Current Social Science Research Report--Health #86, October 28, 2008.

CSSRR-Social is a weekly email report produced by the Data and Information Services Center at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. It seeks to help social science researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. This report will contain selected listings of new: reports, articles, bibliographies, working papers, tables of contents, conferences, data, and websites. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:


CSSRR-Social is compiled and edited by Jack Solock and Charlie Fiss.


To CSSRR-Econ #86

To CSSRR- Sociology #86



Index to this issue:

















National Center for Health Statistics Reports:

A. "Food Allergy Among U.S. Children: Trends in Prevalence and Hospitalizations," by Amy M. Branum and Susan L. Lukacs (NCHS Data Brief No. 10, October 2008, HTML and .pdf format, 7p.).

B. "Anthropometric Reference Data for Children and Adults: United States, 2003-2006," by Margaret A. McDowell, Cheryl D. Fryar, Cynthia L. Ogden, and Katherine M. Flegal (National Health Statistics Reports, No. 10, October, 2008, .pdf format, 45p.).

Centers for Disease Control Periodical: Emerging Infectious Diseases (Vol. 14, No. 11, November 2008, HTML and .pdf format).

Note: this is a temporary address. When the next EID is released, this one, along with all others, will be available at:

Department of Health and Social Services, Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation Research Brief: "Adopted Children with Special Health Care Needs: Characteristics, Health, and Health Care by Adoption Type" (October 2008, HTML and .pdf format, 28p.).

Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services Report, Periodical, News Release:

A. "Actuarial Report on the Financial Outlook for Medicaid" (October 2008, .pdf format, 28p.).

B. Health Care Financing Review (Vol. 30, No. 1, Fall 2008, .pdf format).

C. "Medicaid Spending Projected to Rise Much Faster than the Economy" (Oct. 17, 2008).

Bureau of Labor Statistics News Release: "Occupational Injuries and Illnesses: 2007" (Oct. 23, 2008, ASCII text, HTML, and .pdf format, 24p.).

Medical Expenditure Panel Survey Statistical Brief: "Characteristics of Non-Hispanic Asian and Non-Hispanic White Adults Uninsured for 6 to 12 Months during a Year, 2002-2005," by Merrile Sing (Statistical Brief No. 228, October 2008, .pdf format, 8p.).

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US States:


Department of Health and Hospitals: "Childhood Obesity in Louisiana" (October 2008, .pdf format, 2p.).

South Dakota:

Department of Health Reports:

A. "Ovarian Cancer in South Dakota, 2008" (October 2008, .pdf format, 4p.).

B. "Prostate Cancer in South Dakota, 2008" (October 2008, .pdf format, 4p.).

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NGO and Other Countries:

World Health Organization Compendium: The global burden of disease: 2004 update (October 2008, .pdf format, 146p.).


World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe Monograph: Socioeconomic differences in health, health behaviour and access to health care in Armenia, Belarus, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, the Republic of Moldova, the Russian Federation and Ukraine, by Marc Suhrcke, Sarah Walters, Stefano Mazzuco, Joceline Pomerleau, Martin McKee and Christian W. Haerpfer (2008, ISBN 978 92 890 4286 4, .pdf format, 58p.).



Australian Institute of Health and Welfare Report: "Juvenile Arthritis In Australia," (ISSN 1833-0991, October 2008, pdf format, 68p).



1. Canadian Institute for Health Information/Institute canadien d'information sur la sante Report: "Health Care in Canada 2008" (October 2008, .pdf format, 91p.).

2. Statistics Canada/Statistique Canada Report: "Educating Health Workers: Provincial Results," by Rita Ceolin and Johanne Plante (October 2008, .pdf format, 1140p.). Note: Section 4 is unavailable at this time.

Click on "Component parts in PDF" on the left side of the page for link to full text.



Central Statistical Office of Ireland Report: "National Disability Survey 2006," (October 2008, .pdf format, 191p.).



Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia Press Release: "Health expenditures and sources of funding, Slovenia, 2003-2006," (Oct. 23, 2008).



