Current Demographic Research Report #87, June 13, 2005.

CDERR (Current Demographic Research Reports) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography and Ecology at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. This report will contain selected listings of new: reports, articles, bibliographies, working papers, tables of contents, conferences, data, and websites. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:


CDERR is compiled and edited by John Carlson, Charlie Fiss, and Jack Solock of the University of Wisconsin Center for Demography and Ecology Information Services Center.

Index to this issue:


Census Bureau News Release
Centers for Disease Control Periodical Article
Medical Expenditure Panel Survey Briefs
National Institute of Health News Release
Bureau of Labor Statistics Newsletter
Department of Housing and Urban Development Report
Federal Bureau of Investigation Compendium
Bureau of Justice Statistics Report
National Institute of Justice Report
Allen Guttmacher Institute Periodical
Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Report
Brookings Institute Report
Urban Institute Report
Kaiser Family Foundation Fact Sheet Update, Reports
Families USA Report
Employee Benefit Research Institute Periodical Article
Australian Institute for Health and Welfare Report
Canadian Institute for Health Information Report
_Health Affairs_ Article Abstract
_JAMA_ Special Issue
_British Medical Journal_ Article Abstracts
_Lancet_ World Report Articles, Article Abstracts
_Science_ Special Issue
WLS Bibliography Update


National Bureau of Economic Research
Urban Institute
Department of Economics (University of Massachusetts)
Institute of Behavioral Science (University of Colorado)
Centre for Analysis of Social Exclusion (London School of Economics)
Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research
Institute for Social and Economic Research (University of Essex)


Other Journals


Census Bureau
National Center for Health Statistics
Medical Expenditure Panel Survey
UK National Digital Archive of Datasets



Census Bureau News Release: "Hispanic Population Passes 40 Million, Census Bureau Reports," (CB05-77, Jun. 9, 2005).

Centers for Disease Control Periodical Article: "Racial/Ethnic Disparities in Infant Mortality --- United States, 1995--2002" (_Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report_, Vol. 54, No. 22, Jun. 10, 2005 HTML and .pdf format, p. 553-556).



Medical Expenditure Panel Survey Briefs:

A. "The Uninsured in America, 1996-2004: Estimates for the U.S. Civilian Noninstitutionalized Population under Age 65," by Jeffrey A. Rhoades (Statistical Brief #84, June 2005, .pdf format, 5p.).

B. "The Uninsured in America, 2004: Estimates for the U.S. Civilian Noninstitutionalized Population under Age 65," by Jeffrey A. Rhoades (Statistical Brief #83, June 2005, .pdf format, 6p.).

C. "Health Insurance Status of Children in America, 1996-2004: Estimates for the U.S. Civilian Noninstitutionalized Population under Age 18," by Jeffrey Rhoades (Statistical Brief #85, June 2005, .pdf format, 6p.).

National Institutes of Health News Release: "$3.68 Million Grant to Boost Public Health 'Informatics'." (June 8, 2005).

DHHS SAMHSA Report: "The DASIS Report: Substance Abuse Treatment among Asians and Pacific Islanders: 2002," (Drug and Alcohol Services Information System, June 2005, .pdf and HTML format, 6p.).

Bureau of Labor Statistics Newsletter, News Release:

A. _NLS [National Longitudinal Surveys] News_, (No. 05-119, 2005, .pdf format, 6p.).

B. "Employment Characteristics of Families in 2004," (June 2005, .pdf and HTML format, 10p.).

C. "Employment from the BLS household and payroll surveys: summary of recent trends," (June 2005, .pdf format, 17p.).

Department of Housing and Urban Development Report: "Evaluation of the Mark-to-Market Program," by Richard Hilton, Charles Hanson, Joanne Anderson, Meryl Finkel, Ken Lam, Jill Khadduri, and Michelle Wood (June 2005, .pdf format, 260p.). "This evaluation of the Mark-to-Market (M2M) Program was conducted under a contract issued by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development's (HUD) Office of Policy Development and Research (PD&R) to Econometrica, Inc. and its subcontractor Abt Associates in September 2002. The M2M program was authorized by Congress to address concern about the rising costs of rent subsidies in HUD's Section 8 multifamily housing program. The goal of the study is to evaluate the overall implementation of the program. This includes both the cost-effectiveness of the program and its success in addressing the needs of key stakeholders, the owners and residents of Section 8 properties."

US Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families, Office of Child Support Enforcement Report: "Child Support Enforcement, FY 2004 Preliminary Report," (August 2004, HTML format).

Federal Bureau of Investigation Compendium: "Preliminary Annual Uniform Crime Report, January to December, 2004" (June 2005, .pdf format, 7p.).

Scroll to "Crime in the United States".

Bureau of Justice Statistics Report: "Family Violence Statistics: Including Statistics on Strangers and Acquaintances," by Matthew R. Durose, Caroline Wolf Harlow, Patrick A. Langan, Mark Motivans, Ramona R. Rantala, and Erica L. Schmitt (NCJ 207846, June 2005, ASCII text and .pdf format, with .zip compressed spreadsheets, 72p.).


Compares family and nonfamily violence statistics from victimization through the different stages of the justice system. Family violence is defined as all types of violent crime committed by an offender who is related to the victim and includes spouse abuse, parental violence against a child, and violence among other family members. Nonfamily relationships used for comparison include boyfriends and girlfriends, friends and acquaintances, and strangers. Data are drawn from victimization surveys, official police statistics, State and Federal court statistics, and surveys of inmates in State prisons and local jails.

National Institute of Justice Report: "American Indian Suicides in Jail: Can Risk Screening Be Culturally Sensitive?" (NCJ 207326, June 2005, .pdf format, 9p.)

Allen Guttmacher Institute Periodical: _Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health_ (Vol. 37, No. 2, June 2005, HTML and .pdf format).

Archives back to 1995:

Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Report: "Early Violent Death Among Delinquent Youth: A Prospective," Longitudinal Study," by Linda A. Teplin, Gary M. McClelland, Karen M. Abram, and Darinka Mileusnic. The report appears in Pediatrics (vol. 115, no. 6, June 2005, .pdf format, p. 1586-1593).

Press release:

Brookings Institute Report: "Russia and HIV/AIDS: Opportunities for Leadership and Cooperation," (May 2005, .pdf format, 35p.).

Urban Institute Report: "Public Housing Transformation and the "Hard to House"," by Mary K. Cunningham, Susan J. Popkin, and Martha R. Burt (Metropolitan Housing and Communities: A Roof Over Their Heads Brief No. 8, June 2005, .pdf format, 8p.).

Kaiser Family Foundation Fact Sheet Update, Reports:

A. "HIV Testing in the United States" (Fact Sheet Update, June 2005, .pdf format, 2p.).

B. "Medicaid: An Overview of Spending on "Mandatory" vs. "Optional" Populations and Services," (Kaiser Commission on Medicaid and the Uninsured, June 2005, .pdf format, 8p.).

C. "Medicaid Enrollment and Spending by "Mandatory" and "Optional" Eligibility and Benefit Categories," by Anna Sommers, Arunabh Ghosh, and David Rousseau (Kaiser Commission on Medicaid and the Uninsured, June 2005, .pdf format, 32p.).

Both "B" and "C" can be accessed from:

D. "Stresses to the Safety Net: The Public Hospital Perspective," by Marsha Regenstein and Jennifer Huang (Kaiser Commission on Medicaid and the Uninsured, June 2005, .pdf format, 25p.).

Families USA Report: "Paying a Premium: The Added Cost of Care for the Uninsured," (June 2005, .pdf format, 35p.).

Press release:

More information on Families USA:

Employee Benefit Research Institute Periodical Article: "The Impact of Immigration on Health Coverage in the United States," by Paul Fronstin (_EBRI Notes_, vol. 26, no. 6, June 2005, .pdf format, p. 1-8).

More information on EBRI:

Australian Institute for Health and Welfare Report: "National Comorbidity Initiative: A Review of Data Collections Relating to People with Coexisting Substance Use and Mental Health Disorders," (Drug Statistics Series No. 14, AIHW Cat. No. PHE-60, June 2005, .pdf format, 257p.).

Canadian Institute for Health Information/Institut Canadien d'Information sur la Sante Report: "Health Care in Canada 2005," (June 2005, .pdf format, 117p.). Note: CIHI requires free registration before providing content.

