Current Demographic Research Report #95, August 8, 2005.

CDERR (Current Demographic Research Reports) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography and Ecology at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. This report will contain selected listings of new: reports, articles, bibliographies, working papers, tables of contents, conferences, data, and websites. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:


CDERR is compiled and edited by John Carlson, Charlie Fiss, and Jack Solock of the University of Wisconsin Center for Demography and Ecology Information Services Center.

Index to this issue:


Census Bureau News Release
National Institutes of Health News Release
National Center for Education Statistics Report
Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago Newsletter
Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Report
Kaiser Family Foundation Report
National Council of La Raza Statistical Brief
MDRC Report
World Health Organization Periodical
UNESCAP Newsletter, Report
Statistics South Africa Report
_Science_ News Focus Abstract
_Nature_ News
_Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences_ Article Abstract
Info for Health Pop. Reporter


Rand Corporation Labor and Population Program
California Center for Population Research [UCLA]
National Bureau of Economic Research
John F. Kennedy School of Government [Harvard University]
Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)
Centre for Analysis of Social Exclusion [London School of Economics]


Other Journals


Vienna Institute of Demography (VID)


Senate Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions


Panel Study of Income Dynamics Update
Census Bureau
Socioeconomic Data and Applications Center [Columbia University]
Demographic and Health Surveys



Census Bureau News Release: "New Census Bureau County Business Report Shows New York Leads in Wages, Los Angeles in Number of Businesses"(CB05-111, Aug. 8, 2005).

National Institutes of Health News Release: "Survey Uncovers Surprising Attitudes Towards HIV Vaccine Research" (Aug. 8, 2005).

SAMHSA Report: "Substance Abuse and Dependence among Women" (Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Office of Applied Statistics, National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH)), August 2005, HTML and .pdf format, 3p.).

National Center for Education Statistics Report:

A. "Tabular Summary of Adult Education for Work-Related Reasons: 2002-03," by Kevin O'Donnell (NCES 2005044, August 2005, .pdf format, 94p.).


This report presents selected data on adults' participation in work-related educational activities in the United States over a 12-month period from 2002-03. These data are from the Adult Education for Work-Related Reasons Survey of the 2003 National Household Education Surveys Program. Interviews were conducted with a nationally representative sample of the civilian, non-institutionalized population age 16 or older who were not enrolled in grade 12 or below. For the AEWR-NHES:2003 survey, work-related adult education was defined as both formal and informal learning activities that were done for reasons related to work. Findings indicate that during the 12-month period between early 2002 and early 2003, 40 percent of adults in the United States took part in one or more formal adult educational activities for work-related reasons. Also, 58 percent of adults who participated in adult educational activities for work-related reasons participated in informal learning activities for work-related reasons.

B. "Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 1998-99 (ECLS-K): Third Grade Methodology Report," by Karen Tourangeau, Mike Brick, Lauren Byrne, Thanh Le, Christine Nord, Jerry West, and Elvira Germino Hausken (NCES 2005018, July 2005, .pdf format, 231p.).


This methodology report provides technical information about the development, design, and conduct of the third grade data collection of the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 1998-99 (ECLS-K). Detailed information on the development of the instruments, sample design, data collection methods, data preparation and editing, response rates, and weighting and variance estimation is included.

C. "Elementary/Secondary School Teaching Among Recent College Graduates: 1994 and 2001," by Robin R. Henke, Katharin Peter, Xiaojie Li and Sonya Geis (NCES 2005161 July 2005, .pdf format 88p.).


