Current Social Science Research Report--Health #93, December 16, 2008.

CSSRR-Social is a weekly email report produced by the Data and Information Services Center at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. It seeks to help social science researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. This report will contain selected listings of new: reports, articles, bibliographies, working papers, tables of contents, conferences, data, and websites. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:



CSSRR-Social is compiled and edited by Jack Solock and Charlie Fiss.


To CSSRR-Econ #93

To CSSRR- Sociology #93



Index to this issue:
















1. National Center for Health Statistics Report, Health E-Stat:

A. "Complementary and Alternative Medicine Use Among Adults and Children: United States, 2007," by Patricia M. Barnes, Barbara Bloom, and Richard L. Nahin (National Health Statistics Reports, No. 12, December 10, 2008, .pdf format, 24p.).


B. "Preliminary Estimates of Electronic Medical Record use by Office-based Physicians: United States, 2008," by Chun-Ju Hsiao (December 2008, HTML and .pdf format, 2p.).


C. "Marital Status is Associated With Health Insurance Coverage for Working-age Women at all Income Levels, 2007," by Amy B. Bernstein, Robin A. Cohen, Kate M. Brett, and Mary Ann Bush (NCHS Data Brief No. 11, December 2008, HTML and .pdf format, 8p.).


2. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report Articles (HTML and .pdf format):

A. "Asbestosis-Related Years of Potential Life Lost Before Age 65 Years --- United States, 1968--2005" (Vol. 57, No. 49, Dec. 12, 2008, p. 1321-1325).



B. "QuickStats: Percentage of Adults Aged >18 Years Who Consumed Five or More Alcoholic Drinks in 1 Day at Least Once in the Preceding Year, by Sex and Age Group --- National Health Interview Survey, United States, 2007" (Vol. 57, No. 49, Dec. 12, 2008, p. 1333).



.pdf for both:


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NGO and Other Countries:

United Nations:

1. World Health Organization/Children's Fund Report: "World report on child injury prevention," edited by Margie Peden, Kayode Oyegbite, Joan Ozanne-Smith, Adnan A. Hyder, Christine Branche, A.K.M. Fazlur Rahman, Frederick Rivara and Kidist Bartolomeos (December 2008, .pdf format, 211p.).


2. World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe Report: "European report on child injury prevention" (December 2008, .pdf format, 98p.).




Australian Institute of Health and Welfare Report: "Review and evaluation of Australian information about primary health care: a focus on general practice," (December 2008, .pdf format, 168p.).




Statistics Austria Compendium: Health statistics yearbook 2007 (December 2008, .pdf format, 461p.). The yearbook is in German. There is an English summary. Table headings are in German and English.




Canadian Institute for Health Information (CIHI)/Institut Canadien d'Information sur la Sante Report: "HSMR: A New Approach for Measuring Hospital Mortality Trends in Canada," (December, 2008, .pdf format, 100p.).




Statistics Finland News Release: "Alcohol-related deaths continued to increase in 2007" (Dec. 4, 2008).



New Zealand:

Ministry of Health/Manatu Hauora Report: "Deaths and Intentional Self-harm Hospitalisations 2006" (December 2008, .pdf format, 56p.).




National Health Service Scotland Report: "Medicines used in Mental Health" (December 2008).



South Africa:

Health Systems Trust Report: "South African Health Review 2008" (December 2008, .pdf format, 406p.).




1. National Health Service Reports:

A. "Health Survey for England 2007 Latest trends" (December 2008, .pdf format, 12p., with tables in Microsoft Excel format).


B. "Health Survey for England 2007: Healthy lifestyles: knowledge, attitudes and behaviour: (December 2008, .pdf format, Summary, 20p., Vol. 1, 354p., Vol. 2, 209p.).


C. "National Child Measurement Programme: results from the school year 2007/08" (December 2008, .pdf format, 62p., with tables in Microsoft Excel and web based extractor format).


Links to report and data are at the bottom of the page.

2. National Statistics Office Report: "Cancer survival in England, patients diagnosed 2000-2004 followed up to 2005" (December 2008, .pdf format, 11p.)."


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American Enterprise Institute Brief: "When Patents Are Not Enough: Data Exclusivity for Follow-On Biologics," by John E. Calfee (Health Policy Outlook, No. 10, December 2008, HTML and .pdf format, 9p.).



