Current Social Science Research Report--Health #66, June 3, 2008.

CSSRR-Social is a weekly email report produced by the Data and Information Services Center at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. It seeks to help social science researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. This report will contain selected listings of new: reports, articles, bibliographies, working papers, tables of contents, conferences, data, and websites. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:


CSSRR-Social is compiled and edited by Jack Solock and Charlie Fiss.


To CSSRR-Econ #66

To CSSRR- Sociology #66



Index to this issue:

















1. Department of Health and Human Services, Office of the Inspector General Report: "External Quality Reviews in Medicaid Managed Care" (OEI-01-06-00510, June 2008, .pdf format, 21p.).


This report determines the extent to and ways in which States utilize external quality reviews of Medicaid managed care, the extent to which external quality review organizations (EQRO) provided States with required information, and limitations that States have identified with the external quality review process. Federal statute requires States that operate Medicaid managed care programs to arrange for external quality reviews. States may conduct the review themselves or contract with an independent EQRO. States receive matching Federal funds for the costs of the review. CMS regulations include three mandatory and five optional activities for the review. These regulations also specify five deliverables that EQROs must produce based on the review activities.

OIG found that most States are using the results of EQRO reviews. Of the 37 States that implement external quality reviews, 33 required their managed care plans to make changes based on EQRO reports, such as improving how plans conduct performance improvements. Some EQRO reports did not include all required information, despite the States oversight. Reports for 15 States were missing at least one of the deliverables. All States reported regular monitoring of their EQROs, through communication, status reports, and contract provisions. More than half of the States cited concerns with the external quality review process, particularly regarding staffing issues, EQRO report quality, and redundancy with other monitoring efforts.

OIG recommends that CMS work with States to ensure that EQROs are providing complete information; and that CMS provide additional technical assistance and written guidance to States, particularly regarding the report organization and content and the use of private accreditation data in the review. CMS agreed with both recommendations and cited actions taken in response to each

2. Medical Expenditure Panel Survey Statistical Brief: "Trends in Statins Utilization and Expenditures for the U.S. Civilian Noninstitutionalized Population, 2000 and 2005," by Marie Stagnitti (Statistical Brief 205, May 2008, .pdf format, 6p.).

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US States:


Department of Health and Human Services Report: "Nebraska Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance Report 2004-2006" (May 2008, .pdf format, 145p.).


State Department of Health Compendia: The Department of Health has recently uploaded selected historical state vital statistics reports from the 1930s-1960s.

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NGO and Other Countries:

United Nations:

1. World Health Organization Reports, Periodical:

A. "Towards Universal Access: Scaling up Priority HIV/AIDS Interventions in the Health Sector," (June 2008, .pdf format, 144p.).

B. "Our cities, our health, our future: Acting on social determinants for health equity in urban settings" (Report to the WHO Commission on Social Determinants of Health from the Knowledge Network on Urban Settings, 2008, .pdf format, 180p.).

C. Bulletin of the World Health Organization (Vol. 86, No. 6, June 2008, .pdf format, p. 417-496).

2. Pan American Health Organization Report: "Population and Individual Approaches to the Prevention and Management of Diabetes and Obesity," (May 2008, .pdf format, 12p.).



1. Bureau of Statistics Report: "Private Hospitals, Australia, 2006-07" (May 2008, .pdf format, 50p., with tables in Microsoft Excel format).

Click on "Details" tab for link to full text and tables.

2. Institute of Health and Welfare Report: "Australian hospital statistics 2006-07," (Australian hospital statistics 2006-07, May 2008, .pdf format, 400p.).



1. Statistics Canada/Statistique Canada Reports:

A. "Participation and Activity Limitation Survey of 2006: A Profile of Assistive Technology for People with Disabilities" (June 2008, HTML and .pdf format, 27p.).

B. "Participation and Activity Limitation Survey 2006: Tables (part II)" (June 2008, HTML and .pdf format, 21p.).



Statistics Netherlands Web Magazine Articles:

A. "One in forty people in the Netherlands exposed to too high levels of fine particles," by Bert Bunschoten, Niek van Leeuwen, and Frank van Rijn (May 29, 2008).

B. "More people in the Netherlands rely on alternative healers" (Jun. 3, 2008).


New Zealand:

New Zealand Ministry of Health Report: "Statistical Information on Hospital-based Maternity Events 2005," (May 2008, .pdf format, 104p.).$File/Hospital_based_Maternity_2005.pdf


Palestinian National Authority News Release: "On the eve of the World Day to Stop Smoking, May 31, the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics issues press release about the prevalence of smoking in the Palestinian Territory" (May 29, 2008, .pdf format, 2p.).



