Current Demographic Research Report #93, July 25, 2005.

CDERR (Current Demographic Research Reports) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography and Ecology at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. This report will contain selected listings of new: reports, articles, bibliographies, working papers, tables of contents, conferences, data, and websites. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:


CDERR is compiled and edited by John Carlson, Charlie Fiss, and Jack Solock of the University of Wisconsin Center for Demography and Ecology Information Services Center.

Index to this issue:


Census Bureau Report, Facts for Feature
Federal Interagency Forum on Child and Family Statistics Compendium
Government Accountability Office Report
National Center for Health Statistics Report
Centers for Disease Control Periodical
Department of Housing and Urban Development Periodical
National Center for Education Statistics Report
Medical Expenditure Panel Survey Statistical Briefs
Center on Budget and Policy Priorities Report Series
MDRC Report
Urban Institute Brief
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare Report
Population Reference Bureau Report
UNESCAP Periodical
National Science Foundation Report
Indonesia Family Life Survey Bibliography Update
_Lancet_ Article Abstract
_US News & World Report_ Article
Info for Health Pop. Reporter


University of Wisconsin Center for Demography and Ecology
California Center for Population Research
University of Wisconsin Institute for Research on Poverty
National Bureau of Economic Research
Max Plank Institute for Demographic Research
Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)
Population Aging Center [University of Colorado]


Other Journals




East-West Center


Census Bureau
National Center for Education Statistics
Medical Expenditure Panel Survey



Census Bureau Report, Facts for Feature:

A. "Areas With Concentrated Poverty: 1999," by Alemayehu Bishaw (CENSR-16, July 2005, .pdf format, 11p.).

B. "Disability and American Families: 2000," by Oi Wang (CENSR-23, July 2005, .pdf format, 20p.).

C. "15th Anniversary of Americans with Disabilities Act: July 26, 2005," (CB05-FF.10-2, July 2005, .pdf and HTML format, 2p.).

Federal Interagency Forum on Child and Family Statistics Compendium: _America's Children: Key National Indicators of Well-Being, 2005_ (July 2005, HTML format).

Press Release:

Government Accountability Office Report: "Data Quality: Improvements to Count Correction Efforts Could Produce More Accurate Census Data," (GAO-05-463, June 2005, .pdf format, 40p.).

Note: These are temporary addresses. GAO reports are always available at:

Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration Report: "Treatment Episode Data Set (TEDS) Highlights: 2003," (July 2005, .pdf format, 31p.).

National Center for Health Statistics Report:

A. "Health Status of Non-Hispanic U.S.-Born and Foreign-Born Black and White Persons: United States, 1992-95," by Jacqueline W. Lucas, Daheia J. Barr-Anderson, and Raynard S. Kingto (Vital and Health Statistics, Series 10, no. 226, July 2005, .pdf format, 20p.).

B. "Methodological Issues in Measuring Health Disparities," by Kenneth Keppel, Elsie Pamuk, John Lynch, Olivia Carter-Pokras, Insun Kim, Vickie Mays, Jeffrey Pearcy, Victor Schoenbach, and Joel S. Weissman (Vital and Health Statistics, Series 2, no. 141, July 2005, .pdf format, 16p.).

C. "Summary Health Statistics for U.S. Adults: National Health Interview Survey," by Margaret Lethbridge-Çejku and Jackline Vickerie (Vital and Health Statistics, Series 10, No. 225, July 2005, .pdf format, 151p.).

Centers for Disease Control Periodical: _Emerging Infectious Diseases_, (vol. 11, no. 8, August 2005, .pdf and HTML format).

Note: This is a temporary address. When the next _EID_ is released, this one, along with all others, will be available at:

Department of Housing and Urban Development Periodical: _Cityscape_ (Vol. 8, No. 1, 2005, .pdf format). "_Cityscape: A Journal of Policy Development and Research_ strives to share HUD-funded and other research on housing and urban policy issues with scholars, government officials, and others involved in setting policy and determining the direction of future research."

Click on "Current Issue".

National Center for Education Statistics Report: "Forum Guide to Education Indicators", by the Education Indicators Task Force (NFES 2005802 July 2005,.pdf format, 138 p.).


The Forum Guide to Education Indicators provides encyclopedia-type entries for 44 commonly used education indicators. Each indicator entry contains a definition, recommended uses, usage caveats and cautions, related policy questions, data element components, a formula, commonly reported subgroups, and display suggestions. The document will help readers better understand how to appropriately develop, apply, and interpret commonly used education indicators.

