Current Social Science Research Report--Health #118, June 23, 2009.

CSSRR-Social is a weekly email report produced by the Data and Information Services Center at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. It seeks to help social science researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. This report will contain selected listings of new: reports, articles, bibliographies, working papers, tables of contents, conferences, data, and websites. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:


CSSRR-Social is compiled and edited by Jack Solock and Charlie Fiss.


To CSSRR-Econ #118

To CSSRR- Sociology #118



Index to this issue:
















1. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report Article: "Alcohol and Suicide Among Racial/Ethnic Populations --- 17 States, 2005--2006," (Centers for Disease Control, Vol. 58, No. 23, June 19, 2009, .pdf and HTML format, p. 637-641).



2. Medical Expenditure Panel Survey Report: "Full-Time Poor and Low Income Workers: Demographic Characteristics and Trends in Health Insurance Coverage, 1996-97 to 2005-06," by William A. Carroll (Agency for Healthcare Quality and Research, Chartbook No. 18, June 2009, .pdf format, 70p.).

3. National Institutes of Health News Release: "As College Drinking Problems Rise, New Studies Identify Effective Prevention Strategies" (Jun. 15, 2009).

4. Congressional Budget Office Reports:

A. "Preliminary Analysis of Major Provisions Related to Health Insurance Coverage Under the Affordable Health Choices Act," (June 2009, .pdf format, 10p.).

B. "Response to Questions About Health Care Industry Stakeholders' Proposals" (June 2009, HTML and .pdf format, 3p.).

5. Department of Health and Human Services News Release: "Process Begins to Define 'Meaningful Use' of Electronic Health Records" (Jun. 16, 2009).

6. Report: "Hidden Costs of Health Care: Why Americans are Paying More but Getting Less" (June 2009, HTML and .pdf format, 3p.).

7. Department of Health and Human Services, Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation Report: "Federal Authority for Medicaid Special Needs Plans and Their Relationship to State Medicaid Programs," by Paul Saucier, Jessica Kasten and Brian Burwell (January 2009, HTML and .pdf format, 12p.).

8. Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Research Statistical Supplement Update. The following tables (Microsoft Excel format) have recently been updated: "Medicaid: 2008, tables 13.1-13.27", and "End Stage Renal Disease: 2008, tables 11.1-11.2."

9. Government Accountability Office Report: "Medicaid: Source of Screening Affects Women's Eligibility for Coverage of Breast and Cervical Cancer Treatment in Some States," (GAO-09-384 May 2009, .pdf format, 44p.).

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US States:


Louisiana Department of Health and Hospitals "Maternal and Child Health Data Indicators" Update: This page was updated on Jun. 19, 2009 (Microsoft Word format).

North Carolina:

State Center for Health Statistics Report: "2008 Child Health Assessment and Monitoring Program (CHAMP) Survey" (June 2009).

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NGO and Other Countries:


1. Department of Health and Aging Report: "The Mental Health of Australians 2: Report on the 2007 National Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing" (June 2009, .pdf format, 59p.).

2. Institute of Health and Welfare Report: "A picture of Australia's children 2009" (June 2009, .pdf format, 211p.).



Canadian Institute for Health Information/Institute canadien d'information sur la sante Report: "Hip and Knee Replacements in Canada-Canadian Joint Replacement Registry (CJRR) 2008-2009 Annual Report," (June 2009, .pdf format, 88p.). Note: CIHI/ICIS requires free registration before providing this report.



Ministry of Health, Labour, and Welfare Report Update: "Annual Health, Labour and Welfare Report 2007-2008" (2009, .pdf format). Several references were updated on Jun. 22, 2009. Scroll to the bottom of the page to access these references.



Statistics Norway News Releases: Statistics Norway News Releases: SN has updated its news releases from Jun. 17-23, 2009).



National Health Statistics Scotland Reports:

A. "Childhood immunisation uptake rates, quarter and year ending 31 March 2009" (June 2009). Click on title for link to more information.

B. "Scottish Schools Adolescent Lifestyle and Substance Use Survey" (June 2009, .pdf format, 320p.). Click on title and then "National Report 2008" for link to full text.



