Current Demographic Research Report #83, May 16, 2005.

CDERR (Current Demographic Research Reports) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography and Ecology at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. This report will contain selected listings of new: reports, articles, bibliographies, working papers, tables of contents, conferences, data, and websites. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:


Index to this issue:


Centers for Disease Control Periodical Report
National Center for Health Statistics Report
Bureau of Labor Statistics Compendium
National Center for Education Statistics Brief
National Bureau of Statistics China Communique
Medical Expenditure Panel Survey Statistics Briefs
Population Reference Bureau Periodical, Articles
Texas Transportation Institute Report
Food Research and Action Center Report
Info Health Pop. Reporter


University of Texas Population Research Center
University of Wisconsin Institute for Research on Poverty
National Bureau of Economic Research
Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research
Princeton University Center for Health and Wellbeing
Economics Working Paper Archive, Washington University at St. Louis
London School of Economics
Department of Economics and Economic History [Universitat Autonoma de


Other Journals


Measure Evaluation
ESRI International User Conference
World Health Organization


US House Committee on Government Reform Hearing Publication


Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research (ICPSR)
UK Data Archive
National Longitudinal Survey Documentation
Demographic and Health Surveys



Centers for Disease Control Periodical Report: "Summary of Notifiable Diseases, United States, 2003" (_Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report_ Vol. 52, No. 54, HTML and .pdf format. p. 1-85).

National Center for Health Statistics Report: "Access to Dental Care Among Hispanic or Latino Subgroups: United States, 2000-03," by Gulnur Scott and Catherine Simile (Vital and Health Statistics Advance Data no. 357, May 2005, .pdf format, 16p.).

Bureau of Labor Statistics Compendium: _Women in the Labor Force: A Databook_ (Report no. 985, May 2005, .pdf format, 88p.).

National Center for Education Statistics Briefs:

A. "Highlights From the 2003 International Adult Literacy and Lifeskills Survey (ALL)," by Mariann Lemke, David Miller, Jamie Johnston, Tom Krenzke, Laura Alvarez-Rojas, David Kastberg, and Leslie Jocelyn (NCES 2005117, May 2005, .pdf format, p.).


This Issue Brief provides key findings from the 2003 international Adult Literacy and Lifeskills Survey (ALL), including overall literacy and numeracy performance of U.S. adults ages 16-65 compared to their peers in 5 other countries. Breakdowns of performance by sex and race/ethnicity are also provided."

B. "Revenues and Expenditures for Public Elementary and Secondary Education: School Year 2002-03," by Jason Hill and Frank Johnson (NCES 2005353, May 2005, .pdf format, 16p.).


This brief publication contains basic revenue and expenditure data, by state, for public elementary and secondary education for school year 2002-03. It contains state-level data on revenues by source and expenditures by function, including expenditures per pupil.

Preliminary CCD (Common Core of Data) data:

US Citizenship and Immigration Services Office of Immigration Statistics Report: "Temporary Admissions of Nonimmigrants to the United States," by Elizabeth M. Grieco (May 2005, .pdf format, 9p.).

National Bureau of Statistics China Communique: "Communique on 2004 Rural Poverty Monitoring of China" (May 13, 2005). Note: Cancel any request to download a Chinese language character set. This communique is in English.

Medical Expenditure Panel Survey Statistics Briefs:

A. "Trends in Antidepressant Use by the U.S. Civilian Noninstitutionalized Population, 1997 and 2002," by Marie N. Stagnitti (Statistical Brief #76, May 2005, .pdf format, 6p.).


Using data from the Household Component of the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS-HC), this Statistical Brief summarizes data that indicate a significant growth in the use of antidepressants among the U.S. civilian noninstitutionalized (community) population when comparing the years 1997 and 2002. The brief further compares estimates of antidepressant use by various demographic and socioeconomic subgroups of the U.S. community population over the same time period.

B. "Antidepressant Use in the U.S. Civilian Noninstitutionalized Population, 2002," by Marie N. Stagnitti (Statistical Brief #77, May 2005, .pdf format, 6p.).


