Current Demographic Research Report #91, July 11, 2005.

CDERR (Current Demographic Research Reports) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography and Ecology at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. This report will contain selected listings of new: reports, articles, bibliographies, working papers, tables of contents, conferences, data, and websites. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:


CDERR is compiled and edited by John Carlson, Charlie Fiss, and Jack Solock of the University of Wisconsin Center for Demography and Ecology Information Services Center.

Index to this issue:


National Center for Health Statistics Report
National Center for Education Statistics Report
U.S. Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement
Bureau of Justice Statistics Report
Bureau of Labor Statistics Periodical
Department of Homeland Security Office of Immigration Statistics Report
MDRC Report
Kaiser Family Foundation Report
Center for Immigration Studies Report
Canadian Institute for Health Information News Release
_British Medical Journal_ Paper Abstract
_Foreign Affairs_ Essay
_PNAS_ Article Abstract
Info for Health Pop. Reporter


California Center for Population Research [UCLA]
Princeton University Center for Research on Child Wellbeing
John F. Kennedy School of Government
University of Wisconsin Institute for Research on Poverty
National Bureau of Economic Research
Institute for the Study of Labor


Other Journals


National Institutes of Health


Population Studies and Training Center [Brown University]


US House Committee on Government Reform


Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research
National Longitudinal Surveys
Luxembourg Income Study
American Religion Data Archive


Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean



National Center for Health Statistics Report:

A. "2003 National Hospital Discharge Survey," by Carol J. DeFrances, Margaret J. Hall, and Michelle N. Podgornik (Advance Data No. 359, July 2005, .pdf format, 19p.).

B. "Anthropometric Reference Data for Children and Adults: U.S. Population, 1999-2002," by Margaret A. McDowell, Cheryl D. Fryar, Rosemarie Hirsch, and Cynthia L. Ogden (Advance Data No. 361, July 2005, .pdf format, 32p.).

National Center for Education Statistics Report: "2003-04 National Postsecondary Student Aid Study (NPSAS:04) Undergraduate Financial Aid Estimates for 2003-04 by Type of Institution," by Lutz Berkner, Christina Chang Wei, Shirley He, Stephen Lew, Melissa Cominole, and Peter Siegel (NCES 2005163, June 2005, .pdf format, 64p.).

U.S. Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement: "Screening and Interventions for Overweight in Children and Adolescents," (July 2005). Note: "This statement summarizes the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendations on screening and interventions for overweight in children and adolescents and the supporting scientific evidence, and updates the 1996 recommendations contained in the Guide to Clinical Preventive Services, Second Edition."

Bureau of Justice Statistics Report: "Criminal Victimization in the United States 2003--Statistical Tables," (July 2005, .pdf and zipped Excel format). "Presents 110 tables with detailed data on major variables measured by the National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS)."

Bureau of Labor Statistics Periodical: _Occupational Outlook Quarterly_ (Vol. 49, No. 1, Spring 2005, .pdf format).

Department of Homeland Security Office of Immigration Statistics Report:
"Naturalizations in the United States: 2004," by Nancy F. Rytina and Chunnong
Saeger (June 2005, .pdf format, 4p.).

MDRC Report: "The Challenge of Scaling Up Educational Reform: Findings and Lessons from First Things First," by Janet Quint, Howard S. Bloom, Alison Rebeck Black, and LaFleur Stephens (July 2005, .pdf format, 211p.).

Kaiser Family Foundation Report: "Women and Health Care: A National Pofile," (July 2005, .pdf format, 50p.). Note: In addition to the report, there is a news release and links to the briefing held to announce the release of the report.

Center for Immigration Studies Report: "Births to Immigrants in America 1970 to 2002," by Steven A. Camarota (July 2005, .pdf and HTML format, 31p.).

For more information about the Center:

Canadian Institute for Health Information News Release: "Number of Older Seniors Treated for Kidney Failure More than Tripled in a Decade," (June 29, 2005).