National Health Service Report:

A. "NHS Contraceptive Services, England: 2007-08," (October 2008, .pdf and Excel format, 38p.).

B. "Hospital Prescribing, 2007: England," (October 2008, .pdf format, 28p.).

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Institute of Medicine Monograph: Global Climate Change and Extreme Weather Events: Understanding the Contributions to Infectious Disease Emergence: Workshop Summary, by David A. Relman, Margaret A. Hamburg, Eileen R. Choffnes, and Alison Mack (National Academies Press, 2008, OpenBook and .pdf format, 280p.). Pricing information for a print copy is available at the site. Note: NAP requires free registration before providing .pdf copies.


Rand Corporation Technical Report: "Health Research Evaluation Frameworks: An International Comparison," by Philipp-Bastian Brutscher, Steven Wooding, and Jonathan Grant (Technical Report No. 629, 2008, .pdf format, 64p.).


Urban Institute Reports:

A. "Who Gained the Most Under Health Reform in Massachusetts?" by Sharon K. Long (October 2008, .pdf format, 8p.).

B. "Impact of Health Reform on Underinsurance in Massachusetts: Do the Insured Have Adequate Protection?" by Sharon K. Long (October 2008, .pdf format, 10p.).

C. "Targeting Subsidies: Employers versus Individuals," by Linda J. Blumberg and John Holahan (October 2008, .pdf format, 9p.).

D. "Encouraging Work and Family Formation among Low-Income Men," by Adam Carasso, Harry Holzer, Elaine Maag, and C. Eugene Steuerle (October 2008, .pdf format, 33p.).


National Centre for Social and Economic Modelling (NATSEM) [University of Canberra]: "Lifetime health and economic consequences of caring: modelling health and economic prospects of female carers in Australia," by Binod Nepal, Laurie Brown, Geetha Ranmuthugala and Richard Percival (October 2008, pdf format, 37p.).


Kaiser Family Foundation Health Affairs Web Exclusive Article, Policy Briefs, Report, Fact Sheet Update:

A. "Florida's Medicaid Reform: Informed Consumer Choice?" by Teresa Coughlin, Sharon K. Long, Timothy Triplett, Samantha Artiga, Barbara Lyons, Paul Duncan and Allyson Hall (Kaiser Commission on Medicaid and the Uninsured, October 2008, .pdf format, 10p.).

B. "Florida Medicaid Reform Waiver: Early Findings and Current Status" (Policy Brief, Kaiser Commission on Medicaid and the Uninsured, October 2008, .pdf format, 12p.).

C. "The Decline in the Uninsured in 2007: Why Did It Happen and Can It Last?" by John Holahan and Allison Cook (Policy Brief, Kaiser Commission on Medicaid and the Uninsured, October 2008, .pdf format, 19p.).

D. "The Uninsured: A Primer" (Policy Brief, Kaiser Commission on Medicaid and the Uninsured, October 2008, .pdf format, 36p., with 2007 coverage tables, .pdf format, 29p.).

E. "Trends in Access to Care Among Working-Age Adults, 1997-2006," by Catherine Hoffman and Karyn Schwartz (Policy Brief, Kaiser Commission on Medicaid and the Uninsured, October 2008, .pdf format, 15p.).

F. "2008 Update on Consumers' Views of Patient Safety and Quality Information" (October 2008, summary and chartpack, .pdf format, 15p., toplines, .pdf format, 13p.).

G. "Health Insurance Coverage in America, 2007" (October 2008, HTML, Microsoft PowerPoint, and .pdf format, 44p.).

H. "KFF recently issued seven new and updated facts sheets on aspects of the epidemic domestically and globally. These include fact sheets looking at the HIV epidemic domestically, HIV testing and the disease's impact on black Americans, Latinos and women in the U.S., as well as a new fact sheet on the epidemic in Asia and an updated one on the epidemic in South Africa. All fact sheets are in .pdf format.

See the fact sheets dated "October".