Using data from the Household Component of the 2002 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS-HC), this Statistical Brief examines variations in the percentage of persons in the U.S. civilian noninstitutionalized population who used antidepressants in 2002, by select person characteristics. The person characteristics analyzed in the brief include age, race/ ethnicity, sex, insurance status, perceived health status, perceived mental health status, and marital status.

C. "Children's Usual Source of Care: United States, 2002," by Edwin Brown Jr. (Statistical Brief #78, May 2005, .pdf format, 5p.).

Using data from the Household Component of the 2002 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS-HC), this Statistical Brief provides estimates of the proportion of children under 18 who lacked a usual source of care in 2002, by race/ethnicity, age, income, and insurance coverage.

Population Reference Bureau Periodical, Report, Articles:

A. _Health Bulletin_ (No. 2, May 2005, .pdf format). This issue's article is "Promoting Healthy Behavior," by Elaine M. Murphy.

B. "Taking Stock of Women's Progress," by Lori S. Ashford (May 2005, .pdf format, 4p., with accompanying datasheet, .pdf format, 12p.).

C. "Preventing Cervical Cancer Worldwide," by Lori Ashford and Yvette Collymore (PRB Policy Brief, May 2005, .pdf format, 4p.).

D. "Will Rising Childhood Obesity Decrease U.S. Life Expectancy?" by Robert Lalasz (May 2005).

E. "Take a Number: Population News You Might Have Missed" (May 2005, various authors).

F. "Good Health Still Eludes the Poorest Women and Children," by Lori S. Ashford (April 2005).

G. "Tracking and Reducing Maternal Deaths Presents Major Challenges," by Yvette Collymore (April 2005).

H. "Mixed Portrait for Health and Welfare of Youth," by Charles Dervarics (April 2005).

I. "Labor and Unauthorized U.S. Migration," by Philip Martin (May 2005).

J. "Clean Water's Historic Effect on U.S. Mortality Rates Provides Hope for Developing Countries," by Paola Scommegna (May 2005).

K. "Surprising Social Factors Linked to Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Youth Violence," by Robert Lalasz (April 2005).

Texas Transportation Institute Report: "The 2005 Urban Mobility Report," by David Schrank and Tim Lomax (May 2005, .pdf format, 85p.).

Follow link to "complete report".

Press reelease:

Food Research and Action Center Report: "WIC in the States: Thirty-One Years of Building a Healthier America," (April 2005, .pdf format, 185p.)

More information about FRAC:

Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health's Center for Communication Programs Compendium: Info Health Pop. Reporter (vol. 5, no. 20, May. 16, 2005). "The Johns Hopkins University Population Information Program delivers the reproductive health and family planning news you need. Each week our research staff prepares an electronic magazine loaded with links to key news stories, reports, and related developments around the globe."

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University of Texas Population Research Center: "The Living Conditions of US-Born Children of Mexican Immigrants in Unmarried Families" by Yolanda Padilla, Melissa Dalton Radey, Robert Hummer and Eunjeong Kim. (Working Paper 04-05-10, May 2005, .pdf format, 32 p.).


Recent research findings have brought attention to the hardship faced by children of immigrants in the United States, particularly in the Mexican origin population. In this study, we are concerned with the extent to which US-born Mexican children of immigrants who live in unmarried families may face exceptional risks. Using data from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study, we examine social and economic indicators of unmarried Mexican immigrant mothers and their children vis-à-vis unmarried US-born mothers and their children. Descriptive analyses show that children of Mexican immigrants in unmarried families face significant disadvantages on a variety of levels compared to children of US-born mothers. Mexican immigrant mothers have significantly lower levels of education and employment and much higher rates of poverty, as well as less access to social services. On some indicators, children of unmarried Mexican origin mothers appear to be quite well off, most notably because their rates of low birth weight are low and maternal health behaviors are so positive. The poor socioeconomic and social service profile of children born to Mexican origin unmarried women, however, suggests that even when healthy at the starting gate, they may potentially face poor outcomes during childhood and beyond.