_British Medical Journal_ Paper Abstract:

A. "Psychosocial and psychological interventions for prevention of postnatal depression: systematic review," by Cindy-Lee Dennis (_BMJ_, vol. 331, no. 7507, July 2, 2005, p. 15-18).

B. "Managing medical migration from poor countries," by Omar B. Ahmad (_BMJ_, vol. 331, no. 7507, July 2, 2005, p. 43-45)

_Foreign Affairs_ Essay: "Preparing for the Next Pandemic," by Michael T. Osterholm (_Foreign Affairs_, July/August 2005).

_Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences_ Article Abstract:

A. "On class differentials in educational attainment," by Robert Erikson, John H. Goldthorpe, Michelle Jackson, Meir Yaish, and D. R. Cox (_PNAS_, vol. 102, no. 27, July 5, 2005, p. 9730-9733).

B. "The impact of HIV/AIDS on the control of tuberculosis in India," by B. G. Williams, R. Granich, L. S. Chauhan, N. S. Dharmshaktu, and C. Dye (_PNAS_, vol. 102, no. 27, July 5, 2005, p. 9619-9624).

C. "Drug resistance in cancer: Principles of emergence and prevention," by Natalia L. Komarova and Dominik Wodarz (_PNAS_, vol. 102, no. 27, July 5, 2005, p. 9714-9719).

Info for Health Pop. Reporter: Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health's Center for Communication Programs Compendium: Info Health Pop. Reporter (vol. 5, no. 28, Jul. 11, 2005). "The Johns Hopkins University Population Information Program delivers the reproductive health and family planning news you need. Each week our research staff prepares an electronic magazine loaded with links to key news stories, reports, and related developments around the globe."

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California Center for Population Research [UCLA]: "Cross-Sectional and Longitudinal Measurements of Neighborhood Experience and Their Effects on Children," by Margot I. Jackson and Robert D. Mare (CCPR-011-05, June 2005, .pdf format, 47p.).


Despite the abundance of research on neighborhoods' effects on children, most studies of neighborhood effects are cross-sectional, rendering them unable to depict the dynamic nature of social life, and obscuring important aspects of community processes and outcomes. This study uses residential histories from the Los Angeles Family and Neighborhood Survey to explore two questions: 1) How much do residential mobility and neighborhood change contribute to the overall socioeconomic variation in children's neighborhoods? 2) Does measuring community factors at more than one point in time matter for the effects of neighborhood poverty on children's socialization and behavior problems? Results show that having information on residential mobility and neighborhood change over a two-year period does not greatly alter estimates of children's neighborhood experiences; for blacks, however, residential mobility appears to cause economic heterogeneity in environments. A synthetic cohort analysis shows that residential mobility is expected to play a more significant role in the economic composition of children's neighborhoods over their entire childhood. Regarding neighborhood effects, considering residential mobility and neighborhood change does not change estimates significantly; for both temporally static and dynamic measurements of the local environment, living in a high-poverty neighborhood has small but significant adverse effects on children's behaviors. Despite the similarities between cross-sectional and longitudinal measurements, the results highlight variation between racial groups in their neighborhood experience, as well as the influence of both past and current neighborhood experience on children's well being.

Princeton University Center for Research on Child Wellbeing: "Child Gender and Father Involvement in Fragile Families", by Shelly Lundberg, Sara McLanahan, and Elaina Rose. (2005-20-FF, June 2005, .pdf format, 23p.). Note: There is no abstract for this paper.

John F. Kennedy School of Government: "What Do Parents Value in Education? An Investigation of Parents' Revealed Preferences for Teachers," by Brian A. Jacob and Lars Lefgren (RWP 05-043, July 2005, .pdf format, 62p.).