I. "Kaiser Health Tracking Poll: Election 2008 -- October 2008" (October 2008, .pdf format, key findings, 19p., toplines, 23p.).

J. "2008 Election Briefs" (October 2008, HTML and .pdf format). Briefs are:

"Eliminating Racial/Ethnic Disparities in Health Care: What are the Options"

"Health Care Costs and Election 2008"

"Women's Health and Election 2008"

"Medicare Now and In the Future"

"Covering the Uninsured: Options for Reform"

K. "Women's Health Insurance Coverage Fact Sheet" (October 2008, .pdf format, 2p.).


Nature Article Abstracts: "Insight: Neuropsychiatric disease" contains several article abstracts about the topic (Vol. 455, No. 7215, Oct. 16. 2008, 889-923).


Journal of the American Medical Association, Various: :

A. "Uninsured Children and Adolescents With Insured Parents," by Jennifer E. DeVoe, Carrie Tillotson, and Lorraine S. Wallace (Article abstract, Vol. 300, No. 16, Oct. 22/29, 2008, p. 1904-1913).

B. "Uninsured Adults Presenting to US Emergency Departments: Assumptions vs Data," by Manya F. Newton, Carla C. Keirns, Rebecca Cunningham, Rodney A. Hayward, and Rachel Stanley (Special Communications abstract, Vol. 300, No. 16, Oct. 22/29, 2008, p. 1914-1924).

C. "Making Access to Quality and Affordable Health Care a Reality for Every American," by John S. McCain (Commentary extract, Vol. 300, No. 16, Oct. 22/29, 2008, p. 1925-1926).

D. "Affordable Health Care for All Americans: The Obama-Biden Plan," by Barack Obama (Commentary extract, Vol. 300, No. 16, Oct. 22/29, 2008, p. 1927-1928).

E. "Using Tax Reform to Drive Health Care Reform: Putting the Horse Before the Cart," by Samuel Y. Sessions and Philip R. Lee (Commentary extract, Vol. 300, No. 16, Oct. 22/29, 2008, p. 1929-1931).

F. "A New Federal-State Partnership in Health Care: Real Power for States," by Ezekiel Emanuel and Ron Wyden (Commentary extract, Vol. 300, No. 16, Oct. 22/29, 2008, p. 1931-1934).

G. "Comparison of the US and Canadian Health Care Systems: A Tale of 2 Mount Sinai’s," by Joseph S. Ross and Allan S. Detsky (Commentary extract, Vol. 300, No. 16, Oct. 22/29, 2008, p. 1934-1936).

H. "Upper Income Limit for SCHIP and Forgone Care Among Uninsured US Children," by Laura P. Shone, Jonathan D. Klein, Aaron K. Blumkin, and Peter G. Szilagyi (Research Letters extract, Vol. 300, No. 16, Oct. 22/29, 2008, p. 1882-1884).

I. "Health Insurance Costs Remain a Burden for Employers and Working Families," by Mike Mitka (Medical News and Perspectives extract, Vol. 300, No. 16, Oct. 22/29, 2008, p. 1863-1868).

J. "Reports Warn of Primary Care Shortages," by Bridget M. Kuehn (Medical News and Perspectives extract, Vol. 300, No. 16, Oct. 22/29, 2008, p. 1872-1875).

K. Low Income, Social Growth, and Good Health: A History of Twelve Countries, by James C. Riley, reviewed by William B. Ventres (Book Review extract Vol. 300, No. 16, Oct. 22/29, 2008, p. 1943-1944).

L. Health Disparities in the United States: Social Class, Race, Ethnicity, and Health, by Donald A. Barr, reviewed by Olanrewaju O. Omojokun and Bryan R. Fine (Book Review extract Vol. 300, No. 16, Oct. 22/29, 2008, p. 1944-1945).

M. Without Your Consent: The Hijacking of American Health Care, by Michael J. Newton, reviewed by Peter S. Hussey and Marisa E. Adelson (Book Review extract Vol. 300, No. 16, Oct. 22/29, 2008, p. 1945-1946).


