Current Social Science Research Report--Sociology #107, April 7, 2009.

CSSRR-Social is a weekly email report produced by the Data and Information Services Center at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. It seeks to help social science researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. This report will contain selected listings of new: reports, articles, bibliographies, working papers, tables of contents, conferences, data, and websites. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:


CSSRR-Social is compiled and edited by Jack Solock and Charlie Fiss.


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Index to this issue:

















1. National Center on Education Statistics Report: "The Nation’s Report Card: 2007 At a Glance," (NCES 2009486, April 2009, .pdf format, 12p.)

2. Department of Health and Human Services News Releases:

A. "Recovery Act Provides 5 Billion Dollars to Assist Needy Families" (Apr. 3, 2009).

B. "Head Start, Early Head Start Programs to Receive Over $2 Billion in Recovery Act Funding" (Apr. 2, 2009).

3. Bureau of Justice Statistics Reports:

A. "Prison Inmates at Midyear 2008 - Statistical Tables," by Heather C. West and William J. Sabol (NCJ 225619, March 2009, ASCII text and .pdf format, 24p., with .zip compressed spreadsheets).

B. "Jail Inmates at Midyear 2008 - Statistical Tables," by Todd D. Minton and William J. Sabol (NCJ 225709, ASCII text and .pdf format, 12p., with .zip compressed spreadsheets).

4. National Science Foundation Press Release: "'How Professors Think': New book explores decision making inside the guarded world of peer review" (Mar. 31, 2009).

5. Department of Housing and Urban Development Periodical: Cityscape: A Journal of Policy Development and Research (Vol. 11, No. 1, 2009, .pdf and HTML format).

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US States:


State Data Center Updates, Reports:

A. The SDC updated the following data (.pdf and Microsoft Excel format) on Apr. 3, 2009).


Legal permanent resident flow by state of intended residence: 1996-2008

Naturalizations by state of residence (federal fiscal years): 1986-2008

See under Apr. 3, 2009 entry.

B. "2008 Population Estimates for Iowa Counties, Metropolitan, and Mircopolitan Areas" (April 2009, .pdf and Microsoft Excel format).

C. "Selected Historical Census Reports " (.pdf format).


Department of Human Services Report: "Monthly Dashboard Results on Children, Adults, and Families (CAS) (April 2009, .pdf format, 43p.).

South Carolina:

Office of Research and Statistics Report: "2001-2007 Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates" (2009).


Economic Analysis Division Report: "Estimates of Wyoming and County Population: July 1, 2008" (March 2009).

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NGO and Other Countries:

United Nations:

Children's Fund Innocenti Research Center Report: "Climate Change and Children: A Human Security Challenge" (2009, .pdf format, 51p.).



1. Parliamentary Library Report: "Poverty rates by electoral divisions, 2006," by Tony Kryger (No. 27, April 2009, .pdf format, 10p.).

2. Queensland Government Reports:

A. "Queensland Characteristics: A State Comparison (Census 2006 Bulletin 3)" (April 2009, .pdf format, 6p.).

B. "Children and Young People in Queensland (Census 2006 Bulletin 6)" (April 2009, .pdf format, 4p.).



National Statistical Committee Compendium: Belarus in Figures: 2009 (April 2009, .pdf format, 95p.). The compendium is in Russian and English.



National Statistical Institute Tables:

A. "Educational Institutions, Teaching Staff and Enrolments, 2008" (2009).

B. "Population and Demographic Processes in 2008" (2009).

C. "Main Demographic Indicators: 2008" (2009).



Statistics Finland News Releases:

A. "The population of Finland in 2008" (Mar. 27, 2009).

B. "Employment during studies grows even more widespread" (Apr. 1, 2009).

C. "A total of 21,800 polytechnic degrees were attained in 2008" (Apr. 3, 2009).



Institut national d'etudes demographques (INED) Periodical: Population and societies (No. 454, March 2009, .pdf format, 4p.). The feature article of this issue is: "France 2008: why are birth numbers still rising?," by Giles Pison.



