Current Social Science Research Report--Health #63, May 13, 2008.

CSSRR-Health is a weekly email report produced by the Data and Information Services Center at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. It seeks to help social science researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. This report will contain selected listings of new: reports, articles, bibliographies, working papers, tables of contents, conferences, data, and websites. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:


CSSRR-Health is compiled and edited by Jack Solock and Charlie Fiss.


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Index to this issue:

















1. National Center for Health Statistics Health E-Stats:

A. "Health Disparities Among Adults With Hearing Loss: United States, 2000-2006,' by Charlotte A. Schoenborn and Kathleen Heyman (May 2008).

B. "Sleep Duration as a Correlate of Smoking, Alcohol Use, Leisure-Time Physical Inactivity, and Obesity Among Adults: United States, 2004-2006," by Charlotte A. Schoenborn and Patricia F. Adams (May 2008).

2. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report Articles:

A. "Awareness of Stroke Warning Symptoms --- 13 States and the District of Columbia, 2005," (Centers for Disease Control, Vol. 57, No. 18, May 9, 2008, .pdf and HTML format, p. 481-485).

B. "Arthritis as a Potential Barrier to Physical Activity Among Adults with Diabetes --- United States, 2005 and 2007," (Centers for Disease Control, Vol. 57, No. 18, May 9, 2008, .pdf and HTML format, p. 486-489).

.pdf of full issue:

3. National Institutes of Health News Releases:

A. "Mental Disorders Cost Society Billions in Unearned Income" (May 7, 2008).

B. "Mothers' High Normal Blood Sugar Levels Place Infants at Risk for Birth Problems" (May 7, 2008).

4. Centers for Disease Control Press Release, Slide Set Update:

A. "Falls a Leading Cause of Injury-Related Emergency Department Visits for Infants Each Year, CDC Study Shows" (May 6, 2008).

B. "HIV/AIDS Surveillance by Race/Ethnicity (through 2006)" (May 2008, .pdf, Microsoft PowerPoint, and Macromedia Flash format).

HIV/AIDS surveillance slide sets:

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US States:


Department of Health Report: "2006 Statistical Report of Abortions" (January 2008, .pdf format, 14p.).


State Department of Health Website: "Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System IQ" (BRFSS-IQ) (May 2008). "What percent of people smoke in my county? How many people are overweight? What percent of people binge drink? These questions, and many others related to behaviors can be answered on the Department of Health’s new Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System’s (BRFSS-IQ) web site."

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NGO and Other Countries:


National Health Service Scotland Report: "Breastfeeding Statistics" (May 2008, .pdf format).

Click on "Breastfeeding Statistics" and follow the links to full text.


South Africa:

Department of Health News Release: "DA (Democratic Alliance) must retract statement on HIV statistics" (May 7, 2008).


Sri Lanka:

Department of Census & Statistics Report Update: "Demography and Health Survey" (updated May 2008).



Department of Health Report: "Attitudes to Mental Illness 2008" (May 2008, .pdf format, 55p.).

Link to full text is at the bottom of the page.



Welsh Assembly Government/Llywodraeth Cynulliad Cymru Report: "Health of Vision Impaired Adults in Wales, 2004-06" (May 2008, .pdf and Microsoft Word format, 13p.).

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Kaiser Family Foundation Health Care Costs Snapshot, Updated Fact Sheets:

A. The latest Snapshot is: "Offer Rates for Smaller Establishments by Business Age" (May 2008).

B. "Fact Sheet: Black Americans and HIV/AIDS: (updated May 2008, .pdf format, 2p.).

C. "Fact Sheet: Latinos and HIV/AIDS" (updated May 2008, .pdf format, 2p.).

D. "Fact Sheet: Women and HIV/AIDS in the United States" (updated May 2008, .pdf format, 2p.).


Economist Articles: "Death be not proud: A rash of suicides horrifies Japan" (May 1, 2008).


Institute of Medicine Monograph: Knowing What Works in Health Care: A Roadmap for the Nation, edited by Jill Eden, Ben Wheatley, Barbara McNeil, and Harold Sox (National Academies Press, 2008, OpenBook format, 256p.) Ordering information for a print or .pdf format copy is available at the site.