This report discusses teaching in elementary and secondary schools, preparing to teach at the elementary/secondary level, and considering teaching among 1999-2000 college graduates as of 2001 (i.e., within about a year of completing the bachelor~Rs degree). It is based on data from the 2000/01 Baccalaureate and Beyond Longitudinal Study (B&B:2000/01), a spring 2001 follow-up of bachelor's degree recipients from the 1999-2000 National Postsecondary Student Aid Study (NPSAS:2000). The report examines whether graduates who differed in demographic characteristics (gender and race/ethnicity) and undergraduate academic characteristics (types of institutions attended, college entrance examination scores, undergraduate grade point averages, and major fields of study) also differed in terms of teaching and teaching-related behaviors as of 2001. The report also compares teaching and teaching-related behaviors of the 1999-2000 cohort as of 2001 with those of the 1992-93 cohort as of 1994. The analyses indicate that 12 percent of graduates had taught in an elementary/secondary school in the year following graduation, and that teaching was more common among women, among graduates who received their degrees from public and from non-doctorate-granting institutions, and among graduates with higher cumulative undergraduate GPAs but lower college entrance examination scores. The proportion of graduates who had taught within a year of receiving a bachelor's degree increased slightly, from 10 to 12 percent, between graduates who received their degrees in 1992-93 and 1999-2000, respectively.

Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago Newsletter: "The State of Higher Education in the Midwest," by Richard Mattoon (Chicago Fed Letter No. 218, Sept. 2005, .pdf format, 4p.).

Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Report: "Going Without: America's Uninsured Children," (August 2005, .pdf format, 29p.).

Press release:

Kaiser Family Foundation Report: "Medicaid 1915(c) Home and Community-Based Service Programs: Data Update" (August, 2005, .pdf format, 27p.).


Over the last four years, the Commission has been tracking the national development of the three main Medicaid HCBS programs that states can operate. The Commission also began to survey the policies, such as eligibility criteria and waiting lists that states can use to control the growth of spending on the waiver programs. This brief presents the latest data on the development of home and community-based service programs in Medicaid.

National Council of La Raza Statistical Brief: "Hispanic Women at Work," by Megan Elliot (Statistical Brief No. 6, July 2005, .pdf format, 8p.).

MDRC Report: "Turning Welfare into a Work Support: Six-Year Impacts on Parents and Children from the Minnesota Family Investment Program," by Lisa A. Gennetian, Cynthia Miller, and Jared Smith (July 2005, .pdf format, 162p.). "The Minnesota Family Investment Program (MFIP) originated, in 1994, as a new vision of a welfare system that would encourage work, reduce reliance on public assistance, and reduce poverty. The program differed from the existing Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) system in two key ways: It included financial incentives to "make work pay" by allowing families to keep more of their welfare benefit when they worked, and it required longer-term welfare recipients to work or participate in employment services. This report updates the MFIP story in two ways. First, it examines whether the program's effects held up in the longer term, through six years after study entry (earlier studies reported on effects after three years). A primary question of interest is whether MFIP, after it effectively ended in its original form in 1998, provided families with a permanent advantage, increasing their employment or self-sufficiency in the long term, or whether its effects faded after the program ended. Second, the report presents new findings on MFIP's effects on outcomes that were not available or that could not be reliably measured at the three-year point, such as school records data to measure children's school achievement. Results are presented separately for single-parent families and for two-parent families."

Click on "Full Report" on the left side of the page for link to full text.

More information on MDRC:

World Health Organization Periodical: _Bulletin of the World Health Organization_ (Vol. 83, No. 8, August 2005, .pdf format). Note: This issue has a special theme: Health Information Systems).

Previous _Bulletins_ back to 1947:

United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific
Newletter, Report:

A. _Population Headliners_ (No. 306, 2005, .pdf and HTML format, p.).

B. "Voices of the Least Developed Countries of Asia and the Pacific" (July 2005, .pdf format, 41p.).

C. "Emerging Issues of Health and Mortality in the Asian and Pacific Region" (Asian Population Studies Series No. 163, 2005, .pdf format, 194p.).

Statistics South Africa Report: "Recorded Live Births: 2004," (Statistical Release P0305, August 2005, .pdf format, 32p.).

_Science_ News Focus Abstract: "Drugs, Quarantine Might Stop a Pandemic Before It Starts," by Martin Enserink (_Science_, Vol. 309, No. 5736, August 5, 2005, .pdf and HTML format, p. 870-871). Note: This story links to a _Science_ report published online entitled "Containing Pandemic Influenza at the Source," by Ira M. Longini Jr. et. al.

