Current Social Science Research Report--Social #14, May 8, 2007.

CSSRR-Social is a weekly email report produced by the Data and Information Services Center at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. It seeks to help social science researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. This report will contain selected listings of new: reports, articles, bibliographies, working papers, tables of contents, conferences, data, and websites. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:


CSSRR-Social is compiled and edited by Jack Solock and Charlie Fiss.


To CSSRR-Econ #14

To CSSRR- Health #14



Index to this issue:

















1. Census Bureau Facts for Features: "The Fourth of July 2007," (CB07-FF.09, May 3, 2007, HTML and .pdf format, 4p.).

See May 3, 2007 item.

2. National Center for Education Statistics Report: "Event Dropout Rates for Public School Students in Grades 9-12: 2002-03 and 2003-04," by Chris Chapman and Lee Hoffman (NCES 2007026, May 2007, .pdf format, 8p.).

3. Department of Housing and Urban Development Periodical: Cityscape (Vol. 9, No. 1, 2007, HTML and .pdf format, 230p.)

4. Congressional Research Service Report: "School and Campus Safety Programs and Requirements in the Elementary and Secondary Education Act and Higher Education Act," by Rebecca R. Skinner and Gail McCallion. (April, 2007, .pdf format, 18p.)

5. Government Accountability Office Report: "Food Stamp Program: Use of Alternative Methods to Apply for and Maintain Benefits Could Be Enhanced by Additional Evaluation and Information on Promising Practices" (GAO-07-573, May 2007, .pdf format, 46p.).

Note: This is a temporary address. GAO reports are always available at:

6. Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service Report: "Who Has Time To Cook? How Family Resources Influence Food Preparation," by Lisa Mancino and Constance Newman (Economic Research Report No. ERR-40, May 2007, .pdf format, 25p.).

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US States:


Department of Finance Demographic Research Unit Reports:

A. "E-1 Population Estimates for Cities, Counties and the State with Annual Percent Change -- January 1, 2006 and 2007" (May 2007, Microsoft Excel format).

B. "E-4 Population Estimates for Cities, Counties and the State, 2001-2007, with 2000 Benchmark" (May 2007, Microsoft Excel format).

C. "E-5 Population and Housing Estimates for Cities, Counties and the State, 2001-2007, with 2000 Benchmark" (May 2007, Microsoft Excel format).

D. "January 2007 Cities and Counties Ranked by Size, Numeric, and Percent Change" (May 2007, Microsoft Excel format).

E. "Maps of January 2007 County Estimates Ranked by Size, Numeric and Percent Change" (May 2007, .pdf format, 4p.).


State Data Center Updates: The SDC released the following updates on May 4, 2007 (all .pdf and Microsoft Excel format): for the State of Iowa: "Iowa school K-12 enrollments: 1986-2007"; "English language learners in Iowa schools: 2000-2007"; for Iowa counties: "English language learners in Iowa schools: 2000-2007"; for the US and states: "Educational attainment of the population 25 years and over: 2000-2006."

See under May 4, 2007 listing.


State Data Center Mable-Geocorr Update: The SDC's Mable-Geocorr Utility ("a geographic utility that reveals relationships between geographic layers") has added the following geographic layers to its database: "current state legislative districts, 109th congressional districts, Beale urban-rural codes and Urban Influence codes." In addition, "core-based Statistical Areas (CBSA's - aka Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas) have been updated to current (4/07) values. Metropolitan Divisions and CSA's (subsets and supersets of CBSA's) also updated. New England City and Town Based statistical areas ("NECTA"s) have been added for the 6 New England states." For more information click on "What's new in version 1.3" at:

North Carolina:

State Demographics Report: "Provisional County Population Estimates for July 1, 2006" (May 2007, HTML and Microsoft Excel format, with a state population growth map).

North Dakota:

State Data Center Periodical Population Bulletins, Report

A. (Vol. 23, No. 4, April 2007, .pdf format, 3p.). The title of this issue is: "ACT Scores for 2006 North Dakota High School Graduates."

