Current Demographic Research Report #88, June 20, 2005.

CDERR (Current Demographic Research Reports) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography and Ecology at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. This report will contain selected listings of new: reports, articles, bibliographies, working papers, tables of contents, conferences, data, and websites. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:


CDERR is compiled and edited by John Carlson, Charlie Fiss, and Jack Solock of the University of Wisconsin Center for Demography and Ecology Information Services Center.

Index to this issue:


Census Bureau Brief, Facts for Features
Centers for Disease Control Periodical Articles
National Center for Health Statistics Report
Medical Expenditure Panel Survey Statistical Brief
Food and Drug Administration News Release
Bureau of Labor Statistics Press Release
National Center for Education Statistics Report
Department of Housing and Urban Development Report
National Academies Press Monograph
Urban Institute Report
Population Reference Bureau Article, Report
Pew Hispanic Trust Report
World Health Organization Monograph
Australian Institute on Health and Welfare Report
ECLAC Report
IASSIST Periodical
Advocates for Youth Report
_Health Affairs_ Article Abstract
_Lancet_ Commentary
Info Health Pop. Reporter


University of Texas Population Research Center
Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research
National Bureau of Economic Research
Princeton University Center for Research on Child Wellbeing
Medical Expenditure Panel Survey
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Institute for Fiscal Studies
Heritage Foundation
Institute for Social and Economic Research


Other Journals


IASSIST Conference Presentations


Roper Center for Public Opinion Research


Census Bureau/Department of Housing and Urban Development
Panel Study of Income Dynamics
Luxembourg Income Study
ISSP Correction


University of North Texas CRS Archive Update



A. "Census Bureau Brief: "Household Income: 1999," by Ed Weiniak and Kirby Posey (C2KBR-36, June 2005, .pdf format, 10p.).

B. Census Bureau Facts for Features: "Back to School" (CB05-FF.11, June 2005, HTML and .pdf format, 5p.).



Centers for Disease Control Periodical Articles:

A. "Progress in Measles Control --- Zambia, 1999--2004" (_Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report_, Vol. 54, No. 23, Jun. 17, 2005, HTML and .pdf format, p. 581-584.


B. "QuickStats: Percentage of Hospital Discharges and Days of Care, by Age Group --- United States, 2003" (_Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report_, Vol. 54, No. 23, Jun. 17, 2005, HTML and .pdf format, p. 584).

.pdf for both articles:

National Center for Health Statistics Report:

A. "Trend Analysis of the Sex Ratio at Birth in the United States," by T. J. Matthews and Brady E. Hamilton (_National Vital Statistics Reports_, vol. 53, no. 20, June 2005, .pdf format, 18p.). The report is linked to from a NCHS News release: " More Boys Born Than Girls: New Report Documents Total Gender Ratios At Birth From 1940 to 2002" (Jun. 14, 2005).

B. "Design and Operation of the National Survey of Children's Health, 2003," by Stephen J. Blumberg, Lorayn Olson, Martin R. Frankel, Larry Osborn, K.P. Srinath, and Pamela Giambo (Vital and Health Statistics, Series 1, no. 43, June 2005, .pdf format, 66p.).

Medical Expenditure Panel Survey Statistical Brief: "Trends in National Health Care Expenses in the U.S. Civilian Noninstitutionalized Population, 1997 versus 2002," by David Kashihara and Kelly Carper (Statistical Brief #86, June 2005, .pdf format, 6p.). "Using data from the Household Component of the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS-HC), this Statistical Brief compares national health care expenses in 1997 with those in 2002 for the overall U.S. civilian noninstitutionalized (community) population and by age, health insurance status, and income status."

Department of Health and Human Services Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration Report: "Marijuana Use in Substate Areas" (National Survey on Drug Use and Health [NSDUH], June 2005, HTML and .pdf format, 3p.).

Food and Drug Administration News Release: "FDA Tentatively Approves a Generic AIDS Drug under the President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief" (P05-28, Jun. 15, 2005).

Bureau of Labor Statistics Press Release: "Workplace Injuries and Illnesses in 2003," (June 2005, HTML, ASCII text and .pdf format, 23p).