Medical Expenditure Panel Survey Statistical Briefs:

A. "The Top Five Therapeutic Classes of Outpatient Prescription Drugs, by Total Expenses for the Elderly and Near Elderly in the U.S. Civilian Noninstitutionalized Population, 2002", by Marie N. Stagnitti (Statistical Brief #91, July 2005, .pdf format, 5p.).

B. "Attitude Regarding Need for Help from Medical Professionals: Adults Age 18 and Over, 1987 and 2002", by Kelly Carper and Steve Machlin (Statistical Brief #92, July 2005, .pdf format, 6p.).

Center on Budget and Policy Priorities Report Series: "What Does the Safety Net Accomplish?" is a series of reports "on the impacts and accomplishments of government programs that assist low-income families and individuals." The first set of reports include (note: reports are in HTML and PDF format):

"Public Benefits: Easing Poverty and Ensuring Medical Coverage," by Arloc Sherman
"Medicaid: Improving Health, Saving Lives," by Leighton Ku
"Food and Nutrition Programs: Reducing Hunger, Bolstering Nutrition," by Dorothy Rosenbaum and Zoe Neuberger
"The Earned Income Tax Credit: Boosting Employment, Aiding the Working Poor," by Robert Greenstein
"Supplemental Security Income: Supporting People with Disabilities and the Elderly Poor," by Eileen P. Sweeney and Shawn Fremstad

MDRC Report: "The Employment Retention and Advancement Project: Early Results from Four Sites," by Dan Bloom, Richard Hendra, Karin Martinson, and Susan Scrivener (July 2005, .pdf format, 87p.).

Click "Full Report" on left.

Urban Institute Brief: "Tax Credits to Help Low-Income Families Pay for Child Care," by Leonard E. Burman, Jeff Rohaly, Elaine Maag (Tax Policy Issues and Options Brief #14, July 2005, .pdf format, 7p.).

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare Report: "Expenditures on Health for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander People, 2001-02," (Health and Welfare Expenditure Series No. 23, July 2005, .pdf format, 92p.).

Population Reference Bureau Report: "China Confronts HIV/AIDS," by Drew Thompson (July 2005, .pdf format, 24p.).

United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific Periodical: _Statistical Indicators for Asia and the Pacific_ (Vol. XXXV, No. 2, June 2005, .pdf format).

Click on "View Full Text".

National Science Foundation Report: "Broadening Participation in America's Science and Engineering Workforce," (December 2004, .pdf format, 127p.). The monograph is linked from a National Science Foundation press release: "New Report Stresses Importance of Science and Engineering Opportunities for All Citizens".

Indonesia Family Life Survey Bibliography Update: The IFLS at the Rand Corporation has recently updated its bibliography of "papers and dissertations with the IFLS data." The updated items are:

Rukumnuaykit, Pungpond. "Crises and Child Health Outcomes: The Impacts of Economic and Drought/Smoke Crises on Infant Mortality and Birthweight in Indonesia", Michigan State University.

Rukumnuaykit, Pungpond. "The Effects of the 1998 Economic Crisis on Ages of Female Marriage Age and First Birth: Evidence from Indonesia", Michigan State University.

_Lancet_ Article Abstract: Note: _Lancet_ requires free registration before providing articles. "Relation between the changes in physical activity and body-mass index during adolescence: a multicentre longitudinal study," by Sue Y. S. Kimm, Nancy W. Glynn, Eva Obarzanek, Andrea M. Kriska, Stephen R. Daniels, Bruce A, Barton, and Kiang Liu (_Lancet_, Vol. 36, No. 9482, July 23, 2005, p. 301-307).

_US News & World Report_ Article: "A Hidden Scourge," by Terry Atlas (July 25, 2005).

Info for Health Pop. Reporter: Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health's Center for Communication Programs Compendium: Info Health Pop. Reporter (vol. 5, no. 30, Jul. 25, 2005). "The Johns Hopkins University Population Information Program delivers the reproductive health and family planning news you need. Each week our research staff prepares an electronic magazine loaded with links to key news stories, reports, and related developments around the globe."

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University of Wisconsin Center for Demography and Ecology:

A."Money Matters: Returns to School Quality Throughout a Career," by Craig A. Olson and Deena Ackerman (WP 2004-19, April 2004, .pdf format, 46p.).


