Current Demographic Research Report #89, June 27, 2005.

CDERR (Current Demographic Research Reports) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography and Ecology at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. This report will contain selected listings of new: reports, articles, bibliographies, working papers, tables of contents, conferences, data, and websites. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:


CDERR is compiled and edited by John Carlson, Charlie Fiss, and Jack Solock of the University of Wisconsin Center for Demography and Ecology Information Services Center.

NOTE!! The next CDERR will be distributed on Wednesday, July 6, 2005 due to the Independence Day holiday in the US.


Index to this issue:


National Center for Health Statistics Report
Centers for Disease Control Periodicals, News Release
National Center for Education Statistics Report
Urban Institute Brief
Education Trust Report
United Nations Wall Chart
London School of Economics Periodical
Australian Institute on Health and Welfare Report
Kaiser Family Foundation Fact Sheet
Population Reference Bureau Article
_New England Journal of Medicine Perspective_
_British Medical Journal_ Primary Care Abstract
_Lancet_ Article Abstract
Info for Health Pop. Reporter


University of Wisconsin Center for Demography and Ecology
Rand Corporation Labor and Population Program
University of Texas Population Research Center
Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research
National Bureau of Economic Research
Medical Expenditure Panel Survey
Princeton University Center for Research on Child Wellbeing
John F. Kennedy School of Government
W.E. Upjohn Institute
World Bank Policy Research Programme


Other Journals


2005 GSOEP-CNEF Conference
Population Association of Pakistan
Association for Survey Computing [UK]


National Institutes of Health


Census Bureau
Inter University Consortium for Political and Social Research
Panel Study of Income Dynamics
National Longitudinal Surveys



National Center for Health Statistics Report: "U.S. Children with Emotional and Behavioral Difficulties: Data from the 2001, 2002, and 2003 National Health Interview Surveys," by Gloria A. Simpson, Barbara Bloom, Robin A. Cohen, Stephen Blumberg, and Karen H. Bourdon (Advance Data from Vital and Health Statistics No. 360, June 2005, .pdf format 16p.).

Centers for Disease Control Periodical:

A. _Emerging Infectious Diseases_, (vol. 11, no. 7, July 2005, .pdf and HTML format).

Note: This is a temporary address. When the next _EID_ is released, this one, along with all others, will be available at:

B. The latest issue of _Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report_ (Vol. 54, No. 24, Jun. 24, 2005, HTML and .pdf format) has three articles concerning HIV prevalence in the US.


Note: This is a temporary address. When the next _MMWR_ is released, this one will be available at:

After Jan. 1, 2006, it will be available at:


C. "Nation's First Human Case of West Nile in 2005 Reported to CDC," (Jun. 20, 2005).

National Center for Education Statistics Report:

A. "America's Public School Libraries: 1953--2000," by Joan S. Michie and Barbara A. Holton (NCES 2005324, June 2004, .pdf format, 17p.).

B. "Regional Differences in Kindergartners' Early Education Experiences," by Emily Rosenthal and Amy Rathbun, and Jerry West (NCES 2005099, June 2005, .pdf format, 15p.).

C. "2003-04 National Postsecondary Student Aid Study (NPSAS:04) Undergraduate Financial Aid Estimates for 2003-04 by Type of Institution," by Lutz Berkner, Christina Chang Wei, Shirley He, Stephen Lew, Melissa Cominole, and Peter Siegel (NCES 2005163, June 2005, .pdf format, 64p.).

Urban Institute Brief: "Improving Homeownership Among Poor And Moderate-Income Households," by Adam Carasso, Elizabeth Bell, Edgar O. Olsen, C. Eugene Steuerle (Opportunity and Ownership Project Brief #2, June 2005, .pdf format, 7p.).

Education Trust Report: "Getting Honest About Grad Rates: How States Play the Numbers and Students Lose," by Daria Hall (June 2005, .pdf format, 15p.).

Press Release:

More information on Education Trust:

United Nations Wall Chart: "World Fertility Patterns 2004," (.pdf format, with tables in Microsoft Excel format).

London School of Economics Periodical: _eurohealth_ (Vol. 11, No. 1, Spring 2005, .pdf format).

