Current Demographic Research Report #94, August 1, 2005.

CDERR (Current Demographic Research Reports) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography and Ecology at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. This report will contain selected listings of new: reports, articles, bibliographies, working papers, tables of contents, conferences, data, and websites. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:


CDERR is compiled and edited by John Carlson, Charlie Fiss, and Jack Solock of the University of Wisconsin Center for Demography and Ecology Information Services Center.

Index to this issue:


Census Bureau Report
Government Accountability Office Report
US Department of State Report
National Center for Education Statistics Report, Periodical
Bureau of Labor Statistics Periodical
US Department of Housing and Urban Development Report
Centers for Disease Control Article
Anne E. Casey Foundation Compendium
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare Report
World Health Organization Periodical
_British Medical Journal_ Primary Care Abstract
_New England Journal of Medicine_ Article Abstract
_JAMA_ Article Abstract
_Lancet_ Article Abstract
Info for Health Pop. Reporter


California Center for Population Research [UCLA]
Penn State Population Research Institute:
Center for Research on Child Wellbeing [Princeton University]
Population Council
Medical Expenditure Panel Survey
World Bank Policy Research


Other Journals


Census Bureau


US House Committee on the Judiciary Hearing Publication


National Center for Health Statistics
Panel Study of Income Dynamics
Medical Panel Expenditure Survey
UK Data Archive



Census Bureau Report: "Living Arrangements of Children: 2001," by Rose M. Kreider and Jason Fields (P70-104, July 2005, .pdf format, 15p.).

Government Accountability Office Report: " Child Care: Additional Information Is Needed on Working Families Receiving Subsidies," (GAO-05-667, July 2005, .pdf format, 43p.).

Note: These are temporary addresses. GAO reports are always available at:

US Department of State Report: "Trafficking in Persons Report: June 2005," (July 2005, .pdf format, 256p.).

National Center for Education Statistics Report, Periodical:

A. "Developments in School Finance: 2004," edited by William J. Fowler, Jr. (NCES 2005865, August 2005, .pdf format, 101p.).

B. "Enrollment in Postsecondary Institutions, Fall 2003; Graduation Rates 1997 & 2000 Cohorts; and Financial Statistics, Fiscal Year 2003," by Laura G. Knapp, et. al., (NCES 2005177, July 2005, .pdf format 58p. ).

C. "Youth Indicators, 2005: Trends in the Well-Being of American Youth," by Mary Ann Fox, Brooke A. Connolly, and Thomas D. Snyder (NCES 2005050, July 2005, .pdf format, 124p.).

D. _Education Statistics Quarterly_ (Vol. 6, No. 3, 2005, .pdf format 76p.). "The Quarterly offers a comprehensive overview of work done across all of NCES. Each issue includes short publications and summaries covering all NCES publications and data products released in a given time period as well as notices about training and funding opportunities. In addition, each issue includes a featured topic with invited commentary, and a note on the topic from NCES."

US Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service Report: "Food Stamp Program Entry and Exit: An Analysis of Participation Trends in the 1990s," by Scott Cody, Phil Gleason, Bruce Schechter, Miki Satake, and Julie Sykes ERS project representative: Kenneth Hanson (Contractor and Cooperator Report No. 8, July 2005, .pdf format, 101p.).


This study examines the degree to which changes in entry and exit patterns into and out of the Food Stamp Program (FSP) contributed to the FSP caseload growth of the early 1990s and to the decline of the late 1990s. A rise in the FSP entry rate was the driving force behind caseload growth in the early 1990s. However, individuals tended to stay longer in the FSP during this period than at other points of the 1990s, which also contributed to the growth. Caseload decline of the late 1990s was driven predominantly by shorter participation length, although lower entry rates also contributed. The entry rate for single mothers remained relatively constant over the 1990s, but participation length declined in the late 1990s. Despite eligibility restrictions in the late 1990s, the entry rate for noncitizens also remained fairly constant. While the entry rate for able-bodied adults fell after time limits were imposed in the mid-1990s, their participation length appeared unaffected by these limits, which may reflect the tendency for able-bodied adults to have short participation spells even without time limits. Among all new entrants in the FSP in the 1990s, more than half exited the program within 8 months and two-thirds exited within 1 year. Among individuals participating in the FSP for longer than 1 year, the typical participation length declined over the 1990s.

Bureau of Labor Statistics Periodical: _Compensation and Working Conditions Online_. The latest articles are dated July 26, 2005.

US Department of Housing and Urban Development Report: "Discrimination Against Persons with Disabilities: Barriers at Every Step," (July 2005, .pdf format, 119p.).

Centers for Disease Control Article: "National, State, and Urban Area Vaccination Coverage Among Children Aged 19--35 Months --- United States, 2004," (_Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report_, Vol. 54, No. 29, July 29, 2005, .pdf and HTML format, p. 717-721).