Federal Statistics Office News Release: "2008: More deaths and marriages, slightly fewer births" (Apr. 7, 2009).,templateId=renderPrint.psml



Statistics Iceland News Releases:

A. "New entrants in tertiary education 1997-2007" (Apr. 2, 2009).

B. "Mortality and life expectancy 2008" (Apr. 6, 2009).



Central Bureau of Statistics Compendium: Israel in Figures: 2008 (2009, .pdf format, 26p.).



Statistics and Census Service Periodical: Monthly Bulletin of Statistics, March 2009 (March 2009, .pdf and Microsoft Excel format, 88p.).



National Statistics Office News Release: "Government expenditure on Social Security Benefits: 2008" (Apr. 6, 2009, .pdf format, 5p.).



Central Statistics Office Report: "Crime, Justice and Security Statistics, 2007" (April 2009, .pdf and Microsoft Word format, with a chart in Microsoft Excel format, 23p.).

Link to full text is at the bottom of the page.



Statistics Netherlands: SN has updated its Web Magazine, Economic Monitor, and Press Releases from Apr. 1-7, 2009).


New Zealand:

Statistics New Zealand/Tatauranga Aotearoa Report: "New Zealand Recorded Crime Tables" (April 2008). Data can be interactively obtained via SNZ/TO Table Builder.



Statistics Norway News Releases: Statistics Norway News Releases: SN has updated its news releases from Apr. 1-7, 2009).



Statistics Singapore Periodical: Monthly Digest of Statistics (March 2009, .pdf format, 105p.).



Statistical Office News Release: "Elementary schools for youth and adults in Slovenia at the end of the school year 2007/08 and at the beginning of the school year 2008/09," by Breda Lozar (Apr. 3, 2009).



State Statistics Committee Table: "Population 1990-2009" (April 2009).



Department of Work and Pensions Report: "The impact of financial incentives in welfare systems on family structure," by Bruce Stafford and Simon Roberts (Research Report No. 569, April 2009, .pdf format, 174p.).

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Urban Institute Report: "The Minnesota Integrated Services Project: Final Report on an Initiative to Improve Outcomes for Hard-to-Employ Welfare Recipients" (March 2009, .pdf format, 147p.).


Pew Hispanic Center Report: "Sharp Growth in Suburban Minority Enrollment Yields Modest Gains in School Diversity," by Richard Fry (March 2009, .pdf format, 20p.).


Demographic Research Article: "Cohort Fertility Patterns in the Nordic Countries," by Gunnar Andersson, Marit Rønsen, Lisbeth B. Knudsen, Trude Lappegård, Gerda Neyer, Kari Skrede, Kathrin Teschner, and Andres Vikat (Vol. 20, Article 14, April 2009, .pdf format, p. 313-352).


Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences Article Abstract: "The cultural and chronological context of early Holocene maize and squash domestication in the Central Balsas River Valley, Mexico," by Anthony J. Ranere, Dolores R. Piperno, Irene Holst, Ruth Dickau, and Jose Iriarte (Vol. 106, No. 13, Mar. 31, 2009, p. 5014-5018).

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National Bureau of Economic Research:

A. "The Causes and Effects of International Migrations: Evidence from OECD Countries 1980-2005," by Francesc Ortega and Giovanni Peri (w14833, April 2009, .pdf format, 42p.).


This paper contains three important contributions to the literature on international migrations. First, it compiles a new dataset on migration flows (and stocks) and on immigration laws for 14 OECD destination countries and 74 sending countries for each year over the period 1980-2005. Second, it extends the empirical model of migration choice across multiple destinations, developed by Grogger and Hanson (2008), by allowing for unobserved individual heterogeneity between migrants and non-migrants. We use the model to derive a pseudo-gravity empirical specification of the economic and legal determinants of international migration. Our estimates clearly show that bilateral migration flows are increasing in the income per capita gap between origin and destination. We also find that bilateral flows decrease when destination countries adopt stricter immigration laws. Third, we estimate the impact of immigration flows on employment, investment and productivity in the receiving OECD countries using as instruments the "push" factors in the gravity equation. Specifically, we use the characteristics of the sending countries that affect migration and their changes over time, interacted with bilateral migration costs. We find that immigration increases employment, with no evidence of crowding-out of natives, and that investment responds rapidly and vigorously. The inflow of immigrants does not seem to reduce capital intensity nor total factor productivity in the short-run or in the long run. These results imply that immigration increases the total GDP of the receiving country in the short-run one-for-one, without affecting average wages and average income per person.