National Health Service Report: "Ambulance Services, England 2008-09" (June 2009, .pdf format, 33p., with tables in Microsoft Excel format).

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Employee Benefit Research Institute Issue Briefs:

A. "The 2009 Health Confidence Survey: Public Opinion on Health Reform Varies; Strong Support for Insurance Market Reform and Public Plan Option, Mixed Response to Tax Cap," by Paul Fronstin and Ruth Helman (EBRI Issue Brief No. 331, July 2009, .pdf format, 20p.).

B. "Addressing Health Care Market Reform Through an Insurance Exchange: Essential Policy Components, the Public Plan Option, and Other Issues to Consider," by Paul Fronstin and Murray N. Ross (EBRI Issue Brief No. 330, June 2009, .pdf format, 24p.).


Institute of Medicine Monograph: Depression in Parents, Parenting, and Children: Opportunities in Improve Identification, Treatment, and Prevention, edited by Mary Jane England and Leslie J. Sim (2009, OpenBook format, 382p.). Ordering information for a print or .pdf copy is available at the site.


Economist Articles:

A. "Will the blue dogs bolt? Reform advances in fits and starts" (Jun. 18, 2009).

B. "Hello again, God of Plague: Slow progress against snail-fever" (Jun. 18, 2009).


Kaiser Family Foundation "Pulling it Together": The latest "Pulling it Together," by Drew Altman, is "The Sleeper in Health Reform."


Population Reference Bureau Periodical: Population Bulletin (Vol. 64, No. 2, June 2009). The topic of this issue is: "Urban Poverty and Health in Developing Countries," by Mark R. Montgomery (June 2009, .pdf format, 16p.).


Robert Wood Johnson Foundation/Center for American Progress Report: "Efficiency and Quality: Controlling Cost Growth in Health Care Reform," by Paul B. Ginsburg (May 2009, .pdf format, 21p.).


Journal of the American Medical Association Commentary Extracts:

A. "The Science of Health Care Reform," by Robert H. Brook (Vol. 301, No. 23, Jun. 17, 2009, p. 2486-2487).

B. "Health Disparities Across the Lifespan: Where Are the Children?" by Tina L. Cheng and Renee R. Jenkins (Vol. 301, No. 23, Jun. 17, 2009, p. 2491-2492).


New England Journal of Medicine, Various

A. "Congressional Action on Health Care Reform--An Update," by John K. Iglehart (Perspective, Vol. 360, No. 25, Jun. 18, 2009, HTML and .pdf format, p. 2593-2595). This article is available free of charge.

B. "The Signature Features of Influenza Pandemics--Implications for Policy," by Mark A. Miller, Cecile Viboud, Marta Balinska, and Lone Simonsen (Perspective, Vol. 360, No. 25, Jun. 18, 2009, HTML and .pdf format, p. 2595-2598). This article is available free of charge.

C. "Rescuing the Safety Net," by Michael Spivey and Arthur L. Kellermann (Perspective, Vol. 360, No. 25, Jun. 18, 2009, p. 2598-2601). This article is available free of charge.

D. "Emergence of a Novel Swine-Origin Influenza A (H1N1) Virus in Humans," by Novel Swine-Origin Influenza A (H1N1) Virus Investigation Team (Research article, Vol. 360, No. 25, Jun. 18, 2009, HTML and .pdf format, p. 2605-2615). This article is available free of charge.

E. "Triple-Reassortant Swine Influenza A (H1) in Humans in the United States, 2005-2009," by Vivek Shinde, Carolyn B. Bridges, Timothy M. Uyeki, Bo Shu, Amanda Balish, Xiyan Xu, Stephen Lindstrom, Larisa V. Gubareva, Varough Deyde, Rebecca J. Garten, Meghan Harris, Susan Gerber, Susan Vagasky, Forrest Smith, Neal Pascoe, Karen Martin, Deborah Dufficy, Kathy Ritger, Craig Conover, Patricia Quinlisk, Alexander Klimov, Joseph S. Bresee, and Lyn Finelli (Research article, Vol. 360, No. 25, Jun. 18, 2009, HTML and .pdf format, p. 2616-2625). This article is available free of charge.

