Current Social Science Research Report--Health #57, April 1, 2008.

CSSRR-Health is a weekly email report produced by the Data and Information Services Center at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. It seeks to help social science researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. This report will contain selected listings of new: reports, articles, bibliographies, working papers, tables of contents, conferences, data, and websites. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:


CSSRR-Health is compiled and edited by Jack Solock and Charlie Fiss.


To CSSRR-Econ #57

To CSSRR-Soc #57



Index to this issue:

















1. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report Article: "Hospitalization Discharge Diagnoses for Kidney Disease --- United States, 1980--2005," (Centers for Disease Control, Vol. 57, No. 12, March 28, 2008, .pdf and HTML format, p. 309-312).



2. Centers for Disease Control Compendium, Surveillance Report:

A. Atlas of Stroke Hospitalizations Among Medicare Beneficiaries, by Michele L. Casper, Janet B. Croft, David S. Nilasena, and Isaac A. Nwalse (2008, .pdf format, 192p.).

B. "HIV/AIDS Surveillance Report: "Cases of HIV infection and AIDS in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2006" (Vol. 18, March 2008, .pdf format, 55p.).

C. "HIV/AIDS in the United States" (Factsheet, updated, March 2008, HTML and .pdf format, 2p.).

3. Department of Health and Human Services, Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation Report: "Developmental Status and Early Intervention Service Needs of Maltreated Children," by Richard P. Barth, E. Christopher Lloyd, Cecilia Casanueva, Anita A. Scarborough, Jan L. Losby, and Tammy Mann (April 2008, .pdf format, 67p.).

4. National Center for Health Statistics Report: "Early Releases of Selected Estimates from the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS). The latest releases are: "Health Insurance Coverage: Estimates from the National Health Interview Survey, January-September 2007 (March 2008), and "Based on Data From the January-September 2007 National Health Interview Survey" (March 2008, .pdf format).

5. Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration Report: "Substance Use and Dependence Following Initiation of Alcohol or Illicit Drug Use," (National Survey on Drug Use and Health, March 2008, HTML and .pdf format, 4p.).

6. Government Accountability Office Report: "Health Insurance: Most College Students Are Covered through Employer-Sponsored Plans, and Some Colleges and States Are Taking Steps to Increase Coverage," (GAO-08-389, March 2008, .pdf format, 46p.).

Return to top


US States:

North Carolina:

Center for Health Statistics Vital Statistics Publications Updates: CHS has added publication updates for all of its annual publications (through 2006) and annual updates for 2005 and 2006 for "North Carolina Resident Live Births by Selected Risk Factors and Characteristics" to its website. Data is in HTML or .pdf format.

Rhode Island:

Department of Health Report: "Hospital Net Uncompensated Care 2006," by Bruce Cryan (March 2008, .pdf format, 17p.).

South Dakota:

Department of Health Report: "School Height and Weight Report For South Dakota Students: 2006-2007 School Year" (February 2008, .pdf format, 32p.).

Related news release: "South Dakota’s percentage of overweight students drops" (Mar. 28, 2008).

Return to top


NGO and Other Countries:

United Nations:

World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe Monograph: Pharmaceutical policies in Finland: challenges and opportunities by Elias Mossialos and Divya Srivastava (2008, .pdf format 141p.).



Institute of Health and Welfare Reports:

A. "Diabetes: Australian facts 2008," (Diabetes series no. 8, March 2008, .pdf format, 119p.).

B. "Key national indicators of children's health, development and wellbeing: indicator framework of 'A picture of Australia's children 2009'," (AIHW Bulletin No. 58, April 2008, .pdf format, 28p.).



Canadian Institute for Health Information/Institute canadien d'information sur la sante Report: "The Cost of Hospital Stays: Why Costs Vary," (March 2008, .pdf format, 62p.).



Directorate of Health Reports (Microsoft Excel format):

A. "Induced abortions 1982-2006" (March 2008).

B. "Induced abortions 1961-2006" (March 2008).

Both tables are in Icelandic and English.



Department of Health and Children/Ann Roinn Slainte Agus Leanai News Release: "More Medical Cards in Every Region - The Minister for Health and Children, Mary Harney, T.D., today (11th March, 2008) published new data showing that the number of people with Medical Cards and GP Visit cards was up in every region of the country since January 2006" (Mar. 11, 2008).



Ministry of Health and Welfare Report: "Outline of the Sixth Longitudinal Survey of Babies in 21st Century" (March 2008).