University of Wisconsin Institute for Research on Poverty:

A. "Macroeconomic Performance and Poverty in the 1980s and 1990s: A State-Level Analysis," by John Iceland, Lane Kenworthy, and Melissa Scopilliti (Discussion Paper DP 1299-05, May 2005, .pdf format, 40p.).


We examine the effect of macroeconomic performance on poverty in the United States during the 1980s and 1990s. Our study advances research on this issue in a variety of ways: we utilize variation across the states rather than relying on over-time trends for the country as a whole; we analyze cross-state variation in both levels and change over time; we disentangle the impact of three different aspects of macroeconomic performance: economic output (per capita gross state product), employment, and unemployment; we investigate causal mechanisms more carefully than is often the case in poverty analyses, focusing on work hours and wages; we consider both absolute and relative poverty; we base our poverty measure on pretax-pretransfer income; we use a poverty measure that incorporates both the poverty rate and the poverty gap; and we focus on the working-age population. Our findings highlight the importance of employment for poverty reduction. Employment contributed to lower absolute and relative poverty by boosting hours worked and wages in low-income households. Per capita gross state product similarly contributed to lower absolute poverty by increasing hours worked and low-end wage levels, but it had very little impact on relative poverty because it also was associated with increased wage inequality. Unemployment had little or no effect on poverty.

B. "Multiple-Partner Fertility: Incidence and Implications for Child Support Policy," by Daniel R. Meyer, Maria Cancian, and Steven Cook (Discussion Paper DP 1300-05, May 2005, .pdf format, 31p.).


Multiple-partner fertility might not be a significant policy issue if the number of children affected was fairly small. However, we show here that family complexity resulting from multiple-partner fertility is quite common, and has important implications for understanding child support outcomes and for designing and evaluating welfare and family policy. Using a unique set of merged administrative data, this paper provides the first comprehensive documentation of levels of family complexity among a broad sample of welfare recipients. We examine the extent to which complexity is associated with systematically different child support outcomes and outline the implications of family complexity for policy.

National Bureau of Economic Research:

A. "Employee Cost-Sharing and the Welfare Effects of Flexible Spending Accounts," by William Jack, Arik Levinson, and Sjamsu Rahardja (w11315, May 2005, .pdf format, 31p.).


In recent years, employees have been shouldering an increasing share of the costs of employee-provided health care. At the same time, more and more employers have been allowing employees to pay their out-of-pocket health care costs using pre-tax earnings, through tax-subsidized flexible spending accounts (FSAs). We use a cross-section of firm-level data from 1993 to show empirically that these FSAs can explain a significant fraction of the shift in health care costs to employees, and to evaluate the welfare impact of this shift. Correcting for selection effects, we find that FSAs are associated with insurance contracts with coinsurance rates that are about 7 percentage points higher, relative to a sample average coinsurance rate of 17 percent. Meanwhile, coinsurance rates net of the subsidy are approximately unchanged, providing evidence that FSAs are welfare-neutral.

B. "Sibling Similarity and Difference in Socioeconomic Status: Life Course and Family Resource Effects," by Dalton Conley and Rebecca Glauber (w11320, May 2005, .pdf format, 46p.).


For decades, geneticists and social scientists have relied on sibling correlations as indicative of the effects of genes and environment on behavioral traits and socioeconomic outcomes. The current paper advances this line of inquiry by exploring sibling similarity across a variety of socioeconomic outcomes and by providing answers to two relatively under-examined questions: do siblings' socioeconomic statuses diverge or converge across the life course? And do siblings from demographic groups that putatively differ on the degree of opportunity they enjoy vary with respect to how similar they turn out? Findings inform theoretical debates over parental investment models, especially in relation to diverging opportunities and capital constraints, and life course status attainment models. We report three new findings. First, sibling resemblance in occupational prestige is explained almost entirely by shared education, and sibling resemblance in family income is explained almost entirely by the combination of shared education, occupational prestige, and earnings. This is contrasted to sibling resemblance in earnings and wealth, as siblings retain 60 percent of their resemblance in earnings once we control for education and occupational prestige, and siblings retain more than 30 percent of their resemblance in wealth once we control for all other socioeconomic outcomes. Second, across the life course, siblings converge in earnings and income and maintain stable correlations in education, occupational prestige, and wealth. Third, black siblings have significantly lower correlations on earnings and income than nonblack siblings overall, but black siblings dramatically converge in income across the life course -- in their twenties black siblings have a .181 correlation in income and above age 40 they have a .826 correlation in income -- suggesting almost complete social reproduction in income by the fifth decade of life for African Americans. This pattern does not hold for nonblack siblings. Furthermore, when we split the sample by class and age, we find the opposite effect: by age 40 and above, siblings from higher SES families tend to increase in their resemblance while those from lower SES families do not. Descriptive accounts about the openness of American society, then, strongly depend on which group we are talking about and at which stage in the life course we measure economic status.

