CSSRR-Social is a weekly email report produced by the Data and Information Services Center at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. It seeks to help social science researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. This report will contain selected listings of new: reports, articles, bibliographies, working papers, tables of contents, conferences, data, and websites. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:
CSSRR-Social is compiled and edited by Jack Solock and Charlie Fiss.
To CSSRR-Econ #11
To CSSRR- Health #11
Index to this issue:
CENTRAL GOVERNMENT AND NGO STATISTICAL PUBLICATIONS
NGO AND OTHER COUNTRIES
OTHER REPORTS, ARTICLES, ETC.
TABLES OF CONTENTS
CENTRAL GOVERNMENT STATISTICAL AND NGO PUBLICATIONS
1. Census Bureau Reports:
A. "Extended Measures of Well-Being: Living Conditions in the United States, 2003," by Annette L. Rogers and Camille L. Ryan (P70-110, April 2007, .pdf format, 17p.).
B. "Information and Communication Technology: 2005," (ICT/05, April 2006, .pdf format, 56p.).
2. US Government Accountability Office Report: "Project Based Rental Assistance "HUD Should Update Its Policies and Procedures to Keep Pace with the Changing Housing Market." (April 2007, .pdf format, 46p.)
Note: This is a temporary address. GAO reports are always available at:
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State Data Center Periodical: Population Bulletin (Vol. 23, No. 4, April 2007, .pdf format, 3p.). This month's article is: "ACT Scores for 2006 North Dakota High School Graduates."
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NGO and Other Countries
Bureau of Statistics Periodical, Reports:
A. Migrant Statistics News (April 2007).
B. "South Australia at a Glance" (April 2007, .pdf format, 2p.).
C. "Criminal Courts 2005-06." (Mar. 28, 2007, .pdf format, 88p., with data in Microsoft Excel format).
Web Magazine Article: "Local authorities earmark more money for care and housing and cut back on income support" (Apr. 11, 2007).
Statistics Norway News Release: "Offences investigated, 2004: Higher clear-up rate and more persons charged" (Apr. 13, 2007).
Statistical Office News Release: "Census 2002, recalculation of the data by municipalities as of 1 January 2007, detailed data" (Apr. 12, 2007). Links to the data are in the news release.
Statistics South Africa Report: "Marriages and divorces, 2004" (April 2007, .pdf format, 145p.).
National Statistics Office Compendium: Social Trends, edited by Abigail Self and Linda Zealey (Vol. 37, 2007, .pdf format, 225p., with accompanying data in .zip compressed Microsoft Excel format). "The underlying theme in this year's edition is children and young people. Children are living in an increasing range of family structures and participating more in education. They are also very much in touch with today's digital age of mobile phones and the internet. However, today's young people are still not flying the nest and considered are some of the issues which may be influencing these decisions."
Central Statistical Office Periodical Article: "Incidence of Child Labour High in Zambia" (2007).
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OTHER REPORTS, ARTICLES, ETC.
Brookings Institution Report: "Katrina Index: Tracking Recovery of New Orleans and the Metro Area" (Brookings Institution Cities and Suburbs in collaboration with the Greater New Orleans Community Data Center, April 2007, .pdf format, 66p.).
Rand Corporation Periodical, Report:
A. RAND Review (Vol. 31, No. 1, Spring 2007, HTML and .pdf format, 30p.).
B. "Families Under Stress: An Assessment of Data, Theory, and Research on Marriage and Divorce in the Military," by Benjamin R. Karney and John S. Crown (April 2007, .pdf format, 206p.).
Link to full text is at the bottom of the page.
C. "Education for a New Era: Design and Implementation of K-12 Education Reform in Qatar," by Dominic J. Brewer, Catherine H. Augustine, Gail L. Zellman, Gery Ryan, Charles A. Goldman, Cathleen Stasz, and Louay Constant (April 2007, .pdf format, 177p.).
Link to full text is at the bottom of the page.
