Current Social Science Research Report--Health #36, October 23, 2007.

CSSRR-Health is a weekly email report produced by the Data and Information Services Center at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. It seeks to help social science researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. This report will contain selected listings of new: reports, articles, bibliographies, working papers, tables of contents, conferences, data, and websites. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:


CSSRR-Health is compiled and edited by Jack Solock and Charlie Fiss.


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Index to this issue:
















1. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report Surveillance Summary: "National Surveillance for Asthma --- United States, 1980--2004," by Jeanne E. Moorman, Rose Anne Rudd, Carol A. Johnson, Michael King, Patrick Minor, Cathy Bailey, Marissa R. Scalia, and Lara J. Akinbami (Vol. 56, SS08, October 19, 2007, .pdf format, p. 1-14, 18-54).



2. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Administration Report: "A Day in the Life of American Adolescents: Substance Use Facts" (National Survey on Drug Use and Health, October 2007, HTML and .pdf format, 5p.).

3. National Institutes of Health News Release: "Signature of a Letter of Intent between the National Institutes of Health and the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS) for the "Research Career Transition Award" Program" (Oct.22, 2007).

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US States:


Department of Public Health Reports:

A. "Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS) - 2004 Surveillance Report" (September 2007, .pdf format, 90p.).

B. "Chlamydia Cases/Rates by Illinois County 2002 - 2006" (October 2007)


Department of Health and Hospitals Reports:

A. "2004 Vital Statistics Data Tables" (October 2007, .pdf format).

B. "Maternal and Child Health Data Indicators" (latest indicators are for 2002-2004, October 2007, Microsoft Word format).


Department of Health and Human Services Report: "Lifespan Health Services - Office of Women and Menís Health Annual Report 2006-2007" (October 2007, .pdf format, 27p.).

New Jersey:

Department of Health and Senior Services Reports:

A. "2004 Municipality-Level Deaths by Selected Characteristics" (October 2007, .pdf and Microsoft Excel format, 36p.).

B. "Municipality-Level Infant and Fetal Mortality: 2004: (October 2007, .pdf and Microsoft Excel format, 9p.).

North Carolina:

State Center for Health Statistics Report: "Reported Pregnancies 2006" (October 2007, .pdf and rich text [.rtf] format).

North Dakota:

State Data Center Periodical, Report:

A. Economic Brief (Vol. 16, No. 10, October 2007, .pdf format, 3p.). The topic of this month's issue is: "Health Insurance Coverage Status of Children Ages 0 to 17: 2004 to 2006."

B. "Environmental Health Survey for Central and Western Minnesota: June 2007 Survey Results" (September 2007, .pdf format, 109p.).


This report presents detailed results of the 2007 Collaborative Assessment for Eight Central and Western Minnesota Counties presenting attitudes and perceptions regarding environmental health and emergency preparedness issues.

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NGO and Other Countries:

United Nations:

1. World Health Organization Monograph: The effectiveness of health impact assessment. Scope and limitations of supporting decision-making in Europe, edited by Matthias Wismar, Julia Blau, Kelly Ernst and Josep Figueras (2007, .pdf format, 291p.).

2. Research Institute for Social Development International Symposium Report:"Equitable Access to Health Care and Infectious Disease Control: Concepts, Measurement and Interventions: Report of an International Symposium, 13-15 February 2006, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil." Note: UNRISD requires free registration before providing this report.,travassos&fromsearch=yes&query=travassos



Australian Institute of Health and Welfare Report:

A. "Assisted Reproduction Technology in Australia and New Zealand 2005," by Yueping Alex Wang, Jishan Dean, and Elizabeth A Sullivan (Assisted Reproduction Technology Series No. 11, September 2007, .pdf format, 56p.).

B. "Australian asthma indicators: five year review of asthma monitoring in Australia," by Patricia Correll, Guy Marks, Leanne Poulos, and Anne-Marie Waters (October 2007, .pdf format, 40p.).



Canadian Center for Health Information/Institut Canadien d'information sur la sante Report: "Understanding Emergency Department Wait Times: Access to Inpatient Beds and Patient Flow," (October 2007, .pdf format, 58p.).



Statistics Netherlands Web Magazine Article: "Fewer deaths due to milder climate," by Joop Garssen and Carel Harmsen (Oct. 18, 2007).



Statistics Norway News Release: "Causes of death, 2005" (Oct. 19, 2007). The news release links to 17 topical tables.