Employee Benefit Research Institute Report: "Availability, Contributions, Account Balances, and Rollovers in Account-Based Health Plans," by Paul Fronstin (_EBRI Notes_, Vol. 29, No. 12, December 2008, .pdf format, 16p.).



University of California at Los Angeles Center for Health Policy Research Policy Briefs:

A. "Low-Income Adolescents Face More Barriers to Healthy Weight," by Theresa A. Hastert, Susan H. Babey, Allison L. Diamant, and E. Richard Brown (December 2008, .pdf format, 8p.).


B."Nearly 6.4 Million Californians Lacked Health Insurance in 2007 -- Recession Likely to Reverse Small Gains in Coverage," by E. Richard Brown, Shana Alex Lavarreda, Erin Peckham, and Y. Jenny Chia (December 2008, .pdf format, 5p.).



Monitoring the Future Press Releases:

A. "Various stimulant drugs show continuing gradual declines among teens in 2008, most illicit drugs hold steady" (Dec. 11, 2008, ,pdf format, 7p., with tables in .pdf format).

B. "More good news on teen smoking: Rates at or near record lows," by Lloyd D. Johnston, Patrick M. O'Malley, Jerald G. Bachman, and John E. Schulenberg (December 2008, .pdf format, 4p., with tables in .pdf format).).

Both are available at:



National Research Council Monograph: Review of Federal Strategy for Nanotechnology-Related Environmental, Health, and Safety Research, Committee for Review of the Federal Strategy to Address Environmental, Health, and Safety Research Needs for Engineered Nanoscale Materials, Committee on Toxicology (National Academies Press, 2008, ISBN-10: 0-309-11699-6, 97p.).



Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Report: "Recent Changes in Dutch Health Insurance: Individual Mandate or Social Insurance?" by Kieke G.H. Okma (January 2009, .pdf format, 34p.).



Frasier Institute (Canada) Report: "How Good Is Canadian Health Care? 2008 Report," by Michael Walker and Nadeem Esmail (November 2008, .pdf format, 119p.).


More information about FI:



Public Library of Science (PLoS) One Articles:

A. "Survival of Infants Born to HIV-Positive Mothers," by Feeding Modality, in Rakai, Uganda Joseph Kagaayi, Ronald H. Gray, Heena Brahmbhatt, Godfrey Kigozi, Fred Nalugoda, Fred Wabwire-Mangen, David Serwadda, Nelson Sewankambo, Veronica Ddungu, Darix Ssebagala, Joseph Sekasanvu, Grace Kigozi, Fredrick Makumbi, Noah Kiwanuka, Tom Lutalo, Steven J. Reynolds, and Maria J. Wawer (PLoS ONE 3(12): e3877. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0003877, HTML, XML, and .pdf, format, 7p.).


B. "The Role of Medical Language in Changing Public Perceptions of Illness," by Meredith E. Young, Geoffrey R. Norman, and Karin R. Humphreys (PLoS ONE 3(12): e3875. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0003875, HTML, XML, and .pdf, format, 6p.).



Journal of the American Medical Association Article Abstracts:

A. "Patterns of Abuse Among Unintentional Pharmaceutical Overdose Fatalities," by Aron J. Hall, Joseph E. Logan, Robin L. Toblin, James A. Kaplan, James C. Kraner, Danae Bixler, Alex E. Crosby, and Leonard J. Paulozzi (Vol. 300, No. 22, December 10, 2008, p. 2613-2620).


B. "Financial Incentive-Based Approaches for Weight Loss: A Randomized Trial," by Kevin G. Volpp, Leslie K. John, Andrea B. Troxel, Laurie Norton, Jennifer Fassbender, and George Loewenstein (Vol. 300, No. 22, December 10, 2008, p. 2631-2637).



New England Journal of Medicine Article Abstracts:

A. "Efficacy of RTS,S/AS01E Vaccine against Malaria in Children 5 to 17 Months of Age," by Philip Bejon, John Lusingu, Ally Olotu, Amanda Leach, Marc Lievens, Johan Vekemans, Salum Mshamu, Trudie Lang, Jayne Gould, Marie-Claude Dubois, Marie-Ange Demoitié, Jean-Francois Stallaert, Preeti Vansadia, Terrell Carter, Patricia Njuguna, Ken O. Awuondo, Anangisye Malabeja, Omar Abdul, Samwel Gesase, Neema Mturi, Chris J. Drakeley, Barbara Savarese, Tonya Villafana, W. Ripley Ballou, Joe Cohen, Eleanor M. Riley, Martha M. Lemnge, Kevin Marsh, and Lorenz von Seidlein (Vol. 359, No. 24, December 11, 2008, p. 2521-2532).


