Current Social Science Research Report--Sociology #32, September 25, 2007.

CSSRR-Social is a weekly email report produced by the Data and Information Services Center at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. It seeks to help social science researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. This report will contain selected listings of new: reports, articles, bibliographies, working papers, tables of contents, conferences, data, and websites. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:


CSSRR-Social is compiled and edited by Jack Solock and Charlie Fiss.


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Index to this issue:

















1. Census Bureau News Release, Reports:

A. "Most People Make Only One Trip Down the Aisle,But First Marriages Shorter, Census Bureau Reports" (CB07-131, Sep. 19, 2007). The news release links to detailed topical tables from the 2004 Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP)." (Microsoft Excel and comma separated value [.csv] format).

B. "Custodial Mothers and Fathers and Their Child Support: 2005," by Timothy S. Grall (Consumer Income P60-234, August 2007, .pdf format, 11p.).

2. Bureau of Labor Statistics Periodical: NLS News (No. 07-129, September 2007, .pdf format, 6p.).

3. National Center for Education Statistics Issue Brief, Reports:

A. "Public School Practices for Violence Prevention and Reduction: 2003-04," by Susan Jekielek, Brett Brown, Pilar Marin, and Laura Lippman (NCES 2007010, September 2007, .pdf format, 3p., with standard errors, .pdf format, 1p.).

B. "The Nationís Report Card: Mathematics 2007." by Jihyun Lee, Wendy S. Grigg, and Gloria S. Dion (NCES 2007494, September 2007, .pdf format, 63p.).

C. "The Nationís Report Card: Reading 2007," by Jihyun Lee, Wendy S. Grigg, and Patricia L. Donahue (NCES 2007496, September 2007, .pdf format, 67p.).

D. "Interpreting 12th-Gradersí NAEP-Scaled Mathematics Performance Using High School Predictors and Postsecondary Outcomes From the National Education Longitudinal Study of 1988 (NELS:88)," by Leslie A. Scott and Steven J. Ingels (NCES 2007328, September 2007, .pdf format, 112p.).

E. "Crime, Violence, Discipline, and Safety in U.S. Public Schools, Findings from the School Survey on Crime and Safety: 2005-06," by Kacey Lee Nolle, Paul Guerino and Rachel Dinkes (NCES 2007361, September 2007, .pdf format, 75p.).

4. Federal Bureau of Investigation Report: "Crime in the United States: 2006" (September 2007, HTML, .pdf, Microsoft Excel, and .zip compressed format).

5. National Institute of Justice Report: "Adolescents, Neighborhoods, and Violence: Recent Findings From the Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods," by Akiva Liberman (September 2007, .pdf format, 18p.).

6. Department of Health and Human Services, Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation Report:

A. "Assessing Site Readiness: Considerations about Transitioning to a Privatized Child Welfare System," (September 2007, HTML and .pdf format, 30p.).

B. "Finding a Path to Recovery: Residential Facilities for Minor Victims of Domestic Sex Trafficking," by Heather J. Clawson and Lisa Goldblatt Grace (September 2007, HTML and .pdf format, 10p.).

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US States:


Department of Health & Family Services Report: "Wisconsin Deaths, 2006" (September 2007, .pdf format, 85p.).

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NGO and Other Countries:

European Commission:

Eurostat Report: "The social situation in the European Union 2005-2006: The Balance between Generations in an Ageing Europe" (September 2007, .pdf format, 169p.).,46587259&_dad=portal&_schema=PORTAL&p_product_code=KE-AG-06-001



Statistics Canada Report/Statistique Canada:

A. "Why Are Most University Students Women? Evidence Based on Academic Performance, Study Habits and Parental Influences," by Marc Frenette and Klarka Zeman (No. 303, September 2007, .pdf format, 26p.).

Look for "Full Content in PDF" on left margin.

B. "Births, 2005," (September 2007, .pdf format, 64p.).


Czech Republic:

Statistical Office News Release: "Population increase of the Czech Republic continues: Population changes - 1st-2nd quarter of 2007" (Sep. 20, 2007, Microsoft Word format, 1p.). The news release links (click on "TIME SERIES" at top left of page) to time series data and charts (charts in HTML format, data in .pdf and Microsoft Excel format).