Council on Foreign Relations Report: "The Economic Logic of Illegal Immigration," by Gordon H. Hanson (April 2007, .pdf format, 56p.).
More information on CFR:
Population Action International Report: "The Shape of Things to Come: Why Age Structure Matters to a Safer, More Equitable World," By Elizabeth Leahy with Robert Engelman, Carolyn Gibb Vogel, Sarah Haddock and Tod Preston (April 2007, .pdf format, 96p.).
More information on PAI:
em>The Nation Article: "The New Suburban Poverty," by Eyal Press (Apr. 23, 2007).
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University of Michigan Population Studies Center: "Social Identity and Preferences," by Daniel J. Benjamin, James J. Choi, and A. Joshua Strickland (PSC Research Report No. 07-621, April 2007, .pdf format, 32p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:
Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia [Pennsylvania]: "A Comparison of Poverty Trends and Policy Impacts for Working Families Using Different Poverty Indexes," by Robert H. DeFina (WP 07-13, April 2007, .pdf format, 36p.).
This study provides empirical evidence on recent trends in poverty among working families based on the headcount rate and a broader alternative that incorporates the headcount rate, the depth of poverty, and income inequality among the poor. Estimates reveal that the indexes produce significantly different trends. The headcount rate indicates a reduction in overall working poverty for the sample period, while the alternative index showed no statistically significant change. The same result was found for various population subgroups. Decompositions of the index changes show that tax changes contributed to lower values for both the headcount rate and the alternative index, largely due to recent expansions of the earned income tax credit. Changes in transfer payments added to measured poverty, mirroring the retrenchment of welfare and other transfer programs. Shifts in market-based income decreased both indexes.
John F. Kennedy School of Government [Harvard University]: "Measuring the Contribution of Criminal Justice Systems to the Control of Crime and Violence: Lessons from Jamaica and the Dominican Republic," by Todd Foglesong and Christopher Stone (Working Paper No. RWP07-019, April 2007, .pdf format, 38p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:
National Center for Analysis of Longitudinal Data in Education Research (CALDER):
A. "Cramming: The Effects of School Accountability on College-Bound Students," by Colleen Donovan, David Figlio, and Mark Rush (April 2007, .pdf format, 35p.).
This paper is the first to explore the effects of school accountability systems on high-achieving students' long-term performance. Using data from a large state university, we relate school accountability pressure in high school to a student's university-level grades and study habits. We find that an accountability system based on a low-level test of basic skills apparently led to reduced performance by high-achieving students, while an accountability system based on a more challenging criterion-referenced exam apparently led to improved performance in college on mathematics and other technical subjects. Both types of systems are associated with increased "cramming" by students in college. The results indicate that the nature of an accountability system can influence its effectiveness.
B. "Individual Teacher Incentives And Student Performance," by David N. Figlio and Lawrence W. Kenny (April 2007, .pdf format, 26p).
This paper is the first to systematically document the relationship between individual teacher performance incentives and student achievement using United States data. We combine data from the National Education Longitudinal Survey with original survey data regarding the use of teacher incentives. We find that test scores are higher in schools offering individual financial incentives for good performance. Moreover, the relationship between the presence of merit pay and student test scores is strongest in schools that may have the least parental oversight. The association between teacher incentives and student performance could be due to better schools adopting teacher incentives or to teacher incentives eliciting more effort from teachers.
More information about CALDER:
World Demographic Association: "The changing nature of the school-to-work transition process in OECD countries," by Glenda Quintini, John P. Martin and Sébastien Martin (No. 2007/2, April 2007, .pdf format, 45p.).
Despite the fact that today’s young cohorts are smaller in number and better educated than their older counterparts, high youth unemployment remains a serious problem in many OECD countries. This reflects a variety of factors, including the relatively high proportion of young people leaving school without a basic education qualification, the fact that skills acquired in initial education are not always well adapted to labour market requirements, as well as general labour market conditions and problems in the functioning of labour markets. The paper highlights the contrasting trends in youth labour market performance over the past decade using a wide range of indicators. It also presents new evidence on i) the length of transitions from school to work; and ii) the degree to which temporary jobs serve as either traps for young people or stepping-stones to good careers. In addition, the paper reviews some recent policy innovations to improve youth employment prospects.