B. "An Obesity-Associated FTO Gene Variant and Increased Energy Intake in Children," by Joanne E. Cecil,Roger Tavendale, Peter Watt, Marion M. Hetherington, and Colin N.A. Palmer (Vol. 359, No. 24, December 11, 2008, p. 2558-2566).


C. "Safety and Immunogenicity of RTS,S/AS02D Malaria Vaccine in Infants," by Salim Abdulla, Rolf Oberholzer, Omar Juma, Sulende Kubhoja, Francisca Machera, Christopher Membi, Said Omari, Alwisa Urassa, Hassan Mshinda, Ajuza Jumanne, Nahya Salim, Mwanjaa Shomari, Thomas Aebi, David M. Schellenberg, Terrell Carter, Tonya Villafana, Marie-Ange Demoitié, Marie-Claude Dubois, Amanda Leach,Marc Lievens, Johan Vekemans, Joe Cohen, W. Ripley Ballou, and Marcel Tanner (Vol. 359, No. 24, December 11, 2008, p. 2533-2544).



British Medical Journal Article Abstract: "Discrepancies in sample size calculations and data analyses reported in randomised trials: comparison of publications with protocols," by An-Wen Chan, Asbjorn Hrobjartsson, Karsten J. Jorgensen, Peter C. Gotzsche, and Douglas G. Altman (BMJ 2008;337:a2299, Dec. 4, 2008).



Lancet Articles: Note: Lancet requires free registration before providing articles.

A. "Tracking progress towards universal childhood immunisation and the impact of global initiatives: a systematic analysis of three-dose diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis immunisation coverage," by Stephen S. Lim, David B. Stein, Alexandra Charrow, and Christopher J.L. Murray (Vol. 372, No. 9655, December 13, 2008, p. 2031-2046). Note: this article is available free of charge.


B. "Health systems and the right to health: an assessment of 194 countries," by Gunilla Backman, Paul Hunt, Rajat Khosla, Camila Jaramillo-Strouss, Belachew Mekuria Fikre, Caroline Rumble, David Pevalin, David Acurio Páez, Mónica Armijos Pineda, Ariel Frisancho, Duniska Tarco, Mitra Motlagh, Dana Farcasanu, and Cristian Vladescu (Vol. 372, No. 9655, December 13, 2008, p. 2047-2085). Note: this article is available free of charge..


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National Bureau of Economic Research:

A. "Estimating Marginal Returns to Medical Care: Evidence from At-Risk Newborns," by Douglas Almond, Joseph J. Doyle, Jr., Amanda E. Kowalski, and Heidi Williams (w14522, December 2008, .pdf format, 60p.).


We estimate marginal returns to medical care for at-risk newborns by comparing health outcomes and medical treatment provision on either side of common risk classifications, most notably the "very low birth weight" threshold at 1500 grams. First, using data on the census of US births in available years from 1983-2002, we find evidence that newborns with birth weights just below 1500 grams have lower one-year mortality rates than do newborns with birth weights just above this cutoff, even though mortality risk tends to decrease with birth weight. One-year mortality falls by approximately one percentage point as birth weight crosses 1500 grams from above, which is large relative to mean one-year mortality of 5.5% just above 1500 grams. Second, using hospital discharge records for births in five states in available years from 1991-2006, we find evidence that newborns with birth weights just below 1500 grams have discontinuously higher costs and frequencies of specific medical inputs. We estimate a $4,000 increase in hospital costs as birth weight approaches 1500 grams from above, relative to mean hospital costs of $40,000 just above 1500 grams. Taken together, these estimates suggest that the cost of saving a statistical life of a newborn with birth weight near 1500 grams is on the order of $550,000 in 2006 dollars.


B. "High Birth Weight and Cognitive Outcomes," by Resul Cesur and Inas Rashad (w14524, December 2008, .pdf format, 30p.).


