Current Demographic Research Report #92, July 18, 2005.

CDERR (Current Demographic Research Reports) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography and Ecology at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. This report will contain selected listings of new: reports, articles, bibliographies, working papers, tables of contents, conferences, data, and websites. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:


CDERR is compiled and edited by John Carlson, Charlie Fiss, and Jack Solock of the University of Wisconsin Center for Demography and Ecology Information Services Center.

Index to this issue:


Census Bureau Facts for Feature
Centers for Disease Control
Social Security Administration, Office of Policy Report
Bureau of Criminal Justice Report
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Report
Medical Expenditure Panel Survey Statistical Briefs
National Longitudinal Study Newsletter
Congressional Research Service Memorandum
National Center for Education Research Report
National Institutes of Health Press Release
_Demographic Research_ Article
Urban Institute Monograph
UNESCAP Periodical
Pan American Health Organization Periodical
_Lancet_ Article Abstract
Info for Health Pop. Reporter


University of Michigan Population Studies Center
Census Bureau Population Division
National Bureau of Economic Research
Centre for Analysis of Social Exclusion [London School of Economics]
Princeton University Center for Research on Child Wellbeing
Princeton University Education Research Section
Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)
Department of Economic, University of Connecticut


Other Journals


National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health


UK Data Archive
Department of Housing and Urban Development
IPUMS Update
ISSP Correction
Medical Expenditure Panel Survey
American Religion Data Archive


Kaiser Family Foundation



Census Bureau Facts for Feature:

A. "Hispanic Heritage Month 2005: September 15-October 15," (CB05-FF.14, July 15, 2005).

B. "Unmarried and Single Americans Week: September 18-24, 2005," (CB05-FFSE.04, July 18, 2005).

Centers for Disease Control Press Release: "CDC: New Data Show Heavy Impact of Chlamydia on U.S. Men and Women, Particularly Young People", (July 12, 2005).

Social Security Administration, Office of Policy Report: "Children Receiving SSI, 2004," (July 2005, .pdf and HTML format, tables in Excel format, 20p.).

Bureau of Criminal Justice Report: "Substance Dependence, Abuse, and Treatment of Jail Inmates, 2002," by Jennifer C. Karberg and Doris J. James (NCJ 209588, July 2005, .pdf and ASCII format, tables in zipped spreadsheet format, 12p.).

Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Report: "Juvenile Court Statistics 2000," by Charles Puzzanchera, Anne L. Stahl, Terrence A. Finnegan, Nancy Tierney, and Howard N. Snyder (NCJ 209736, 2005, HTML and .pdf format, 123p.) .

Medical Expenditure Panel Survey Statistical Briefs:

A. "Attitudes toward Health Insurance among Adults Age 18 and Over", by Steve Machlin and Kelly Carper (Statistical Brief #87, July 2005, .pdf format, 6p.).

B. "Employer-Sponsored Health Insurance for Small Employers in the Private Sector, by Industry Classification, 2003", by John Summers (Statistical Brief #88, July 2005, .pdf format, 5p.).

C. "Employer-Sponsored Health Insurance for Large Employers in the Private Sector, by Industry Classification, 2003", by John Summers (Statistical Brief #89, July 2005, .pdf format, 4p.).

D. "Employer-Sponsored Single, Employee-Plus-One, and Family Health Insurance Coverage: Selection and Cost, 2003," by James M. Branscome (Statistical Brief #90, July 2005, .pdf format, 6p.).

National Longitudinal Study Newsletter: The Bureau of Labor Statistics has released the latest NLS Newsletter (05-120, 2005, .pdf format, 5p.). The newsletter announces the availability of NLSY97 data for Round 7 (see Report #89 for more information about the data file).

NLS newsletter:

Congressional Research Service Memorandum: "Historical Relationship Between the Minimum Wage and Poverty, 1959 to 2005," by Tom Gabe (CRS, July 2005, .pdf format, 4p.).

National Center for Education Research Report:

A. "NAEP 2004 Trends in Academic Progress: Three Decades of Student Performance in Reading and Mathematics," by Marianne Perle, Rebecca Moran and Anthony D. Lutkus (NCES 2005464, July 2005, .pdf format, 126p.).