F. "H1N1 Influenza A Disease--Information for Health Professionals," by Lindsey R. Baden, Jeffrey M. Drazen, Patricia A. Kritek, Gregory D. Curfman, Stephen Morrissey, and Edward W. Campion (Editorial, Vol. 360, No. 25, Jun. 18, 2009, HTML and .pdf format, p.2666-2667). This article is available free of charge.


Lancet Article, Article Abstract. Note: Lancet requires free registration before providing articles.

A. "Prevalence, treatment, and associated disability of mental disorders in four provinces in China during 2001-05: an epidemiological survey," by Michael R Phillips, Jingxuan Zhang, Qichang Shi, Zhiqiang Song, Zhijie Ding, and Shutao Pang (Vol. 373, No. 9680, Jun. 13, 2009, HTML and .pdf format, p. 2041-2053).

B. "Financing of global health: tracking development assistance for health from 1990 to 2007," by Nirmala Ravishankar, Paul Gubbins, Rebecca J. Cooley, Katherine Leach-Kemon, Catherine M. Michaud, Dean T. Jamison, and Christopher J.L. Murray (Vol. 373, No. 9681, Jun. 20, 2009, p. 2113-2124).

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California Center for Population Research (University of California at Los Angeles): "The Impact of Adequate Prenatal Care in a Developing Country: testing the WHO recommendations," by Gissele Gajate Garrido (CCPR-2009-014, June 2009, .pdf format, 32p.).


Deficient birth outcomes entail greater mortality risks, and higher probabilities of poor future health. This study is the first statistical examination of the effect of the World Health Organizationís recommended number of prenatal care visits for developing countries on birth outcomes. This study accounts for the endogenous nature of prenatal care decisions by using an instrumental variables approach based on the accessibility of prenatal services. Using the CLHN Survey I construct a measure of prenatal care which involves both timing and intensity and that shows positive impacts for the combination of both. The results are highly robust to changes in measures of birth outcome but are only significant for urban areas. The lack of impact on rural areas could be due to the inferior quality of prenatal care services received there. This theory is corroborated when controlling directly for care quality.


National Bureau of Economic Research:

A. "The Quality of Medical Care, Behavioral Risk Factors, and Longevity Growth," by Frank R. Lichtenberg (w15068, June 2009, .pdf format, 42p.).


The rate of increase of longevity has varied considerably across U.S. states since 1991. This paper examines the effect of the quality of medical care, behavioral risk factors (obesity, smoking, and AIDS incidence), and other variables (education, income, and health insurance coverage) on life expectancy and medical expenditure using longitudinal state-level data. We examine the effects of three different measures of the quality of medical care. The first is the average quality of diagnostic imaging procedures, defined as the fraction of procedures that are advanced procedures. The second is the average quality of practicing physicians, defined as the fraction of physicians that were trained at top-ranked medical schools. The third is the mean vintage (FDA approval year) of outpatient and inpatient prescription drugs. Life expectancy increased more rapidly in states where (1) the fraction of Medicare diagnostic imaging procedures that were advanced procedures increased more rapidly; (2) the vintage of self- and provider-administered drugs increased more rapidly; and (3) the quality of medical schools previously attended by physicians increased more rapidly. States with larger increases in the quality of diagnostic procedures, drugs, and physicians did not have larger increases in per capita medical expenditure.

B. "Birth Cohort and the Black-White Achievement Gap: The Roles of Access and Health Soon After Birth," by Kenneth Y. Chay, Jonathan Guryan, and Bhashkar Mazumder (w15078, June 2009, .pdf format, 43p.).


One literature documents a significant, black-white gap in average test scores, while another finds a substantial narrowing of the gap during the 1980's, and stagnation in convergence after. We use two data sources -- the Long Term Trends NAEP and AFQT scores for the universe of applicants to the U.S. military between 1976 and 1991 -- to show: 1) the 1980's convergence is due to relative improvements across successive cohorts of blacks born between 1963 and the early 1970's and not a secular narrowing in the gap over time; and 2) the across-cohort gains were concentrated among blacks in the South. We then demonstrate that the timing and variation across states in the AFQT convergence closely tracks racial convergence in measures of health and hospital access in the years immediately following birth. We show that the AFQT convergence is highly correlated with post-neonatal mortality rates and not with neonatal mortality and low birth weight rates, and that this result cannot be explained by schooling desegregation and changes in family background. We conclude that investments in health through increased access at very early ages have large, long-term effects on achievement, and that the integration of hospitals during the 1960's affected the test performance of black teenagers in the 1980's.