World Bank Development Programme: "Absolute poverty measures for the developing world, 1981-2004," by Martin Ravallion and Shaohua Chen (Policy Research Working Paper No. WPS 4211, April 2007, .pdf and ASCII text format, 24p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:
Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) [University of Bonn, Germany]:
A. "Brain Drain, Fiscal Competition, and Public Education Expenditure," by Hartmut Egger, Josef Falkinger, and Volker Grossmann (Discussion Paper 2747, April 2007, .pdf format, 46p.).
This paper uses a two-country model with integrated markets for high-skilled labor to analyze the opportunities and incentives for national governments to provide higher education. Countries can differ in productivity, and education is financed through a wage tax, so that brain drain affects the tax base and has agglomeration effects. We study unilateral possibilities for triggering or avoiding brain drain and compare education policies and migration patterns in non-cooperative political equilibria with the consequences of bilateral cooperation between countries. We thereby demonstrate that bilateral coordination tends to increase public education expenditure compared to non-cooperation. At the same time, it aims at preventing migration. This is not necessarily desirable from the point of view of a social planner who takes account of the interests of migrants.
B. "Maximum Fee vs. Child Benefit: A Welfare Analysis of Swedish Child-Care Fee Reform," by Anne Brink, Katarina Nordblom, and Roger Wahlberg (Discussion Paper 2748, April 2007, .pdf format, 36p.).
The effects of a recent Swedish child-care fee reform are compared with those of an alternative reform, increased child benefits. The fee reform implied considerably decreased fees and was intended to increase both labor supply among parents and their economic well-being. We estimate labor supply effects using a discrete choice labor supply model, and simulate behavioral responses to the changes. We find positive, but small, effects on labor supply from reduced fees, while increased child benefits would make single mothers decrease their labor supply. On the other hand, increased child benefits would make income distribution more equal. We make a social welfare comparison and conclude that for plausible values of inequality aversion, the alternative reform would have been preferable to the implemented fee reform.
C. "The Power of the Family," by Alberto Alesina and Paola Giuliano (Discussion Paper 2750, April 2007, .pdf format, 52p.).
The structure of family relationships influences economic behavior and attitudes. We define our measure of family ties using individual responses from the World Value Survey regarding the role of the family and the love and respect that children need to have for their parents for over 70 countries. We show that strong family ties imply more reliance on the family as an economic unit which provides goods and services and less on the market and on the government for social insurance. With strong family ties home production is higher, labor force participation of women and youngsters, and geographical mobility, lower. Families are larger (higher fertility and higher family size) with strong family ties, which is consistent with the idea of the family as an important economic unit. We present evidence on cross country regressions. To assess causality we look at the behavior of second generation immigrants in the US and we employ a variable based on the grammatical rule of pronoun drop as an instrument for family ties. Our results overall indicate a significant influence of the strength of family ties on economic outcomes.
D. "Handedness, Time Use and Early Childhood Development," by David W. Johnston, Manisha Shah, and Michael A. Shields (Discussion Paper 2752, April 2007, .pdf format, 21p.).
We test if there is a differential in early child development by handedness, using a comprehensive range of measures covering, learning, social, cognitive and language skills, evaluated by both interviewer conducted tests and teacher assessments. We find robust evidence that left-handed children do significantly worse in nearly all measures of development, with the relative disadvantage being larger for boys than girls. Importantly, these differentials cannot be explained by different socio-economic characteristics of the household, parental attitudes or investments in learning resources. In addition, using data from child time use diaries, we find evidence that lefthanded children spend significantly less time each day on educational activities than their righthanded peers, and significantly more time watching television. However, these behavioural differences explain less than 10% of the handedness child development differential. The results of this paper clearly show that handedness differentials are evident even in early childhood.
