of the longitudinal and cross-national nature of our data, and carefully modelling the self-reported health information, we avoid several of the pitfalls suffered by earlier studies on this topic. We calculate income inequality indices measured at two standard levels of geography (NUTS-0 and NUTS-1) and find consistent evidence that income inequality is negatively related to self-rate health status in the European Union for both men and women. However, despite its statistical significance, the magnitude of the impact on inequality on health is small.

Medical Expenditure Panel Survey: "Health Behaviors and Labor Market Status: The Impact of Substance Abuse," (MEPS Working Paper 5014, April 2005, .pdf and HTML format, 23p.).


Previous studies on the effects of illicit drug and alcohol consumption on labor market outcomes have been mixed, with some studies even finding positive effects of drug and alcohol use on wages and employment status. Buchmueller and Zuvekas (1998) argue that it is necessary to separate out moderate use from more problematic use or abuse in understanding labor market impacts. We extend their work in two important directions. First, we use data from the 1992 National Longitudinal Alcohol Epidemiologic Survey (NLAES), which provides a larger (n=42,862) and nationally-representative survey, with improved labor market measures and similarly rich measures of alcohol and drug use and problems. Second, we jointly analyze the impacts of alcohol and drugs, whereas their previous work considered only drug use and abuse. Indeed, most of the previous literature focuses on either alcohol or drugs, but not both. Overall, we find that drug disorders are negatively associated with the probability of being employed but not earnings, while moderate drug use was not statistically associated with either outcome. We find no statistically significant effects of alcohol abuse on either employment or earnings.

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JOURNAL TABLES OF CONTENTS (check your library for availability):

INGENTA Tables of Contents: INGENTA provides fee based document delivery services for selected journals.

A. Point your browser to:

B. click on "advanced search"
C. Type in your publication name and click "Exact title" radio button
D. Under "Show", click the "fax/ariel" radio button.
E. View the table of contents for the issue noted.

Demography (vol. 42, no. 1, 2005).

European Journal of Public Health (vol. 15, no. 1, February 2005).

Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences (vol. 27, no. 2, May 2005).

Journal of Human Resources (vol. 40, no. 1, 2005).

Sociological Methods and Research (vol. 33, no. 4, May 1, 2005).


Other Journals:

AIDS (vol. 19, no. 7, April 29, 2005).

Journal of Family Issues (vol. 26, no. 4, May 1, 2005).

Journal of Health Economics (vol. 24, no. 3, May 2005).

Click on "Tables of Contents" in the right corner of the page.

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Population Research Institute [Penn State University]: "Early Disparities in School Readiness: How do Families Contribute to Successful and Unsuccessful Transitions into School?" will be the focus of Penn State University's 13th annual Symposium on Family Issues, to be held October 13-14, 2005, on the University Park campus.

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Institute for Health, Health Care Policy & Aging Research [Rutgers University]: "2005-06 Midlife in the United States (MIDUS) Pilot Grant Program." "Two pilot project grants will be awarded for innovative interdisciplinary research on adult health and well-being, with an emphasis on integrative approaches to understanding life course and subgroup variations in physical, socio-emotional, and cognitive functioning. All research must be based on the National Survey of Midlife Development in the United States (MIDUS) data set, or its satellite studies including the National Study of Daily Experiences (NSDE) and sibling/twin subsample studies. Grants of up to $15,000 (total costs) will be awarded to investigators from a variety of disciplines." Deadline for application is July 1, 2005.

National Institutes of Health: "Child Health Research Career Development Award," (US National Institutes of Health, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, RFA-HD-05-027, April 8, 2005).

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Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research (ICPSR): ICPSR at the University of Michigan has recently released the following datasets, which may be of interest to demography researchers. Note: Some ICPSR studies are available only to ICPSR member institutions. To find out whether your organization is a member, and whether or not it supports ICPSR Direct downloading, see:

Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS): Degrees and Other Awards Conferred by Title IV Eligible, Degree-Granting Institutions, 1997-1998 (#4070).

Rural and Urban Trends in Family and Intimate Partner Homicide in the United States, 1980-1999 (#4115)

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American Public Health Association: "Health Disparities Community Solutions Database." "This database contains projects and interventions provided by members of the public health community."

Urban Institute: The Urban Institute has created a new web site that focuses the Institute's research in the area of "Disability and Employment". The site provides links to recent publication, as well as information about Urban Institute researchers who focus on the area of Disabilities and Employment.

Kaiser Family Foundation: The latest updates and additions to Kaiser's site are available at:

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Jack Solock
Data Librarian--Center for Demography and Ecology
4470 Social Science University of Wisconsin-Madison
Madison, WI 53706