While the effects of low birth weight have long been explored, those of high birth weight have been essentially ignored. Economists have analyzed the negative effects that low birth weight might have on subsequent school outcomes, while taking into account unobserved characteristics that may be common to families with low birth weight babies and negative outcomes in terms of school test scores when children, in addition to labor market income when adults. Today, however, with increasing obesity rates in the United States, high birth weight has become a potential concern, and has been associated in the medical literature with an increased likelihood of becoming an overweight child, adolescent, and subsequently an obese adult. Overweight and obesity, in turn, are associated with a host of negative effects, including lower test scores in school and lower labor market prospects when adults. If studies only focus on low birth weight, they may underestimate the effects of ensuring that mothers receive adequate support during pregnancy. In this study we find that cognitive outcomes are adversely affected not only by low birth weight (<2500 grams) but also by high birth weight (>4500 grams). Our results have policy implications in terms of provision of support for pregnant women.


C. "Heights and Human Welfare: Recent Developments and New Directions," by Richard H. Steckel (w14536, December 2008, .pdf format, 60p.).


Since 1995 approximately 300 publications on stature have appeared in the social sciences, which is a five-fold increase in the rate of production relative to the period 1977-1994. The expansion occurred in several areas, but especially within economics, indicating that heights have become a traditional source of evidence for study of human welfare. Much of this work extends beyond the traditional bailiwick of anthropometric history, including biological welfare during economic and political crises; anthropometric determinants of wages; the welfare of women relative to men in the contemporary world; the fetal origins hypothesis; and inequality in the developing world. The approach has also expanded within economic history to consider the consequences of empire for colonials; the health of populations lacking traditional measures of social performance; the consequences of smallpox; and very long-term trends in health. Much has also been learned about socioeconomic aspects of inequality, the welfare implications of industrialization, and socioeconomic determinants of stature. The last is a work in progress and one may doubt whether sufficient longitudinal evidence will become available for a complete understanding of the variety and strength of pathways that affect human physical growth.


D. "More Women Missing, Fewer Girls Dying: The Impact of Abortion on Sex Ratios at Birth and Excess Female Mortality in Taiwan," by Ming-Jen Lin, Nancy Qian, and Jin-Tan Liu (w14541, December 2008, .pdf format, 48p.).


Many countries with "deficits" in their female population see banning sex-selective abortion as a way to curb the observed sex imbalance. However, they rarely discuss the potentially negative unintended consequences of this ban on female survival rates as parents may be forced to substitute post-natal for pre-natal sex-selection. This paper presents novel empirical evidence on the impact of access to abortion on sex ratios at birth and relative female infant mortality. We use the universe of birth and death registry data from Taiwan and exploit plausibly exogenous variation in the availability of sex-selective abortion caused legislative changes to identify the causal effects of sex-selective abortion on sex ratios at birth and excess female mortality. We find that sex-selective abortion increased the fraction of males at birth by approximately 0.7 percentage-points, accounting for approximately 100% of the observed increase in sex ratios at birth during the 1980s; and it decreased relative female neo-natal mortality by approximately 61%. We estimate that approximately 13 more female infants survived for every 100 aborted female fetuses.


E. "Mandates and the Affordability of Health Care," by Sherry A. Glied (w14545, December 2008, .pdf format, 28p.).


This paper examines the economic rationale of affordability exemptions in the context of a health insurance mandate. On its face, an affordability exemption makes little sense-- it exempts people from purchasing a good that policymakers believe benefits them. I provide an economic definition of affordability and discuss how it is implemented in the contexts of food, housing, and health care. Affordability standards are frequently used in food and housing policy making, but both empirically and theoretically health care operates quite differently than do these other merit goods. These differences help explain why the use of affordability in health policymaking is so different from its use in these other contexts. I conclude with a discussion of the relationship between mandates and exemptions in other health care systems.


F. "Pharmaceutical Industry, Drug Quality and Regulation: Evidence from US and Italy," by Vincenzo Atella, Jay Bhattacharya, and Lorenzo Carbonari (w14567, December 2008, .pdf format, 30p.).