1. National Statistics Office Periodical, News Release: Health Statistics Quarterly (No. 38, Summer 2008, .pdf format, 85p.).

2. Health and Safety Executive Report: "Self reported work-related interest (SWI)and workplace injuries (LFS): 2006/07 (May 2008, .pdf format, 87p.).



Welsh Assembly Government/Llywodraeth Cynulliad Cymru Statistical Release: "Welsh Health Survey 2007: Initial Headline Results" (May 2008, .pdf format, 9p., with tables in Microsoft Excel format).

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Urban Institute Report: "Final Report of the Evaluation of the San Mateo County Children's Health Initiative," by Embry M. Howell, Dana Hughes, Louise Palmer, Genevieve M. Kenney, and Ariel Klein (May 2008, .pdf format, 112p.).


Center for Health Care Strategies Report: "Negotiating the New Health System at Ten: Medicaid Managed Care and the Use of Disease Management Purchasing," by Sara Rosenbaum,Anne Markus, Jennifer Scheer, and Mary Elizabeth Harty (May 2008, .pdf format, 83p.).


Commonwealth Fund Report: "U.S. Variations in Child Health System Performance: A State Scorecard," by Katherine Shea, Karen Davis, and Edward Schor (Vol. 94, May 2008, .pdf format, 55p.).


Center for Policy Research [Maxwell School, Syracuse University]:

A. "Public Sentiment and Tobacco Control Policy," by Perry Singleton (CPR Working Paper Series No. 106, May 2008, .pdf format, 33p.). Links to the abstract and full-text can be found at:

B. "The Effect of Disability Insurance on Health Investment: Evidence from the VA Disability Compensation Program," by Perry Singleton (CPR Working Paper Series No. 105, May 2008, .pdf format, 33p.). Links to the abstract and full-text can be found at:


European Centre for Social Welfare Policy and Research Brief: "Young Men: Sexuality and Sex Education: Health Promotion and Prevention in the Area of Sexual and Reproductive Health for Young Men Coming from Different Social and Cultural Backgrounds," by Gabriele Schmied and Christine Reidl (May 2008, .pdf format, 10p.).

Link to full text is at the bottom of the page.

More information about ECSWPR:


Public Library of Medicine One Article: "Genital Herpes Has Played a More Important Role than Any Other Sexually Transmitted Infection in Driving HIV Prevalence in Africa," by Laith J. Abu-Raddad, Amalia S. Magaret, Connie Celum, Anna Wald, Ira M. Longini, Jr., Steven G. Self, and Lawrence Corey (PLoS ONE 3(5): e2230. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0002230, May 2008, HTML, XML and .pdf format, 15p.).


British Medical Journal Various:

A. "Increasing drug resistant tuberculosis in the UK," by James J. C. Lewis and Violet N. Chihota (Editorial, Vol. 336, No. 7655, May 31, 2008, p. 1201-1202).

B. "Thousands of migrants need treatment after xenophobic attacks," by Pat Sidley (News extract, Vol. 336, No. 7655, May 31, 2008, p. 1207).

C. "Health services in China face enormous challenge after earthquake," by Jane Parry (News extract, Vol. 336, No. 7655, May 31, 2008, p. 1209).

D. "Number of alcohol related admissions in England has doubled in 12 years," by Susan Mayor (News extract, Vol. 336, No. 7655, May 31, 2008, p. 1211).

E. "Increasing antituberculosis drug resistance in the United Kingdom: analysis of national surveillance data," by Michelle E. Kruijshaar, John M. Watson, Francis Drobniewski, Charlotte Anderson, Timothy J. Brown, John G. Magee, E. Grace Smith, Alistair Story, and Ibrahim Abubakar (Article abstract, Vol. 336, No. 7655, May 31, 2008, , p. 1231-1234).


Lancet World Report Articles:

A. "China's health challenges after the earthquake," by Jonathan Watts (Vol. 371, No. 9627, May 31, 2008, HTML and .pdf format, p. 1825-1826). This article is available free of charge.

B. "House calls for homeless people in the USA," by Norra MacReady (Vol. 371, No. 9627, May 31, 2008, HTML and .pdf format, p. 1827-1828). This article is available free of charge.


Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health's Center for Communication Programs Compendium: Info for Health Pop. Reporter (Vol. 8, No. 22, Jun. 3, 2008). "The Johns Hopkins University Population Information Program delivers the reproductive health and family planning news you need. Each week our research staff prepares an electronic magazine loaded with links to key news stories, reports, and related developments around the globe."

Note: January 2004 - present Pop. Reporter is available via CD-ROM. Contact Peggy D'Adamo at with your request and complete mailing address.