This paper examines revealed parent preferences for their children's education using a unique data set that includes the number of parent requests for individual elementary school teachers along with information on teacher attributes including principal reports of teacher characteristics that are typically unobservable. We find that, on average, parents strongly prefer teachers that principals describe as good at promoting student satisfaction and place relatively less value on a teacher's ability to raise standardized math or reading achievement. These aggregate effects, however, mask striking differences across family demographics. Families in higher poverty schools strongly value student achievement and are essentially indifferent to the principle's report of a teacher's ability to promote student satisfaction. The results are reversed for families in higher-income schools.

University of Wisconsin Institute for Research on Poverty: "The Effects of an Employer Subsidy on Employment Outcomes: A Study of the Work Opportunity and Welfare-to-Work Tax Credits," by Sarah Hamersma (DP 1303-05, July 2005, .pdf format, 59p.).


Recent changes in American public assistance programs have emphasized the role of work. Employer subsidies such as the Work Opportunity Tax Credit (WOTC) and the Welfare-to-Work Tax Credit (WtW) are designed to encourage employment by reimbursing employers for a portion of wages paid to certain welfare and food stamp recipients, among other groups. In this paper I develop a simple dynamic search model of employment subsidies and then test the model's implications for the employment outcomes of WOTC- and WtW-subsidized workers. My model predicts that subsidized workers will have higher rates of employment and higher wages than equally productive unsubsidized workers, and it highlights some possible effects of the subsidy on job tenure. I test these predictions using a unique administrative data set from the state of Wisconsin. These data provide information on demographic characteristics, employment histories, and WOTC and WtW participation for all welfare and food stamp recipients in the state for the years 1998-2001. My ability to precisely identify the workers who are subsidized allows me to distinguish the effects of program participation from those of eligibility. I estimate the employment, wage, and job tenure effects of the WOTC and WtW using propensity score matching estimation, which allows me to control for selection into the programs while maintaining fewer functional form assumptions than typical methods. I find that the WOTC and WtW have limited effects on the labor market outcomes of the disadvantaged population. While the programs may modestly increase employment and wages in the short run, these gains do not persist over time.

National Bureau of Economic Research:

A. "Labor Supply Effects of the Earned Income Tax Credit: Evidence from Wisconsin Supplemental Benefit for Families with Three Children," by Marian Cancian and Arik Levinson (Working Paper no. w11454, July 2005, .pdf format, 23p.).


We examine the labor market consequences of the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC), comparing labor market behavior of eligible parents in Wisconsin, which supplements the federal EITC for families with three children, to that of similar parents in states that do not supplement the federal EITC. Data come from the 2000 Census of Population. Most previous studies have relied on changes in the EITC over time, or EITC eligibility differences for families with and without children, or have extrapolated from measured labor supply responses to other tax and benefit programs, and find significant effects of the EITC on employment. In contrast, our cross-state comparison examines a larger difference in EITC subsidy rates, uses more similar treatment and control groups, relies on a policy that has been in place for 5 years, and finds no effect of the EITC on employment or hours worked.

B. "Accounting for the Effect of Health on Economic Growth," by David N. Weil (Working Paper no. w11455, July 2005, .pdf format, 52p.).


I use microeconomic estimates of the effect of health on individual outcomes to construct macroeconomic estimates of the proximate effect of health on GDP per capita. I use a variety of methods to construct estimates of the return to health, which I combine with cross-country and historical data on several health indicators including height, adult survival, and age at menarche. My preferred estimate of the share of cross-country variance in log income per worker explained by variation in health is 22.6%, roughly the same as the share accounted for by human capital from education, and larger than the share accounted for by physical capital. I present alternative estimates ranging between 9.5% and 29.5%. My preferred estimate of the reduction in world income variance that would result from eliminating health variations among countries is 36.6%.

Click on "PDF" or submit your email address at the bottom of the abstract.

Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) [University of Bonn, Germany]:

A. "Unhealthy Assimilation: Why Do Immigrants Converge to American Health Status Levels?" by Heather Antecol and Kelly Bedard (Discussion Paper No. 1654, July 2005, .pdf format, 26p.).