The aim of this article is to analyze the relationship between drug price and drug quality and how it varies across two of the most common regulatory regimes in the pharmaceutical market: Minimum Efficacy Standards (MES) and Price Controls (PC). We develop a model of adverse selection where a pharmaceutical company can charge different prices to a heterogeneous group of buyers for its (innovative) drug, and we evaluate the properties of the equilibria under the two regimes. We model consumer heterogeneity stemming from differences in the willingness-to-pay for drug quality, measured through ex-post efficacy. The theoretical analysis provides two main results. First, the average drug quality delivered is higher under the MES regime than in the PC regime or a in combination of the two. Second, PC regulation reduces the difference in terms of high-low quality drug prices. The empirical analysis based on Italian and US data corroborates these results.



US Bureau of Labor Statistics: "Bayesian Multiscale Multiple Imputation with Implications to Data Confidentiality," by Scott H. Holan, Daniell Toth, Marco A. R. Ferreira and Alan F. Karr (December 2008, .pdf format, 7p.).



Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) [University of Bonn, Germany]: "Climbing the Drug Staircase: A Bayesian Analysis of the Initiation of Hard Drug Use," by Anne Line Bretteville-Jensen and Liana Jacobi (Discussion Paper 3879, December 2008, .pdf format, 39p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:



Center for Economic Studies/Ifo Institute for Economic Research (CESifo) [Munich, Bavaria, Germany]: "Nineteenth Century Black and White US Statures: The Primary Sources of Vitamin D and their Relationship with Height," by Scott A. Carson (CESifo Working Paper No. 2497, December 2008, .pdf format, 40p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:


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JOURNAL TABLES OF CONTENTS (check your library for availability):

Clinical Infectious Diseases (Vol. 48, No. 1, Jan. 1, 2009, Vol. 48, Supplement 1, Jan. 1, 2008). The topic of the supplement is "Antiviral Therapy for Influenza: Challenging the Status Quo." Note: Full text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library and the EBSCO Host Academic Search Elite Database. Check your library for availability of these databases and this issue.

Vol. 48, No. 1:


Vol. 48, Supplement 1:


Epidemiology (Vol. 20, No. 1, January 2009).


International Journal of Obesity (Vol. 21, No. 12, December 2008).


Journal of Exposure Science and Environmental Epidemiology (Vol. 18, No. 6, November 2008).


Toxicological Sciences (Vol. 107, No. 1, January 2009).


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Rand Corporation Graduate Student Summer Associate Program: Applications will be accepted until January 2009. For more information see:



US National Institutes of Health: "Biosocial Approaches to Infertility Research (R21)," (PA-09-032, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Dec. 9, 2008).


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Agework.Com: AgeWork has updated its employment page with listings through Dec. 15, 2008.



American Statistical Association: ASA has updated its employment page with listings through Dec. 15, 2008.



Chronicle of Higher Education:

Health positions has been updated through Dec. 16, 2008.


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US House Committee on the Budget Hearing Publication: "Getting Better Value In Health Care," a hearing held July 16, 2008 (Serial No. 110-37, .pdf and ASCII format, 62p.).






US House Committee on Oversight and Government Reform Hearing Publication: "Addressing The Screening Gap: The National Breast And Cervical Cancer Early Detection Program," a hearing held January 29, 2008 (Serial No. 110-52, .pdf and ASCII text format, 119p.).






US House Committee on Ways and Means, Subcommittee On Income Security And Family Support Hearing Publication: "Impact Of Gaps In Health Coverage On Income Security," a hearing held Nov. 14, 2007 (Serial No. 110-65, .pdf and ASCII format, 238p.).





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US Agency for International Development Data Online for Population, Health and Nutrition (DOLPHN) Update: "November 2008 Country Health Statistical Reports (CHSRs) are now available and include 15 new countries (Liberia, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Chad, Cote d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Gambia, Guinea Bissau, Mauritania, Niger, Sao Tome & Principe, SierraLeone, and Togo)." "DOLPHN was created in response to the numerous data requirements of USAID health staff and AIM Project data analysts to meet indicator-reporting needs. DOLPHN contains over 70 key health indicators obtained from 11 carefully selected and internationally recognized data sources. The various sources of the data use a variety of research methodologies including population-based surveys, estimates, and projections to derive the statistics."



UK Data Archive (Essex University, Colchester, UK): The UK Data Archive has recently added the following datasets to its holdings. Note: There maybe charges or licensing requirements on holdings of the UK Data Archive. For more information see:


For new data or new editions of new data in the last month:


and pick "1 month" for either.

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