C. "The End of American Exceptionalism? Mobility in the U.S. Since 1850," by Joseph P. Ferrie (w11324, May 2005, .pdf format, 25p.).


New longitudinal data on individuals linked across nineteenth century U.S. censuses document the geographic and occupational mobility of more than 75,000 Americans from the 1850s to the 1920s. Together with longitudinal data for more recent years, these data make possible for the first time systematic comparisons of mobility over the last 150 years of American economic development, as well as cross-national comparisons for the nineteenth century. The U.S. was a substantially more mobile economy than Britain between 1850 and 1880. But both intergenerational occupational mobility and geographic mobility have declined in the U.S. since the beginning of the twentieth century, leaving much less apparent two aspects of the "American Exceptionalism" noted by nineteenth century observers.

D. "Forsaking All Others? The Effects of 'Gay Marriage' on Risky Sex," by Thomas S. Dee (w11327, May 2005, .pdf format, 39p.).


One of the conjectured benefits of establishing the legal recognition of same sex partnerships is that it would promote a culture of responsibility and commitment among homosexuals. A specific implication of this claim is that "gay marriage" will reduce the prevalence of sexually transmitted infections (STI). In this study, I present a simple 2-period model, which provides a framework for discussing the ways in which gay marriage might reduce (or increase) the prevalence of STI. Then, I present reduced-form empirical evidence on whether gay marriage has actually reduced STI rates. These evaluations are based on country-level panel data from Europe, where nations began introducing national recognition of same-sex partnerships in 1989. The results suggest that these gay-marriage laws led to statistically significant reductions in syphilis rates. However, these effects were smaller and statistically imprecise with respect to gonorrhea and HIV.

E. "Myopic Matrimony and Dropout Decisions: Evidence Using State Laws for Marriage, Schooling, and Work," by Gordon B. Dahl (w11328, May 2005, .pdf format, 32p.).


Do teenagers make decisions they will later regret or which impose costs on others? Both early teen marriage and dropping out of high school have historically been associated with a variety of negative outcomes, including higher poverty rates throughout life. To understand the personal and societal consequences of a teenager's choices and the desirability of legal restrictions, it is important to identify the causal effects of these choices. This paper uses an instrumental variables approach which takes advantage of variation in state laws which regulate the age at which individuals are allowed to marry, drop out of school, and begin work. The analysis combines information on these laws with data from the 1960, 1970, and 1980 U.S. Decennial Censuses and Vital Statistics marriage certificate data. The baseline IV estimate indicates that a woman who marries young is 28 percentage points more likely to live in poverty when she is older. Similarly, a woman who drops out of school is 10 percentage points more likely to be poor. The IV results are robust to a variety of alternative specifications and estimation methods, including LIML estimation and different levels of data aggregation. In comparison, the OLS estimates are extremely sensitive to how the data is aggregated, particularly for the early marriage variable.

F. "The Evolution of the Mexican-Born Workforce in the United States," by George J. Borjas and Lawrence F. Katz (w11281, April 2005, .pdf format, 63p.).