B. "Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Birth Cohort (ECLS-B) Methodology Report for the 9-Month Data Collection (2001-2002) Volume 1: Psychometric Characteristics," by Carol Andreassen, Philip Fletcher, and Jerry West (NCES 2005100, June 2005, .pdf format, 180p.)

National Institutes of Health Press Release: "Decline in Physical Activity Plays Key Role in Weight Gain Among Adolescent Girls," (July 13, 2005).

_Demographic Research_ Article: Note: _DR_ is a free, expedited, peer-reviewed journal of the population sciences published by the Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research" [Rostock, Germany]. "Placing the poor while keeping the rich in their place: Separating strategies for optimally managing residential mobility and assimilation," by Jonathan P. Caulkins, Gustav Feichtinger, Dieter Grass, Michael Johnson, Gernot Tragler, and Yuri Yegorov (vol. 13, no. 1, July 2005, .pdf format, p. 1-34).


A central objective of modern US housing policy is deconcentrating poverty through "housing mobility programs" that move poor families into middle class neighborhoods. Pursuing these policies too aggressively risks inducing middle class flight, but being too cautious squanders the opportunity to help more poor families. This paper presents a stylized dynamic optimization model that captures this tension. With base-case parameter values, cost considerations limit mobility programs before flight becomes excessive. However, for modest departures reflecting stronger flight tendencies and/or weaker destination neighborhoods, other outcomes emerge. In particular, we find state-dependence and multiple equilibria, including both de-populated and oversized outcomes. For certain sets of parameters there exists a Skiba point that separates initial conditions for which the optimal strategy leads to substantial flight and depopulation from those for which the optimal strategy retains or even expands the middle class population. These results suggest the value of estimating middle-class neighborhoods' "carrying capacity" for absorbing mobility program placements and further modeling of dynamic response.

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Urban Institute Monograph: "Private Neighborhoods and the Transformation of Local Government," by Robert H. Nelson (2005, 494 pages). The monograph is linked from an Urban Institute news release: "It Takes a Private Neighborhood to Make a Local Revolution". Ordering information is at the bottom of the the news release.

United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific Periodical: _UNESCAP Statistical Newsletter_ (No. 136, January 2005, .pdf format).

Pan American Health Organization Periodical: _Perspectives in Health: The magazine of the Pan American Health Organization_ (Vol. 10, No. 2, 2005).

_Lancet_ Article Abstract: Note: _Lancet_ requires free registration before providing articles. "Effect of handwashing on child health: a randomised controlled trial," by Stephen P. Luby, Mubina Agboatwalla, Daniel R. Feikin, John Painter, Ward Billhimer, Arshad Altaf, and Robert M. Hoekstra (_Lancet_, vol. 366, no. 9481, July 16, 2005, .pdf and HTML format, p. 225-233).

Info for Health Pop. Reporter: Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health's Center for Communication Programs Compendium: Info Health Pop. Reporter (vol. 5, no. 29, Jul. 18, 2005). "The Johns Hopkins University Population Information Program delivers the reproductive health and family planning news you need. Each week our research staff prepares an electronic magazine loaded with links to key news stories, reports, and related developments around the globe."

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University of Michigan Population Studies Center:

A. "Registration Status, Labor Migration, and Socioeconomic Attainment in China's Segmented Labor Markets," by Xiaogang Wu (PSC Research Report No. 05-579, July 2005, .pdf format, 22p.).


Since 1955 the Chinese household registration system (hukou) has been used as the main tool to restrict rural-urban migration and allocating socialist benefits to urbanites. During the economic reform, while the system has become less effective, it continues to play a critical role in drawing segment boundary in China's emerging labor markets. This paper examines the rural-urban labor migration processes and migrants' socioeconomic achievement in the segmented labor markets. Analyses of data from a national representative survey shows that migrant workers in cities share similar experience with local non-farm workers in rural areas, but differ from urban workers in labor markets. Compared to their peers staying in villages, migrants may be economically better off, yet due to the lack of local urban hukou registration, they are segregated from permanent urban residents and thus far from achieving socioeconomic parity. People of rural origins who have changed hukou status, on the other hand, have been integrated in the urban labor markets. Hukou change makes a great difference in socioeconomic attainment.

