Current Social Science Research Report--Health #91, December 3, 2008.

CSSRR-Social is a weekly email report produced by the Data and Information Services Center at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. It seeks to help social science researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. This report will contain selected listings of new: reports, articles, bibliographies, working papers, tables of contents, conferences, data, and websites. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:


CSSRR-Social is compiled and edited by Jack Solock and Charlie Fiss.


To CSSRR-Econ #91

To CSSRR- Sociology #91



Index to this issue:


















1. Centers for Disease Control Periodical: Emerging Infectious Diseases (Vol. 14, No. 12, December 2008, HTML and .pdf format).

Note: this is a temporary address. When the next EID is released, this one, along with all others, will be available at:

2. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report Articles, Surveillance Summaries (HTML and .pdf format):


A. Progress Toward Strengthening Blood Transfusion Services ---14 Countries, 2003--2007" (Centers for Disease Control, Vol. 57, No. 47, Nov. 28, 2008, p. 1273-1277).

B. "Multistate Outbreak of Salmonella Infections Associated with Frozen Pot Pies --- United States, 2007" (Centers for Disease Control, Vol. 57, No. 47, Nov. 28, 2008, p. 1277-1280).

C. "QuickStats: Health Status Among Persons Aged >25 Years, by Education Level --- National Health Interview Survey, United States, 2007 (Centers for Disease Control, Vol. 57, No. 47, Nov. 28, 2008, p. 1282).

.pdf for all:

Surveillance Summary:

"Abortion Surveillance --- United States, 2005," by Sonya B. Gamble, Lilo T. Strauss, Wilda Y. Parker, Douglas A. Cook, Suzanne B. Zane, and Saeed Hamdan (Vol. 57(SS13), November 2008, HTML and .pdf format, 32p.).



3. National Center for Health Statistics Conference Presentations: "2008 Data Users Conference Presentations," (November 2008, PowerPoint format).

4. National Institutes of Health News Release: "Experimental TB Drug Explodes Bacteria from the Inside Out: Research Advance May Lead to New Ways to Attack Latent TB and Other Bacteria" (Nov. 27, 2008).

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US States:


University of Minnesota, Center for Infectious Disease Research and Policy Report: "Pandemic Influenza, Electricity, and the Coal Supply: Addressing Crucial Preparedness Gaps in the United States," by Nicholas S. Kelley and Michael T. Osterholm (November 2008, .pdf format, 51p.). Note: Free registration is required.

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NGO and Other Countries:

United Nations:

1. Joint Programme for HIV/AIDS Report: "2008 Report on the global AIDS epidemic" (November 2008, eBook and .pdf format, 357p.).

2. World Health Organization Periodical: Bulletin of the World Health Organization (Vol. 86, No. 12, December 2008, .pdf format, p. 909-988).

3. World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe Report: "HIV/AIDS surveillance in Europe 2007," )Joint WHO/Europe and European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) surveillance report on HIV/AIDS in the WHO European Region, December 2008, .pdf format, 74p.).



Australian Institute Of Health And Welfare Report: "Movement from hospital to residential aged care," by Rosemary Karmel, Jonas Lloyd, and Phil Anderson (Data linkage series no. 6, November 2008, .pdf format, 217p.).



Canadian Institute for Health Information/Institute canadien d'information sur la sante Report: "Reducing Gaps in Health: A Focus on Socio-Economic Status in Urban Canada," (November 2008, .pdf format, 171p.).



Directorate of Health Table1 (Microsoft Excel format). Note: table heads are in Icelandic and English. ICD text classifications are in Icelandic only. "Discharges from hospitals 1999-2006, ICD-10 Chapters" (2008).



Statistics Netherlands: SN has updated its Web Magazine, Economic Monitor, and Press Releases from Nov. 26-Dec. 2, 2008).


South Africa/Zimbabwe:

South Africa Department of Health News Release: "Statement by Minister of Health Barbara Hogan on the outbreak of cholera in Zimbabwe and South Africa" (Nov. 26, 2008).