B. (Vol.23, No. 5, May 2007, .pdf format, 3p.). The title of this issue is "Annual Population for North Dakota: April 1, Census 2000 to the July 1, 2006 Estimate."

C. "Net Migration in North Dakota by County: 1950-60 to 2000-06" (.pdf and Microsoft Excel format, 1p.).



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NGO and Other Countries


Statistics Finland News Releases:

A. "Number of recipients of Finnish citizenship fell in 2006" (May 4, 2007).

B. "Fewer marriages and divorces" (May 4, 2007).

There are links at the bottom of each release to the SF interactive web extractor for relevant data.



Central Bureau of Statistics Compendium: Israel in Figures 2006 (April 2007, .pdf format, 26p.).



Statistics Netherlands Web Magazine Article: "One in six of the Dutch population lived through the war" (May 3, 2007).


New Zealand:

Statistics New Zealand/Tatauranga Aotearoa Reports:

A. "Marriages, Civil Unions and Divorces: Year ended December 2006" (May 2007, HTML and .pdf format, 10p., with tables in Microsoft Excel format).

B. "Census 2006 QuickStats About Housing: Revised May 2007" (May 2007, HTML and .pdf format, 17p., with tables in Microsoft Excel format).

C. "A Report on the 2006 Post-enumeration Survey" (April 2007, .pdf format, 35p.).



Statistics Norway Report, News Releases:

A. "Crime Statistics 2002" (May 2007, .pdf format, 120p., with tables in HTML format).

B. "Population statistics. Internal migration. 2006: Centralisation is increasing" (May 3, 2007). The news release links to several topical tables.

C. "Population statistics. Immigration and emigration, 2006: Highest net immigration ever" (May 3, 2007). The news release links to several topical tables.



Scotland's Census Results Online Tables: "2007 Ward Tables" (May 2007, .zip compressed comma separated value [.csv] format).

More information from the General Register Office for Scotland:

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Demographic Research Articles:

A. "High fertility Gambians in low fertility Spain: The dynamics of child accumulation across transnational space," by Caroline H. Bledsoe, René Houle, and Papa Sow (Vol. 16, Article 12, April 2007, .pdf format, p. 375-412).

B. "Family, obligations, and migration: The role of kinship in Cameroon," by Annett Fleischer (Vol. 16, Article 13, May 2007, .pdf format, p. 413-440).


Urban Institute Report: "Housing Partnerships: The Work of Large-Scale Regional Nonprofits in Affordable Housing," by Neil S. Mayer and Kenneth Temkin (May 2007, .pdf format, 89p.).

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University of Wisconsin Institute for Research on Poverty:

A. "The Economic Costs of Poverty in the United States: Subsequent Effects of Children Growing Up Poor," by Harry J. Holzer, Diane Whitmore Schanzenbach, Greg J. Duncan, and Jens Ludwig (Discussion Paper 1327-07, April 2007, .pdf format, 25p.)


In this paper, we review a range of rigorous research studies that estimate the average statistical relationships between children growing up in poverty and their earnings, propensity to commit crime, and quality of health later in life. We also review estimates of the costs that crime and poor health per person impose on the economy. Then we aggregate all of these average costs per poor child across the total number of children growing up in poverty in the U.S. to estimate the aggregate costs of child poverty to the U.S. economy. Our results suggest that the costs to the U.S. associated with childhood poverty total about $500 billion per year, or the equivalent of nearly 4 percent of GDP.

B. "The Effect of Criminal Background Checks on Hiring Ex-Offenders," by Michael A. Stoll and Shawn D. Bushway. (Discussion Paper 1326-07, April 2007, .pdf format, 31p.)