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University Of Michigan Population Studies Center: "Shape of the BMI-Mortality Association by Cause of Death, Using Generalized Additive Models: NHIS 1986-2002," by Anna Zajacova (PSC Research Report No. 08-639, June 2008, .pdf format, 26p.). Links to the abstract and full-text can be found at:


Vienna Institute of Demography: "Alcohol-related mortality among men in Austria: 1981-2002 and the importance of qualification and employment," by Franz Schwarz, Christian Korbel, and Johannes Klotz (Working Paper No. 2-2008, May 2008, .pdf format, 12p.).


The aim of this paper is to explore the relationship between alcohol-related mortality and social status among men in Austria, and to examine changes during the 1980s and 1990s. We linked individual census records for the Austrian population from 1981, 1991, and 2001 with death register records for a follow-up period of one year. The final data set contains 5,038,654 records of men 35-74 years old, of whom 3824 died of causes explicitly related to alcohol abuse. Standardized mortality ratios by education, occupation and employment were calculated for alcohol- and non-alcohol-related causes of death. A regression-based inequality measure was used for analyses of trends. We find that low educated men were 2.77 (1981/82), 3.49 (1991/92), and 3.23 (2001/02) times more likely to die of alcohol-related causes of death than high educated, while it was just 1.59, 1.80, and 1.89 for other conditions. Among men 35-59 years old, unskilled blue-collar workers had on average a 5.6 and 5.0 times higher risk than upper white-collar employees in 1981/82 and 1991/92; for non-alcohol related causes it was 2.0 and 2.2. Unemployed or early retired men were particularly at risk. In 2001/02 low-skilled inactive were 18 times more likely to die on alcohol-related causes than high-skilled economically active men.

Over time the social inequalities in alcohol-related mortality increased but only between 1981/82 and 1991/92; and among those 35-59 years old only for the economically inactive. A good education and sophisticated vocational skills are important protective factors for alcohol problems; however, what matters most is whether or not people are employed.

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JOURNAL TABLES OF CONTENTS (check your library for availability):

AIDS (Vol. 22, No. 9, May 31, 2008).

Environmental Health Perspectives (Vol. 116, No. 6, June 2008). Note: Full electronic text of this journals is available in the EBSCO Host Academic Search Elite Database. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

Journal of Biosocial Science (Vol. 40, No. 4, July 2008).

Journal of Environmental Health (Vol. 70, No. 10, June 2008). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library and the EBSCO Host Academic Search Elite Database. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

Reproductive Health Matters (Vol. 16, No. 31, May 2008).

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US Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service: "The Consumer Data and Information Program (CDIP) oversees the development of an integrated and comprehensive data and analysis framework for food and nutrition policy analyses. The program uses competitive grants to fund research on behavioral economic strategies to promote healthy eating and obesity prevention. The findings from successful proposals are expected to advance USDA’s effort to ensure a healthy, well-nourished population.

Applications may be submitted electronically through the website, and are due July 3, 2008. USDA’s Economic Research Service (ERS) anticipates awarding up to eight individual grants. The maximum funding level per grant is $30,000 for the duration of the agreement, not to exceed 3 years. For information on the research areas of interest, application procedures, deadlines for submission, and guidance for the application process, go to the Behavioral Health Economics Research Program."

For more information see:


Canadian Conference on International Health: "Checking in: Health for All or Health for Some? 15th Canadian Conference on International Health," to be held Oct. 26-29, 2008 in Ottawa, Ontario. For more information see:


UK: Department of Health: "AIDS support grant for social care for people with HIV/AIDS: financial year 2008/2009. HIV capital grant for people with HIV/AIDS: financial year 2008/2009" (Jun. 3, 2008). For more information see:

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EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES: AgeWork has updated its employment page with listings through Jun. 3, 2008.


American Statistical Association: ASA has updated its employment page with listings through Jun. 3, 2008.

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US Senate Committee on Finance Hearing Testimony: "Rising Costs, Low Quality in Health Care: The Necessity for Reform," a hearing held June 3, 2008.

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Medical Panel Survey Expenditure: These three files were released by the US Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (May 2008, data in .zip or self decompressing [.exe] ASCII or SAS transport format, documentation in HTML and .pdf format, with SAS and SPSS programming statements in ASCII format).

A. MEPS LINK_2006HC/NHIS: 2006 MEPS/2005 & 2004 NHIS Link File (Note: These files come on a CD-ROM that must be ordered by AHRQ).

B. MEPS HC-100: 2006 Jobs File

C. MEPS HC-099: 2006 Full Year Population Characteristics

D. MEPS HC-097: 2005 Full Year Consolidated data File," (May 30, 2008).

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