This paper exploits a newly created longitudinal dataset to evaluate the effect of high school resources on the earnings of male wage earners at mid and late career. Using school quality measures like average teacher salary and average years of experience of the teaching force, our regression results show generally large and significant effects of school quality on earnings throughout the careers of our sample members. The positive effects persist at least until the sample members are in their late fifties. Using the parameter estimates from these regressions, we then show that the returns to public investment in school quality are large and well worth the cost. Our calculations suggest a rate of return to marginal increases in school expenditures on teacher salary of about 11 percent. The data were constructed from the Wisconsin Longitudinal Study of the Class of 1957 augmented with historical records from the Wisconsin Department of Public Instruction.

B. "Neighborhood Context, Age and Self-Reported Health," by Cheryl Bowdre (WP 2004-25, 2005, .pdf format, 30p.).

C. "Childhood Physical Abuse as a Fundamental Social Cause of Mid-Life Physical Health: Testing a Multi-Pathway Life Course Model," by Kristen W. Springer (WP 2004-26, July 2005, .pdf format, 43p.).


This study combines an ecological approach with a life course perspective to examine the multifaceted mediating pathways linking childhood physical abuse with mid-life physical health. Childhood physical abuse has a strong and persistent effect on mid-life physical health net of family background and age, with women more adversely affected than men. Smoking, obesity, mental illness, and self-rated health are consistent mediators whereas social relations and cognition are inconsequential. The importance of particular paths varies by specific disease outcome indicating that childhood physical abuse acts through a variety of proximate causes, including unhealthy coping strategies and decreased immunity to infections. These findings suggest that childhood physical abuse should be viewed as a fundamental social cause of ill health among adults.

D. "Adult children's distress and their parents' well-being", by Emily A. Greenfield and Nadine F. Marks (WP 2004-27, 2005, .pdf format, 29p.).


This study investigated linkages between adult children's distress and their parents' psychological and relational well-being. Multivariate regression models were estimated based on data from 1,129 parents whose youngest child was at least 19 years old in the 1995 National Survey of Midlife in the U.S. (MIDUS). Results indicated that participants whose adult children experienced more types of distress reported more negative affect, less positive affect, less self-acceptance, poorer overall parent-child relationship quality, and more family relationship strain. The problematic associations between adult children's distress and overall parent-child relationship quality, as well as between adult children's distress and negative affect, were stronger for parents coresiding with an adult child and/or grandchild. These results are consistent with the family life course perspective, which conceptualizes parents and children as occupying mutually influential interlocking developmental trajectories throughout their lives.

California Center for Population Research [UCLA]: "Community Colleges and Proprietary Schools: A Comparison of Sub-Baccalaureate Institutions," by Stephanie Riegg Cellini (CCPR-012-05, July 2005, .pdf format, 28p.).


This exploratory article describes how community colleges and proprietary schools differ, which students are served by these two types of schools, and how these institutions compare in the areas of financial aid and school quality. I describe and synthesize existing data sources and analyze a new data set of California's for-profit colleges. I find that there are many more proprietary schools and students than previous estimates suggest. I note key similarities and differences between the private and public sectors and investigate hypotheses explaining the observed patterns.

University of Wisconsin Institute for Research on Poverty: "Job Sprawl, Spatial Mismatch, and Black Employment Disadvantage," by Michael A. Stoll (DP 1304-05, July 2005, .pdf format, 39p.).


This paper examines the relationship between job sprawl and the spatial mismatch between blacks and jobs. Using data from a variety of sources including the U.S. Census and the ZIP Code Business Patterns of the U.S. Department of Commerce, I control extensively for metropolitan area characteristics and other factors. In addition, I use metropolitan area physical geography characteristics as instruments for job sprawl to address the problem of simultaneity bias. I find a significant and positive effect of job sprawl on mismatch conditions faced by blacks that remains evident across a variety of model specifications. This effect is particularly important in the Midwest and West, and in metropolitan areas where blacks' share of the population is not large and where blacks' population growth rate is relatively low. The results also indicate that the measure of mismatch used in this analysis is highly correlated across metropolitan areas, with blacks' employment outcomes in the expected direction.

National Bureau of Economic Research: "What Do Parents Value in Education? An Empirical Investigation of Parents' Revealed Preferences for Teachers," by Brian A. Jacob and Lars Lefgren (NBER Working Paper No. 11494, July 2005, .pdf format, 62p.).


This paper examines revealed parent preferences for their children's education using a unique data set that includes the number of parent requests for individual elementary school teachers along with information on teacher attributes including principal reports of teacher characteristics that are typically unobservable. We find that, on average, parents strongly prefer teachers that principals describe as good at promoting student satisfaction and place relatively less value on a teacher's ability to raise standardized math or reading achievement. These aggregate effects, however, mask striking differences across family demographics. Families in higher poverty schools strongly value student achievement and are essentially indifferent to the principal's report of a teacher's ability to promote student satisfaction. The results are reversed for families in higher-income schools.