Federal Statistical Office Report: "Health in Switzerland -- Summary National Health Report 2008" (November 2008, .pdf format, 25p.). Note: the complete report (German and French, in print only at this time) is available at the site.



National Health Service Reports, Periodical:

A. "Report of the National Patient Choice Survey July 2008 and provisional headline figures for September 2008" (December 2008, 26p.).

Link to full text is at the bottom of the page.

B. "NHS cancer waiting times figures, July to September 2008" (November 2008, news release, .pdf format, 4p., with data in Microsoft Excel format).

Link to news release full text and data are at the bottom of the page.

C. Health Statistics Quarterly: No 40: Winter 2008 (November 2008, .pdf format, 98p.).



Welsh Assembly Government/Llywodraeth Cynulliad Cymru Report: "NHS Cancer Waiting Times, Quarter Ending 30 September 2008" (December 2008, .pdf format, 4p.).

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Population Reference Bureau Article: "Preventing Chronic Respiratory Diseases in Developing Countries," by Mary Mederios Kent (November 2008).


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis (Missouri) Periodical: Liber8 (November 2008, .pdf format, 2p.). The latest issue is about "U.S. Health Care Insurance and the Uninsured."


Demographic Research Article: "Creative providers: Counseling and counselors in family planning and reproductive health," Anthony T. Carter (Vol. 19, Article 59, December 2008, .pdf format, p. 1969-2010). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:


Institute of Medicine Monograph: Resident Duty Hours: Enhancing Sleep, Supervision, and Safety, edited by Cheryl Ulmer, Dianne Miller Wolman, and Michael M.E. Johns (2008, Open Book format, 480p.). Ordering information for a print or .pdf copy is available at the site.


PLoS Medicine Debate: "Is Private Health Care the Answer to the Health Problems of the World's Poor?" by Kara Hanson, Lucy Gilson, Catherine Goodman, Anne Mills, Richard Smith, Richard Feachem, Neelam Sekhri Feachem, Tracey Perez Koehlmoos, and Heather Kinlaw (PLoS Medicine Vol. 5, No. 11, e233 doi:10.1371/journal.pmed.0050233, HTML, XML, and .pdf format, 5p.).


Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences Article Abstract: "Integrating epidemiology, psychology, and economics to achieve HPV vaccination targets," by Sanjay Basu, Gretchen B. Chapman, and Alison P. Galvani (Vol. 105, No. 48, Dec. 2, 2008, p. 19018-19023).


British Medical Journal, Various:

A. "Catholic church threatens to derail reproductive health bill in Philippines," by Ben Bland (News extract, BMJ 2008;337:a2777, Nov. 27, 2008).

B. "Uninsured people get poor deal from organ donation in the US," by Jeanne Lenzer (News extract, BMJ 2008;337:a2704, Nov. 26, 2008).

C. "Zimbabwe faces a 'major health disaster,' as hospitals close," by Ryan Truscott (News extract, BMJ 2008;337:a2710, Nov. 25, 2008).

D. "US GPs are unhappy, underpaid, deluged by paperwork, and want to retire, study says," by Janice Hopkins Tanne (News extract, BMJ 2008;337:a2711, Nov. 25, 2008).

E. "Generic substitution of drugs to be introduced in 2010," by Andrew Jack (News extract, BMJ 2008;337:a2699, Nov. 24, 2008).

F. "Doctors must warn women who seek abortion in South Dakota," by Janice Hopkins Tanne (News extract, BMJ 2008;337:a2707, Nov. 24, 2008).

G. "Our perfectly designed US healthcare system," by Douglas Kamerow (Observations extract, BMJ 2008;337:a2702, Nov. 24, 2008).

H. "Global research for health," by Martin McGee (Editorial, BMJ 2008;337:a2733, Nov. 25, 2008).


Lancet, Various: Note: Lancet requires free registration before providing content.

A. A. "China's barefoot doctor: past, present, and future," by Daqing Zhang and Paul U. Unschuld (Comment, Vol. 372, No. 9653, Nov. 29, 2008, HTML and .pdf format p. 1865-1867). This article is available free of charge.