B. "Early Admissions at Selective Colleges," by Christopher Avery and Jonathan D. Levin (w14844, April 2009, .pdf format, 38p.).


Early admissions is widely used by selective colleges and universities. We identify some basic facts about early admissions policies, including the admissions advantage enjoyed by early applicants and patterns in application behavior, and propose a game-theoretic model that matches these facts. The key feature of the model is that colleges want to admit students who are enthusiastic about attending, and early admissions programs give students an opportunity to signal this enthusiasm.

C. "Why is Mobility in India so Low? Social Insurance, Inequality, and Growth," by Kaivan Munshi and Mark Rosenzweig (w14850, April 2009, .pdf format, 54p.).


This paper examines the hypothesis that the persistence of low spatial and marital mobility in rural India, despite increased growth rates and rising inequality in recent years, is due to the existence of sub-caste networks that provide mutual insurance to their members. Unique panel data providing information on income, assets, gifts, loans, consumption, marriage, and migration are used to link caste networks to household and aggregate mobility. Our key finding, consistent with the hypothesis that local risk-sharing networks restrict mobility, is that among households with the same (permanent) income, those in higher-income caste networks are more likely to participate in caste-based insurance arrangements and are less likely to both out-marry and out-migrate. At the aggregate level, the networks appear to have coped successfully with the rising inequality within sub-castes that accompanied the Green Revolution. The results suggest that caste networks will continue to smooth consumption in rural India for the foreseeable future, as they have for centuries, unless alternative consumption-smoothing mechanisms of comparable quality become available.


Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research: "Finding the "right moment" for the first baby to come: A comparison between Italy and Poland," by Anna Matysiak and Daniele Vignoli (WP-2009-011, March 2009, .pdf format, 32p.).


This goal of this study is to add to our understanding of the impact of women’s human capital accumulation on the timing of first births. Applying intensity regression to national retrospective data, we examined the transition to motherhood in Italy and Poland. These countries share several similarities - Catholicism, strong family ties, and considerable tensions between fertility and work - but also differ in female labor supply developments. Our life-course study illustrates that paid employment clearly discourages childbearing in Italy, at least among low- and medium-educated women. In Poland, by contrast, employment functions as a precondition to childbearing, irrespective of a woman’s educational level.


Vienna Institute of Demography: "On the Theory of Distortions of Period Estimates of the Quantum Caused by the Tempo Changes," by Dalkhart Ediev (European Demographic Research Papers 3, 2009, .pdf format, 84p.).


This paper presents a general theory of tempo and quantum of life events based on the notion of infinitesimally short life stages successively covering the life span of every cohort. It is shown that tempo distortions are of a purely geometrical nature which is not linked to the type of events, to cohort or period perspective nor to the type of rates describing the demographic process under study. Basically, the distortions appear as a consequence of different exposure of real birth cohorts and of synthetic cohorts to the same life stages. The paper provides general adjustment formulas for distortions at individual ages, which, being integrated over the life span, provide adjustments for integral demographic indicators. Our results suggest life stages to be defined from sound demographic, sociological, economic and other considerations. However, we also provide several approaches to defining the life stages and to tempo adjustments based on cumulated proportions of life cycle events in cohorts and in periods. The first approach is shown to generalise Ryder’s translation theory, and we provide a general translation equation free of the assumptions used in the literature. The second approach, based on period proportions, generalises Bongaarts and Feeney’s method of estimating the dominant period factor of densities of life cycle events. We show that Bongaarts and Feeney’s method may be justified without referring to the shifting hypothesis. We also show that there is in fact an indefinite number of internally consistent adjustments, of which the Bongaarts-Feeney, Kohler-Philipov and other adjustments are particular examples. We generalise some of the results by Kohler and Philipov without using their assumption about cumulated postponement and present a general approach to address effects of the variance and of moments of higher order. For any of the internally consistent adjustments, we present a method of deriving full age patterns of the adjusted rates in addition to the traditionally computed total rates. The paper is supplemented by empirical illustrations.