B. "Community Reaction to Persons with HIV/AIDS and their Parents in Thailand," by Mark VanLandingham, Wassana Im-em, and Chanpen Saengtienchai (PSC Research Report No. 05-577, June 2005, .pdf format, 20p.).


We systematically examine community reaction to persons with HIV/AIDS (PHAs) and their families in Thailand from multiple perspectives using several types of data. We explore these community reactions during the time of the PHAs' illness and after their deaths. Quantitative data sources include a survey of young adult PHAs (n=425); a survey of parents who suffered the death of an adult child to AIDS (n=394 cases); a KAP study of AIDS that includes both older and young adults (n=1174); and quantitative data from local key informants about cases in their area (n=286 cases). This extensive quantitative information is supplemented with several sources of qualitative data. Data were collected during 1999-2001 from a wide range of settings throughout Thailand.

We find community reaction to PHAs and their families to vary by features of the case, social group, and type of observer, but overall these reactions are much more positive than is widely assumed. The overwhelming majority of key informants' assessments and of PHA parents' reports indicate either a generally positive community response or a neutral one. Results from our sample of PHAs, who are recruited from PHA support groups, are more mixed. For those who were treated poorly, it is suggested by at least some of our data sources that living in the city, living in an area without an NGO working on AIDS, being described as having problematic character, or being at either extreme of the socioeconomic spectrum may elevate the risk of experiencing negative community reaction.

We conclude that much existing research on community reaction to AIDS neglects both a rich body of social theory on stigma and a strong tradition of population-based empirical research. Much existing research also fails to adequately distinguish between key aspects of the social settings where most AIDS cases occur and the social settings where most of the stereotypes surrounding AIDS-related stigma have originated. Sociologists have much to offer to further investigations of this critically important dimension of the AIDS epidemic.

Census Bureau Population Division: "Historical Census Statistics On Population Totals By Race, 1790 to 1990, and By Hispanic Origin, 1970 to 1990, For Large Cities And Other Urban Places In The United States," by Campbell Gibson and Kay Jung (Working Paper no. 76, 2005, .pdf and ASCII format, 25p.).



National Bureau of Economic Research:

A. "Does Falling Smoking Lead to Rising Obesity?" by Jonathan Gruber and Michael Frakes (working Paper no. w11483, July 2005, .pdf format, 28p.).


The strong negative correlation over time between smoking rates and obesity have led some to suggest that reduced smoking is increasing weight gain in the U.S.. This conclusion is supported by the findings of Chou et al. (2004), who conclude that higher cigarette prices lead to increased body weight. We investigate this issue and find no evidence that reduced smoking leads to weight gain. Using the cigarette tax rather than the cigarette price and controlling for non-linear time effects, we find a negative effect of cigarette taxes on body weight, implying that reduced smoking leads to lower body weights. Yet our results, as well as Chou et al., imply implausibly large effects of smoking on body weight. Thus, we cannot confirm that falling smoking leads in a major way to rising obesity rates in the U.S.

B. "Mexican Immigration and Self-Selection: New Evidence from the 2000 Mexican Census," by Pablo Ibarraran and Darren Lubotsky (working Paper no. w11456, July 2005, .pdf format, 40p.).


We use data from the 2000 Mexican Census to examine how the education and socioeconomic status of Mexican immigrants to the United States compares to that of non-migrants in Mexico. Our primary conclusion is that migrants tend to be less educated than non-migrants. This finding is consistent with the idea that the return to education is higher in Mexico than in the United States, and thus the wage gain to migrating is proportionately smaller for high-educated Mexicans than it is for lower-educated Mexicans. We also find that the degree of negative selection of migrants is stronger in Mexican counties that have a higher return to education.

Centre for Analysis of Social Exclusion [London School of Economics]: "Parallel lives? Ethnic segregation in schools and neighbourhoods," by Deborah Wilson, Simon Burgess, and Ruth Lupton (case 101, June 2005, .pdf format, 45p.).