_Health Affairs_ Article Abstract: "Variations In The Impact Of Health Coverage Expansion Proposals Across States," by Sherry Glied and Douglas Gould (June 2005, .pdf and HTML format, 13p.). Note: This article is a _Health Affairs_ web exclusive.


"Most estimates of the consequences of alternative health insurance proposals focus on national impact, but the extent of cross-state diversity in uninsurance rates, economic and labor-market characteristics, and health care markets suggests that the impact of strategies will also vary. We illustrate this variation by comparing the effects of standard tax credit and Medicaid expansion proposals across states. Some states do well (or poorly) under all policies; others benefit under some but not others. Across policies, state effects on uninsurance rates vary by at least a factor of 2.5. Uniform national strategies that target the uninsured do not generate uniform national outcomes."

_Journal of the American Medical Association_ Special Issue: This week's _JAMA_ (Vol. 293, No. 22, Jun. 8, 2005) focuses on tuberculosis. Some of the articles include:

"Drug-Resistant Tuberculosis, Clinical Virulence, and the Dominance of the Beijing Strain Family in Russia".

"Multidrug Resistance Among Persons With Tuberculosis in California, 1994-2003".

"Tuberculosis and Homelessness in the United States, 1994-2003".

_British Medical Journal_ Article Abstracts:

A. "Adult socioeconomic, educational, social, and psychological outcomes of childhood obesity: a national birth cohort study," by Russell M. Viner and Tim J. Cole (_BMJ_, vol. 330, no. 7504, June 11, 2005, .pdf and HTML format, p. 1354-1356).

B. "Obesity in middle age and future risk of dementia: a 27 year longitudinal population based study," by Rachel A. Whitmer, Erica P. Gunderson, Elizabeth Barrett-Connor, Charles P. Quesenberry, Jr., and Kristine Yaffe (_BMJ_, Vol. 330, No. 7504, June 11, 2005, .pdf and HTML format, p. 1360-1362).

C. "Use of waist circumference to predict insulin resistance: retrospective study," by Hans Wahrenberg, Katarina Hertel, Britt-Marie Leijonhufvud, Lars-Göran Persson, Eva Toft, and Peter Arner (_BMJ_, Vol. 330, No. 7504, June 11, 2005, .pdf and HTML format, p. 1363-1364).

_Lancet_ World Report Articles, Article Abstract: Note: _Lancet_ requires free registration before providing content.

A. "Latin America's urbanisation is boosting obesity," by Barbara Fraser (_Lancet_ World Report, Vol. 365, no. 9476 , June 11, 2005, p. 1995-1996).

B. "Aid workers warn of North Korea's forgotten health crisis," by Justin McCurry (_Lancet_ World Report, Vol. 365, No. 9476 , June 11, 2005, p. 1997-1998).

C. "Gaps in policy-relevant information on burden of disease in children: a systematic review," by Igor Rudan, et. al. (Vol. 365, No. 9476 , June 11, 2005, p. 2031-2040).

_Science_ Special Issue: This week's issue of _Science_ (Vol. 308, No. 5728, Jun. 10, 2005) features special Review and News articles on women's health.

Info Health Pop. Reporter: Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health's Center for Communication Programs Compendium: Info Health Pop. Reporter (vol. 5, no. 24, Jun. 13, 2005). "The Johns Hopkins University Population Information Program delivers the reproductive health and family planning news you need. Each week our research staff prepares an electronic magazine loaded with links to key news stories, reports, and related developments around the globe."

WLS Bibliography Update: These citations, along with all of the WLS bibliography, can be found at:

Hauser, Robert M. February 2005. "Survey Response in the Long Run: The Wisconsin Longitudinal Study." Field Methods 17(1):3-29. Sage Publications.

Brand, Jennie E., Halaby, Charles N. "Regression and Matching Estimates of the Effects of Elite College Attendance on Educational and Career Achievement."

Marks, Nadine F., Lambert, James David. November 1998. "Marital Status Continuity and Change Among Young and Midlife Adults: Longitudinal Effects on Psychological Well-Being." Journal of Family Issues 19(6):652-686. Sage Publications, Inc..

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National Bureau of Economic Research:

A. "Evaluating the Role of Brown vs. Board of Education in School Equalization, Desegregation, and the Income of African Americans," by Orley Ashenfelter, William J. Collins, and Albert Yoon (w11394, June 2005, .pdf format, 36p.).