Department of Health and Human Services, Office of Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation, Report: "First-Year Impacts of Four Title V, Section 510 Abstinence Education Programs," by Rebecca A. Maynard, Christopher Trenholm, Barbara Devaney, Amy Johnson, Melissa A. Clark, John Homrighausen, and Ece Kalay (June 2005, .pdf format, 144p.).

Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families, Report: "Healthy Marriage Initiative: Activities and Accomplishments 2002-2004," (June 2005, .pdf format, 31p.). The report is linked to from an ACF news release: "ACF Releases New Report on Healthy Marriage Initiative" (Jun. 13, 2005).

Link to report is at the bottom of the page.

National Center for Education Statistics Report:

A. "Waiting to Attend College: Undergraduates Who Delay Their Postsecondary Enrollment," by Laura Horn, Emily Forrest Cataldi, and Anna Sikora (NCES 2005152, May 2005, .pdf format, 66p.).


This report describes the characteristics and outcomes of students who delay enrollment in postsecondary education. It covers the ways in which the demographic, enrollment, and attendance patterns of students who delay postsecondary enrollment differ from their peers who enroll immediately after high school graduation. In addition, the report discusses how students who delay a shorter amount of time differ from those who delay longer. It is based on data from the 2000 National Postsecondary Student Aid Study (NPSAS:2000), the 2000 follow-up of the National Longitudinal Study of 1988 (NELS:88/2000), and the 2001 follow-up of the Beginning Postsecondary Students Longitudinal Study (BPS:96/01). Delayed entrants began their postsecondary education at a significant disadvantage compared to those who enrolled immediately after high school with regard to family income, parental education, academic preparation, time spent working while enrolled, and course of study. While only a quarter of those who delayed entry first enrolled in bachelor's degree programs, over half of those who enrolled immediately did so. Further, 40 percent of delayed entrants earned some kind of postsecondary credential compared with 58 percent of immediate entrants.

B. "Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Birth Cohort (ECLS-B) Methodology Report for the 9-Month Data Collection (2001-2002) Volume 2: Sampling," by James Bethel, James L. Green, Christine Nord, Graham Kalton and Jerry West (NCES 2005147, June 2005, .pdf format, 186p.).


This paper documents the design and sampling strategies used in the base year, 9-month collection, of the ECLS-B. The focus is on sample design, response rates, data weighting procedures, and non-response bias analysis.

Department of Housing and Urban Development Report: "The Importance of Wealth and Income in the Transition to Homeownership," by Zhu Xiao Di and Xiaodong Liu (December 2004, .pdf format, 15p.).

National Academies Press Monograph: _Policy Implications of International Graduate Students and Postdoctoral Scholars in the United States_ (Committee on Policy Implications of International Graduate Students and Postdoctoral Scholars in the United States, Board on Higher Education and Workforce, National Research Council, 2005, OpenBook format, 214p.).

Urban Institute Report: "Tax Policies to Help Working Families in Cities," by Alan Berube, William G. Gale, and Tracy Kornblatt (June 2005, .pdf format, 40p.).

Population Reference Bureau Article, Report:

A. "New Marriages, New Families: U.S. Racial and Hispanic Intermarriage," by Sharon M. Lee and Barry Edmonston (_Population Bulletin_, vol. 60, no. 2, June 2005, .pdf format, 36p.).

B. "The Transition to Adulthood: Characteristics of Young Adults Ages 18 to 24 in America," by Susan Jekielek and Brett Brown (PRB/Child Trends, May 2005, .pdf format, 33p.).

C. "Will Rising Childhood Obesity Decrease U.S. Life Expectancy?" by Robert Lalasz (May 2005).

D. "Tracking Who We Are and Where We Are Going," by Cynthia M. Taeuber (May 2005, .pdf format, 44p.).

Pew Hispanic Trust Report: "Unauthorized Migrants: Numbers and Characteristics," by Jeffrey S. Passel, June 2005, .pdf format, 44p.). Unauthorized Migrants: Numbers and Characteristics" was prepared by Jeffrey S. Passel, a veteran demographer and senior research associate at the Center, using a well-established methodology to analyze data from the March 2004 Current Population Survey, which was conducted by the Census Bureau and the Bureau of Labor Statistics. The report builds on previous work that estimated the size and geographic dispersal of the undocumented population and offers a portrait of that population in unprecedented detail by examining family composition, educational attainment, income and employment."