Max Plank Institute for Demographic Research:

A. "Learning from others and receiving support: the impact of personal networks on fertility intentions in Poland," by Christoph Buhler and Ewa Fratczak (MPDIR Working Paper 2005-17, July 2005, .pdf format, 26p.).


Research about fertility has focused in the main on studying separately the influences of communication networks and social capital on reproductive behavior, but it has rarely tried to integrate both network properties theoretically or analytically. We therefore discuss a general model of purposeful behavior that perceives individuals' subjective perceptions of the utilities of different courses of action to be affected by structures of interpersonal influence. Resources needed to realize desired goals are furthermore shaped by exchange relationships that build social capital. These considerations are empirically applied to explanations of the intentions of 758 Polish men and women ever to have a first, second, or third child. Personal networks are especially relevant for the considerations to have a first or a second child. The intentions of childless respondents are positively influenced by network partners that are in a similar stage of their reproductive biographies or that have already taken the step of having a first child. However, respondents with one child intend to have a second child with a higher probability the more they have access to fertility-related social capital.

B. "Genome-wide identity-by-descent sharing among CEPH siblings," by Alain Gagnon, Jan Beise, James W. Vaupel (Discussion Paper 05-06, June 2005, .pdf format, 29p.). Note: This paper is published by the University of Western Ontario, Population Studies Centre.


The concept of genetic identity-by-descent (IBD) has markedly advanced our understanding of the genetic similarity among relatives and triggered a number of developments in epidemiological genetics. However, no empirical measure of this relatedness throughout the whole human genome has yet been published. Analyzing highly polymorphic genetic variations from the Centre d'études du polymorphisme humain (CEPH) database, we report the first genome-wide estimation of the mean and variation in IBD sharing among siblings. From 1,522 microsatellite markers spaced at an average of 2.3 cM on 498 sibling pairs, we estimated a mean of 0.4994 and a standard deviation of 0.0395. In order to account for the impact of varying chromosomal lengths and recombination rates, the analysis was also performed at the chromosomal and marker levels and for paternal and maternal DNA separately. Based on the variation, we estimate an "effective number of segregating loci" of around 80 for sibling pairs over the whole genome (i.e., the number of loci that would yield the same standard deviation in IBD sharing if all loci were segregating independently). Finally, we briefly assess the impact of genotyping errors on IBD estimations, compare our results to published theoretical and simulated expectations, and discuss some implications of our findings.

Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA):

A. "The Determinants of the Prevalence of Single Mothers: A Cross-Country Analysis," by Libertad Gonzalez (Discussion Paper no. 1677, July 2005, .pdf format, 35p.).


This paper examines the effect of public assistance, labor market and marriage market conditions on the prevalence of single mother families across countries and over time. A multinomial logit derived from a random utility approach is estimated using individual-level data for 14 countries. I find evidence that increases in the level of public support are significantly and positively associated with a higher incidence of both never married and divorced mothers. The results also suggest that single mothers are more prevalent when female wages are lower. Higher male earnings and employment opportunities in a woman's marriage market appear to lead to fewer never married mothers, but more divorced mothers. Higher child support or alimony payments are associated with a higher prevalence of divorced mothers.

B. "Should the U.S. Have Locked the Heaven's Door? Reassessing the Benefits of the Postwar Immigration," by Xavier Chojnicki, Frédéric Docquier, Lionel Ragot (Discussion Paper no. 1676, July 2005, .pdf format, 31p.).


This paper examines the economic impact of the second great immigration wave (1945-2000) on the US economy. Contrary to recent studies, we estimate that immigration induced important net gains and small redistributive effects among natives. Our analysis relies on a computable general equilibrium model combining the major interactions between immigrants and natives (labor market impact, fiscal impact, capital deepening, endogenous education, endogenous inequality). We use a backsolving method to calibrate the model on historical data and then consider two counterfactual variants: a cutoff of all immigration flows since 1950 and a stronger selection policy. According to our simulations, the postwar US immigration is beneficial for all cohorts and all skill groups. These gains are closely related to a long-run fiscal gain and a small labor market impact of immigrants. Finally, we also demonstrate that all generations would have benefited from a stronger selection of immigrants.

Population Aging Center [University of Colorado]: "The Determinants of Family and Individual Migration: A Case-Study of Rural Bangladesh," by Randall S. Kuhn (PAC 2005-04, July 2005, .pdf format, 37p.).