Statistics Netherlands Web Magazine Articles:

A. "Proportion of uninsured not above average in all special-attention areas" (Mar. 27, 2008).

B. "No recovery for wild mushroom population," by Lodewijk van Duuren and Mirjam Veerkamp (Apr. 1, 2008).

C. "Fewer stroke and prostate cancer patients die within one year after their first hospitalisation," by Gerard Verweij and Agnes de Bruin (Apr. 1, 2008).



ISD Report: "Childhood Hospital Admissions & Mortality" (March 2008, HTML format, with tables in Microsoft Excel format).



1. Department of Health Report: "Trends in children and young people's care: Emergency admission statistics, 1996/97 - 2006/07, England" (March 2008, .pdf format, 25p.).

2. Health Protection Agency Press Release: "HIV epidemic among gay men continues: Annual figures for new HIV diagnoses in UK released for 2007" (Mar. 28, 2008). At the bottom of the press release there is a link to "HIV new diagnoses surveillance tables" (.pdf format, 20p, with an accompanying slide show [HTML and Microsoft PowerPoint format, 7 slides[).

Return to top



Kaiser Family Foundation Fact Sheets:

A. "Women's Health Insurance Coverage Fact Sheet" (December 2007, .pdf format, 2p.).

B. "Health Insurance Coverage of Women Ages 18 to 64, by State, 2005-2006" (December 2007, .pdf format, 2p.).


Allen Guttmacher Institute Report: "State Government Innovation in the Design and Implementation of Medicaid Family Planning Expansions," by Adam Sonfield, Casey Alrich and Rachel Benson Gold (March 2008, .pdf format, 27p.).


AARP Research Reports:

A. "Does It Make You Sick? Public Opinion on Health Care Quality in New Jersey," by Katherine Bridges (March 2008, .pdf format, 15p.).

B. "Ready for Change: Opinions on Health Care Reform in New Jersey," by Katherine Bridges (March 2008, .pdf format, 23p.).

Both are available at:


Nation Article: "Cautionary Healthcare Tales From California and Massachusetts," by Trudy Lieberman (Mar. 25, 2008).


Cambridge Press Monograph: Gender and Health: The Effects of Constrained Choices and Social Policies by Chloe E. Bird and Patricia P. Rieker (2008, ISBN-13: 9780521682800, 272p.). For more information, including ordering information see:


Journal of American Medical Association Article Abstract: "Association of Preterm Birth With Long-term Survival, Reproduction, and Next-Generation Preterm Birth," by Geeta K. Swamy, Truls Østbye and Rolv Skjærven (Vol.299, No.12, March 26, 2008, p. 1429-1436).


New England Journal of Medicine, Various:

A. "Spreading the Safety Net--Obstacles to the Expansion of Community Health Centers," by John K. Iglehart (Perspective, Vol. 358, No. 13, Mar. 27, 2008, HTML and .pdf format, p. 1321-1323). This article is available free of charge.

B. "In Search of New Ideas for Global Health," by Tadataka Yamada Perspective, Vol. 358, No. 13, Mar. 27, 2008, HTML and .pdf format, p. 1324-1325). This article is available free of charge.

C. "Taking Your Child's Breath Away--The Extension of Asthma's Global Reach," by Eva C. Mantzouranis (Vol. 358, No. 12, Mar. 20, 2008, HTML and .pdf format, p. 1211-1213). This article is available free of charge.


Lancet, Various: Note: Lancet requires free registration before providing content.

A. "Emergence of levofloxacin-non-susceptible Streptococcus pneumoniae and treatment for multidrug-resistant tuberculosis in children in South Africa: a cohort observational surveillance study," by Anne von Gottberg, Keith P. Klugman, Cheryl Cohen, Nicole Wolter, Linda de Gouveia, Mignon du Plessis, Ruth Mpembe, Vanessa Quan, Andrew Whitelaw, Rena Hoffmann, Nelesh Govender, Susan Meiring, Anthony M. Smith, and Stephanie Schrag for the Group for Enteric, Respiratory and Meningeal Disease Surveillance in South Africa (Vol. 371, No. 9618, Mar. 29, 2008, HTML and .pdf format, p. 1108-1113). This article is available free of charge.

B. "Anaesthesia in developing countries--a risk for patients," by Isabeau A. Walker, and Iain H. Wilson (Comment, Vol. 371, No. 9618, Mar. 22, 2008, HTML and .pdf format, p. 968-969). This article is available free of charge.