E. "Physical Dating Violence Among College Students in Chile," by Jocelyn A. Lehrer, Vivian L. Lehrer, Evelyn L. Lehrer, and Zhenxiang Zhao (Discussion Paper 2753, April 2007, .pdf format, 24p.).
Dating violence is a serious public health concern both per se and because victimization in the young adult years can be a precursor to more severe incidents of domestic violence later, in the context of cohabitation or marriage. To date, no quantitative studies have examined dating violence among college students in Chile. To address this gap, a survey on this topic was administered to students at a major public university. The present analyses focused on the female sample (n=441). Generalized ordered logit models were used to assess factors associated with physical victimization since age 14, considering three categories: no victimization, victimization with no injury, and victimization with injury. Approximately 21% of subjects reported one or more incidents of physical dating violence not involving injury since age 14, and another 5.0% reported at least one incident resulting in injury during this time period. The corresponding figures for the past 12 months were 12.9% and 2.4%, respectively. Childhood sexual abuse and witnessing domestic violence as a child were associated with substantially elevated odds of physical victimization later in life. Low parental education was also associated with higher vulnerability, in part because of its linkage with childhood experiences with aggression. Protective factors included maternal employment and religious service participation at age 14, residence in the parental home during the college years, and never having had sexual intercourse. The findings suggest that it would be desirable to develop public health initiatives to prevent and respond to this form of violence among Chilean college students.
F. "Social Assistance Receipt and its Importance for Combating Poverty in Urban China," by Björn Gustafsson and Deng Quheng (Discussion Paper 2758, April 2007, .pdf format, 31p.).
Since the second half of the 1990s economic restructuring in urban China has led to widespread joblessness and income insecurity. The rapid expansion of the system of social assistance, Di Bao, can be understood from this perspective. Using a survey covering large parts of urban China in 2002, we investigate factors affecting receipt and how receipt affects urban poverty. Results from estimating probability models indicate that social assistance receipt is strongly linked to joblessness among household members, the household’s expenditure burden, as well as the lack of financial assets. Further, a long education of the household head and membership in the Communist Party reduces the probability of receiving social assistance while having been sent to rural China during the Cultural Revolution increases it. For some types of households, receipt of Di Bao differs greatly across cities in China. The social assistance payments appear strongly targeted to the poor. However, as the Di Bao payments typically are small and many of the urban poor are not receivers, much urban poverty remains.
G. "The Income Gap Between Natives and Second Generation Immigrants in Sweden: Is Skill the Explanation?" by Martin Nordin and Dan-Olof Rooth (Discussion Paper 2759, April 2007, .pdf format, 26p.).
This is the first study to use an achievement test score to analyze whether the income gap between second-generation immigrants and natives is caused by a skill gap rather than ethnic discrimination. Since, in principle, every male Swedish citizen takes the test when turning 18, we are able to bring more evidence to bear on the matter by estimating the income gap for a very large sample of individuals who are of the same age and have the same years of schooling at the test date. Once the result of the Swedish Military Enlistment Test is controlled for, the income gap almost disappears for second generation immigrants with both parents born in Southern Europe or outside Europe. However, when using a regular set of control variables the income gap becomes overestimated. This difference in results is most likely explained by the fact that schooling is a bad measure of productive skills for these groups of second-generation immigrants. It indicates that they compensate for their lower probability of being employed by investing in (in relation to their skill level) more schooling than otherwise similar natives.
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JOURNAL TABLES OF CONTENTS (check your library for availability):
Demography (Vol. 44, No. 1, February 2007). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.
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US National Institutes of Child Health and Development: "Summer Intern Position at Demographic and Behavioral Sciences Branch."
The Demographic and Behavioral Sciences Branch (DBSB), National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, has been approved to hire a summer intern for the Summer of 2007 to participate in activities that support our extramural program of population research funding. The internship is located in Rockville Maryland, just outside of Washington DC. A full-time commitment of at least 10 weeks is desirable.