In this paper we study the long-term labor market implications of school resource equalization before Brown and school desegregation after Brown. For cohorts born in the South in the 1920s and 1930s, we find that racial disparities in measurable school characteristics had a substantial influence on black males' earnings and educational attainment measured in 1970, albeit one that was smaller in the later cohorts. When we examine the income of male workers in 1990, we find that southern-born blacks who finished their schooling just before effective desegregation occurred in the South fared poorly compared to southern-born blacks who followed behind them in school by just a few years.

Click on PDF or submit your email address for full text.

B. "Assigning Deviant Youths to Minimize Total Harm," by Philip J. Cook and Jens Ludwig (w11390, June 2005, .pdf format, 39p.).


A common practice in the fields of education, mental health, and juvenile justice is to segregate problem youths in groups with deviant peers. Assignments of this sort, which concentrate deviant youths, may facilitate deviant peer influence and lead to perverse outcomes. This possibility adds to the list of arguments in support of "mainstreaming" whenever possible. But there are other concerns that help justify segregated-group assignments, including efficiency of service delivery and protection of the public. Our analysis organizes the discussion about the relevant tradeoffs. First, the number of deviant youths (relative to the size of the relevant population, or to the number of assignment locations) affects whether the harm-minimizing assignment calls for diffusion or segregation. Second, the nature of the problematic behavior is relevant; behavior which has a direct, detrimental effect on others who share the assignment makes a stronger case for segregation. Third, the capacity for behavior control matters, and may make the difference in a choice between segregation and integration. We briefly discuss the empirical literature, which with some exceptions is inadequate to the task of providing clear guidance about harm-minimizing assignment strategies. Finally, we reflect briefly on the medical-practice principle "first do no harm," and contrast it with the claims of potential victims of deviants.

Click on PDF or submit your email address for full text.

C. "The Impact of State Physical Education Requirements on Youth Physical Activity and Overweight," by John Cawley, Chad D. Meyerhoefer, and David Newhouse (w11411, June 2005, .pdf format, 29p.).


To combat childhood overweight, which has risen dramatically in the past three decades, many medical and public health organizations have called for students to spend more time in physical education (PE) classes. This paper is the first to exploit state PE requirements as quasi-natural experiments in order to estimate the causal impact of PE on student activity and weight. We study nationwide data from the YRBSS for 1999, 2001, and 2003 merged with data on state minimum PE requirements from the 1994 and 2000 School Health Policies and Programs Study and the 2001 Shape of the Nation Report. We find that certain state regulations are effective in raising the number of minutes during which students are active in PE. Our results also indicate that additional PE time raises the number of days per week that students report having exercised or engaged in strength-building activities, but lowers the number of days in which students report light physical activity. PE time has no detectable impact on youth BMI or the probability that a student is overweight. We conclude that while raising PE requirements may make students more active by some (but not all) measures, there is not yet the scientific base to declare raising PE requirements an anti-obesity initiative.

D. "Addressing the Needs of Under-Prepared Students in Higher Education: Does College Remediation Work?" by Eric P. Bettinger and Bridget Terry Long (w11325, May 2005, .pdf format, 31p.).


Each year, thousands of students graduate high school academically unprepared for college. As a result, approximately one-third of entering postsecondary students require remedial or developmental work before entering college-level courses. However, little is known about the causal impact of remediation on student outcomes. At an annual cost of over $1 billion at public colleges alone, there is a growing debate about its effectiveness. Who should be placed in remediation, and how does it affect their educational progress? This project addresses these critical questions by examining the effects of math and English remediation using a unique dataset of approximately 28,000 students. To account for selection biases, the paper uses variation in remedial placement policies across institutions and the importance of proximity in college choice. The results suggest that students in remediation are more likely to persist in college in comparison to students with similar test scores and backgrounds who were not required to take the courses. They are also more likely to transfer to a higher-level college and to complete a bachelor's degree.

Urban Institute: "Tax Credits for Health Insurance," by Leonard E. Burman and Jonathan Gruber (Discussion Paper no. 19, June 2005, .pdf format, 37p.).

Department of Economics [University of Massachusetts]: "The Second Paycheck to Keep Up With the Joneses: Relative Income Concerns and Labor Market Decisions of Married Women," by Yongjin Park (working Paper 2005-10, June 2005, .pdf format, 25p.).