Centre d'Etudes de Populations, de Pauvret et de Politiques Socio-Economiques / International Network for Studies in Technology, Environment, Alternatives, Development--Integrated Research Infrastructure in the Socio-economic Sciences (CEPS/INSTEAD--IRISS) [Differdange, Luxembourg]: "Employment breaks due to childcare in the Czech Republic. Before and after 1989," by Marie Valentova (IRISS Working Papers No. 2009-03, April 2009, .pdf format, 20p.).


The main aim of this paper is to analyze how Czech mothers perceive the consequences for their careers of interruptions in their participation in the labour market due to childcare. In particular, these women’s perceptions of the impact of breaks in employment on their further career are examined in light of whether they had their children prior to or after the fall of the socialist regime The analyses are based on the European Social Survey data from 2004 and were conducted in two steps. In the first step, the paper examines patterns of labour market interruptions due to childcare in different time periods as a function of existing maternity and parental leave legislation. In the second step, the paper analyses how the regime change affected the perceptions of consequences of such career. The analyses reveal that the patterns of career interruptions due to childcare and their perception by women have changed over time depending on the institutional and legal context, and that the fall of the socialist regime had a significant impact on both behaviour and perceptions of Czech mothers.


World Bank Policy Research Programme: "Orphanhood and the living arrangements of children in sub-saharan Africa," by Kathleen Beegle, Deon Filmer, Andrew Stokes, and Lucia Tiererova (WPS 4889, March 2009, ASCII text and .pdf format, 38p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:

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JOURNAL TABLES OF CONTENTS (check your library for availability):

Child Abuse and Neglect (Vol. 33, No. 3,4 March, April 2009). Both are available at:

Social Science and Medicine (Vol. 68, No. 8, April 2009).

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MacArthur Foundation/Network on Transitions to Adulthood Postdoctoral Fellowship Award: Application deadline is May 1, 2009. For more information see:

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Intute: Social Sciences: Intute has updated it's Sociology conferences page with new conferences:

Narrative, health and social justice (Keele University, Newcastle-under-Lyme, Jun. 22, 2009).

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EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES: AgeWork has updated its employment page with listings through Apr. 7, 2009.


American Educational Research Association: AERA has updated its employment page with listings through Apr. 7, 2009.


American Statistical Association: ASA has updated its employment page with listings through Apr. 7, 2009.


Chronicle of Higher Education:

Sociology positions has been updated through Apr. 7, 2009.

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Integrated Public Use Microdata Update: IPUMS at the University of Minnesota announced on the release of several updates.

- Apr. 1, 2009 Improved and updated the coding of in-laws in the 2000-2007 American Community Survey (ACS) and 2005-2007 Puerto Rican Community Survey (PRCS) samples.

Data Access:


Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study [Princeton University]: "Updated data files for both Three-year and Five-year In-home Longitudinal Study of Pre-School Aged Children survey have been posted." (March 30, 2009).


Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research: ICPSR at the University of Michigan released several new datasets on Apr. 5, 2009 which may be of interest to Sociology researchers. Note: Some ICPSR studies are available only to ICPSR member institutions. To find out whether your organization is a member, and whether or not it supports ICPSR Direct downloading, see:

New and updated data:

New additions are:

4517 Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) 2004 Panel

20425 Testing a New Mediational Model of the Link Between Maltreatment and Aggression in Adolescence in Upstate New York, 2002-2004

20622 Assessing Identity Theft Offenders' Strategies and Perceptions of Risk in the United States, 2006-2007

21840 Evaluation of the Bully-Proofing Your School Program in Colorado, 2001-2006

24642 Census of State and Federal Adult Correctional Facilities, 2005

25002 Federal Court Cases: Integrated Data Base, Criminal Cases, 2008


UK Data Archive (Essex University, Colchester, UK): The UK Data Archive has recently added the following datasets to its holdings. Note: There maybe charges or licensing requirements on holdings of the UK Data Archive. For more information see:

For new data or new editions of new data in the last month:

and pick "1 month" for either.

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