Australian Institute on Health and Welfare Report: "Injury Deaths, Australia, 1999," by Renate Kreisfeld and James E. Harrison (Injury Research and Statistics Series No. 24, June 2005, .pdf format, 130p.).

Kaiser Family Foundation Fact Sheet: "Medicaid Enrollment and Spending Trends" (Kaiser Commission on Medicaid and the Uninsured, June 2005, .pdf format, 2p.).

Population Reference Bureau Article: "Take a Number: Population News You Might Have Missed" (June 2005).

_New England Journal of Medicine Perspective_: "Marburg and Ebola--Arming Ourselves against the Deadly Filoviruses," by C.J. Peters (Vol. 352, No. 25, Jun. 23, 2005, HTML and .pdf format, p. 2571-2573). Note: This article is freely available to the public.

_British Medical Journal_ Primary Care Abstract: "Long term effects of hysterectomy on mortality: nested cohort study," by Lisa Iversen, Philip C. Hannaford, Alison M. Elliott, and Amanda J. Lee (_BMJ_, vol. 330, no. 7506, June 25, 2005, p. 1482-1485).

_Lancet_ Article Abstract: Note: _Lancet requires free registration before providing content. "Can the world afford to save the lives of 6 million children each year?" by Jennifer Bryce, Robert E. Black, Neff Walker, Zulfiqar A. Bhutta Joy E. Lawn and Richard W. Steketee (Vol. 365, No. 9478, Jun. 25, 2005, p. 2193-2200).

Info for Health Pop. Reporter: Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health's Center for Communication Programs Compendium: Info Health Pop. Reporter (vol. 5, no. 26, Jun. 27, 2005). "The Johns Hopkins University Population Information Program delivers the reproductive health and family planning news you need. Each week our research staff prepares an electronic magazine loaded with links to key news stories, reports, and related developments around the globe."

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University of Wisconsin Center for Demography and Ecology: "Aging and Health Status of Elderly in Latin America and the Caribbean," by Alberto Palloni and Mary McEniry (Working Paper 2004-09, June 2005, .pdf format, 49p.).


Aging in Latin America and the Caribbean will not proceed along known paths already followed by more developed countries. In particular, the health profile of the future elderly population is less predictable due to factors associated with their demographic past that may haunt them for a long time and make them more vulnerable, even if economic and institutional conditions turn out to be better than what they are likely to be. This paper answers a set of questions regarding the nature and determinants of health status among the elderly in Latin America and the Caribbean using SABE (Survey on Health and Well-Being of Elders), a cross-sectional representative sample of over 10,000 elderly aged 60 and above in private homes in seven major cities in Latin America and the Caribbean. We examine health outcomes such as self-reported health, functional limitations--Activities of Daily Living (ADLs) and Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADLs), obesity (ratio of weight in kilograms to the square of height in centimeters), and self reported chronic conditions (including diabetes). The findings include: (a) Countries differ in self-reported health but exhibit much less differences in terms of functional limitations. The number of chronic conditions increase with age and is higher among females than among males; (b) On average SABE countries display levels of self-reported diabetes (and obesity) that are as high if not higher than those found in the US; (c) There is evidence, albeit weaker than expected, suggesting deteriorated health and functional status in the region; (d) There is important evidence pointing toward rather strong inequalities (by education and income) in selected health outcomes. Preliminary findings from SABE confirm that Latin America and the Caribbean display peculiarities in the health profile of elderly, particularly with regard to diabetes and obesity. It is important that new policy initiatives begin to seriously target the region's elderly, especially with an emphasis on the prevention and treatment of diabetes and obesity.

Rand Corporation Labor and Population Program: "Is Full Better than Half? Examining the Longitudinal Effects of Full-day Kindergarten Attendance," by Jill Cannon, Alison Jacknowitz and Gary Painter (WR-266, May 2005, .pdf format, 44p.).