C. "Modern Medicine and the 20th Century Decline in Mortality: Evidence on the Impact of Sulfa Drugs," by Seema Jayachandran, Adriana Lleras-Muney, and Kimberly V. Smith (w15089, June 2009, .pdf format, 49p.).


This paper studies the contribution of sulfa drugs, a groundbreaking medical innovation in the 1930s, to declines in U.S. mortality. For several often-fatal infectious diseases, sulfa drugs represented the first effective treatment. Using time-series and difference-in-differences methods (with diseases unaffected by sulfa drugs as a comparison group), we find that sulfa drugs led to a 25 to 40 percent decline in maternal mortality, 17 to 36 percent decline in pneumonia mortality, and 52 to 67 percent decline in scarlet-fever mortality between 1937 and 1943. Altogether, they reduced mortality by 2 to 4 percent and increased life expectancy by 0.4 to 0.8 years. We also find that sulfa drugs benefited whites more than blacks.

D. "Food Prices and the Dynamics of Body Weight," by Dana Goldman, Darius Lakdawalla, and Yuhui Zheng (w15096, June 2009, .pdf format, 35p.).


A popular policy option for addressing the growth in weight has been the imposition of a 'fat tax' on selected foods that are deemed to promote obesity. Understanding the public economics of 'fat taxes' requires an understanding of how or even whether individuals respond to changes in food prices over the long-term. We study the short- and long-run body weight consequences of changing food prices, in the Health and Retirement Study (HRS). We found very modest short-term effects of price per calorie on body weight, and the magnitudes align with the previous literature. The long-term effect is much bigger, but it takes a long time for the effect to reach the full scale. Within 30 years, a 10% permanent reduction in price per calorie would lead to a BMI increase of 1.5 units (or 3.6%). The long term effect is an increase of 1.9 units of BMI (or 4.2%). From a policy perspective, these results suggest that policies raising the price of calories will have little effect on weight in the short term, but might curb the rate of weight growth and achieve weight reduction over a very long period of time.

E. "Obesity, Self-esteem and Wages," by Naci H. Mocan and Erdal Tekin (w15101, June 2009, .pdf format, 46p.).


Obesity is associated with serious health problems, and it can generate adverse economic outcomes. We analyze a nationally-representative sample of young American adults to investigate the interplay between obesity, wages and self-esteem. Wages can be impacted directly by obesity, and they can be influenced by obesity indirectly through the channel of obesity to self-esteem to wages. We find that female wages are directly influenced by body weight, and self-esteem has an impact on wages in case of whites. Being overweight or obese has a negative impact on the self-esteem of females and of black males. The results suggest that obesity has the most significant impact on white womenís wages.


Rand Corporation: "Grossman's Missing Health Threshold," by Titus Galama and Arie Kapteyn (WR-684, May 2009, .pdf format, 42p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:


Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research:

A. "Downward mobility, unemployment and mortality," by Sunnee Billingsley (WP-2009-015, June 2009, .pdf format, 27p.).


This research offers fresh evidence 1) on the contribution of social mobility to health differentials by proposing a new link between downward mobility and health: downward mobility itself may have an immediate impact on health, above and beyond selection, origin or destination effects, and 2) on causes behind the mortality crisis in Russia by testing an innovative operationalization of the negative impact of economic crisis and transition. Specifically, downward mobility as well as unemployment are assessed in this study as possible contributors to increased risk of death from 1994-2005 in Russia. Using RLMS data and Cox proportional hazard models, the results demonstrate that men were at greater risk of mortality when they experienced downward mobility, relative to men who did not. Womenís mortality did not appear to be linked to downward mobility. Both menís and womenís risk of death substantially increased when experiencing unemployment, relative to low-mid grade workers and relative to non-participation in the labor market. Whereas the impact of downward mobility appears immediate and short-term, the impact of unemployment was longer term and not limited to the year in which unemployment occurred for men. All findings were robust to adjustment of other potentially important factors such as alcohol consumption and health status that preceded downward mobility or unemployment. This robustness suggests that selection effect alone may not be a sufficient explanation for a high risk of death.