_Nature_ News: "Drugs could head off a flu pandemic - but only if we respond fast enough," by Declan Butler (_Nature_, Vol. 436, No. 7051, August 4, 2005, .pdf and HTML format, p. 614-615).

_Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences_ Article Abstract: " Epidemiological evidence of an early wave of the 1918 influenza pandemic in New York City," by Donald R. Olson, Lone Simonsen, Paul J. Edelson, and Stephen S. Morse (Vol. 102, No. 31, Jul. 26, 2005, p. 11059-11063).

Info for Health Pop. Reporter: Info for Health Pop. Reporter: Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health's Center for Communication Programs Compendium: Info Health Pop. Reporter (vol. 5, no. 32, Aug. 8, 2005). "The Johns Hopkins University Population Information Program delivers the reproductive health and family planning news you need. Each week our research staff prepares an electronic magazine loaded with links to key news stories, reports, and related developments around the globe."

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California Center for Population Research [UCLA]: "Family Attainment Norms and Educational Stratification: The Effects of Parents' School Transitions," by Robert D. Mare and Huey-Chi Chang (CCPR-015-05, 2005, .pdf format, 32p.).


This paper reports an analysis of the effects of parents' educational attainments on the attainments of their offspring, focusing on the effects of parents' school transitions. We test the hypothesis that whether offspring make a given school transition depends critically on whether their mothers and fathers have made that same transition. Using data for Taiwan and the United States, we show substantial effects of parents' transitions on offspring's transitions, even when overall levels of parents' schooling are controlled. We also examine variations in the effects of mother's and father's schooling on sons and daughters and interaction effects between parents' transitions and family size. In the United States, the effect of parents' transitions is large, pervasive and independent of the sex of parent, sex of offspring, and family resource constraints. In Taiwan this effect is mainly confined to the school attainments of fathers and its benefit goes mainly to sons. These results suggest that the presence or absence of the effects of whether parents make school transitions can provide concrete clues about variations in how educational stratification works.

Rand Corporation Labor and Population Program: "Employment Dynamics of Married Women in Europe," Pierre-Carl Michaud and Konstantinos Tatsiramos (WR-273, June 2005, .pdf format, 34p.).


The authors use eight waves from the European Community Household Panel (1994-2001) to analyze the intertemporal labor supply behaviour of married women in six European countries (Netherlands, France, Spain, Italy, Germany and United Kingdom) using dynamic binary choice models with different initial condition solutions and non parametric distributions of unobserved heterogeneity. Results are used to relate cross-country differences in the employment rate to the estimated dynamic regimes. They find that cross-country differences in the employment rate and the persistence of employment transitions of married women are mostly due to composition effects related to education and unobserved characteristics rather than state-dependence effects or the dynamic effect of fertility.

National Bureau of Economic Research:

A. "Separate When Equal? Racial Inequality and Residential Segregation," by Patrick Bayer, Hanming Fang, and Robert McMillan (Working Paper no. w11507, August 2005, .pdf format, 34p.).


In contrast to conventional wisdom, this paper identifies a powerful mechanism which can lead to persistent and even increasing residential segregation when racial differences in education and other sociodemographics narrow. We document that middle-class black neighborhoods are in short supply in many U.S. metropolitan areas, forcing highly educated blacks either to live in white neighborhoods with high amenity levels or in more black neighborhoods with lower amenity levels. A simple model then shows that increases in the proportion of highly educated blacks in a metropolitan area may lead to the emergence of new middle-class black neighborhoods, relieving the prior neighborhood supply constraint and causing increases in residential segregation. Cross- MSA evidence from the 2000 Census indicates that this mechanism does in fact operate: as the proportion of highly educated blacks in an MSA increases, so the segregation of educated blacks and blacks more generally goes up. Our empirical findings are robust and have important implications for the evolution of residential segregation.