B. "Medical research ethics in China," by Ruotao Wang and Gail E. Henderson (Comment, Vol. 372, No. 9653, Nov. 29, 2008, HTML and .pdf format p. 1867- 1868). This article is available free of charge.

C. "New hopes for tackling HIV/AIDS in the USA," by Nellie Bristol (World Report, Vol. 372, No. 9653, Nov. 29, 2008, HTML and .pdf format p. 1869-1870). This article is available free of charge.

D. "China's health system performance," by Yuanli Liu, Keqin Rao, Jing Wu, and Emmanuela Gakidou (Series, Vol. 372, No. 9653, Nov. 29, 2008, HTML and .pdf format p. 1914-1923). This article is available free of charge.


European Observatory on Health Systems and Policies Report: "Finland: Health System Review," (Health Systems in Transition, Vol. 10, No. 4, 2008, .pdf format, 170p.).

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National Bureau of Economic Research:

A. "No Time to Lose? Time Constraints and Physical Activity," by John Mullahy and Stephanie A. Robert (w14513, November 2008, .pdf format, 49p.).


Although individuals are all endowed with the same time budgets, time use patterns differ owing to heterogeneity in preferences and constraints. In today's health policy arena there is considerable discussion about how to improve health outcomes by increasing levels of physical activity. In this paper, we explore how individuals endowed with different levels of human capital allocate time to physically-demanding activities that we characterize as health-producing behaviors. Our data are drawn from multiple years of the American Time Use Survey (ATUS), which are based on daily time use diaries and include information on detailed physical activity time uses. Since ATUS time use categories are mutually exclusive and exhaustive -- i.e. "multitasking" is not accommodated -- we employ a novel econometric share equation techniques to enforce the adding-up requirement that time use is constrained to 1,440 minutes per day. We find that differential human capital endowments result in different manifestations of how time is used to produce health. While more-educated individuals, e.g., sleep much less than less-educated individuals, they utilize some of the time so liberated to exercise and work more. We find as well that various features of individuals' environments, broadly defined, play important roles in time allocation decisions.

B. "On the Sorting of Physicians across Medical Occupations," by Pascal Courty and Gerald R. Marschke (w14502, November 2008, .pdf format, 33p.).


We model the sorting of medical students across medical occupations and identify a mechanism that explains the possibility of differential productivity across occupations. The model combines moral hazard and matching of physicians and occupations with pre-matching investments. In equilibrium assortative matching takes place; more able physicians join occupations less exposed to moral hazard risk, face more powerful performance incentives, and are more productive. Under-consumption of health services relative to the first best allocation increases with occupational (moral hazard) risk. Occupations with risk above a given threshold are not viable. The model offers an explanation for the persistence of distortions in the mix of health care services offered the differential impact of malpractice risk across occupations, and the recent growth in medical specialization.


Center for Statistics and the Social Science [University of Washington]: "More on the Cohort-Component Model of Population Projection in the Context of HIV/AIDS: A Leslie Matrix Representation and New Estimation Methods," by Jason Thomas and Sam Clark (Working Paper No. 88, November 2008, .pdf format, 36p.).


This article presents an extension of the cohort component model of population projection (CCMPP) first formulated by Heuveline (2003) that is capable of modeling a population a affected by HIV. Heuveline proposes a maximum likelihood approach to estimate the age profile of HIV incidence that produced the HIV epidemics in East Africa during the 1990s. We extend this work by developing the Leslie matrix representation of the CCMPP which greatly facilitates implementation of the model for parameter estimation and projecting. The Leslie matrix also contains information about the stable tendencies of the corresponding population, such as the stable age distribution and time to stability. We validate our reformulation of the model by comparing parameter estimates obtained through maximum likelihood and bootstrap methods to those presented by Heuveline using Heuveline's original data set. A further application of the model to a small population with high HIV prevalence in rural South Africa is presented as an additional demonstration. This work lays the foundation for development of more robust and flexible Bayesian estimation methods that will greatly enhance the utility of this and similar models.