Kindergarten policy varies widely both across and within states. As high-stakes testing become more important, more attention is being paid to the delivery of early education, and more states and districts are considering moving to full-day kindergarten to increase the educational attainment of students. This paper uses the Early Child Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten Cohort to evaluate the efficacy of this policy. In ordinary least squares, probit, county-fixed effects, and instrumental variable models, we find that there are initial benefits for students and the mothers of students that attend full-day kindergarten, but that these differences largely evaporate by third grade. The only effect of full-day kindergarten attendance on boys is to increase the prevalence of severe external behavioral problems, whereas there is some evidence that girls who attend full-day kindergarten have increases in math scores that persist through third grade. Finally, attending full-day kindergarten is found to have no additional effect on students in families with income below the poverty threshold, despite claims by some advocates that full-day programs are beneficial for the most disadvantaged students.

University of Texas Population Research Center: "Health Status and Health Care among Mexican American Children Born to Unmarried Women," by Robert A. Hummer, Erin R. Hamilton, Xiuhong H. You, and Yolanda C. Padilla (WP 04-05-12, 2005, .pdf format, 29p.).


Research has extensively documented favorable birth outcomes in the Mexican American population despite low socioeconomic status and poor prenatal care. Little is known, however, about Mexican American children born to unmarried parents, despite comprising over 40 percent of all births in this population. We conduct a comparative analysis of Mexican American children and children in other major race/ethnic groups at age three to investigate whether Mexican Origin children maintain their initial health advantage in their early years. Methods. We use data from the nationally-based Fragile Families Survey and regression analyses to address our aims. Results. Findings show that compared to non-Hispanic white children, Mexican Origin children have higher levels of poor health and overweight/obesity. At the same time, they have lower rates of health insurance and fewer doctor visits. The greatest health care disadvantages are found among children of Mexican immigrants. Conclusions. Among unmarried families, the early health advantage of Mexican Origin children at birth runs the risk of being compromised by the time they reach age three as a result of poor access to health care and disadvantaged socioeconomic characteristics. Greater health insurance coverage for Mexican American children and, in particular, children of immigrants is needed.

Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research: "Social capital related to fertility: theoretical foundations and empirical evidence from Bulgaria," by Christoph Bühler and Dimiter Philipov (WP 2005-16, June 2005, .pdf format, 32p.).


Interpersonal relationships of support have been found to be an important factor in individual fertility intentions in Central and Eastern European countries. The foundations of this positive influence have not been well explored to date, however. We present a theoretical discussion on exchange-based social capital and argue that processes of interpersonal exchange are relevant for reproductive decisions when they provide access to resources that help to reduce the costs of having children and stabilize the economic situation of a household. Data from 2002 on the fertility intentions of 2,016 Bulgarian women support our argument. The availability of important and substantive resources has a positive impact on women's intentions to have a second or third child and their timing of having a first or second child. The embededness in kin-based exchange systems of indirect reciprocity shows similar positive effects and highlights especially the significance of parents as a source of intergenerational transfers and support.

National Bureau of Economic Research: "A Proposed Method for Monitoring U.S. Population Health: Linking Symptoms, Impairments, Chronic Conditions, and Health Ratings," by Susan T. Stewart, Rebecca M. Woodward, and David M. Cutler (w11358, May 2005, .pdf format, 46p.).


We propose a method of quantifying non-fatal health that details the mechanisms through which chronic conditions affect health. Self-rated health status and time-tradeoff ratings of current health are regressed on impairments and symptoms from the Quality of Well-Being Scale, using OLS regression and ordered probit. This yields estimates of their effects analogous to disutility weights but not based on counterfactual scenarios, and accounts for complex non-additive relationships. Data are from 1420 adults age 45-89 in the Beaver Dam Health Outcomes Study. Chronic condition weights and summary measures of health are derived, laying the groundwork for a detailed national summary measure of health.

Medical Expenditure Panel Survey: "Women's Health Care Utilization and Expenditures," by Amy K. Taylor, Sharon Larson, and Rosaly Correa-de-Araujo (Working Paper #05015, June 2005, .pdf format, 37p.).