The rapid rise in the nation’s incarceration rate over the past decade has raised questions about how to successfully reintegrate a growing number of ex-offenders. Employment has been shown to be an important factor in reintegration, especially for men over the age of 27, who represent the majority of individuals released from prison. At the same time, there is substantial evidence that employers discriminate against ex-prisoners. One policy response that has received considerable attention is to deny employers access to criminal history record information, including movements to "ban the box" asking about criminal history information on job applications. The assumption underlying this movement is that knowledge of ex-offender status leads directly to a refusal to hire. An alternative view is that some employers care about the characteristics of the criminal history record, and use information about criminal history in a more nuanced way. This paper explores this issue using unique establishment-level data collected in Los Angeles in 2001. On average, we replicate the now common finding that employer-initiated criminal background checks are negatively related to the hiring of ex-offenders. However, this negative effect is less than complete. The effect is strongly negative for those employers that are legally required to check. But some employers appear to check to gain additional information about ex-offenders (and thus hire more ex-offenders than other employers), while checking appears to have no effect on hiring ex-offenders for those employers not legally required to check. Therefore, initiatives aimed at restricting background checks for those firms not legally required to check may not have the desired consequences of increasing ex-offender employment.

C. "Income Volatility and Food Insufficiency in U.S. Low-Income Households, 1992–2003," by Neil Bania and Laura Leete (Discussion Paper 1325-07, April 2007, .pdf format, 40p.).


In this paper we investigate changes in monthly income volatility in low-income households in the United States since the early 1990s, as well as the relationship between that volatility and food insufficiency. Drawing on data from the Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP), we examine whether negative income shocks increase the chances that a household experiences food insufficiency. We find that monthly income volatility is highest for lower income households, and that it increased substantially between 1992 and 2003. Moreover, the greatest increases in income volatility occurred in households with incomes below the poverty line, and this increase appears to have its roots in the shift of household income away from relatively stable public assistance (AFDC/TANF) benefits and towards earnings. We show that volatility is smoothed considerably by the receipt of food assistance benefits (food stamps and/or WIC) and the receipt of these benefits narrows the income volatility gap between lower- and relatively higher-income households. Nevertheless, the consideration of food assistance benefits does not eliminate the large increases in income volatility observed over the time period. In a logistic regression model, we find that both the level of income and income volatility affect the predicted probability of food insufficiency. The results are consistent with theoretical models in which households face either liquidity constraints or binding constraints in spending associated with contractual nonfood expenditures. Finally, we find some evidence to suggest that the probability that higher income households suffer food insufficiency is not related to income volatility, which is consistent with these households not facing liquidity constraints.


National Bureau of Economic Research: "Does Female Schooling Reduce Fertility? Evidence from Nigeria," by Una Okonkwo Osili and Bridget Terry Long (w13070, April 2007, .pdf format, 39p.).


The literature generally points to a negative relationship between female education and fertility. Citing this pattern, policymakers have advocated educating girls and young women as a means to reduce population growth and foster sustained economic and social welfare in developing countries. This paper tests whether the relationship between fertility and education is indeed causal by investigating the introduction of universal primary education in Nigeria. Exploiting differences by region and age, the paper uses differences-in-differences and instrumental variables to estimate the role of education in fertility. The analysis suggests that increasing education by one year reduces fertility by 0.26 births.


World Bank Development Programme:

A. "Work-related migration and poverty reduction in Nepal," by Elena Glinskaya and Mikhail Bontch-Osmolovski (Policy Research Working Paper No. WPS 4231, May 2007,ASCII text and .pdf format, 59p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:

B. "Poverty, social divisions, and conflict in Nepal," by Lakshmi Iyer and Quy-Toan Do (Policy Research Working Paper No. WPS 4228, May 2007, ASCII text and .pdf format, 39p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:


Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) [University of Bonn, Germany]:

A. "Health and the Evolution of Welfare across Brazilian Municipalities," by Rodrigo R. Soares (Discussion Paper 2771, May 2007, .pdf format, 28p.).