B. "Alcohol and mortality in Ukraine," by Nataliia Levchuck (WP-2009-017, June 2009, .pdf format, 24p.).


Ukraine has experienced a long-term decline in life expectancy since the late 1960s. While spectacular improvement in longevity has been observed in Western countries, the trend in Ukraine has been accompanied by increasing or stagnating mortality. Although many studies indicate that alcohol is one of the leading contributors to low life expectancy in Eastern Europe, little is known about its impact on premature mortality in Ukraine. The aim of this study is to estimate alcohol-attributable deaths at working ages (20-64) in Ukraine. We investigate the contribution of alcohol to adult mortality between 1980 and 2007 using a new method for estimating alcohol-attributable fractions by causes of death. We also assess the public health burden of alcohol in terms of length of life losses. We find that in 2007 alcohol-related deaths constituted 40% and 22% of all deaths among adult men and women, respectively. The results also indicate that alcohol-related deaths at working ages account for approximately one-third of the male and one-fifth of the female life expectancy difference between Ukraine and western countries. Alcohol is an important public health threat in Ukraine and should be addressed by relevant measures.


Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development: "Education and Obesity in Four OECD Countries," by Franco SASSI, Marion Devaux, Jody Church, Michele Cecchini, and Francesca Borgonovi (Health Working Paper No. 46, June 2009, .pdf format, 46p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:,3425,en_2649_33929_43109752_119684_1_1_1,00.html


World Bank Policy Research Programme:

A. "Do international treaties promote development? the convention on the rights of the child and basic immunization," by Varun Gauri (WPS 4964, June 2009, ASCII text and .pdf format, 26p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:

B. "Educational and health impacts of two school feeding schemes : evidence from a randomized trial in rural Burkina Faso," by Harounan Kazianga, Damien de Walque, and Harold Alderman (WPS 4976, June 2009, ASCII text and .pdf format, 42p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:


Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) [University of Bonn, Germany]: "Fat and Out in Salerno and Province: Adolescent Obesity and Early School Leaving in Southern Italy," by Adriana Barone and Niall O'Higgins (Discussion Paper 4229, June 2009, .pdf format, 35p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:

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JOURNAL TABLES OF CONTENTS (check your library for print/electronic availability):

AIDS (Vol. 23, No. 10, June 19, 2009).

Clinical Infectious Diseases (Vol. 49, No. 2, July 15, 2009).

Medical Care (Vol. 47, Nos. 5, 6, May, June 2009

Vol. 47, No. 5:

Vol. 47, No. 6:

Occupational and Environmental Medicine (Vol. 66, No. 7, July 2009).

Public Health (Vol. 123, No. 6, June 2009).

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EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES: Agework has updated its employment page with listings through Jun. 23, 2009.


American Statistical Association: ASA has updated its employment page with listings through Jun. 23, 2009.


Chronicle of Higher Education:

Health positions has been updated through Jun. 23, 2009.

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US House Committee on Energy and Commerce, Subcommittee on Health Hearing Testimony: "Medical Devices: Are Current Regulations Doing Enough for Patients?" a hearing held June 18, 2009 (.pdf format). An audio transcript of the hearing is available at the site.

US House Committee on Energy and Commerce, Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations Hearing Testimony: "Terminations of Individual Health Policies by Insurance Companies," a hearing held Jun. 16, 2009 (.pdf format). A video transcript of this hearing is available at the site.

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Demographic and Health Survey: "Egypt DHS 2008 datasets are now available to all registered users with access to Egypt datasets."

For more information on registering to access DHS data, see:


UK Data Archive (Essex University, Colchester, UK): The UK Data Archive has recently added the following datasets to its holdings. Note: There maybe charges or licensing requirements on holdings of the UK Data Archive. For more information see:

For new data or new editions of new data in the last month:

and pick "1 month" for either.

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