This paper investigates the determinants of rural-urban migration by adult males in Matlab Thana, Bangladesh, from 1983 to 1991. A three-category model of family migration, individual migration, or no migration identifies important distinctions in the determinants of family and individual migration that would be masked by a simple two-outcome migration model. Family migration, which entails formation of an independent urban household, is more likely among older men and men from landless households, particularly during the year immediately following a devastating flood. The findings demonstrate the potential role of migration in furthering rural socioeconomic stratification: only households with significant resources are better positioned to use individual migration as a powerful outlet for mutual economic development and security.

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JOURNAL TABLES OF CONTENTS (check your library for availability):

INGENTA Tables of Contents: INGENTA provides fee based document delivery services for selected journals.

A. Point your browser to:

B. click on "advanced search"
C. Type in your publication name and click "Exact title" radio button
D. Under "Show", click the "fax/ariel" radio button.
E. View the table of contents for the issue noted.

Latin American Research Review (Vol. 40, No. 2, 2005). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library and EBSCO Host Academic Elite database. Check your library for the availability of these databases and this issue.

Milbank Quarterly (Vol. 83, No. 2, 2005).

Studies in Family Planning (Vol. 36, No. 2, 2005).

Other Journals:

American Journal of Public Health (Vol. 95, No. 8, August 1, 2005). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library and EBSCO Host Academic Elite database. Check your library for the availability of these databases and this issue.

International Journal for Quality in Health Care (Vol. 17, No. 4, August 2005). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

Medical Care (Vol. 43, No. 8, August 2005).

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NIH: "Male Reproductive Health Research Career Development Program," (US National Institutes of Health, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, RFA-HD-05-040, July 20, 2005).

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East-West Center: "2005-2006 Visiting Fellowships," (deadline for application is September 15, 2005). The fellowships "enable scholars to undertake research and publication during the academic year 2005-2006 in collaboration with EWC staff on either:

-one of the following research themes (China's Capitalist Transition; Cross-border Road Infrastructure and Socioeconomic and Environmental Development in the Greater Mekong Sub-Region of Southeast Asia; Socioeconomic and Agricultural Transformation in Remote Rural Villages in Eastern India's 'tribal belt; Reproductive Health Challenges in China: Multilevel Analyses of Unmet Needs for Maternal Health Care and Infant Mortality) or
-An independent research project related to one of the four Research Program Study areas: Politics, Governance and Security; Economics; Population and Health; and Environmental Change, Vulnerability and Governance."

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Census Bureau:

A. "Small Area Health Insurance Estimates," (July 2005). "New estimates for the nations 3,140 counties of the number and percent of children and people of all ages who had health insurance coverage. The county estimates were produced using models that combine results from the Annual Social and Economic Supplement to the Current Population Survey, food stamp participation records, Medicaid participation records, aggregated federal tax return data and demographic population estimates." County data files are available for downloading in ASCII and Excel format, or you can create tables using the Census Bureau extract engine. Data for states and counties is available for 2000.

B. The latest State and County Housing Unit estimates - for July 1, 2004 - were released July 21, 2005. For links to the detailed tables, see the Census Bureau press release "Georgia and Florida Dominate the List of 10 Counties With Fastest Housing Gains, Census Bureau Reports". Follow the link to "Detailed Tables".

National Center for Education Statistics: NCES has updated its CCD Build a Table tool. "This new updated release of BAT includes (1) much faster export to excel and between pages of data (2) ability to create reports with larger number of records and columns, and (3) increased categorical analysis options."

Substance Abuse and Mental Health Data Archive: "SAMHDA has released its new web site, which includes several enhancements:

- More intuitive, straight-forward navigation;
- More web site content linked from the homepage;
- Homepage links to most popular studies, which will be updated monthly based on file downloads and uses on the online data analysis system (DAS).
- The default search mechanism is also now our variable-level search."

Medical Expenditure Panel Survey: "With MEPSnet/IC you have easy access to national and state-level statistics and trends about employer-based health insurance. It provides statistics and trends about health insurance offered by private establishments as well as national and regional health insurance estimates for State and local governments. MEPSnet/IC guides you through a step-by-step process to obtain the statistics you need. MEPSnet/IC generates statistics using the 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, and 2003 data from the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS) Insurance Component Tables."

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Charlie Fiss
Information Manager
Center for Demography and Ecology and
Center for Demography of Health and Aging
Rm. 4470A Social Science Bldg
1180 Observatory Drive
Madison, WI 53706-1393
Phone: (608) 265-9240
Fax: (608) 262-8400