C. "Leprosy strategy is about control, not eradication," by Cairns Smith and Jan Hendrik Richardus (Comment, Vol. 371, No. 9618, Mar. 22, 2008, HTML and .pdf format, p. 969-970). This article is available free of charge.

D. "Is climate change affecting dengue in the Americas?" by Eliza Barclay (World Report, Vol. 371, No. 9618, Mar. 22, 2008, HTML and .pdf format, p. 973-974). This article is available free of charge.


Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health's Center for Communication Programs Compendium: Info for Health Pop. Reporter (Vol. 8, No. 13, Mar. 31, 2008). "The Johns Hopkins University Population Information Program delivers the reproductive health and family planning news you need. Each week our research staff prepares an electronic magazine loaded with links to key news stories, reports, and related developments around the globe."

Note: January 2004 - present Pop. Reporter is available via CD-ROM. Contact Peggy D'Adamo at with your request and complete mailing address.

Return to top



National Bureau of Economic Research:

A. "Is Medicine an Ivory Tower? Induced Innovation, Technological Opportunity, and For-Profit vs. Non-Profit Innovation," by Jay Bhattacharya and Mikko Packalen (w13862, March 2008, .pdf format, 55p.).


This paper examines whether the composition of medical research responds to changes in disease incidence and research opportunities. The paper also provides new evidence on induced pharmaceutical innovation. In both cases we use the change in the demographic structure of the market (measured by age structure and obesity prevalence) to test the induced innovation hypothesis. Technological opportunity is calculated from estimates of structural productivity parameters. The extent of inventive activity is measured from the MEDLINE database on 16 million biomedical publications. We match these data with data on disease incidence. We show that medical research responds to changes in disease incidence and research opportunities. We also find that pharmaceutical innovation responds to aging- and obesity-induced changes in potential market size.

B. "The Other Ex-Ante Moral Hazard in Health," by Jay Bhattacharya and Mikko Packalen (w13863, March 2008, .pdf format, 50p.).


It is well known that public or pooled insurance coverage can induce a form of ex-ante moral hazard: people make inefficiently low investments in self-protective activities. This paper points out another ex-ante moral hazard that arises through an induced innovation externality. This alternative mechanism, by contrast, causes people to devote an inefficiently high level of self-protection.

As an empirical example of this externality, we analyze the innovation induced by the obesity epidemic. Obesity is associated with an increase in the incidence of many diseases. The induced innovation hypothesis is that an increase in the incidence of a disease will increase technological innovation specific to that disease. The empirical economics literature has produced substantial evidence in favor of the induced innovation hypothesis.

We first estimate the associations between obesity and disease incidence. We then show that if these associations are causal and the pharmaceutical reward system is optimal the magnitude of the induced innovation externality of obesity roughly coincides with the Medicare-induced health insurance externality of obesity. The current Medicare subsidy for obesity therefore appears to be approximately optimal. We also show that the pattern of diseases for obese and normal weight individuals are similar enough that the induced innovation externality of obesity on normal weight individuals is positive as well.

C. "Differences in Breast Cancer Diagnosis and Treatment:Experiences of Insured and Uninsured Patients in a Safety Net Setting," by Cathy J. Bradley, David Neumark, Lisa M. Shickle, and Nicholas Farrell (w13875, March 2008, .pdf format, 19p.).


To explore how well the safety net performs at eliminating differences in diagnosis and treatment of insured and uninsured women with breast cancer, we compared insured and uninsured women treated in a safety net setting. Controlling for socioeconomic characteristics, uninsured women are more likely to be diagnosed with advanced disease, requiring more extensive treatment relative to insured women, and also experience delays in initiating and completing treatment. The findings suggest that, despite the safety net system, uninsured women with breast cancer are likely to require more costly treatment and to have worse outcomes, relative to insured women with breast cancer.

D. "Health Care Financing, Efficiency, and Equity," by Sherry A. Glied (w13881, March 2008, .pdf format, 32p.).


This paper examines the efficiency and equity implications of alternative health care system financing strategies. Using data across the OECD, I find that almost all financing choices are compatible with efficiency in the delivery of health care, and that there has been no consistent and systematic relationship between financing and cost containment. Using data on expenditures and life expectancy by income quintile from the Canadian health care system, I find that universal, publicly-funded health insurance is modestly redistributive. Putting $1 of tax funds into the public health insurance system effectively channels between $0.23 and $0.26 toward the lowest income quintile people, and about $0.50 to the bottom two income quintiles. Finally, a review of the literature across the OECD suggests that the progressivity of financing of the health insurance system has limited implications for overall income inequality, particularly over time.