This paper investigates whether one's effort to keep up with the Joneses has any effect on labor supply behavior. We provide a simple model and empirical evidence that labor supply decisions of married women are influenced by relative as well as absolute income of their husbands. We find, after controlling for husbands' absolute income and other individual characteristics, that married women are more likely to be in labor force when their husbands' relative income is low. Results are robust across various settings and measures of relative income and the size of the effect is economically meaningful. We also show that income inequality of reference group of husbands in age-regional cross sections can be a predictor of their wives' labor supply.

Institute of Behavioral Science [University of Colorado]: " Measuring Gender and Women's Empowerment Using Confirmatory Factor Analysis," by Jill Williams (PAC 2005-01, April 2005, .pdf format, 40p.).


This paper develops a new method for constructing measures of gender and women's empowerment with cross-sectional survey data. I re-conceptualize gender and women's empowerment for measurement purposes and argue that gender and women's empowerment are best measured as a system of interrelated dimensions derived from context specific gender norms. Qualitative research on women's empowerment is used to guide the development of a theoretical model of women's empowerment in rural Bangladesh which is then tested using confirmatory factor analysis of data from the 1996 Matlab Health and Socioeconomic Survey (MHSS). The results of the confirmatory factor analysis are then used to construct weighted measures of women's empowerment that are compared to simple scale measures. This analysis advances the research on women's empowerment by testing many of the theoretical assumptions found in demographic research on women's empowerment, and, most importantly, makes sophisticated measures of gender and women's empowerment accessible to demographers.

Centre for Analysis of Social Exclusion [London School of Economics]:

A. "Expenditure Patterns Post-Welfare Reform in the UK: Are low-income families starting to catch up?" by Jane Waldfogel, Paul Gregg, and Elizabeth Washbrook (Case 99, May 2005, .pdf format, 37p.).


In this paper we provide evidence on how the UK government's welfare reforms since 1998 have affected the material well-being of children in low-income families. We examine changes in expenditure patterns and ownership of durable goods for low- and higher-income families between the pre-reform period (1995-1998) and the post-reform period (2000-2003), using data from the Family Expenditure Survey. The methodological approach is a difference-in-difference-in-difference analysis that exploits the fact that age variation in the reforms favoured low-income families over higher-income ones and families with children age under 11 over those with older children. We find that low-income families with children are catching up to more affluent families, in their expenditures and their possession of durable goods. Moreover, expenditures on child-related items are increasing faster than expenditures on other items.

B. "Parental Investment in Childhood and Later Adult Well-Being: Can More Involved Parents Offset the Effects of Socioeconomic Disadvantage?" by Darcy Hango (Case 98, May 2005, .pdf format, 31p.).


Parental involvement in their children's lives can have a lasting impact on well-being. More involved parents convey to their children that they are interested in their development, and this in turn signals to the child that their future is valued. However, what happens in socio-economically disadvantaged homes? Can the social capital produced by greater parental involvement counteract some of the harmful effects of less financial capital? These questions are examined on the National Child Development Study; a longitudinal study of children born in Britain in 1958. Results on a sample of children raised in two parent families suggest that parental involvement does matter, but that it depends on when it and poverty are measured, as well as the type of involvement and the gender of the parent. Father interest in education has the strongest impact on earlier poverty, especially at age 11. Meanwhile, both father and mother interest in school at age 16 have the largest direct impact on education. The frequency of outings with mother at age 11 also has a larger direct impact on education than outings with father, however, neither compare with the reduction in the poverty effect as a result of father interest in school.

C. "Non-residential Fatherhood and Child Involvement: Evidence from the Millennium Cohort Study," by Kathleen E. Kiernan (CASE 100, May 2005, .pdf format, 19p.).


Fifteen per cent of British babies are now born to parents who are neither cohabiting nor married. Little is known about non-residential fatherhood that commences with the birth of a child. Here, we use the Millennium Cohort Study to examine a number of aspects of this form of fatherhood. Firstly, we consider the extent to which these fathers were involved with or acknowledged their child at the time of the birth. Secondly, we identify the characteristics that differentiate parents who continue to live apart from those who move in together. Thirdly, for the fathers who moved in with the mother and their child we enquire whether they differ in the extent of their engagement in family life compared with fathers who have been living with the mother since birth. Finally, for fathers who were living apart from their child when the child was 9 months old we assess the extent to which they were in contact, contributed to their maintenance and were involved in their child's life at this time.

Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research: "Mapping social influence on fertility: a mix-method approach to data collection," by Laura Bernardi, Holger Von der Lippe, and Sylvia Keim (MPIDR Working Paper 2005-015, May 2005, .pdf format 28 p.).


Theoretical propositions on the importance of social effects arising from informal interaction on fertility change are not yet supported by systematic empirical evidence (Kohler et al. 2002). The correct identification of informal relationships salient for fertility decision-making and the comparability of social networks across population subgroups present major problems. This paper illustrates the design of a research project that specifically addresses these two problems. The project investigates the role of informal social networks on fertility decisions in East and West Germany by employing a multi-method research strategy. We use a combination of in-depth interviews, network charts, and network grids to elicit a map of individual personal relationships and to analyze their influence on respondents' fertility decisions and intentions. We collect information in parallel from the respondents and from up to three members of their social network

Institute for Social and Economic Research [University of Essex, Colchester, UK]: "Does Dependent Interviewing Really Increase Efficiency and Reduce Respondent Burden?" by Annette Jackle (Working Paper 2005-11, June 2005, .pdf format, 14p.).


Dependent interviewing techniques, where substantive information from previous interviews is fed forward and used in the formulation of questions or to prompt post-response edit checks, are increasingly employed by panel surveys. While there is substantial evidence that dependent interviewing improves the quality of longitudinal data, claims of improved efficiency of data collection and reduced respondent burden are mostly anecdotal. This paper uses data from a large experiment to systematically compare the effects of different question designs on efficiency and burden. The comparison highlights the wide variety of design options for dependent interviewing questions and their corresponding effects. In the present setup, efficiency gains were mainly due to reductions in coding costs for occupation and industry questions. The paper concludes by identifying the conditions under which dependent interviewing offers the largest scope for efficiency gains and burden reduction.

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JOURNAL TABLES OF CONTENTS (check your library for availability):

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Ethnicity & disease (vol. 15, no. 2, 2005).

Studies in Family Planning (vol. 36, no. 1, 2005).

Other Journals:

The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science (vol. 600, No. 1, July 1, 2005).

American Economic Review (vol. 95, no. 3, June 2005). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library and the EBSCO Host Academic Elite database. Check your library for the availability of these databases and this issue.

International Sociology (Vol. 20, No. 2, June 1, 2005).

Journal of Family Issues (Vol. 26, No. 5, July 1, 2005).

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Census Bureau: "The latest national population estimates by demographic characteristics - for July 1, 2004 - were released June 9, 2005."

National Center for Health Statistics: "International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification, Sixth Edition." On June 8, 2005 NCHS updated the conversion table and addenda (.pdf format).

Medical Expenditure Panel Survey: "New Compendium tables from the MEPS Household Component - Health Insurance tables for year 2004: Health Insurance Coverage of the Civilian Non-institutionalized Population, first half of 2004" (HTML and .pdf format, June 9, 2005).

Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development: _OECD Health Data 2005_. Fee based, but some data is available for free:,2340,en_2649_34631_12968734_1_1_1_1,00.html

UK National Digital Archive of Datasets: "Public Health Common Dataset--1988-1999": The NDAD has released these datasets, available for download in multiple formats or interactive query. "The Public Health Common Dataset is an annual dataset of aggregate statistics. The dataset includes Health of the Nation, Public Health and Population Health Outcome Indicators. The dataset is largely derived from data supplied by the Office for National Statistics (ONS). This sub-series holds the Compendium of Clinical and Health Indicators (CCHI) for 1999, including indicators from the Public Health Common dataset (PHCDS), Population Health Outcome indicators and Our Healthier Nation indicators. The PHCDS, comprising several subsets of indicators, forms a significant part of the CCHI. The 1999 PHCDS, providing data for years up to and including 1998, was released in its conventional format to Health Authorities in England in February 2000. It provided data for Health Authorities with boundaries as at April 1999 and for Local Authorities with boundaries as at April 1998. The entire dataset is open to the public without restriction."

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Jack Solock
Data Librarian--Center for Demography and Ecology
4470 Social Science University of Wisconsin-Madison
Madison, WI 53706