This study examines women's use of and expenditures for medical care in the United States. In 2000, 91% of women aged 18 years and older used any health care services. Overall 82% of adult women reported an ambulatory care visit, while 11% had an inpatient hospital stay. Mean expense per person with expense was $3219 for that year. We examined use and expenditures by sociodemographic characteristics. The most notable findings indicate that women with private insurance, and those on Medicaid, are more likely to use health services than uninsured women. White women, compared to Black and Hispanic women, are more likely to have an ambulatory care visit, buy prescription drugs, and use preventive health care services. In addition, white and Hispanic women pay a higher proportion of medical care expenses out-of-pocket than do Black women. Finally, nearly 30% of older women in fair or poor health spent 10% or more of their income out-of-pocket on medical care. In order to reduce disparities and improve the quality of health care for all women, it is important for policy makers to understand the factors that influence their utilization and expenditures for medical care.

Link to full text is at the bottom of the abstract.

Princeton University Center for Research on Child Wellbeing: "Assessing Parenting Behaviors Across Racial Groups: Implications for the Child Welfare System," by Lawrence Berger, Marla McDaniel, and Christina Paxson (2005-19-FF, June 2005, .pdf format, 42p.).


African American families are disproportionately represented in the child welfare system. This may be due, in part, to racial bias in judgments made by those who report and investigate child maltreatment. However, little is known about how race influences judgments about parenting. We use data from a population-based survey to examine whether the race of interviewers relative to the race of families they interview influences their parenting assessments. We find evidence of racial bias in some measures of interviewer-assessed parenting behaviors. Racial bias is more pronounced for measures that require subjective assessments on the part of interviewers.

John F. Kennedy School of Government: "Principals as Agents: Subjective Performance Measures in Education," by Brian A. Jacob and Lars Lefgren (RWP 05-040, June 2005, .pdf format, 65p.).


In this paper, we compare subjective principal assessments of teachers to the traditional determinants of teacher compensation- education and experience - and another potential compensation mechanism -- value-added measures of teacher effectiveness based on student achievement gains. We find that subjective principal assessments of teachers predict future student achievement significantly better than teacher experience, education or actual compensation, though not as well as value-added teacher quality measures. In particular, principals appear quite good at identifying those teachers who produce the largest and smallest standardized achievement gains in their schools, but have far less ability to distinguish between teachers in the middle of this distribution and systematically discriminate against male and untenured faculty. Moreover, we find that a principal's overall rating of a teacher is a substantially better predictor of future parent requests for that teacher than either the teacher's experience, education and current compensation or the teacher's value-added achievement measure. These findings not only inform education policy, but also shed light on subjective performance assessment more generally.

W.E. Upjohn Institute: "Single Mothers, Social Capital, and Work-Family Conflict," by Teresa Ciabattari (Working Paper 05-118, 2005, .pdf format, 35p.).


The purpose of this paper is to examine work-family conflict among low-income, unmarried mothers. I examine how social capital affects work-family conflict and how both social capital and work-family conflict affect employment. I analyze the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study, a national sample of non-marital births collected in 1998-2000 and 1999-2002. Results show that social capital reduces unmarried mothers' reports of work-family conflict, especially for low-income women. In addition, mothers who report high levels of work-family conflict are less likely to be employed; this pattern holds for women who are not looking for work as well as those who are. However, even at high levels of conflict, low-income women are more likely to be employed. The results suggest that work-family conflict has two consequences for unmarried women: it keeps them out of the labor force and makes it more difficult for women who want to work to maintain employment stability.

More information about Upjohn Institute:

World Bank Policy Research Programme: "Families, schools, and primary-school learning : evidence for Argentina and Colombia in an international perspective," by Thomas Fuchs and Ludger Woessmann (WPS3537, March 2005, ASCII text and .pdf format, 38p.).


This paper estimates the relationship between family background, school characteristics, and student achievement in primary school in two Latin American countries, Argentina and Colombia, as well as several comparison countries. The database used is the student-level international achievement data of the Progress in International Reading Literacy Study (PIRLS), which tested the reading performance of fourth-grade students in 2001. The nationally representative samples have 3,300 students in Argentina and 5,131 students in Colombia. The emerging general pattern of results is that educational performance is strongly related to students' family background, weakly to some institutional school features, and hardly to schools ' resource endowments. In an international perspective, estimated family background effects are relatively large in Argentina, and relatively small in Colombia. A specific Argentine feature is the lack of performance differences between rural and urban areas. A specific Colombian feature is the lack of significant differences between gender performance. Nonnative students and students not speaking Spanish at home have particularly weak performance in both countries. But there are no differences by parental occupation and no positive effects of kindergarten attendance. In Argentina, students perform better in schools with a centralized curriculum and ability-based class formation.