Anne E. Casey Foundation Compendium: "Kids Count: 2005 Data Book Online," (July 2005, .pdf format, 192p.).

Note: To create you own tables, or down load data used for the report, go to:

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare Report:

A."Welfare Expenditure Australia 2002-03," (Health and Welfare Expenditure Series No. 24, July 2005, .pdf format, 72p.).

B."Statistics on Drug use in Australia 2004," (Drug Statistics Series No. 15, July 29, 2005, .pdf format, 105p.).

World Health Organization Periodical: _Bulletin of the World Health Organization_ (Vol. 83, No. 8, August 2005, HTML and .pdf format, p. 561-640).

_British Medical Journal_ Primary Care Abstract: "Impact on contraceptive practice of making emergency hormonal contraception available over the counter in Great Britain: repeated cross sectional surveys," by Cicely Marston, Howard Meltzer, Azeem Majeed (_BMJ_, Vol. 331, No. 7511, July 30, 2005, p. 271-273).

_New England Journal of Medicine_ Article Abstract: "Children in the United States with Discontinuous Health Insurance Coverage," by Lynn M. Olson, Suk-fong S. Tang, and Paul W. Newacheck (_NEJM_, Vol. 353, No. 4, July 28, 2005, p. 382-391).

_JAMA_ Article Abstract: "Hypertension in Adults Across the Age Spectrum: Current Outcomes and Control in the Community," by Donald M. Lloyd-Jones, Jane C. Evans, and Daniel Levy (_Journal of the American Medical Association_, Vol. 294, No. 4, July 27, 2005, .pdf and HTML format, p. 466-472).

_Lancet_ Article Abstract: Note: _Lancet_ requires free registration before providing articles.

A. "Long-term effectiveness of potent antiretroviral therapy in preventing AIDS and death: a prospective cohort study," by Jonathan A. C. Sterne, Miguel A Hernán, Bruno Ledergerber, Kate Tilling, Rainer Weber, Pedram Sendi, Martin Rickenbach, James M Robins, and Matthias Egger (_Lancet_, Vol. 366, No. 9483, July 30, 2005, p. 378-384).

B. "Primary infertility after genital mutilation in girlhood in Sudan: a case-control study," by Lars Almroth, Susan Elmusharaf, Nagla El Hadi, Abdelrahim Obeid, Mohamed AA El Sheikh, Saad M. Elfadil, and Staffan Bergström (_Lancet_, Vol. 366, No. 9483, July 30, 2005, p. 385-391).

Info for Health Pop. Reporter: Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health's Center for Communication Programs Compendium: Info Health Pop. Reporter (vol. 5, no. 31, Aug. 1, 2005). "The Johns Hopkins University Population Information Program delivers the reproductive health and family planning news you need. Each week our research staff prepares an electronic magazine loaded with links to key news stories, reports, and related developments around the globe."

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California Center for Population Research [UCLA]:

A. "Neighborhood Choice and Neighborhood Change," by Elizabeth E. Bruch and Robert D. Mare (CCPR-013-05, July 2005, .pdf format, 46p.).


This paper examines the relationships between the residential choices of individuals and aggregate patterns of neighborhood change. We investigate the conditions under which individuals' preferences for the race-ethnic composition of their neighborhoods produce high levels of segregation. Using computational models, we find that high levels of segregation occur only when individuals' preferences follow a threshold function. If individuals make finer-grained distinctions among neighborhoods that vary in racial composition, preferences alone do not lead to segregation. Vignette data from the Detroit Area Study and the Multi-City Study of Urban Inequality indicate that individuals respond in a continuous way to variations in the racial makeup of neighborhoods rather than to a threshold. Our findings suggest that race preferences alone are insufficient to account for the high levels of segregation observed in American cities.

B. "Job Sprawl, Spatial Mismatch and Black Employment Disadvantage," by Michael A. Stoll (CCPR-014-05, July 2005, .pdf format, 29p.).


This paper examines the relationship between job sprawl and the spatial mismatch between blacks and jobs. Using data from a variety of sources including the U.S. Census and U.S. Department of Commerce's ZIP Code Business Patterns, I control extensively for metropolitan area characteristics and other factors. In addition, I use metropolitan area physical geography characteristics as instruments for job sprawl to address the problem of simultaneity bias. I find a significant and positive effect of job sprawl on mismatch conditions faced by blacks that remains evident across a variety of model specifications. This effect is particularly important in the Midwest and West, and in metropolitan areas where blacks' share of the population is not large and where blacks' population growth rate is relatively low. Among others, the results also reveal that the measure of mismatch used in this analysis is highly correlated across metropolitan areas with blacks' employment outcomes in the expected direction.