Statistics Iceland News Release: "Education at a Glance 2007" (No. 108/207, Sep. 18, 2007).



Central Statistics Office Report: "Census 2006 Volume 8 - Occupations" (September 2007, .pdf format, 144p.).



Central Statistical Office Compendium, Report:

A. Statistical Abstract of Israel 2007 (September 2007, Microsoft Excel format, with ancillary material in Microsoft Word format).

B. Immigration to Israel 2000-2001 (September 2007, Microsoft Excel format, with ancillary material in Microsoft Word format).



Statistical Institute Report, Periodical:

A. "Population Estimates: September 2007 (September 2007, HTML and Microsoft Excel format).

B. Japan Monthly Statistics (September 2007, Microsoft Excel format).



Statistics Norway News Releases:

A. "Population Statistics. Refugees. 1 January 2007: Nearly twice as many as in 1997" (Sep. 18, 2007). The news release links to five topical tables.

B. "Indicators on Education, in the OECD (Organisation for Economic Development and Co-operation), 2004/2005: More foreign students" (Sep. 18, 2007). The news release links to two topical tables.

C. "Sanctions. 2006: More women sanctioned" (Sep. 19, 2007).

D. "ICT (Information and Communication Technology) in households, 2nd quarter of 2007: Two out of three households have broadband" (Sep. 20, 2007). The news release links to 10 topical tables.

E. "Education statistics. Throughput of pupils in upper secondary education: Seven out of ten completed upper secondary education" (Sep. 20, 2007). The news release links to five topical tables.



1. Department for Work and Pensions Reports:

A. "Sole and joint birth registration: Exploring the circumstances, choices and motivations of unmarried parents," by Jenny Graham, Chris Creegan, Matthew Barnard, Alice Mowlam and Stephen McKay (Research Report No 463, September 2007, .pdf format, 112p.).

B. "Partnership transitions and mothersí employment," by Gillian Paull (August 2007, .pdf format, 124p.).

2. Home Office Statistical Bulletin: "Crimes Detected in England and Wales 2006/07," by Hazel Mitchell and Penny Babb (Statistical Bulletin 15/07, September 2007, .pdf format, 19p.).

3. National Statistics Office, Various:

A. "Referrals, assessments and children and young people who are the subjects of child protection plans: year ending 31 Mar 2007" (First Release, Sep. 20, 2007, .pdf format, 14p.).

B. "Current Releases for Supporting Information for Local Authorities, for Mid-Year Population Estimates" (ONS Annual, September 2007, .pdf and Microsoft Excel format).

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Population Reference Bureau Report, Articles, Issue Brief, Take a Number:

A. "The Future Population of India: A Long-range Demographic View," (September 2007, .pdf format, 15p.).

B. "Hispanic Segregation in America's New Rural Boomtowns," by Domenico Parisi and Daniel T. Lichter (September 2007).

C. "Asian Immigrants Tend to Be More Educated and Highly Skilled," by Mark Mather (September 2007).

D. "Powerful Partners: Adolescent Girls' Education and Delayed Childbearing," by Elaine Murphy and Dara Carr (September 2007, .pdf format, 6p.).

E. "Take a Number: Population, Health, and Environment News You Might Have Missed" (September 2007).


Urban Institute Reports:

A. "The Skid Row Collaborative 2003-2007," by Martha R. Burt (September 2007, .pdf format, 25p.).

B. "Vouchers for Housing and Child Care: Common Challenges and Emerging Strategies," by Margery Austin Turner, Gina Adams, Monica Rohacek, and Lauren Eyster (Low-Income Working Families Paper 8, August 2007, .pdf format, 25p.).


Pew Hispanic Center Report: "1995 -- 2005: Foreign-Born Latinos Make Progress on Wages," by Rakesh Kochhar (August 2007, .pdf format, 33p.).


Boston College Center for Work and Family Report: "The Work-Life Evolution Study," by Brad Harrington (September 2007, .pdf format, 30p.).