B. "Inequality," by Edward L. Glaeser (Working Paper no. w11511, August 2005, .pdf format, 25p.).


This paper reviews five striking facts about inequality across countries. As Kuznets (1955) famously first documented, inequality first rises and then falls with income. More unequal societies are much less likely to have democracies or governments that respect property rights. Unequal societies have less redistribution, and we have little idea whether this relationship is caused by redistribution reducing inequality or inequality reducing redistribution. Inequality and ethnic heterogeneity are highly correlated, either because of differences in educational heritages across ethnicities or because ethnic heterogeneity reduces redistribution. Finally, there is much more inequality and less redistribution in the U.S. than in most other developed nations.

C. "Gender and Assimilation Among Mexican Americans," by Francine D. Blau and Lawrence M. Kahn (Working Paper no. w11512, August 2005, .pdf format, 67p.).


Using 1994-2003 CPS data, we study gender and assimilation of Mexican Americans. Source country patterns, particularly the more traditional gender division of labor in the family in Mexico, strongly influence the outcomes and behavior of Mexican immigrants. On arrival in the United States, immigrant women have a higher incidence of marriage (spouse present), higher fertility, and much lower labor supply than comparable white natives; wage differences are smaller than labor supply differences, and smaller than comparable wage gaps for men. Immigrant women's labor supply assimilates dramatically: the ceteris paribus immigrant shortfall is virtually eliminated after twenty years. While men experience moderate wage assimilation, evidence is mixed for women. Rising education in the second generation considerably reduces raw labor supply (especially for women) and wage gaps with nonhispanic whites. Female immigrants' high marriage rates assimilate towards comparable natives', but immigrant women and men remain more likely to be married even after long residence. The remaining ceteris paribus marriage gap is eliminated in the second generation. Immigrants' higher fertility does not assimilate toward the native level, and, while the size of the Mexican American- white native fertility differential declines across generations, it is not eliminated.

D. "The Impact of Child Support Enforcement on Fertility, Parental Investment and Child Well-Being," by Anna Aizer and Sara McLanahan (Working Paper no. w11522, August 2005, .pdf format, 25p.).


Increasing the probability of paying child support, in addition to increasing resources available for investment in children, may also alter the incentives faced by men to have children out of wedlock. We find that strengthening child support enforcement leads men to have fewer out-of-wedlock births and among those who do become fathers, to do so with more educated women and those with a higher propensity to invest in children. Thus, policies that compel men to pay child support may affect child outcomes through two pathways: an increase in financial resources and a birth selection process.


John F. Kennedy School of Government [Harvard University]: "Insuring Consumption and Happiness through Religious Organizations," by Rajeev Dehejia, Thomas DeLeire and Erzo F.P. Luttmer (RWP05-047, August 2005, .pdf format, 54p.).


This paper examines whether involvement with religious organizations insures an individual's stream of consumption and of happiness. Using data from the Consumer Expenditure Survey (CEX), we examine whether households who contribute to a religious organization are able to insure their consumption stream against income shocks and find strong insurance effects for whites. Using the National Survey of Families and Households (NSFH), we examine whether individuals who attend religious services are able to insure their stream of happiness against income shocks and find strong happiness insurance effects for blacks but smaller effects for whites. Overall, our results are consistent with the view that religion provides an alternative form of insurance for both whites and blacks though the mechanism by which religious organizations provide insurance to each of these groups appears to be different

Click on PDF icon for full text.

Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) [University of Bonn, Germany]:

A. "The Impact on Nutrition of the Intrahousehold Distribution of Power," by Habiba Djebbari (Discussion Paper 1701, August 2005, .pdf format, 52p.).


The distribution of income within the household is found to matter for the allocation of resources towards nutrition. Rural Mexican households do not pool income, nor do they attain a Pareto-efficient allocation of resources. In contrast to what is commonly done in the literature, I do not assume that only the head of household and his wife share the decision-making. In particular, I present a new test of the unitary model in the context of extended families, which acknowledges that any household member may participate to the decision-making as long as he or she earns some income. I find that a change in the number of income earners is associated with a change in food calorie consumption controlling for the change in household size and household income. Both the number and identities of income earners matter in the extended family. In particular, when a female household member starts earning income, food consumption increases substantively. When it is a male household member who starts earning income, it decreases substantively.