We provide evidence on the extent of ethnic segregation experienced by children across secondary schools and neighbourhoods (wards). Using 2001 Schools Census and Population Census data we employ the indices of dissimilarity and isolation and compare patterns of segregation across nine ethnic groups, and across Local Education Authorities in England. Looking at both schools and neighbourhoods, we find high levels of segregation for the different groups, along with considerable variation across England. We find consistently higher segregation for South Asian pupils than for Black pupils. For most ethnic groups children are more segregated at school than in their neighbourhood. We analyse the relative degree of segregation and show that high population density is associated with high relative school segregation.

Princeton University Center for Research on Child Wellbeing: "A Profile of the Men Who Father Children with Unwed, Teenage Women," by Leonard Lopoo (Working Paper 05-21-FF, June 2005, .pdf format, 32p.).


While scholars have completed a considerable amount of research on young, unmarried women who have children before age 20, almost nothing is known about the men who father children with these young women. Theoretically, one should expect the men who father children with teenage women to be less desirable partners than the men who father children with nonteen women on several dimensions. This study uses a new data set, the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study, to describe the characteristics of the men who father children with unmarried, teenage women and compares them to the men who father children with married, teenage women; unmarried, nonteen women; and married, nonteen women. Findings suggest that the men who father children with unmarried, teenage women are younger, have less education, have poorer economic prospects, are more abusive, and are more likely to have been incarcerated at the birth of their child than the men who father children with women in every other category. While age, race, ethnicity, and education can explain some of the differences in economic outcomes, domestic abuse, and incarceration, much of the difference remains unexplained.

Princeton University Education Research Section:

A. "Evaluating the Role of Brown vs. Board of Education in School Equalization, Desegregation, and the Income of African Americans," by Orley Ashenfelter, William J. Collins, and Albert Yoon (Working Paper no. 13, May 2005, .pdf format, 36p.).

B. "Racial Segregation and the Black-White Test Score Gap," by David Card and Jesse Rothstein (Working Paper no. 12, May 2005, .pdf format, 45p.).

Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) [University of Bonn, Germany]: "Maternal Employment and Adolescent Development," by Christopher J. Ruhm (Discussion Paper no. 1673, July 2005, .pdf format, 54p.).

This study investigates how maternal employment is related to the outcomes of 10 and 11 year olds, controlling for a wide variety of child, mother and family characteristics. The results suggest that limited amounts of work by mothers benefit youths who are relatively "disadvantaged" and even long hours, which occur relatively rarely, are unlikely to leave them much worse off. By contrast, maternal labor supply is estimated to have much more harmful effects on "advantaged" adolescents. Particularly striking are the reductions in cognitive test scores and increases in excess body weight predicted by even moderate amounts of employment. The negative cognitive effects occur partly because maternal labor supply reduces the time these children spend in enriching home environments. Some of the growth in obesity may be related to determinants of excess weight that are common to the child and mother. Work hours are also associated with relatively large (in percentage terms) increases in early substance use and small decreases in behavior problems; however, neither are statistically significant.

Department of Economic, University of Connecticut: "Which School Attributes Matter? The Influence of School District Performance and Demographic Composition on Property Values," by John M. Clapp, Anupam Nanda, and Stephen L. Ross (Working Paper 2005-26, July 2005, .pdf format, 31p.).


Increasing levels of segregation in American schools raises the question: do home buyers pay for test scores or demographic composition? This paper uses Connecticut panel data spanning seven years from 1994 to 2000 to ascertain the relationship between property values and explanatory variables that include school performance and school demographic attributes such as racial and ethnic composition. Census tract fixed effects are included to control for neighborhood unobservables, and assessed property values are shown to provide important additional controls. The study finds strong evidence that percent Hispanic and percent free lunch are important in determining housing prices, and no evidence that improved test scores lead to higher housing prices.

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JOURNAL TABLES OF CONTENTS (check your library for availability):

INGENTA Tables of Contents: INGENTA provides fee based document delivery services for selected journals.

A. Point your browser to:

B. click on "advanced search"
C. Type in your publication name and click "Exact title" radio button
D. Under "Show", click the "fax/ariel" radio button.
E. View the table of contents for the issue noted.

American Sociological Review (Vol. 70 no. 3, June 2005). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

Demography (vol. 42, no. 2, 2005). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

Journal of Political Economy (Vol. 113 no. 3, 2005). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

Social Science Journal (Vol. 42 no. 2, 2005). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in EBSCO Host Academic Elite database. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

Other Journals:

American Journal of Epidemiology (vol. 162, No. 3, August 1, 2005).