1. Department of Health Report: "Health profile of England 2007" (October 2007, .pdf format, 88p.).

2. Department for Work and Pensions Research Reports:

A. "Disability and caring among families with children," by Stephen McKay and Adele Atkinson (Research Report 460, October 2007, .pdf format, 64p.).

B. "Health, disability, caring and employment," by Adele Atkinson, Andrea Finney and Stephen McKay (Research Report 461, October 2007, .pdf format, 105p.).

3. National Statistics Office Report: "Mortality Statistics: General" (Series 238, 2005, .pdf format, 105p.).

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Kaiser Family Foundation Reports, Primer, Factsheet:

A. "NPR (National Public Radio)/Kaiser/Harvard Survey: Public Views on SCHIP Reauthorization" (October 2007, .pdf format, Chartpack, 19p., Toplines, 12p.).

B. "States Moving Toward Comprehensive Health Care Reform" (October 2007).

C. "The Uninsured: A Primer" (Kaiser Commission on Medicaid and the Uninsured, October 2007, .pdf format, 39p., with accompanying data tables, .pdf format, 28p.).

D. "The Uninsured and Their Access to Health Care" (Kaiser Commission on Medicaid and the Uninsured Fact Sheet, October 2007, .pdf format, 2p.).


Population Reference Bureau Article: "Unmet Need for Family Planning Persists in Developing Countries," by Sara Maki (October 2007).


Urban Institute Report: "Can the President's Health Care Tax Proposal Serve as an Effective Substitute for SCHIP Expansion?" by Linda J. Blumberg (October 2007, .pdf format, 6p.).


Commonwealth Fund Report: "A Roadmap to Health Insurance for All: Principles for Reform," by Sara R. Collins,, Cathy Schoen,, Karen Davis, Anne K. Gauthier, and Stephen C. Schoenbaum (October 2007, .pdf format, 50p.).


Manhattan Institute Report: "Comparing Public and Private Health Insurance: Would A Single-Payer System Save Enough to Cover the Uninsured?" by Benjamin Zycher (Medical Progress Report No. 5, October 2007, .pdf format, 25p.).

Click on "MPR 05 PDF" on the right side of the page for link to full text.

More information about MI:


Family Health International Periodical: Youth InfoNet (No. 38, Sept. 2007, HTML and .pdf format).

More information on FHI:


National Women's Law Center Report: "National Report Card on Women's Health" (2007).


Institute of Medicine Monograph: Informing the Future: Critical Issues in Health, Fourth Edition (National Academy Press, 2007, OpenBook and .pdf format, 114p.). Ordering information for a print copy is available at the site. Note: NAP requires free registration before providing the .pdf version.


Time Article: "The Problem with Transfusions," by Alice Park (Oct. 11, 2007).,9171,1670523,00.html


Journal of the American Medical Association Article Abstract: "Invasive Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus Infections in the United States," by R. Monina Klevens, Melissa A. Morrison, Joelle Nadle, Susan Petit. Ken Gershman, Susan Ray, Lee H. Harrison, Ruth Lynfield, Ghinwa Dumyati, John M. Townes, Allen S. Craig, Elizabeth R. Zell, Gregory E. Fosheim, Linda K. McDougal, Roberta B. Carey, Scott K. Fridkin (Vol. 298, No. 15, Oct. 17, 2007, p. 1763-1771).


British Medical Journal, Various:

A. "Health in developing countries: Who cares for baby?" by Hannah Brown (Feature extract, Vol. 335, No. 7624, p. 798-800).

B. "Effect of prolonged and exclusive breast feeding on risk of allergy and asthma: cluster randomised trial," by Michael S. Kramer, Lidia Matush, Irina Vanilovich, Robert Platt, Natalia Bogdanovich, Zinaida Sevkovskaya, Irina Dzikovich, Gyorgy Shishko, Bruce Mazer, the Promotion of Breastfeeding Intervention Trial (PROBIT) Study Group (Vol. 335, No. 7624, October 20, 2007, HTML and .pdf format, p. 815-818). This article is available free of charge.


Lancet, Various. Note: Lancet requires free registration before providing content.

A. The Oct. 13, 2007 issue (Vol. 370, No. 9595) is a special issue on maternal mortality.

B. "The fight for children's health in the USA" (Editorial, Vol. 370, No. 9596, Oct. 20, 2007, HTML and .pdf format, p. 1394). This article is available free of charge.