British Medical Journal, Various :

A. "Rationing: Why Oregon went wrong," by Vidhya Alakeson ( Article extract, BMJ 2008,337:a2044, Oct. 14, 2008).

B. "Growth of drug resistant HIV in China is 'worrying,' says AIDS institute," by Jane Parry (News extract, BMJ 2008;337:a2197, Oct. 22, 2008).

C. "Death rates from cancer in the UK are predicted to fall further," by Rebecca Coombes (News extract, BMJ 2008;337:a2198, Oct. 21, 2008).

D. "More than 17 million people may starve in Horn of Africa, warns UN," by John Zarocostas (News extract, BMJ 2008;337:a2208, Oct. 21, 2008).


Lancet, Various: Note: Lancet requires free registration before providing content.

A. "China's environmental health challenges," by Jonathan Watts (World Health, Vol. 372, No. 9648, Oct. 25, 2008, HTML and .pdf format, p. 1451-1452). Note: this article is available free of charge.

B. "China-India: reconnecting the Silk Road in health, a review of A Comparison of the Health Systems in China and India, by Sai Ma and Neeraj Sood, reviewed by Lincoln Chen (Perspectives, Vol. 372, No. 9648, Oct. 25, 2008, HTML and .pdf format, p. 1453-1454). Note: this article is available free of charge.

C. "Maoist public-health campaigns, Chinese medicine, and SARS," by Marta Hanson (Perspectives, Vol. 372, No. 9648, Oct. 25, 2008, HTML and .pdf format, p. 1457-1458). Note: this article is available free of charge.

D. "Effects of smoking and solid-fuel use on COPD, lung cancer, and tuberculosis in China: a time-based, multiple risk factor, modelling study," by Hsien-Ho Lin, Megan Murray, Ted Cohen, Caroline Colijn, and Majid Ezzati (Article, Vol. 372, No. 9648, Oct. 25, 2008, HTML and .pdf format, p. 1473-1483). Note: this article is available free of charge.

E. "Tackling the challenges to health equity in China," by Shenglan Tang, Qingyue Meng, Lincoln Chen, Henk Bekedam, Tim Evans, and Margaret Whitehead (Series, Vol. 372, No. 9648, Oct. 25, 2008, HTML and .pdf format, p. 1493-1501). Note: this article is available free of charge.

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National Bureau of Economic Research:

A. "Optimal Taxation and Social Insurance with Endogenous Private Insurance," by Raj Chetty and Emmanuel Saez (w14403, October 2008, .pdf format, 39p.).


This paper characterizes the welfare gains from redistributive taxation and social insurance in an environment where the private sector provides partial insurance. We analyze stylized models in which adverse selection, pre-existing information, or imperfect optimization in private insurance markets create a role for government intervention. We derive simple formulas that map reduced-form empirical estimates into quantitative predictions for optimal tax and social insurance policy. Applications to unemployment and health insurance show that taking private market insurance into account matters significantly for optimal benefit levels given existing empirical estimates of the key parameters.

B. "The impact of Medicare Part D on Medicare-Medicaid Dual-eligible Beneficiaries' Prescription Utilization and Expenditures," by Anirban Basu, Wesley Yin, and G. Caleb Alexander (W14413, October 2008, .pdf format, 29p.).


Features of Part D gave rise to broad concern that the drug benefit would negatively impact prescription utilization among the six million dual eligible beneficiaries, either during the transition from state Medicaid to Part D coverage, or in the long-run. At the same time, Part D contained other features, such as its auto-enrollment and premium subsidization policies, which were designed to safeguard utilization for this vulnerable group. Using national retail pharmacy claims, we examine the experience of dual eligibles during the first 18 months of Part D. We find no evidence that Part D adversely affected pharmaceutical utilization or out-of-pocket expenditures in the transition period, or in the 18 months subsequent to Part D implementation.

C. "Estimating Welfare in Insurance Markets Using Variation in Prices," by Liran Einav, Amy Finkelstein, and Mark R. Cullen (w14414, October 2008, .pdf format, 49p.).