World Health Organization Monograph: _The WHO Resource Book on Mental Health, Human Rights and Legislation_ (June 2005, .pdf format, 180p.). The monograph is linked from a WHO news release: "Glaring inequalities for people with mental disorders addressed in new WHO effort" (Jun. 20, 2005).

Link to full text is at right side of the page.

Economic Commission of Latin America and the Caribbean Report: "The Millennium Development Goals: a Latin American and Caribbean perspective," coordinated by Jose Luis Machinea, Alicia Bárcena, and Arturo León (LC/G.2331, June 2005, .pdf format, 321p.).

IASSIST Periodical: IASSIST [International Association for Social Science Information Service and Technology] Quarterly (Vol. 27, No. 4, Winter 2003, .pdf format).

Australian Institute on Health and Welfare Report: "The 2004 National Drug Strategy Household Survey: State and Territory Supplement," (AIHW Cat. No. PHE-61, June 2005, .pdf format, 12p.).

Advocates for Youth Report: "Five Years of Abstinence-Only-Until-Marriage Education: Assessing the Impact," by Debra Hauser (June 2005, HTML and .pdf format, 19p.).

For more information about Advocates for Youth:

_Health Affairs_ Article Abstract: "Insured But Not Protected: How Many Adults Are Underinsured?" by Cathy Schoen, Michelle M. Doty, Sara R. Collins, and Alyssa L. Holmgren (June 14,2005, .pdf and HTML format, 14p.). Note: Full-text of the article may be available.

_Lancet_ Commentary: Note: _Lancet requires free registration before providing content. "AIDS in Uganda: the human-rights dimension," by Jonathan Cohen, Rebecca Schleifer and Tony Tate (Vol. 365, No. 9477, Jun. 18, 2005, HTML and .pdf format, 2075-2076).

Info Health Pop. Reporter: Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health's Center for Communication Programs Compendium: Info Health Pop. Reporter (vol. 5, no. 25, Jun. 20, 2005). "The Johns Hopkins University Population Information Program delivers the reproductive health and family planning news you need. Each week our research staff prepares an electronic magazine loaded with links to key news stories, reports, and related developments around the globe."

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University of Texas Population Research Center: "The Consequences of Mayan Language Courses in Guatemalan Middle Schools," by Toni Falbo and and Yetilu de Baessa (Working Paper 04-05-11, June 2005, .pdf format, 33 p.).


The purpose of this study is to examine the consequences of attending middle schools requiring a course in a Mayan language for both Indian and Ladino students. The schools serving Q'eqchi' students required Ladino and Indian students to take a course in the Q'eqchi' language, while the schools serving Kiche students did not offer a course in the Kiché language. Instruments assessing Spanish language, mathematics, self-esteem, other-group attitudes, and ethnic identity achievement were administered near the beginning and end of the school year. The results indicate superior gains in academic skills for both Ladino and Indian students attending schools requiring the Indian language course, while the effects of this course on other-group attitudes and ethnic identity achievement was moderated by ethnic group.

Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research: "Childlessness and educational attainment among Swedish women born in 1955-59," by Jan M. Hoem, Gerda Neyer, and Gunnar Andersson (Working Paper no. 2005-14, June 2005, .pdf format, 52p.).


In this paper, we extend the concept of educational attainment to cover the field of education attained in addition to the conventional level of education. Our empirical investigation uses register records containing childbearing and educational histories of an entire cohort of women born in Sweden (about a quarter-million individuals). This allows us to operate with a high number of educational field-and-level combinations (some sixty in all). It turns out that the field of education serves as an indicator of a woman's potential reproductive behavior better than the mere level. We discover that in each field permanent childlessness increases (some) with the educational level attained, but that the field itself is the more important. In general, we find that women educated for jobs in teaching and health care are in a class of their own, with much lower permanent childlessness than in any other major grouping at each educational level. Women educated in arts and humanities or for religious occupations have unusually high fractions permanently childless. Our results cast doubt on the assumption that higher education per se must result in higher childlessness. In our opinion, several factors intrinsic and extrinsic to an educational system (such as its flexibility, its gender structure, and the manner in which education is hooked up to the labor market) may influence the relationship between education and childlessness, and we would not expect a simple, unidirectional relationship.

National Bureau of Economic Research: "Urban Colossus: Why is New York America's Largest City?" by Edward L. Glaeser (Working Paper w11398, June 2005, .pdf format, 43p.).