C. "Health in the West Bank," by Sharmila Devi (World Report, Vol. 370, No. 9596, Oct. 20, 2007, HTML and .pdf format, p. 1405-1406). This article is available free of charge.


Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health's Center for Communication Programs Compendium: Info for Health Pop. Reporter (Vol. 7, No. 40, Oct. 22, 2007). "The Johns Hopkins University Population Information Program delivers the reproductive health and family planning news you need. Each week our research staff prepares an electronic magazine loaded with links to key news stories, reports, and related developments around the globe."

Note: January 2004 - present Pop. Reporter is available via CD-ROM. Contact Peggy D'Adamo at with your request and complete mailing address.

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Carolina Population Center MEASURE Evaluation: "Matching the gold standard: Evidence from a social experiment in Nicaragua," by Sudhanshu Handa and John A. Maluccio (WP-07-100, October 2007, .pdf format, 39p.).


We compare non-experimental impact estimates using propensity score matching with those from a social experiment to determine whether this non-experimental approach can 'match' the gold standard. The social experiment we use was carried out to evaluate a conditional cash transfer program implemented in Nicaragua in 2000. The outcomes we assess include total and food expenditure and a variety of childrenís health outcomes including vaccinations, morbidity, and breast feeding. We find that PSM does better at replicating the benchmark for individual outcomes but does poorly for expenditure outcomes. Judicious choice of sample improves the performance of PSM for all outcomes. A more detailed analysis of the components of expenditures shows the degree of bias is related to the importance of the item in the household budget and persists even when differences in prices and consumption habits are controlled for by comparing households from the same geographic region. The PSM technique seems most promising for evaluating individual, and easily measured outcomes, such as those related to child schooling and health, but less so for more complex outcomes such as expenditures.


National Bureau of Economic Research:

A. "Childhood Disadvantage and Obesity: Is Nurture Trumping Nature?" by Patricia M. Anderson, Kristin F. Butcher, and Diane Whitmore Schanzenbach (w13479, October 2007, .pdf format, 50p.).


Obesity has been one of the fastest growing health concerns among children, particularly among disadvantaged children. For children overall, obesity rates have tripled from 5% in the early 1970s to about 15% by the early 2000s. For disadvantaged children, obesity rates are closer to 20%. In this paper, we first examine the impact of various measures of disadvantage on children's weight outcomes over the past 30 years, finding that the disadvantaged have gained weight faster. Over the same period, adult obesity rates have grown, and we expect parental obesity to be closely tied to children's obesity, for reasons of both nature and nurture. Thus, examining changes in the parent-child correlation in BMI should give us some insight into the ways in which the environment that parents and children share has affected children's body mass, or into how the interaction of genes and environment has changed. We find that the elasticity between mothers' and children's BMI has increased since the 1970s, suggesting that shared genetic-environmental factors have become more important in determining obesity. Despite the faster weight gain for the disadvantaged, there appears to be no clear difference for by disadvantaged group in either the parent-child elasticity or in identifiable environmental factors. On average, the increases in parents' BMI between the early 1970s and the early 2000s can explain about 37 percent of the increase in children's BMI. Although common environmental/genetic factors play a larger role now than in earlier time periods, child specific environments such as schools and day care play a potentially important role in determining children's health status.

B. "Overweight in Adolescents: Implications for Health Expenditures," by Alan C. Monheit, Jessica P. Vistnes, and Jeannette A. Rogowski (w13488, October 2007, .pdf format, 49p.).


We consider two compelling research questions raised by the increased prevalence of overweight among adolescents. First, what factors explain variation in adolescent bodyweight and the likelihood of being overweight? Next, do overweight adolescents incur greater health care expenditures compared to those of normal weight? We address the former question by examining the contribution of individual characteristics, economic factors, parental and family attributes, and neighborhood characteristics to variation in these bodyweight outcomes. For the second question, we estimate a two-part, generalized linear model of health spending. Using data from the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey, our econometric analyses indicate that adolescent bodyweight and the likelihood of being overweight are strongly associated with parental bodyweight, parental education, parental smoking behavior, and neighborhood attributes such as the availability of fresh food markets and convenience/snack food outlets, and neighborhood safety and material deprivation. Our expenditure model indicates that overweight females have annual expenditures that exceed those of normal weight by nearly $800 with part of the disparity explained by differences in mental health expenditures. We use both sets of empirical results to draw implications for policies to address adolescent overweight.