E. "Universal Public Health Insurance and Private Coverage: Externalities in Health Care Consumption," by Sherry A. Glied (w13885, March 2008, .pdf format, 25p.).


Inequality in access to health care services, through private purchase, appears to pose policy challenges greater than inequality in other spheres. This paper explores how inequality in access to health care services relates to social welfare. I examine the sources of private demand for health insurance and the ramifications of this demand for health, for patterns for government spending on health care services, and for individual and social well-being. Finally, I evaluate the implications of a health tax as a response to the externalities of health service consumption, and provide a rough measure of the tax in the context of the Canadian publicly-financed health care system.


Institute of Behavioral Science [University of Colorado-Boulder]: "Polygyny and HIV in Malawi," by Georges Reniers and Rania Tfaily (POP2008-06, March 2008, .pdf format, 22p.).


We review HIV prevalence rates among individuals in monogamous and polygynous marriages in Malawi and disentangle the process that leads to higher HIV prevalence in polygynous than in monogamous unions. We are interested in two processes: first we assess whether men and women in polygynous unions more often engage in risky sexual behavior, and secondly we evaluate the selection of HIV positive women into polygynous unions.


Australian Institute of Health and Welfare: "Alcohol and other drug treatment services NMDS [National Minimum Data Set] specifications 2008-09: data dictionary, collection guidelines and validation processes," (March 2008,.pdf format, 187p.).

Return to top


JOURNAL TABLES OF CONTENTS (check your library for availability):

American Journal of Epidemiology (Vol. 167, No. 7, Apr. 1, 2008).

American Journal of Public Health (Vol. 98, No. 4, April 2008). Note: Full electronic text of this journals is available in the ProQuest Research Library and the EBSCO Host Academic Search Elite Database. Check your library for the availability of these databases and this issue.

Environmental Health Perspectives (Vol. 116, No. 4, April 2008). Note: Full electronic text of this journals is available in the EBSCO Host Academic Search Elite Database. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

Journal of Environmental Health (Vol. 70, No. 8, April 2008, .pdf format, 1p.). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library and the EBSCO Host Academic Search Elite Database. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

Medical Care (Vol. 46, No. 4, April 2008).

Public Health Reports (Vol. 123, No. 2, March/April 2008). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

Return to top



Carolina Population Center MEASURE Evaluation: "The MEASURE Evaluation Project is pleased to announce a regional workshop on "Impact Evaluation of Population, Health and Nutrition Programs," for Spanish speaking professionals. The workshop is sponsored by the Instituto Nacional de Salud Pública (INSP), Cuernavaca, México in collaboration with MEASURE Evaluation. The three-week course will be held July 21 - August 8, 2008 in Cuernavaca, Mexico."


International Conference on Emerging Infectious Diseases 2008 Slide Sessions and Poster Abstracts" (March 2008, .pdf format, 262p.).

Return to top


EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES: Academy Health updated its listings through Mar. 27, 2008.

------------------------------------------------------------------------- AgeWork has updated its employment page with listings through Apr. 1, 2008.


American Statistical Association: ASA has updated its employment page with listings through Apr. 1, 2008.

Return to top



US House Education and Labor Committee Hearing Publication: "Using School Wellness Plans to Help Fight Childhood Obesity," a hearing held May 10, 2007 (Serial Publication 110-33, .pdf format, 67p.).

Return to top



US Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality: "2007 State Snapshots," (March 2008). "The State Snapshots provide State-specific health care quality information, including strengths, weaknesses, and opportunities for improvement. The goal is to help State officials and their public- and private-sector partners better understand health care quality and disparities in their State."


US Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services: "The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS), part of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), today posted new survey information at the Hospital Compare consumer Web site offering consumers more insight about the hospitals in their communities." (March 2008). See the DHHS press release at:

Hospital Compare site:


National Center for Health Statistics:

A. National Health Interview Survey: NCHS has released the 1993 NHIS Family Resources Supplement at its NHIS site. (self decompressing [.exe] ASCII text format, with documentation in .pdf format, and SAS input statements in ASCII text format).

Click on "Datasets."

B. "Additional Imputation Flags, National Health Interview Survey Family Resources Supplements, 1993-1996" (self decompressing [.exe] ASCII text format, with documentation in .pdf format, and SAS input statements in ASCII text format).

Return to top