It is well documented that immigrants are in better health upon arrival in the United States than their American counterparts, but that this health advantage erodes over time. We study the potential determinants of this "healthy immigrant effect", with a particular focus on the tendency of immigrants to converge to unhealthy American BMI levels. Using data from the National Health Interview Survey, we find that the average female and male immigrants enter the U.S. with BMIs that are approximately two and five percentage points lower than native-born women and men, respectively. And, consistent with the declining health status of immigrants the longer they remain in the United States, we also find that female immigrants almost completely converge to American BMIs within ten years of arrival and men close a third of the gap within fifteen years.

B. "Brain Drain in Developing Regions (1990-2000)," by Frédéric Docquier, Olivier Lohest, Abdeslam Marfouk (Discussion Paper No. 1668, July 2005, .pdf format, 42p.).


In this paper, we analyze the distribution of the brain drain in the LAC region (Latin America and the Caribbean), Asia and Africa. We rely on an original data set on international migration by educational attainment for 1990 and 2000. Our analysis reveals that the brain drain is strong in Eastern, Middle and Western Africa, Central America and the Caribbean. However, the Kernel approach suggests that the dispersion and the intradistribution dynamics of skilled migration rates strongly differ across regions. We then tautologically disentangle the brain drain into two multiplicative components, the global migration rate and the selection bias. Among the most affected countries, LAC countries suffer from high migration rates whilst most African countries suffer from high selection biases. Finally, exploratory Moran's tests reveal strong spatial, political and cultural autocorrelations in migration rates and selection biases. The latter result suggests that skilled workers react differently than unskilled workers to a large set of variables.

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JOURNAL TABLES OF CONTENTS (check your library for availability):

Other Journals:

American Journal of Clinical Nutrition (Vol. 82, No. 1, July 2005). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences (Vol. 27, No. 3, August 1, 2005).

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National Institutes of Health: "Educational Programs for Population Research," (US National Institutes of Health, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, in conjunction with other agencies, PAR-05-134, July 6, 2005).

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Population Studies and Training Center [Brown University]: "Brown University announces a search for a Postdoctoral Research Associate in sociology or a related discipline. The term of this appointment is twelve months and may be filled as early as September 1, 2005. Candidates should have a Ph.D. in hand or firmly expected by December 2005."

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US House Committee on Government Reform: "The Next Flu Pandemic," a hearing held June 30, 2005.

Hearing Testimony:

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Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research: ICPSR at the University of Michigan has recently released the following datasets, which may be of interest to demography researchers. Note: Some ICPSR studies are available only to ICPSR member institutions. To find out whether your organization is a member, and whether or not it supports ICPSR Direct downloading, see:

National Survey of Parents, 2000-2001 (#4247)

Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS): Earned Degrees, 1990-1991 (#4253)

Higher Education General Information Survey (HEGIS) XX: Fall Enrollment in Institutions of Higher Education, 1985 (#2071)

National Longitudinal Surveys:

A. "National Longitudinal Surveys CD-Rom, All Cohorts, July 2005," (Item no. DNLS-07/2005). The CD-ROM can be order for $20 from the Center for Human Resource Research (Ohio State University).

Scroll down to or "find in page" "DNLS-07/2005" (without the quotes).

B. "NLSY97 Round 5 Questionnaire 2001," (Item no. QX97-R5). Note: The questionnaire can be downloaded in zipped format from CHRR.

Scroll down to or "find in page" "QX97-R5" (without the quotes).

Luxembourg Income Study: New data is available for Switzerland (2000).

More information about data access:

American Religion Data Archive: The American Religion Data Archive has added three data files to it's collection:

1. U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, United Methodist Attenders

2. U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, United Methodist Leaders

3. U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, United Methodist Profile

Files can be downloaded in SPSS Portable, ASCII, Microsoft Excel, and MicroCase 4.0 format, with documentation in compressed ASCII format.

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Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) launches new website:

Information Society Programme:

Press Release:

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