Link to full text is at the bottom of the abstract.

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JOURNAL TABLES OF CONTENTS (check your library for availability):

INGENTA Tables of Contents: INGENTA provides fee based document delivery services for selected journals.

A. Point your browser to:

B. click on "advanced search"
C. Type in your publication name and click "Exact title" radio button
D. Under "Show", click the "fax/ariel" radio button.
E. View the table of contents for the issue noted.

Population Studies (vol. 59 no. 2, July 2005).

Other Journals:

American Journal of Public Health (Vol. 95, No. 7, July 2005). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library and EBSCO Host Academic Elite database. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

European Journal of Public Health (vol. 15 no. 2, April 2005). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library and EBSCO Host Academic Elite database. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

International Labour Review (vol. 144 no. 1 July 2005). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

Medical Care (Vol. 43, No. 7, July 2005).

Public Health Report (vol. 120, supp. 1, 2005). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

Sociology (vol. 39, no. 3, July 1, 2005).

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2005 GSOEP-CNEF Conference: "Workshop for Users of the German Socio-Economic Panel (GSOEP) and the Cross-National Equivalent Files (CNEF), to be held Sep. 9-10, 2005 at Cornell University, Ithaca New York. For more information see:

Population Association of Pakistan: The Population Association of Pakistan has announced "its Sixth Annual Population Research Conference 'Linkages between Population and Millennium Development Goals: An Asian Perspective'," to by held Nov. 29-Dec. 1, 2005 in Islamabad, Pakistan. For more information see:

See 29 November - 1 December 2005 item.

Association for Survey Computing [UK]: "Maximising Data Value Data Use & Re-Use," a conference to be held Sept. 15-16, 2005 (Newland Park Estate). "The conference aims to explore survey research methods in the area of data integration: making the most of existing data and metadata by using them as a platform to aid further research, using them for deeper secondary analysis, and combining multiple sources of data."

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National Institutes of Health: "NICHD Institutional Predoctoral Training Program in Reproductive, Perinatal and Pediatric Epidemiology," (National Institutes of Health, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, PAR-05-130, June 24, 2005).

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Census Bureau: "Geographic Mobility: 2004 Detailed Tables" (Microsoft Excel and comma separated value [.csv] format). "A series of 26 tables on the 39 million people who moved between 2003 and 2004. The moving rate of 14 percent of the population continues a gradual, long term decline in residential mobility among U.S. residents since the late 1940s. Information is presented at the national and regional levels, along with characteristics of movers, such as by race and Hispanic origin, age, marital status, educational attainment, labor force status, occupation and industry group, income and poverty status and reason for moving." The source for these tables is the 2004 March Current Population Survey.

Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research: ICPSR at the University of Michigan has recently released the following datasets, which may be of interest to demography researchers. Note: Some ICPSR studies are available only to ICPSR member institutions. To find out whether your organization is a member, and whether or not it supports ICPSR Direct downloading, see:

Community Tracking Study Household Survey, 2003: [United States] (#4216)

Uniform Crime Reporting Program Data [United States]: Hate Crime Data, 2003 (#4268)

Panel Study of Income Dynamics: The University of Michigan Institute for Social Research PSID has announced "Imputed wealth variables for the 2003 wave are now available in the Data Center within the PSID Family Wealth Data Group and also in the supplemental data packages." For more information see:

Data access:


National Longitudinal Surveys:

A. "NLSY79 Young Adult 2004 Preliminary Release," (DYA-2004-Prelim, 2005).

Scroll down to or "find in page" "DYA-2004-Prelim" (without the quotes).

B. "NLSY97 Rounds 1-7 Mainfile Release 06/2005," (D97-R7Main, June 2005).

Scroll down to or "find in page" "D97-R7Main" (without the quotes).

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Jack Solock
Data Librarian--Center for Demography and Ecology
4470 Social Science University of Wisconsin-Madison
Madison, WI 53706