This paper describes the pattern of reductions in mortality across Brazilian municipalities between 1970 and 2000, and analyzes its causes and consequences. It shows that, as in the international context, the relationship between income and life expectancy has shifted consistently in the recent past. But reductions in mortality within Brazil have been more homogeneously distributed than across countries. We use a compensating differentials approach to estimate the value of the observed reductions in mortality. The results suggest that gains in life expectancy had a welfare value equivalent to 39% of the growth in income per capita, being therefore responsible for 28% of the overall improvement in welfare. We then use a dynamic panel to conduct a preliminary assessment of the potential determinants of these gains. We show that improvements in education, access to water, and sanitation seem to be important determinants of the dimension of changes in life expectancy not correlated with income.

B. "A Comparative Analysis of the Nativity Wealth Gap," by Thomas Bauer, Deborah Cobb-Clark, Vincent Hildebrand, Mathias Sinning (Discussion Paper 2772, May 2007, .pdf format, 49p.).


This paper investigates the source of the gap in the relative wealth position of immigrant households residing in Australia, Germany and the United States. Our results indicate that in Germany and the United States wealth differentials are largely the result of disparity in the educational attainment and demographic composition of the native and immigrant populations, while income differentials are relatively unimportant in understanding the nativity wealth gap. In contrast, the relatively small wealth gap between Australian- and foreign-born households exists because immigrants to Australia do not translate their relative educational and demographic advantage into a wealth advantage. On balance, our results point to substantial cross-national disparity in the economic well-being of immigrant and native families, which is largely consistent with domestic labor markets and the selection policies used to shape the nature of the immigration flow.

C. "Adult Outcomes for Children of Teenage Mothers," by Marco Francesconi (Discussion Paper 2778, May 2007, .pdf format, 38p.).


Using data from the British Household Panel Survey, this study examines the relationship between several outcomes in early adulthood (e.g., education, inactivity, earnings, and health) and being born to a teenage mother. Besides standard cross-sectional multivariate regression estimates, we also present evidence from nonparametric estimates and from estimates that account for unmeasured family background heterogeneity by comparing siblings born to the same mother who timed their births at different ages. Regardless of the econometric technique, being born to a teenage mother is usually associated with worse outcomes. An important channel of transmission of this adverse effect is childhood family structure, which plays a more powerful role than childhood family poverty. Albeit smaller, some of the detrimental effects are also found for children of mothers who gave birth in their early twenties.

D. "The Impact of School Choice on Pupil Achievement, Segregation and Costs: Swedish Evidence," by Anders Bohlmark and Mikael Lindahl (Discussion Paper 2786, May 2007, .pdf format, 63p.).


This paper evaluates school choice at the compulsory-school level by assessing a reform implemented in Sweden in 1992, which opened up for publicly funded but privately operated schools. In many local school markets, this reform led to a significant increase in the quantity of such schools as well as in the share of pupils attending them. We estimate the impact of this increase in private enrollment on the average achievement of all pupils using within-municipality variation over time, and controlling for differential pre-reform municipality trends. We find that an increase in the private-school share by 10 percentage points increases average pupil achievement by almost 1 percentile rank point. We show that this total effect can be interpreted as the sum of a private-school attendance effect and a competition effect. The former effect, which is identified using variation in school choice among siblings, is found to be only a small part of the total effect. This suggests that the main part of the achievement effect is due to more competition in the school sector, forcing schools to improve their quality. We use grade point average as outcome variable. A comparison with test data suggests that our results are not driven by differential grade-setting standards in private and public schools. We further find that more competition from private schools increases school costs. There is also some evidence of sorting of pupils along socioeconomic and ethnic lines.


Center for Economic Studies/Ifo Institute for Economic Research (CESifo) [Munich, Bavaria, Germany]: "Fundamental Determinants of School Efficiency and Equity: German States as a Microcosm for OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development) Countries," by Ludger Woessmann (WP 1981, May 2007, .pdf format, 45p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:,302752&_dad=portal&_schema=PORTAL&p_file_id=14153


Institute for Social and Economic Research [University of Essex, UK]: "The Introduction of Dependent Interviewing on the British Household Panel Survey," by Annette Jackle, Heather Laurie, and S.C. Noah Uhrig (Working Paper No. 2007-07, May 2007, .pdf format, 62p.).