This paper examines the evolution of the Mexican-born workforce in the United States using data drawn from the decennial U.S. Census throughout the entire 20th century. It is well known that there has been a rapid rise in Mexican immigration to the United States in recent years. Interestingly, the share of Mexican immigrants in the U.S. workforce declined steadily beginning in the 1920s before beginning to rise in the 1960s. It was not until 1980 that the relative number of Mexican immigrants in the U.S. workforce was at the 1920 level. The paper examines the trends in the relative skills and economic performance of Mexican immigrants, and contrasts this evolution with that experienced by other immigrants arriving in the United States during the period. The paper also examines the costs and benefits of this influx by examining how the Mexican influx has altered economic opportunities in the most affected labor markets and by discussing how the relative prices of goods and services produced by Mexican immigrants may have changed over time.

Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research [Rostock, Germany]: "Gender Equality and Fertility in Sweden: A Study on the Impact of the Father's Uptake of Parental Leave on Continued Childbearing," by Ann-Zofie Duvander and Gunnar Andersson (WP-2005-013, April 2005, .pdf format, 23p.).


In Sweden, the birth of a child induces the right to more than one year of paid parental leave that can be shared between the parents. This paper examines the relationship between the father's and the mother's respective use of such leave and the continued childbearing of a couple. Our investigation is based on longitudinal information on registered parental-leave use and childbearing of all intact unions in Sweden during 1988-99. We analyze our data by means of event-history analysis. We expect an extended paternal involvement in childrearing to be positively associated with continued childbearing since it makes family building more compatible with the mother's labor-force participation. In addition, such commitment to childrearing from the father's side is likely to signal a higher interest of his for continued family building. Around 85 percent of fathers take some leave but in most cases episodes are brief. We find a positive effect of a father's moderately long leave on a couple's second- and third-birth propensity, but no such effect of a very long paternal leave.

Princeton University Center for Health and Wellbeing: "Health Seeking Behavior in Northern KwaZulu-Natal," by Anne Case, Alicia Menendez, and Cally Ardington (April 2005, .pdf format, 25p.).


We examine patterns of health seeking behavior prior to death among 1282 individuals who lived in the Umkhanyakude District of Northern KwaZulu-Natal. Information on the health care choices of these individuals, who died between January 2003 and July 2004, was gathered after their deaths from their primary care-givers. We examine choices made concerning public and private medicine, western and traditional medicine, and non-prescribed self-medication. We find that virtually all adults who were ill prior to death sought treatment from a Western medical provider, visiting either a public clinic or a private doctor. In this district, which is predominantly poor, ninety percent of adults who sought treatment from a public clinic also visited a private doctor. Fifty percent also sought treatment from a traditional healer, suggesting that traditional medicine is seen as a complement to, rather than a substitute for, Western care. Better educated people who were ill for less than a month before dying were significantly more likely to visit a private doctor, while those least well educated were more likely to visit a traditional healer. Controlling for length of illness, better educated and wealthier people sought care from a greater range of providers, and spent significantly more on their treatment.

Economics Working Paper Archive, Washington University at St. Louis: "An Economic Analysis of Co-Parenting Choices: Single Parent, Visiting Father, Cohabitation, Marriage," by Ronald Mincy, Shoshana Grossbard, and Chien-Chung Huang (April 2005, .pdf format, 44p.).


This paper sheds light on the determinants of choice between four co- parenting arrangements: father absence, father's non-residential visitations, cohabitation, and marriage. In our theoretical framework, we use an adaptation of Becker's Demand & Supply (D&S) model of marriage and a hierarchy of co-parenting arrangements--ranked in terms of degree of fathers' involvement in the lives of mother or child--as an observable price measure for women's work as mothers. We predict effects on co-parenting choice of factors such as welfare benefits, sex ratios, income, black versus white, or education, and black/white differences in these effects. We test our predictions with data from the Fragile Families and Child-Wellbeing Survey. Our findings include (1) the larger the grant amount in the state where the mother resides, the more it is likely that fathers will have some contact with their children, and the more it is likely that fathers will cohabit with the mothers; (2) fathers who have more children with other women are less likely to have contact with a given woman's children, but this discouraging effect of men's other children is smaller for blacks than for whites; and (3) employment in the last year reduces the likelihood that a white mother is married to her child's father, while increasing that likelihood among black mothers.