European Journal of Public Health (Vol. 15 no. 3, June 2005). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library and EBSCO Host Academic Elite database. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

Journal of Aging Health (Vol. 17, No. 4, August 1, 2005). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

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National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health: "Add Health is now recruiting a project manager. This person will join a research team that includes experts in sociology, public health, medicine, genetics, and data collection and management. The project will involve multiple research sub-projects and a subcontract with a data collection organization which will have primary responsibility for tracing study participants and conducting face-to-face interviews."

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Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research: ICPSR at the University of Michigan has recently released the following datasets, which may be of interest to demography researchers. Note: Some ICPSR studies are available only to ICPSR member institutions. To find out whether your organization is a member, and whether or not it supports ICPSR Direct downloading, see:

American Community Survey (ACS): Public Use Microdata Sample (PUMS), 1996 (#3885)

American Community Survey (ACS): Public Use Microdata Sample (PUMS), 1997 (#3886)

UK Data Archive (Essex University, Colchester, UK): The UK Data Archive has recently added the following dataset to its holdings. Note: There may be charges or licensing requirements on holdings of the UK Data Archive. For more information see:

SN 5174 Survey of Personal Incomes, 2002-2003 : Public Use Tape

Department of Housing and Urban Development: Three new zip archives have been added to the "2004 AHS Metro Survey" page.

"Comparer Files: This zip archive contains documents that compare the 2004 AHS results to those of the previous survey for each metropolitan area. These files were produced as part of the quality control process and are provided to help users understand the changes in the AHS datasets. They should not be considered official publications.  There is one MS-Word document for each metro area in the survey.

Descriptive Statistics: This archive contains descriptive statistics by metro area (SMSA) for the 2004 American Housing Survey Metropolitan Sample (06/07/2005 release). These are intended to help analysts verify that they have set up the microdata files correctly.  Statistics are provided for both the 8-file format distributed by HUD and the file produced by the "file flattener" utility. Descriptive statistics (minimum, mean, maximum, and sum) are provided in weighted and unweighed forms, by SMSA, for all numeric variables. Frequency distributions are provided for all character variables (not by SMSA).

Income Limits: This file contains estimates of Fair Market Rents (FMRs), income limits, area median incomes, and poverty levels for the records in the public use microdata of the American Housing Survey metropolitan sample for 2004. The data in this file can be matched with the AHS 2004 national file by using the CONTROL and SMSA variables.  The data are in a single comma-delimited file.

An MS-Excel spreadsheet summarizing the top- and bottomcodes in the 2004 American Housing Survey dataset is now available for download from the HUD USER web site:"

IPUMS Update: "Removed RACGEN00, RACDET00, and SPANAMER from the data and documentation. The variables RACGEN00 and RACDET00 were redundant with RACE. The variable SPANAMER can be created using the IPUMS variables MTONGUE, BPL, MBPL, FBPL, SPANNAME, and STATEFIP." (June 27, 2005)

ISSP Correction: "The ISSP 2001 CD contains two incorrect country data sets (while the integrated file uses the correct data sets). If you need to use the individual country files, see the module page for more information."

Medical Expenditure Panel Survey: "Tables of Employer-Sponsored Health Insurance Estimates from the 2003 MEPS Insurance Component Survey," (HTML and .pdf format, July 15, 2005).

American Religion Data Archive: The American Religion Data Archive has added three data files to it's collection:

1. U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Church of the Nazarene Attenders:

2. U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Church of the Nazarene Leaders:

3. U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Church of the Nazarene Profile:

Files can be downloaded in SPSS Portable, ASCII, Microsoft Excel, and MicroCase 4.0 format, with documentation in compressed ASCII format.

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Kaiser Family Foundation: "In partnership with the International AIDS Society, is the official webcaster of the 3rd IAS Conference on HIV Pathogenesis and Treatment (Rio de Janeiro, July 24-27, 2005), providing daily online conference coverage. All of the coverage will be archived and available for viewing at any time during or after the conference at":

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Charlie Fiss
Information Manager
Center for Demography and Ecology and
Center for Demography of Health and Aging
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Phone: (608) 265-9240
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