Penn State Population Research Institute: "The Roles of Parenting Styles and Social Capital in the School Performance of Immigrant Asian and Hispanic Adolescents," by Suet-ling Pong, Lingxin Hao, and Erica Gardner (Working Paper 05-05, July 2005, .pdf format, 24p.). Note: This paper is a [r]evised version of working paper 02-05.

Center for Research on Child Wellbeing [Princeton University]: "Child Support and Minority Fathers in Fragile Families," by Ronald Mincy and Lenna Nepomnyaschy (2005-23-FF, July 2005, .pdf format, 43p.).


Child support reforms in the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act (PRWORA) have substantially improved child support outcomes for children born to unmarried parents, thereby decreasing minority status gaps. However, in the years following PRWORA, racial inequalities in employment and earnings among less-educated men increased, possibly contributing to larger minority status gaps in child support outcomes. We examine minority status differentials in child support outcomes for children of unmarried parents born two years after the passage of PRWORA. We include a rich set of controls that have been previously unavailable in order to reduce omitted variable bias that has been present in much prior research in this area. We find no statistically significant difference between the award probabilities of black and white unmarried parents. However, among those with awards, blacks are far less likely to comply (make payments) than are whites. Introduction of control variables explains 22% of the white-black difference in the probability of compliance, but this difference remains substantial and significant. We find lower award probabilities among Hispanic fathers, but no white-Hispanic difference in compliance rates. When controls are added, we explain half of the white-Hispanic difference in award rates and this difference becomes statistically insignificant.

Population Council: "The effect of community nurses and health volunteers on child mortality: The Navrongo Community Health and Family Planning Project," by Brian Wells Pence, Philomena Nyarko, James F. Phillips, and Cornelius Debpuur (Policy Research Division Working Paper no. 200, July 2005, .pdf format, p.).


This report presents the child mortality impact of a trial of primary health-care service-delivery strategies in rural Ghana. After adjustment for sociodemographic factors, under-five mortality in areas with village-based community-nurse services fell by 16 percent during the five years of program implementation compared with mortality before the intervention. Reductions were observed in infant (6 percent), early child (20 percent), and late child (41 percent) mortality. Community involvement and training of a local health volunteer were associated with an 11 percent increase in mortality, primarily driven by a 124 percent increase in early child mortality. Areas with both nurses and volunteers experienced a 7 percent increase in mortality, with small increases in all age groups. In a comparison area, under-five mortality fell by 5 percent during the same time period. These results suggest that convenient, accessible professional medical care can reduce child mortality in impoverished African settings. They raise questions, however, about the benefits to children's survival of relying on community volunteers.

Medical Expenditure Panel Survey: "Health Care Expenses: Poor, Near Poor, and Low Income People in the United States Civilian Noninstitutionalized Population, 2002," by Diana Z. Wobus and Gary Olin (Working Paper #05016, July 2005, .pdf format, 42p.).


This report provides estimates of health care expenditures for poor, near poor, and low income people in the United States; i.e., people whose income is less than 200 percent of the Federal Poverty Line. It highlights the characteristics of poor or near poor and low income persons and their expenditures for health care. The estimates are from the 2002 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS) and cover the U.S. civilian noninstitutionalized population. While providing an overview of total health care expenses for the population, the report focuses on estimates of expenses for hospital services, office-based medical provider services, and prescription medicines. Detailed comparisons are made by type of service, source of payment, and selected demographic characteristics of the population. All differences between estimates discussed in the text are statistically significant at the 0.05 level.

Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA): "Dynamics and Diversity: Ethnic Employment Differences in England and Wales, 1991-2001," by Ken Clark and Stephen Drinkwater (Discussion Paper No. 1698, July 2005, .pdf format, 52p.).


This paper uses microdata from the 1991 and 2001 Population Censuses to examine differences in the employment experiences of ethnic minorities living in England and Wales. It focuses on two main issues, firstly the extent to which the employment position of the main ethnic minority groups changed between the two Census dates and secondly, a detailed examination of employment amongst ethnic groups in 2001. In relative terms, it is found that there was an improvement in the employment rates of most ethnic minority groups over the period, some of which could be explained by enhanced levels of observable characteristics. However, the employment gap between Whites and certain ethnic minority groups remains extremely large. Religion, local deprivation and educational qualifications are important influences on employment for many of these groups.

World Bank Policy Research: "The effects of migration on child health in Mexico," by Nicole Hildebrandt and David J. McKenzie (WPS 3573, April 2005, .pdf and ASCII format, 35p.).