As the largest funder of population research in the United States, the branch supports a broad portfolio of research on topics including fertility and contraceptive use, sexual behavior and HIV prevention, public policy and the well-being of children, trends in marriage and the family, mortality and health, migration, population and environment, and population composition and distribution. The branch's activities include overseeing this portfolio, advising applicants for research funding, conducting outreach to inform scientists of funding opportunities, organizing conferences and workshops to encourage new scientific directions, developing new funding initiatives, and representing demographic research and the accomplishments of the program to outside communities. The branch does not generally conduct formal research and the internship would not be appropriate for applicants looking for the opportunity to join an on-going research or laboratory project.
Past interns have assisted program staff in monitoring the grants portfolio, conducting outreach activities at scientific meetings and through the Web, coordinating scientific activities, compiling reports on scientific progress, and organizing conferences. They have also had the opportunity to learn about the NIH process first hand by attending review sessions, staff meetings and Advisory councils. This summer, the Branch will also be concluding a long-range planning activity.
Working in this office is an ideal experience for someone who wants to develop a broad view of the field of population research and to meet some of its most exciting players. The internship also provides an opportunity to see how population research is integrated in an interdisciplinary way through collaborations within the NIH and with other federal agencies (e.g., ASPE, BLS, ACF, and NCHS).
We prefer individuals who are currently enrolled in graduate-level training in a population-related field. Experience with computing and Web applications is highly desirable. Salary is commensurate with training and experience. U.S. citizens and non-citizens who have permanent visa status, are from a country allied with the U.S., or have been lawfully admitted to the U.S. as a permanent resident may apply.
For more information or to send us your vita, please contact Rosalind King (e-mail email@example.com or call 301-496-1174).
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Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS) Update: "Added Consistent PUMA variable and shapefiles (see CONSPUMA)." (Apr. 9, 2007).
National Longitudinal Survey: The Center for Human Resource Research (Ohio State University) is making the following NLS documentation available:
2002 Child/Young Adult Data Users Guide (.pdf format, 287p.)
Note: In Internet Explorer, you may have to save to disk, instead of viewing in the browser.
Human Mortality Database Update, Correction: Note: HMR requires free registration before providing data. On Apr. 5, 2007 HD announced the following:
A. "Data for Lithuania updated through 2005"
B. "Due to the discovery of potential errors in the updated data for Austria, those data were removed from the HMD website and the previous version of the data (1947-2002) was reposted."
Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research: ICPSR at he University of Michigan released several new datasets on Apr. 16, which may be of interest to Sociology researchers. Note: Some ICPSR studies are available only to ICPSR member institutions. To find out whether your organization is a member, and whether or not it supports ICPSR Direct downloading, see:
New and updated data:
All new and updated data in the last 90 days can be found at:
UK Data Archive (Essex University, Colchester, UK): The UK Data Archive has recently added the following datasets to its holdings. Note: There maybe charges or licensing requirements on holdings of the UK Data Archive. For more information see:
SN 5286 -European Working Conditions Survey, 2000
SN 5603 -European Working Conditions Survey, 1991
SN 5604 -European Working Conditions Survey, 1995
SN 5605 -Working Conditions in European Union Candidate Countries, 2001
SN 5601 -Offending, Crime and Justice Survey, 2005
SN 5585 -1970 British Cohort Study, 2004-2005
SN 5593 -Photographs Leave Home: a Study of the Impacts of Personal Photography Online, 2004-2005
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Panel Study Of Income Dynamics Bibliography Update: The University of Michigan Institute for Social Research PSID has recently added the following item to its bibliography. The entire bibliography can be searched or browsed in various ways at:
Adam, Emma K.; Snell, Emily K., and Pendry, Patricia. Sleep Timing and Quantity in Ecological and Family Context: A Nationally Representative Time-Diary Study. Journal of Family Psychology. 2007; 21(1):4-19.
Bartolic, Silvia; Lee, Sook-Jung, and Vandewater, Elizabeth. Relating Activity Involvements to Child Weight Status: Do Normal and Overweight Children Differ in How They Spend Their Time?. PAA Annual Meeting; March 29-31, 2007; New York, NY. ; 2007.