We show how standard consumer and producer theory can be used to estimate welfare in insurance markets with selection. The key observation is that the same price variation needed to identify the demand curve also identifies how costs vary as market participants endogenously respond to price. With estimates of both the demand and cost curves, welfare analysis is straightforward. We illustrate our approach by applying it to the employee health insurance choices at Alcoa, Inc. We detect adverse selection in this setting but estimate that its quantitative welfare implications are small, and not obviously remediable by standard public policy tools.

D. "The Effects of Maternal Fasting During Ramadan on Birth and Adult Outcomes," by Douglas Almond and Bhashkar Mazumder (w14428, October 2008, .pdf format, 61p.).


We use the Islamic holy month of Ramadan as a natural experiment for evaluating the short and long-term effects of fasting during pregnancy. Using Michigan natality data we show that in utero exposure to Ramadan among Arab births results in lower birthweight and reduced gestation length. Preconception exposure to Ramadan is also associated with fewer male births. Using Census data in Uganda we also find that Muslims who were born nine months after Ramadan are 22 percent (p =0.02) more likely to be disabled as adults. Effects are found for vision, hearing, and especially for mental (or learning) disabilities. This may reflect the persistent effect of disruptions to early fetal development. We find no evidence that negative selection in conceptions during Ramadan accounts for our results. Nevertheless, caution in interpreting these results is warranted until our findings are corroborated in other settings.


Australian Government Department of Health and Ageing: "Improving Maternity Services in Australia: A Discussion Paper from the Australian Government" (September 2008, HTML and .pdf format, 22p.).


Institute for Research and Information in Health Economics (IRDES) [Paris, France]: "A refutation of the practice style hypothesis: the case of antibiotics prescription by French general practitioners for acute rhinopharyngitis," by Julien Mousques, Thomas Renaud, and Olivier Scemama (IRDES working paper No. 18, October 2008, .pdf format, 23p.).


Many researches in France or abroad have highlighted the medical practice variation (MPV) phenomenon, or even the inappropriateness of certain medical decisions. There is no consensus on the origin of this MPV between preference-centred versus opportunities and constraints approaches. This study principal purpose is to refute hypothesis which assume that physicians adopt for their patient a uniform practice style for each similar clinical decision beyond the time. More specifically, multilevel models are estimated: First to measure variability of antibiotics prescription by French general practitioners for acute rhinopharyngitis, a clinical decision making context with weak uncertainty, and to tests its significance; Second to prioritize its determinants, especially those relating to GP or its practice setting environment, by controlling visit or patient confounders. The study was based on the 2001 activity data, added by an ad hoc questionnaire, of a sample of 778 GPs arising from a panel of 1006 computerized French GPs.

We observe that a great part of the total variation was due to intra-physician variability (70%). Hence, in the French general practice context, we find empirical support for the rejection of the ‘practice style’, the 'enthusiasm' or the 'surgical signature' hypothesis. Thus, it is patients' characteristics that largely explain the prescription, even if physicians' characteristics (area of practice, level of activity, network participation, participation in ongoing medical training) and environmental factors (recent visit from pharmaceutical sales representatives) also exert considerable influence. The latter suggest that MPV are partly caused by differences in the type of dissemination or diffusion of information. Such findings may help us to develop and identify facilitators for promoting a better use of antibiotics in France and, more generally, for influencing GPs practice when it is of interest.


Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research: "Being born under adverse economic conditions leads to a higher cardiovascular mortality rate later in life: evidence based on individuals born at different stages of the business cycle," by Gerard J. van den Berg, Gabriele Doblhammer-Reiter, and Kaare Christensen (WP-2008-23, October 2008, .pdf format, 43p.).