B. "Layoffs, Lemons, Race and Gender," by Luojia Hu and Christopher Taber (Discussion Paper 1702, August 2005, .pdf format, 28p.).


This paper expands on Gibbons and Katz (1991) by looking at how the difference in wage losses across plant closing and layoff varies with race and gender. We find that the differences between white males and the other groups are striking and complex. The lemons effect of layoff holds for white males as in Gibbons and Katz model, but not for the other three demographic groups (white females, black females, and black males). These three all experience a greater decline in earnings at plant closings than at layoffs. This results from two reinforcing effects. First, plant closings have substantially more negative effects on minorities than on whites. Second, layoffs seem to have more negative consequences for white men than the other groups. We also find that the relative wage losses of blacks following layoffs increased after the Civil Rights Act of 1991 which we take as suggestive of an informational effect of layoff as in Gibbons and Katz. The results are suggestive that the large losses that African Americans experience at plant closing could result from heterogeneity in taste discrimination across firms.

C. "Does Obesity Hurt Your Wages More in Dublin than in Madrid? Evidence from ECHP (European Community Household Panel), by Beatrice d'Hombres and Giorgio Brunello (Discussion Paper 1704, August 2005, .pdf format, p.).


We use data from the European Community Household Panel to investigate the impact of obesity on wages in 9 European countries, ranging from Ireland to Spain. We find that the common impact of obesity on wages is negative and statistically significant, independently of gender. Given the nature of European labor markets, however, we believe that a common impact is overly restrictive. When we allow this impact to vary across countries, we find a negative relationship between the BMI and wages in the countries of the European "olive belt" and a positive relationship in the countries of the "beer belt". We speculate that such difference could be driven by the interaction between the weather, BMI and individual (unobserved) productivity.

D. "Employment Dynamics of Married Women in Europe," by Pierre-Carl Michaud and Konstantinos Tatsiramos (Discussion Paper 1706, August 2005, .pdf format, 33p.).


We use eight waves from the European Community Household Panel (1994-2001) to analyze the intertemporal labor supply behavior of married women in six European countries (Netherlands, France, Spain, Italy, Germany and United Kingdom) using dynamic binary choice models with different initial condition solutions and non parametric distributions of unobserved heterogeneity. Results are used to relate cross-country differences in the employment rate to the estimated dynamic regimes. We find that cross-country differences in the employment rate and the persistence of employment transitions of married women are mostly due to composition effects related to education and unobserved characteristics rather than state-dependence effects or the dynamic effect of fertility.

E. "Do Women in Top Management Affect Firm Performance? A Panel Study of 2500 Danish Firms," by Nina Smith, Valdemar Smith, and Mette Verner (Discussion Paper 1708, August 2005, .pdf format, 34p.).


Corporate governance literature argues that board diversity is potentially positively related to firm performance. This study examines the relationship in the case of women in top executive jobs and on boards of directors. We use data for the 2500 largest Danish firms observed during the period 1993-­2001 and find that the proportion of women in top management jobs tends to have positive effects on firm performance, even after controlling for numerous characteristics of the firm and direction of causality. The results show that the positive effects of women in top management depend on the qualifications of female top managers.

Centre for Analysis of Social Exclusion [London School of Economics]: " Health Supplier Quality and the Distribution of Child Health," by Carol Propper, Simon Burgess, and John A. Rigg (Case 102, June 2005, .pdf format, 42p.).

There is emerging evidence to suggest that initial differentials between the health of poor and more affluent children in the UK do not widen over early childhood. One reason may be that through the universal public funded health care system all children have access to equally effective primary care providers. This paper examines this explanation. The analysis has two components. It first examines whether children from poorer families have access to general practitioners of a similar quality to children from richer families. It then examines whether the quality of primary care to which a child has access has an impact on their health at birth and on their health during early childhood. The results suggest that children from poor families do not have access to markedly worse quality primary care, and further, that the quality of primary care does not appear to have a large effect on differentials in child health in early childhood.