New York has been remarkably successful relative to any other large city outside of the sunbelt and it remains the nation's premier metropolis. What accounts for New York's rise and continuing success? The rise of New York in the early nineteenth century is the result of technological changes that moved ocean shipping from a point-to-point system to a hub and spoke system; New York's geography made it the natural hub of this system. Manufacturing then centered in New York because the hub of a transport system is, in many cases, the ideal place to transform raw materials into finished goods. This initial dominance was entrenched by New York's role as the hub for immigration. In the late 20th century, New York's survival is based almost entirely on finance and business services, which are also legacies of the port. In this period, New York's role as a hub still matters, but it is far less important than the edge that density and agglomeration give to the acquisition of knowledge.

Princeton University Center for Research on Child Wellbeing:

A. "With All My Worldly Goods I Thee Endow? The Importance of Couples' Money Management Systems for Understanding Household Resource Allocation," by Catherine Keaney (2005-15-FF, June 2005, .pdf format, 61p.).


This article uses new data from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study to examine the importance of couples' money management systems for household resource allocation. I address three main questions: what social as well as economic factors are associated with couples' choice of a joint or separate money management system; how fixed or "sticky" are money management systems across time; and how does joint vs. separate money management influence women's access to household resources? I find that money management is a crucial intermediate step between earning and spending. The results suggest couples' money management systems are influenced by gender role attitudes and cultural background in addition to economic considerations; that "stickiness" in money management may preclude or delay allocation responses to changes in circumstances; and that a couple's selection of a the money management system may have an independent effect on the woman's access to personal spending money.

B. "Income and Child Development," by Lawrence M. Berger, Christina Paxon, and Jane Waldfolgel (2005-16-FF, June 2005, .pdf format, 50p.).


We examine how income influences pre-school children's cognitive and behavioral development, using new data from a birth cohort study of children born at the end of the 20th century. On average, low income children have lower PPVT scores, more mother-reported aggressive, withdrawn, and anxious behavior problems, and also more interviewer-reported problems with behavior, than more affluent children. For most outcomes, differences in the home environments are sufficient to explain the link between low income and poorer child outcomes. Policy simulations indicate that income transfers can potentially play an important role in reducing gaps in development between poorer and richer children.

C. "A Routine Juggling Act: Managing Child Care and Employment," by Margaret Usdansky and Douglas Wolf (2005-18-FF, June 2005, .pdf format, 23p.).

Medical Expenditure Panel Survey: "Women's Health Care Utilization and Expenditures," by Amy K. Taylor and Sharon Larson and Rosaly Correa-de-Araujo (WP 05015, June 2005, .pdf format, 37p.).


This study examines women's use of and expenditures for medical care in the United States. In 2000, 91% of women aged 18 years and older used any health care services. Overall 82% of adult women reported an ambulatory care visit, while 11% had an inpatient hospital stay. Mean expense per person with expense was $3219 for that year. We examined use and expenditures by sociodemographic characteristics. The most notable findings indicate that women with private insurance, and those on Medicaid, are more likely to use health services than uninsured women. White women, compared to Black and Hispanic women, are more likely to have an ambulatory care visit, buy prescription drugs, and use preventive health care services. In addition, white and Hispanic women pay a higher proportion of medical care expenses out-of-pocket than do Black women. Finally, nearly 30% of older women in fair or poor health spent 10% or more of their income out-of-pocket on medical care. In order to reduce disparities and improve the quality of health care for all women, it is important for policy makers to understand the factors that influence their utilization and expenditures for medical care.

Link to full text is at the bottom of the abstract:

Bureau of Labor Statistics: "Why Are Jobs Designed the Way They Are?" by Cindy Zoghi, Alec Levenson, and Michael Gibbs (WP-382, June 2005, .pdf format, 39p.).


In this paper we study job design. Will an organization plan precisely how the job is to be done ex ante, or ask workers to determine the process as they go? We first model this decision and predict complementarity between these job attributes: multitasking, discretion, skills, and interdependence of tasks. We argue that characteristics of the firm and industry (e.g., product and technology, organizational change) can explain observed patterns and trends in job design. We then use novel data on these job attributes to examine these issues. As predicted, job designs tend to be 'coherent' across these characteristics within the same job. Job designs also tend to follow similar patterns across jobs in the same firm, and especially in the same establishment: when one job is optimized ex ante, others are more likely to be also. There is some evidence that firms may segregate different types of job designs across different establishments.