This paper documents the introduction of dependent interviewing in wave 16 of the British Household Panel Survey (BHPS). Dependent interviewing is a method of designing questions on longitudinal surveys where substantive information, available to the survey organisation prior to the interview, is used to tailor the wording and routing of questions to the respondent’s situation or to enable in-interview edit checks. The decision to introduce dependent interviewing in the BHPS was motivated by data quality issues and the paper discusses the reasoning behind this decision. A particular aim was to reduce measurement error that leads to cross-wave inconsistencies and hence biases in estimates of change, such as ‘seam effects’ in histories of employment or benefit receipt. The paper provides documentation for BHPS data users and outlines the implications of the changes made when using the data. The paper also provides information about the questionnaire design, testing process and technical aspects of the implementation, for survey practitioners and methodologists who may be considering implementing dependent interviewing on a longitudinal survey.

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JOURNAL TABLES OF CONTENTS (check your library for availability):

IngentaConnect Tables of Contents: IngentaConnect provides fee based document delivery services for selected journals.

Health and Social Work (Vol. 32, No. 1, February 2007). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

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University of Massachusetts Amherst Center for Research on Families Summer Workshops. UM A offers two summer workshops: "Analyzing Developmental Trajectories (Jun. 19-21, 2007) and "Modelling Longitudinal and Dyadic Data with HLM" (Jul. 23-25, 2007). For more information see:



"The 8th Conference of the Asia Pacific Sociological Association," to be held Nov. 19-21, 2007 in Penang, Malaysia. For more information see:

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American Statistical Association: ASA has recently added several employment opportunities to its employment website. The new opportunities are dated Apr. 27-May 8, 2007.

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US House Committee on Education and Labor Hearing: "Paying for a College Education: Barriers and Solutions for Students and Families," a hearing held Tuesday May 1, 2007. (.pdf format).


US House Joint Economic Committee Report: "Information Technology Increases Earnings Differential and Drives Need for Education," (Research Report No. 110-6, May 2007, .pdf format, 4p.).

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US Department of Housing and Urban Development: "Components of Inventory Change (CINCH) reports (2003-2005)" (May 2007, .zip compressed SAS and ASCII text format, with documentation and programs in ASCII text and .pdf format).

Links to data, programs, and documentation are at the bottom of the page.


General Social Survey: The Roper Center at the University of Connecticut has announced that availability of the 1972-2006 General Social Survey on CD-ROM. For more information, including pricing and ordering information see:


National Longitudinal Survey: The Center for Human Resource Research at Ohio State University recently released the following NLS documentation:

CHD-2004 Child, Mother, and Child Self-Administered Supplements 2004

YA-2004 Young Adult Questionnaire 2004

YA-2006-Prelim Young Adult Preliminary Questionnaire 2006

Scroll to or "find in page" item number or title.


Association of Religious Data Archives (University of Pennsylvania) Addition: "Religion and Public Life Survey, 2003" (April 2007, SPSS Portable File, Microsoft Excel, and ASCII text format, with documentation in ASCII text format).


Luxembourg Income Study Data Release: "The Third round of Wave V, Release 2 data is online. It includes: Switzerland 2000, Switzerland 2002, Luxembourg 2000, Estonia 2000, Hungary 1999, and Taiwan 2000."

Data access:


Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research: ICPSR at he University of Michigan released several new datasets on May 7, 2007, which may be of interest to Sociology researchers. Note: Some ICPSR studies are available only to ICPSR member institutions. To find out whether your organization is a member, and whether or not it supports ICPSR Direct downloading, see:

New and updated data:

All new and updated data in the last 90 days can be found at:

Click on "list".


UK Data Archive (Essex University, Colchester, UK): The UK Data Archive has recently added the following datasets to its holdings. Note: There maybe charges or licensing requirements on holdings of the UK Data Archive. For more information see:

SN 5629 -British Household Panel Survey Consolidated Marital, Cohabitation and Fertility Histories, 1991-2005

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