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JOURNAL TABLES OF CONTENTS (check your library for availability):

INGENTA Tables of Contents: INGENTA provides fee based document delivery services for selected journals.

A. Point your browser to:

B. click on "advanced search"
C. Type in your publication name and click "Exact title" radio button
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Journal of Public Health Policy (vol. 26, no. 2, 2005).


Other Journals:

American Journal of Epidemiology (Vol. 162, No. 4, Aug. 15, 2005).

European Journal of Population (Vol. 21, no. 1, 2005).

International Sociology (Vol. 20, No. 3, September 2005). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

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Vienna Institute of Demography (VID): The Vienna Institute of Demography is hosting a seminar entitled "Postponement of Chidbearing in Europe" (Dec. 1-3, 2005). "Much of the fertility decline observed across Europe over the last few decades has been attributed to postponement of childbearing to later ages. Many open questions remain: How exactly should postponement be defined and measured? What is its effect on fertility levels? How does it interact with other life course events? What are its bio-medical and socio-economic dimensions? And finally, what are the consequences and should governments intervene with adequate policies?"

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Senate Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions:

A. "Pell Grants for Kids: It Worked for Colleges. Why Not K-12?, on Examining the Use of Pell Grants for Primary School Education, Focusing on School Choice and Voucher Programs," a hearing held Jul. 15, 2004 (Senate Hearing 108-815, ASCII text and .pdf format, 89p.).

Scroll to or "find in page" "108-815" (without the quotes).

B. "Reducing Childhood Obesity: Public-Private Partnerships to Improve Nutrition and Increase Physical Activity in Children, on Examining Public-Private Partnerships to Improve Nutrition and Increase Physical Activity in Children," a hearing held Oct. 5, 2004 (Senate Hearing 108-843, ASCII text and .pdf format, 59p.).

Scroll to or "find in page" "108-843" (without the quotes).

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Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research: ICPSR at the University of Michigan has recently released the following datasets, which may be of interest to demography researchers. Note: Some ICPSR studies are available only to ICPSR member institutions. To find out whether your organization is a member, and whether or not it supports ICPSR Direct downloading, see:

Early Childhood Longitudinal Study [United States]: Birth Cohort (#4261).

National Crime Victimization Survey: School Crime Supplement, 2003 (#4182)

ICPSR's Substance Abuse and Mental Health Data Archive:

Treatment Episode Data Set (TEDS), 2003 (#4257) (ASCII data and interactive Data Analysis System (DAS)):

Click on "Download Data" and scroll to 2003 data for ASCII data, or on " Online Analysis" for DAS.

Panel Study of Income Dynamics Update: "2003 PSID Individual Data by Years Release 4," (August 1, 2005). Note: Release 4 contains corrections to several case ID's.

Census Bureau: "Preliminary Estimates of Business Ownership by Gender, Hispanic Origin, and Race: 2002," (July 2005). "The Survey of Business Owners (SBO) provides statistics that describe the composition of U.S. businesses by gender, race, and ethnicity. Additional statistics include owner's age, education level, veteran status, and primary function in the business; family- and home-based businesses; types of customers and workers; and sources of financing for expansion, capital improvements, or start-up. Economic policymakers in federal, state and local governments use the SBO data to understand conditions of business success and failure by comparing census-to-census changes in business performances and by comparing minority-/nonminority- and women-/men-owned businesses."

Press release:

Socioeconomic Data and Applications Center [Columbia University]: SEDAC announces the release of two GIS products: version 3 of the Gridded Population of the World (GPW v3) dataset and the Global Urban-Rural Mapping Project (GRUMP).

Demographic and Health Surveys: The DHS 2003 Philippines data file is now available. Registration is required prior to downloading data and documentation.

Data access:

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Jack Solock
Data Librarian--Center for Demography and Ecology
4470 Social Science
University of Wisconsin-Madison
Madison, WI 53706