Link to full text is at the bottom of the abstract.

Heritage Foundation: "Adolescent Virginity Pledges and Risky Sexual Behaviors," by Robert Rector and Kirk A. Johnson (Paper Presented at The Eighth Annual National Welfare Research And Evaluation Conference Of the Administration for Children and Families U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, June 2005, HTML and .pdf format, 32p.).

Click on PDF icon at top of page for .pdf version.

More information on Heritage Foundation:

Institute for Fiscal Studies [London]: "Education subsidies and school drop-out rates," by Lorraine Dearden, Carl Emmerson, Chris Frayne and Costas Meghir (IFS Working Papers, W05/11, June 2005, .pdf format, 41p.).


This paper evaluates whether means-tested grants paid to secondary students are an effective way of reducing the proportion of school dropouts. We look at this problem using matching techniques on a pilot study carried out in England during 1999 and 2000 using a specially designed dataset that ensures that valid comparisons between our pilot and control areas are made. The impact of the subsidy is quite substantial with initial participation rates (at age 16/17) being around 4.5 percentage points higher. Full-time participation rates one year later are found to have increased by around 6.4 percentage points which is largely due to the EMA having a significant effect on retention in post compulsory education. These effects vary by eligibility group with those receiving the full payment having the largest initial increase in participation, whilst the effects for those who are partially eligible are only significantly different from the control group in the second year of the program. There is some evidence that the participation rate effect is stronger for boys, especially in the second year, and that the policy goes some way to reducing the gap in dropout rates between boys and girls. It is also clear that the policy has the largest impact on children from the poorest socio-economic background.

Institute for Social and Economic Research [University of Essex, Colchester, UK]:

A. "What do we _do_ in Post-industrial Society? The Nature of Work and Leisure Time in the 21st Century," by Jonathan Gershuny (WP 2005-07, June 2005, .pdf format, 25p.).


There are three meanings of "industrial", the first two taking industry as a concrete noun, the third as an abstract: 1) "industries" as a general term for branches of economic activity or production 2) "industry" as a particular branch, manufacturing 3) "industry" as a description of an approach to the activity of work. And there are (at least) three ways in which we have now passed beyond the "industrial" phase of economic development: 1) The emergence of "value chains" as a new form of economic organisations: the disaggregation of industrial structure and the growing importance of human capital versus industrial capital. 2) Self-servicing versus service industries: understanding technical change by thinking of "systems of provision for wants", which combine production, reproduction and consumption. 3) Developing Veblen's leisure theory: industry is progressively replaced by exploit as a core characteristic of paid work. The arguments that follow rely (mostly, for the moment) on empirical evidence from time diary studies.

B. "Mobility and missing data: What difference does non-response make to observed patterns of intergenerational class mobility by ethnic group?" by Lucinda Platt (WP 2005-10, June 2005, .pdf format, 34p.).


While there is an extensive literature on intergenerational class mobility in Britain there is less work on the impact of these different forms of missing data on the observed transitions between parent's class and child's class. It may be particularly pertinent to consider the impact of missing data when evaluating ethnic group differences in intergenerational mobility, since unemployment is known to differ systematically with ethnicity, as do survey and census response. Research into intergenerational class transitions as they differ by ethnic group in Britain is the subject of only a small number of studies, and there has not been any detailed examination of the impact of missing data in studying ethnic group differences in intergenerational social mobility. The contribution of this paper is to highlight the issue of missing data in studying social mobility, to outline its potential implications, and to offer some preliminary analysis of the impact of missing data on our understanding of intergenerational social mobility as it varies by ethnic group. The paper examines three forms of missing data that we might expect to effect the measurement of ethnic group differences in intergenerational social mobility. First, where measured origins or destinations are not accommodated by class categories -- e.g. the unemployed; second, those whose origins are measured but who do not survive in the study sample, because of non-response or emigration; and third, those for whom information on variables of interest that are, or might be, associated with achieved social class is missing. These three forms of missing data are explored by (a) examining the impact of operating different assumptions in relation to non-class outcomes, particularly unemployment but also "other" outcomes; (b) investigating non-response at the point of measurement of destinations, by exploring and comparing the characteristics of those for whom we know the reason for non-response (emigration, recorded through embarkations data) and those for whom we do not know the cause of their non-response. This section of the paper goes on to look at whether there are selection effects in observed patterns of origins and destinations. In the following section, the paper examines (c) whether the treatment of missing values on variables included in models of emigration, attrition and social class outcomes affect the results obtained. Here just two of the potential treatments of missing data, listwise deletion and using dummy variables for missing values are contrasted. The paper concludes that, despite big differences between ethnic groups in levels of non-class outcomes, emigration and non-response, the impact of these on results as far as it was investigated here was modest. Nevertheless, missing data remains an issue potentially highly pertinent for ethnically differentiated mobility research, and thus, it is argued, being self conscious about how missing data are treated is important in itself.