Institute for Social and Economic Research (ISER) [University of Essex, Colchester, UK]: "Disability Benefits And Paying For Care," by Richard Berthoud and Ruth Hancock (No. 2008-40, November 2008, pdf format, 18p).


Attendance Allowance and the care component of Disability Living Allowance are paid to nearly four million elderly or disabled people who need to help in their daily lives. In the course of recent debate about financing the growing demand for social care services, the Wanless report (2006) suggested that these disability benefits paid by the social security system should be curtailed, releasing resources that could used by social workers to pay directly for care. This paper uses some new findings about the needs and resources of disabled claimants to comment on that proposal. It considers six issues of principle about the balance between cash and care in the delivery of support to disabled people. A decision to change policy would need to take account of the costs to the losers, as well as of the benefits to the gainers.

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JOURNAL TABLES OF CONTENTS (check your library for availability):

AIDS (Vol. 22, Suppl. 4, December 2008).

Journal of Environmental Health (Vol. 71, No. 5, December 2008) (.pdf format, 1p.). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library and the EBSCO Host Academic Search Elite Database. Check your library for the availability of these databases and this issue.

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United Nations World Health Organization Regional Office For The Eastern Mediterranean: "Joint EMRO/TDR Small Grants Scheme for Operational Research in Tropical and Other Communicable Diseases: 17th Call For Proposals: 2009: "The Eastern Mediterranean Regional Office (EMRO) of the World Health Organization (WHO) in collaboration with the UNICEF/UNDP/World Bank/WHO Special Programme for Research and Training in Tropical Diseases (TDR) is pleased to announce the 17th Call for Proposals of the Small Grants Scheme for Operational Research in Tropical and other Communicable Diseases for the year 2009. The scheme is co-funded by the WHO/EMRO and the UNICEF/UNDP/World Bank/WHO Special Programme for Research and Training in Tropical Diseases (TDR). The Research Proposal Form is attached. Please note that the deadline for application is 28 February 2009" For more information see (Microsoft Word format, 24p.).

Budget template (Microsoft Excel format):

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Agework.Com: AgeWork has updated its employment page with listings through Dec. 2, 2008.


American Statistical Association: ASA has updated its employment page with listings through Dec. 3, 2008.


Chronicle of Higher Education:

Health positions has been updated through Dec. 3, 2008.

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US House Small Business Committee, Subcommittee on Rural and Urban Entrepeneurship Hearing Publication: "How Small Businesses Can Best Address The Healthcare Needs Of Their Employees," a hearing held Aug. 30, 2007 (.pdf format, 69p.).

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Medical Expenditure Panel Survey: The US Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality has released a several new MEPS data files (November 2008, data in .zip or self decompressing [.exe] ASCII text and SAS Transport format, with documentation in HTML and .pdf format, and SAS programming statements in ASCII format).

MEPS HC-104: 2006 Medical Conditions File

MEPS HC-105: 2006 Full Year Consolidated Data File

MEPS HC-102A: 2006 Prescribed Medicines File

MEPS HC-036: MEPS 1996-2006 Pooled Estimation Linkage File

MEPS HC-036BRR: MEPS 1996-2006 Replicates for Calculating Variances File

MEPS HC-102I: Appendix to MEPS 2006 Event Files


Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research: ICPSR at the University of Michigan released several new datasets on Nov. 30, 2008 which may be of interest to Health researchers. Note: Some ICPSR studies are available only to ICPSR member institutions. To find out whether your organization is a member, and whether or not it supports ICPSR Direct downloading, see:

New and updated data:

All new and updated data in the last 90 days can be found at:


UK Data Archive (Essex University, Colchester, UK): The UK Data Archive has recently added the following datasets to its holdings. Note: There maybe charges or licensing requirements on holdings of the UK Data Archive. For more information see:

For new data or new editions of new data in the last month:

and pick "1 month" for either.

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