The authors investigate the impact of international migration on child health outcomes in rural Mexico using a nationally representative demographic survey. They use historic migration networks as instruments for current household migration to the United States in order to correct for the possible endogeneity of migrant status. They find that children in migrant households have lower rates of infant mortality and higher birth-weights. The authors study the channels through which migration may affect health outcomes and find evidence that migration raises health knowledge in addition to the direct effect on wealth. However they also find that preventative health care, such as breastfeeding and vaccinations, is less likely for children in migrant households. These results provide a broader and more nuanced view of the health consequences of migration than is offered by the existing literature.

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JOURNAL TABLES OF CONTENTS (check your library for availability):

INGENTA Tables of Contents: INGENTA provides fee based document delivery services for selected journals.

A. Point your browser to:

B. click on "advanced search"
C. Type in your publication name and click "Exact title" radio button
D. Under "Show", click the "fax/ariel" radio button.
E. View the table of contents for the issue noted.

Journal of Health and Social Behavior (Vol. 46 no. 2, 2005). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

Other Journals:

AIDS (Vol. 19, No. 12, August 12, 2005).

American Journal of Clinical Nutrition (Vol. 82, No. 2, August 1, 2005). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science (Vol. 601,
No. 1, Sept. 1, 2005).

Journal of the American Statistical Association (Vol. 100, No. 471, Sept. 2005). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

Public Opinion Quarterly (Vol. 69 no. 2, Summer 2005). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

Urban Affairs Review (Vol. 41, No. 1, September 2005). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

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Census Bureau: "Associate Director for Demographic Programs," (CEN-05-09P, July 21, 2005).

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US House Committee on the Judiciary, Subcommittee on Immigration Hearing Publication: "Immigration and the Alien Gang Epidemic: Problems and Solutions," a hearing held April 13, 2005 (Serial No. 109-8, .pdf and ASCII format, 49p.).

Scroll down to or "find in page" "109-8" (Without the quotes).

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Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research: ICPSR at the University of Michigan has recently released the following datasets, which may be of interest to demography researchers. Note: Some ICPSR studies are available only to ICPSR member institutions. To find out whether your organization is a member, and whether or not it supports ICPSR Direct downloading, see:

Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS): Salaries, Tenure, and Fringe Benefits of Full-Time Faculty, 1987-1988 (#4259)

Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS): Salaries, Tenure, and Fringe Benefits of Full-Time Faculty, 1989-1990 (#4260)

Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN) Series. ICPSR has released 32 data files from this series (study numbers 13578-13607, 13630, 13666). For more information about the series:

National Center for Health Statistics:

A. NCHS has released the 2004 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) data file. Data can be downloaded in ASCII format, along with SAS, SPSS, and Stata programming statements. Documentation (variable layout, summaries, and frequencies) is available in .pdf format.

B. On August 1, 2005, NCHS released new and updated data and documentation files for the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES).

New file:

Dietary Supplement (DSQ_B 2001-2002)

Updated Laboratory files:

PHPYPA Urinary Phthalates (PHPYPA_B 2001-2002)
PHPYPA Urinary Phthalates (PHPYPA 1999-2000)
Lab 06HM Heavy Metals (Lab06hm_B 2001-2002)
Lab 06HM Heavy Metals (Lab06hm 1999-2000)
Lab 18T4 Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone and Thyroxine (Lab18t4 1999-2000)
Lab 21 Volatile Organic Compounds (Lab 21 1999-2000)
Lab 26 Pesticides (Lab 26pp_B 2001-2002)
Lab 26 Pesticides (Lab 26pp 1999-2000)
Lab 28 Dioxins (Lab 28poc_B 2001-2002)
Lab 28 Dioxins (Lab 28poc 1999-2000)
Lab 40T4 Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone and Thyroxine (Lab 40t4_B 2001-2002)

Panel Study of Income Dynamics: "2003 PSID Individual Data by Years," (July 26, 2005). "A complete codebook is now available in the data center, or FTP. Summary variables (ER32001-ER32049) contain values current as of the 2003 wave."

Medical Panel Expenditure Survey: "MEPS HC-075: 2004 P8R3/P9R1 Population Characteristics," (US Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Medical Expenditure Panel Survey, July 2005, data in .zip and .exe self-decompressing ASCII and SAS transport format, SAS and SPSS programming statements, documentation in HTML, .pdf or ASP codebook format).

UK Data Archive (Essex University, Colchester, UK): The UK Data Archive has recently added the following dataset to its holdings. Note: There may be charges or licensing requirements on holdings of the UK Data Archive. For more information see:

SN 5202 Health Education Population Survey, 2004

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Charlie Fiss
Information Manager
Center for Demography and Ecology and
Center for Demography of Health and Aging
Rm. 4470A Social Science Bldg
1180 Observatory Drive
Madison, WI 53706-1393
Phone: (608) 265-9240
Fax: (608) 262-8400