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JOURNAL TABLES OF CONTENTS (check your library for availability):

INGENTA Tables of Contents: INGENTA provides fee based document delivery services for selected journals.

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International Migration (vol. 43 no. 1-2, January 2005).

Journal of Public Health Policy (vol. 26 no. 1, 2005).

Journal of Sociology (Vol. 41, No. 2, June 1, 2005).

Other Journals:

AIDS (Vol. 19, No. 10, Jul. 1, 2005).

American Journal of Clinical Nutrition (Vol. 81, No. 6, June, 2005).

American Journal of Epidemiology (vol. 161, no. 12, vol. 162, 1, Jun. 15, Jul. 1 2005).

Jun. 15:

Jul. 1:

American Journal of Sociology (Vol. 110, No. 6, May 2005). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

Population and Development Review (vol. 31, no. 2, June 2005).

Population Research and Policy Review (vol. 24, no. 3, June 2005). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

Public Health Reports (Vol. 120, No. 7, Supplement 1, 2005).Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

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IASSIST Conference Presentations: "Conference 2005 presentation files" (May 2005, Microsoft PowerPoint or .pdf format). The International Association for Social Science Information Service and Technology has made the selected presentations from its recently concluded conference in Edinburgh, Scotland available.

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Roper Center for Public Opinion Research: "Roper Award Fellowship Program," deadline for application is November 30, 2005. "The Roper Center is beginning a Roper Award Fellowship Program. Fellows will have the opportunity to devote 18-24 months to research using the holdings of the Roper Center, free from teaching or administrative responsibilities."

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Census Bureau/Department of Housing and Urban Development: Census Bureau and HUD have announced the availability of the 2004 American Housing Survey Metro Survey (self decompressing [.exe] ASCII and SAS Xport format, with survey instrument and Census Bureau table specifications (self decompressing [.exe] format, instrument items file (.zip compressed Microsoft Word format) and codebook (.pdf format). The data is linked to from a Census Bureau news release: "Census Bureau and HUD Release Data on Housing Characteristics for Selected Metro Areas" (CB05-86, Jun. 16, 2005).

Panel Study of Income Dynamics: "2003 PSID Core Family Data: 2003 Income and Hours Variables," (Jun. 15, 2005).

Luxembourg Income Study: "A major revision has been carried out for the United States 1991 data." For more information about the update:

LIS data access:

ISSP Correction: "The International Social Survey Programme module page had an incorrect version of the original questionnaire from Russia. Russia has now provided a new version, which should be downloaded from the respective module page if you want to use the Russian data and questionnaire."

Scroll to "Russia".

Data access:

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University of North Texas CRS Archive: "The Congressional Research Service (CRS) does not provide direct public access to its reports, requiring citizens to request them from their Member of Congress. Some Members, as well as several non-profit groups, have posted the reports on their Web sites. This site aims to provide integrated, searchable access to many of the full-text CRS reports that have been available at a variety of different Web sites since 1990." Browse and search interfaces are provided. Reports are available in .pdf format.
------------------------------------------------------------------------- Update: Kaiser Family Foundation's educational arm, originally discussed in CDERR #26, Apr. 5, 2004 ( has added a new tutorial: "Medicaid: The Basics," by Diane Rowland (multi-media video and audio format, running time, 17 minutes, 30 seconds, slides also available in Microsoft PowerPoint format).

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Jack Solock
Data Librarian--Center for Demography and Ecology
4470 Social Science University of Wisconsin-Madison
Madison, WI 53706