Medscape Article: Note: Medscape requires free registration before providing articles: "Childhood Experiences of Violence in Perpetrators as a Risk Factor of Intimate Partner Violence: A Systematic Review," by Diana Gil-González; Carmen Vives-Cases; María Teresa Ruiz; Mercedes Carrasco-Portiño; Carlos Álvarez-Dardet (Journal of Public Health, Vol. 30, No. 1, 2008, p. 14-22 via Medscape).


Journal of the American Medical Association Various:

A. "Smoking and Smoking Cessation in Relation to Mortality in Women," by Stacey A. Kenfield, Meir J. Stampfer, Bernard A. Rosner, and Graham A. Colditz (Article abstract, Vol. 299, No. 17, May 7, 2008, p. 2037-2047).

B. "Epidemiology of Invasive Group B Streptococcal Disease in the United States, 1999-2005," by Christina R. Phares, Ruth Lynfield, Monica M. Farley, Janet Mohle-Boetani, Lee H. Harrison, Susan Petit, Allen S. Craig, William Schaffner, Shelley M. Zansky, Ken Gershman, Karen R. Stefonek, Bernadette A. Albanese, Elizabeth R. Zell, Anne Schuchat, and Stephanie J. Schrag (Article abstract, Vol. 299, No. 17, May 7, 2008, p. 2056-2065).

C. "A Population Health Framework for Setting National and State Health Goals," by David A. Kindig, Yukiko Asada, and Bridget Booske (Commentary extract, Vol. 299, No. 17, May 7, 2008, p. 2081-2083).

D. "A Clinical Blueprint to Accelerate the Elimination of Tobacco Use," by Michael C. Fiore and Carlos Roberto Jaén (Commentary extract, Vol. 299, No. 17, May 7, 2008, p. 2083-2085).

E. "Abstinence-Only Programs Under Fire," by Tracy Hampton (Medical News & Perspectives extract, Vol. 299, No. 17, May 7, 2008, p. 2013-2015).


British Medical Journal, Various:

A. "Fifteen children a day attend Scottish emergency departments as result of drinking alcohol," by Bryan Christie (News extract, Vol. 336, No. 7652, May 10, 2008, p. 1036-1037).

A. "Inequity of access to investigation and effect on clinical outcomes: prognostic study of coronary angiography for suspected stable angina pectoris," by Neha Sekhri, Adam Timmis, Ruoling Chen, Cornelia Junghans, Niamh Walsh, Justin Zaman, Sandra Eldridge, Harry Hemingway, and Gene Feder (Article abstract, Vol. 336, No. 7652, May 10, 2008, p. 1058-1061).

B. "Influence of moving to the UK on maternal health behaviours: prospective cohort study," by Summer Sherburne Hawkins, Kate Lamb, Tim J Cole, Catherine Law, the Millennium Cohort Study Child Health Group (Article abstract, Vol. 336, No. 7652, May 10, 2008, p. 1052-1055).


Lancet Article Abstract: Note: Lancet requires free registration before providing articles. "Population-level effect of HIV on adult mortality and early evidence of reversal after introduction of antiretroviral therapy in Malawi," by Dr. Andreas Jahn, Sian Floyd, Amelia C. Crampin, Frank Mwaungulu, Hazzie Mvula, Fipson Munthali, Nuala McGrath, Johnbosco Mwafilaso, Venance Mwinuka, Bernard Mangongo, Paul E.M. Fine, Basia Zaba, and Judith R. Glynn (Vol. 371, No. 9624, May 10, 2008, p. 1603-1611).


Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health's Center for Communication Programs Compendium: Info for Health Pop. Reporter (Vol. 8, No. 19, May 12, 2008). "The Johns Hopkins University Population Information Program delivers the reproductive health and family planning news you need. Each week our research staff prepares an electronic magazine loaded with links to key news stories, reports, and related developments around the globe."

Note: January 2004 - present Pop. Reporter is available via CD-ROM. Contact Peggy D'Adamo at with your request and complete mailing address.