We connect the recent medical and economic literatures on the long-run effects of early-life conditions, by analyzing the effects of economic conditions on the individual cardiovascular (CV) mortality rate later in life, using individual data records from the Danish Twin Registry covering births since the 1870s and including the cause of death. To capture exogenous variation of conditions early in life we use the state of the business cycle around birth. We find a significant negative effect of economic conditions early in life on the individual CV mortality rate at higher ages. There is no effect on the cancer-specific mortality rate. From variation within and between monozygotic and dizygotic twin pairs born under different conditions we conclude that the fate of an individual is more strongly determined by genetic and household-environmental factors if early-life conditions are poor. Individual-specific qualities come more to fruition if the starting position in life is better.

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JOURNAL TABLES OF CONTENTS (check your library for availability):

American Journal of Epidemiology (Vol. 168, No. 9, Nov. 1, 2008).

Environmental Research (Vol. 108, No. 3, November 2008).

Public Health (Vol. 122, No. 11, November 2008).

Public Health Reports (Vol. 123, No. 6, November/December 2008). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology (Vol. 52, No. 1, October 2008).

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US National Insitutes of Health:

A. "Pre-Application for the 2009 NIH Director’s Pioneer Award Program (X02)" (PAR-09-012, Oct. 23, 2008). For more information see:

B. "Pre-Application for the 2009 NIH Director’s New Innovator Award Program (X02)" (PAR-09-013, Oct. 23, 2008). For more information see:

C. "Contextual Approaches to Prevention of Unintended Pregnancy (R01)" (PA-09-014, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Oct. 24, 2008). For more information see:

D. "Contextual Approaches to Prevention of Unintended Pregnancy (R21)" (PA-09-015, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Oct. 24, 2008). For more information see:


US National Center for Health Statistics: "Associate Service Fellowship with the Division of Health Interview Statistics." For more information see:


Carso Health Institute Awards in Health, Nutrition and Environment 2009 Edition" (application deadline is Jan. 16, 2009). For more information see:

More informatoin on Carso Health Institute:


Duke University [Durham, North Carolina] Global Health Institute: "Post-doctoral training in Global Health: Call for Postdoctoral Fellowships in Global Health." The Duke Global Health Institute invites applications for up to two postdoctoral fellowships beginning July 2009 and ending August 2011. Fellows will work under the mentorship of a DGHI Faculty Member, DGHI Affiliate or other Duke faculty whose research focuses on DGHI’s signature research initiatives." Application deadline is Feb. 15, 2009. For more information see:

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EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES: Academy Health updated its listings through Oct. 29, 2008.


Agework.Com: AgeWork has updated its employment page with listings through Oct. 27, 2008.

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"12th World Conference on Public Health," to be held in Istanbul, Turkey, Apr. 27-May 1, 2009. For more information see:

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Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research: ICPSR at he University of Michigan released several new datasets as of Oct. 26, 2008, which may be of interest to Health researchers. Note: Some ICPSR studies are available only to ICPSR member institutions. To find out whether your organization is a member, and whether or not it supports ICPSR Direct downloading, see:

New and updated data:

All new and updated data in the last 90 days can be found at:


UK Data Archive (Essex University, Colchester, UK): The UK Data Archive has recently added the following datasets to its holdings. Note: There maybe charges or licensing requirements on holdings of the UK Data Archive. For more information see:

For new data or new editions of new data in the last month:

and pick "1 month" for either.


National Center for Health Statistics: NCHS has recently announced the release of data and documentation for the 2006 National Survey of Ambulatory Surgery file. "The National Survey of Ambulatory Surgery (NSAS) is the only national study of ambulatory surgical care in hospital-based and freestanding ambulatory surgery centers (ASCs). The NSAS was first conducted from 1994 to 1996, but it was discontinued due to lack of resources. The NSAS was conducted again in 2006."

Data can be downloaded:

Documentation can downloaded:


Medical Expenditure Panel Survey: AHQR has released two new MEPS data files (US Agency for Healthcare Quality and Research, October 2008, data in .zip or self decompressing [.exe] ASCII text and SAS Transport format, with documentation in HTML and .pdf format, and SAS programming statements in ASCII format).

- MEPS HC-103: 2006 Person Round Plan Public Use File

- MEPS HC-102D: 2006 Hospital Inpatient Stays File

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