London [UK] School of Economics: "Between the 8th and 11th September 2004, LSE Health and Social Care hosted the 5th European Conference on Health Economics. The conference included presentations on all aspects of health economics, including financing and resource allocation, economic evaluation, econometrics in health economics, incentives in health care, equity in health and health care, outcomes evaluation, pharmaceutical economics, social care and mental health economics." The following publications came from plenary addresses to that conference.

A. "Happiness and Public Policy," by Richard Layard (LSE Discussion Paper 14, March 2005, .pdf format, 16p.).

B. "All for All: Equality and Social Trust," by Bo Rothstein and Eric M Uslaner (LSE Discussion Paper 14, April 2005, .pdf format, 38p.).

Department of Economics and Economic History [Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain]: "Modeling Usage of Medical Care Services: The Medical Expenditure Panel Survey Data, 1996-2000," by Michael Creel and Montserrat Farell (Working Paper 646.05, March 2005, .pdf format, 32p.).


We explore the determinants of usage of six different types of health care services, using the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey data, years 1996-2000. We apply a number of models for univariate count data, including semiparametric, semi-nonparametric and finite mixture models. We find that the complexity of the model that is required to fit the data well depends upon the way in which the data is pooled across sexes and over time, and upon the characteristics of the usage measure. Pooling across time and sexes is almost always favored, but when more heterogeneous data is pooled it is often the case that a more complex statistical model is required.

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JOURNAL TABLES OF CONTENTS (check your library for availability):

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Economic Development and Cultural Change (Vol. 53 No. 3, March 2005,.pdf format). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library and the EBSCO Host Academic Elite database. Check your library for the availability of these databases and this issue.

Other Journals:

American Journal of Sociology (Vol. 110, No. 4, January 2005). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

Gender & Society (Vol. 19, No. 3, June 2005, pdf format).

Medical Care Research and Review (Vol. 62, No. 3, September 2005). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

Sociological Theory (Vol. 23, No. 2, June 2005).

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Measure Evaluation: "Regional Workshop on Monitoring and Evalution of Population, Health and Nutrition Programs, August 1-19, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia." For more information see:

2005 ESRI International User Conference: The 25th annual ESRI International Users Conference will be held Jul. 25-29, 2005 in San Deigo, California. For more information see:

World Health Organization: Those interested in the developments of the 58th World Health Assembly, being held May 16-25, 2005, in Geneva Switzerland, can follow the conference at:

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US House Committee on Government Reform Hearing Publication: "Conquering Obesity: The U.S. Approach to Combating this National Health Crisis," a hearing held Sept. 15, 2005 (Serial no. 108-268, ASCII text and .pdf format, 111p.).

Scroll down to or "find in page" "108-268" (without the quotes).

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Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research (ICPSR): ICPSR at the University of Michigan has recently released the following datasets, which may be of interest to demography researchers. Note: Some ICPSR studies are available only to ICPSR member institutions. To find out whether your organization is a member, and whether or not it supports ICPSR Direct downloading, see:

Current Population Survey, March/April 1994 Match File: Child Support (#4147)

UK Data Archive (Essex University, Colchester, UK): The UK Data Archive has recently added the following dataset to its holdings. Note: There may be charges or licensing requirements on holdings of the UK Data Archive. For more information see:

National Diet and Nutrition Survey: Adults Aged 19 to 64 Years, 2000-2001 (SN 5140)

National Longitudinal Survey Documentation: The Bureau of Labor Statistics, has recently made available the following NLS documentation.

A. _NLSY97 User's Guide 2003_ (.pdf format, 289p.).

B. _NLSY79 User's Guide 1979-2002_ (.pdf format, 405p.).

Demographic and Health Surveys: DHS has announced the availability of preliminary data for Bolivia, MEASURE DHS+, 2003:

More information on DHS data access (registration required).

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Jack Solock
Data Librarian--Center for Demography and Ecology
4470 Social Science University of Wisconsin-Madison
Madison, WI 53706