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Population Council: "Has the HIV epidemic peaked?" by John Bongaarts, Thomas Buettner, Gerhard Heilig, and François Pelletier (Poverty, Gender, and Youth Working Paper No. 9, May 2008, .pdf format, 29p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:


National Bureau of Economic Research:

A. "Hepatitis B Does Not Explain Male-Biased Sex Ratios in China," by Emily Oster and Gang Chen (w13971, April 2008, .pdf format, 12p.).


Earlier work (Oster, 2005) has argued, based on existing medical literature and analysis of cross country data and vaccination programs, that parents who are carriers of hepatitis B have a higher offspring sex ratio (more boys) than non-carrier parents. Further, since a number of Asian countries, China in particular, have high hepatitis B carrier rates, Oster (2005) suggested that hepatitis B could explain a large share (approximately 50% of Asia's missing women). Subsequent work has questioned this conclusion. Most notably, Lin and Luoh (2008) use data from a large cohort of births in Taiwan and find only a very tiny effect of maternal hepatitis carrier status on offspring sex ratio. Although this work is quite conclusive for the case of mothers, it leaves open the possibility that paternal carrier status is driving higher sex offspring sex ratios. To test this, we collected data on the offspring gender for a cohort of 67,000 people in China who are being observed in a prospective cohort study of liver cancer; approximately 15% of these individuals are hepatitis B carriers. In this sample, we find no effect of either maternal or paternal hepatitis B carrier status on offspring sex. Carrier parents are no more likely to have male children than non-carrier parents. This finding leads us to conclude that hepatitis B cannot explain skewed sex ratios in China.

B. "Healthy, Wealthy, and Wise Socioeconomic Status, Poor Health in Childhood, and Human Capital Development," by Janet Currie (w13987, April 2008, .pdf format, 69p.).


There are many possible pathways between parental education, income, and health, and between child health and education, but only some of them have been explored in the literature. This essay focuses on links between parental socioeconomic status (as measured by education, income, occupation, or in some cases area of residence) and child health, and between child health and adult education or income. Specifically, I ask two questions: What is the evidence regarding whether parental socioeconomic status affects child health? And, what is the evidence relating child health to future educational and labor market outcomes? I show that there is now strong evidence of both links, suggesting that health could play a role in the intergenerational transmission of economic status.

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JOURNAL TABLES OF CONTENTS (check your library for availability):

American Journal of Epidemiology (Vol. 167, No. 10, May 15, 2008).

American Journal of Public Health (Vol. 98, No. 6, June 2008). Note: Full text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library and the EBSCO Host Academic Search Elite Database. Check your library for availability of these databases and this issue.

Environmental Research (Vol. 107, No. 2, June 2008).

Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine (Vol. 50, No. 5, May 2008).

Medical Care Research and Review (Vol. 65, No. 3, June 2008). Note: Full text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for availability of this database and issue.

Toxicological Sciences (Vol. 103, No. 2, June 2008).

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US National Institutes of Health:

A. "Dissemination, Implementation, and Operational Research for HIV Prevention Interventions (R01)" (PA-08-166, May 8, 2008, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, in conjunction with two other agencies). For more information see:

B. "Collaborative HIV/AIDS Studies in the Middle East and North Africa (R21)" (PAR-08-153, May 9, 2008, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, in conjunction with several other agencies). For more information see:

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EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES: Academy Health updated its listings through May 10, 2008.

------------------------------------------------------------------------- AgeWork has updated its employment page with listings through May 12, 2008.


American Statistical Association: ASA has updated its employment page with listings through May 13, 2008.

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US Senate Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions Hearing Testimony: "Cancer: Challenges and Opportunities in the 21st Century," a hearing held May 8, 2008 (.pdf format). A video webcast of the hearing is available at the site (RealPlayer format, running time: 2 hours, 56 minutes, 10 seconds),

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US National Center for Health Statistics:

A. NCHS has recently released the public-use version of the 2006 National Hospital Discharge Survey (May 2008, ACSII (data) and .pdf (documentation) format).



B. NCHS has released draft questionnaires for the 2008 National Health Interview Survey (.pdf format).


UK Data Archive (Essex University, Colchester, UK): The UK Data Archive has recently added the following datasets to its holdings. Note: There maybe charges or licensing requirements on holdings of the UK Data Archive. For more information see:

SN 5829 -Mental Health Trusts: Community Mental Health Service User Survey, 2007

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