C. "Wages, Violence and Health in the Household," by Anna Aizer (w13494, October 2007, .pdf format, 38p.).


Three quarters of all violence against women is perpetrated by domestic partners. I study both the economic causes and consequences of domestic violence. I find that decreases in the male-female wage gap reduce violence against women, consistent with a household bargaining model. The relationship between the wage gap and violence suggests that reductions in violence may provide an alternative explanation for the well-established finding that child health improves when mothers control a greater share of the household resources. Using instrumental variable and propensity score techniques to control for selection into violent relationships, I find that violence against pregnant women negatively affects the health of their children at birth. This work sheds new light on the health production process as well as observed income gradients in health and suggests that in addition to addressing concerns of equity, pay parity can also improve the health of American women and children via reductions in violence.

D. "The Welfare Effects of Public Drug Insurance," by Darius Lakdawalla and Neeraj Sood (w13501, October 2007, .pdf format, 35p.).


Rewarding inventors with inefficient monopoly power has long been regarded as the price of encouraging innovation. Public prescription drug insurance escapes that trade-off and achieves an elusive goal: lowering static deadweight loss, while simultaneously encouraging dynamic investments in innovation. As a result of this feature, the public provision of drug insurance can be welfare-improving, even for risk-neutral and purely self-interested consumers. In spite of its relatively low benefit levels, the Medicare Part D benefit generate $3.5 billion of annual static deadweight loss reduction, and at least $2.8 billion of annual value from extra innovation. These two components alone cover 87% of the social cost of publicly financing the benefit. The analysis of static and dynamic efficiency also has implications for policies complementary to a drug benefit: in the context of public monopsony power, some degree of price-negotiation by the government is always strictly welfare-improving, but this should often be coupled with extensions in patent length.

E. "The Income Gradient in Children's Health: A Comment on Currie, Shields and Wheatley Price," by Anne Case, Diana Lee, and Christina Paxson (w13495, October 2007, .pdf format, 16p.).


This paper reexamines differences found between income gradients in American and English children's health, in results originally published by Case, Lubotsky and Paxson (2002) for the US, and by Currie, Shields and Wheatley Price (2007) for England. We find that, when the English sample is expanded by adding three years of data, and is compared to American data from the same time period, the income gradient in children's health increases with age by the same amount in the two countries. In addition, we find that Currie, Shields and Wheatley Price's measures of chronic conditions from the Health Survey of England were incorrectly coded. Using correctly coded data, we find that the effects of chronic conditions on health status are larger in the English sample than in the American sample, and that income plays a larger role in buffering children's health from the effects of chronic conditions in England. We find no evidence that the British National Health Service, with its focus on free services and equal access, prevents the association between health and income from becoming more pronounced as children grow older.


United Nations Children's Fund Innocenti Research Centre: "Child Mortality and Injury in Asia: Policy and Programme Implications," by Michael Linnan, Morten Giersing, Huan Linnan, Ross Cox, Mehr Khan Williams, Christian Voumard, and Rodney Hatfield (IWP-2007-07, October 2007, .pdf format, 17p.).

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JOURNAL TABLES OF CONTENTS (check your library for availability):

AIDS (Vol. 21, No. 16, October 2007).

Epidemiology (Vol. 18, No. 6, November 2007).

International Journal of Epidemiology (Vol. 36, No. 5, October 2007). Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

Medical Care (Vol. 45, No. 11, November 2007).

Occupational and Environmental Medicine (Vol. 64, No. 11, November 2007).

Public Health Reports (Vol. 122, No. 6, November/December 2007). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

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"18th EIA World Congress of Epidemiology/12th Brazilian Congress of Epidemiology," to be held Sep. 20-24, 2008 in Porto Alegre, Brazil. For more information see:

A call for abstracts has been issued. Click on "Abstracts" on the left side of the page for more information.

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Academy Health: Academy Health's employment page has been updated with opportunities from Oct. 16 - Oct. 23, 2007).


American Statistical Association: ASA has updated its employment page with listings from Oct. 16 - Oct. 23, 2007).

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US House Committee on Education and Labor Hearing Testimony: "Cases of Child Neglect and Abuse at Private Residential Treatment Facilities," a hearing held Oct. 10, 2007 (.pdf format).

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