Crowder, Kyle D. and Downey, Liam. Inter-Neighborhood Migration, Race, and Environmental Hazards: Modeling Micro-Level Processes of Environmental Inequality. PAA Annual Meeting; March 29-31, 2007; New York, NY. ; 2007.
Crowder, Kyle D. and South, Scott J. The Effects of Local and Extra-Local Neighborhood Conditions on White Mobility Decisions. PAA Annual Meeting; Marh 29-31, 2007; New York, NY. ; 2007.
Dawkins, Casey. Are Social Networks the Ties that Bind Families to Neighborhoods?. Housing Studies. 2006; 21(6):867-881.
DiPrete, Thomas A. Is This a Great Country? Upward Mobility and the Chance for Riches in Contemporary America. Research in Social Stratification and Mobility. 2007; 25(1):89-95.
Esping-Andersen, Gosta. Sociological Explanations of Changing Income Distributions. American Behavioral Scientist. 2007; 50(5):639-658.
Estrada, Vanesa. Understanding Racial Inequality in Homeownership: A Dynamic Approach. PAA Annual Meeting; March 29-31, 2007; New York, NY. ; 2007.
Fisher, Monica. Why Is U.S. Poverty Higher in Nonmetropolitan Than in Metropolitan Areas?. Growth and Change. 2007; 38(1):56-76.
Garasky, Steven; Steward, Susan D.; Gundersen, Craig G., and Lohman, Brenda J. Toward a Fuller Understanding of Nonresident Father Involvement: A Joint Examiniation of Child Support and In-Kind Support Receipt. PAA Annual Meetings; March 29-31, 2007; 2007.
Harper, Scott and Fine, M. The Effects of Involved Nonresidential Fathers' Distress, Parenting Behaviors, Inter-Parental Conflict, and the Quality of Father-Child Relationships on Children's Well-Being. Fathering: A Journal of Theory and Practice About Men As Fathers. 2006; 4(3):286-311
Jackson, Margot I. and Mare, Robert D. Cross-Sectional and Longitudinal Measurements of Neighborhood Experience and Their Effects on Children. Social Science Research. 2007; online.
Mason, Patrick L. Intergenerational Mobility and Interracial Inequality: The Return to Family Values. Industrial Relations. 2007; 46(1):51-80.
Mesch, Debra J.; Rooney, Patrick M.; Steinberg, Kathryn S., and Denton, Brian. The Effects of Race, Gender, and Marital Status on Giving and Volunteering in Indiana. Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly. 2007; 35(4):565-587.
Ono, Hiromi and Smock, Pamela J. Parents' Time with Children: Patterns in Diverse Family Contexts. PAA Annual Meeting; March 29-31, 2007; New York, NY. ; 2007.
Ren, Liqian. The Effect of Family Background and Dynamics on Child Test Score, Marital Sorting and Risk Preference. Illinois: University of Chicago; 2006.
Sandberg, John and Rafail, Patrick. Family Size, Children's Cognitive Test Scores and Familial Interaction. PAA Annual Meeting; March 29-31, 2007; New York, NY. ; 2007.
Shauman, Kimberlee A. Sex Asymmetry in Family Migration: Familial Gender Roles of Occupational Inequality?. PAA Annual Meeting; March 29-31, 2007; New York, NY. ; 2007.
Way, Megan M. Intergenerational Transfer Inflows to Adult Children of Divorce. PAA Annual Meeting; March 29-31, 2007; New York, NY. ; 2007.
Wilson, George. The Rise of At-Will Employment and Racial Inequality in the Public Sector. Review of Public Personnel Administration. 2006; 26(2):178-187.
Wilson, Kathryn; Lambright, Kristina, and Smeeding, Timothy M. School Finance, Equivalent Educational Expenditure, and the Income Distribution: Equal Dollars or Equal Chances for Success?. Education Finance and Policy. 2006; 1(4):396-424.
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