Science Article Abstract: "Global Pattern Formation and Ethnic/Cultural Violence," by May Lim, Richard Metzler, and Yaneer Bar-Yam (Vol. 317, No. 5844, Sep. 14, 2007, p. 1540-1544).

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National Bureau of Economic Research:

A. "Socioeconomic Disadvantage and Early Childbearing," by Melissa S. Kearney and Phillip B. Levine (w13436, September 2007, .pdf format, 33p.).


We examine the empirical relationship between socioeconomic disadvantage and rates of early childbearing. First, we use data from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics (PSID) to confirm a strong correlation at the individual level - women who grow up "disadvantaged" are much more likely to give birth as teens. Then we aggregate Vital Statistics microdata from 1968 through 2003 to conduct a cohort-based analysis of the relationship between rates of socioeconomic disadvantage of a birth cohort and the cohort's subsequent early childbearing experiences. Our cohort level analysis implies an even tighter intergenerational correlation between rates of background disadvantage and early childbearing. But, when our analysis econometrically controls for fixed state and year of birth effects in the model to account for cultural and other differences across cohorts, the relationship between rates of disadvantage and early childbearing is found to be quite modest. For example, the elasticity of early childbearing rates by age 18 with respect to the probability of being born to a mother under age 18 is only 0.05. This suggests that broader, societal forces are far more important in determining rates of early childbearing than rates of socioeconomic disadvantage per se.

B. "Hatred and Profits: Getting Under the Hood of the Ku Klux Klan," by Roland G. Fryer Jr. and Steven D. Levitt (w13417, September 2007, .pdf format, 33p.).


The Ku Klux Klan reached its heyday in the mid-1920s, claiming millions of members. In this paper, we analyze the 1920s Klan, those who joined it, and the social and political impact that it had. We utilize a wide range of newly discovered data sources including information from Klan membership roles, applications, robe-order forms, an internal audit of the Klan by Ernst and Ernst, and a census that the Klan conducted after an internal scandal. Combining these sources with data from the 1920 and 1930 U.S. Censuses, we find that individuals who joined the Klan were better educated and more likely to hold professional jobs than the typical American. Surprisingly, we find few tangible social or political impacts of the Klan. There is little evidence that the Klan had an effect on black or foreign born residential mobility, or on lynching patterns. Historians have argued that the Klan was successful in getting candidates they favored elected. Statistical analysis, however, suggests that any direct impact of the Klan was likely to be small. Furthermore, those who were elected had little discernible effect on legislation passed. Rather than a terrorist organization, the 1920s Klan is best described as a social organization built through a wildly successful pyramid scheme fueled by an army of highly-incentivized sales agents selling hatred, religious intolerance, and fraternity in a time and place where there was tremendous demand.


Institute of Behavioral Science [University of Colorado-Boulder]: "Trends in Educational Attainment by Sex, Race/Ethnicity, and Nativity in the United States, 1989-2005," by Bethany G. Everett, Richard G. Rogers, Patrick M. Krueger, and Robert A. Hummer (POP 2007-07, September 2007, .pdf format, 27p.).

Objective. Trends in education are particularly significant because they affect individual life choices and chances. Yet surprisingly few studies have examined differences in educational attainment by detailed demographic subpopulations in recent years. This research documents trends in education by age, sex, race/ethnicity, and nativity between 1989 and 2005 to gain a better understanding of how disparities in education have changed over time.

Methods. We employ the 1989-2005 National Health Interview Surveys (n=1,054,062).

Results. We find that among individuals aged 25-44 in 2005, foreign-born Mexican American men obtained just 9.5 years of education whereas comparable women had 9.8 years, and foreign-born Cuban American men had 13.2 years of education whereas comparable women had 13.7 years. We also show increases in education for all race/ethnic groups over time, with the most substantial gains among Hispanic subpopulations.

Conclusion. Our results provide insight into trends in education, highlight the value of disaggregating educational attainment levels by demographic subpopulations, and can aid researchers and policymakers in identifying vulnerable populations.


Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) [University of Bonn, Germany]: "Migrant Ethnic Identity: Concept and Policy Implications," by Klaus F. Zimmermann (Discussion Paper 3056, September 2007, .pdf format, 22p.).


With globalization, the size of migration and the value of ethnicity is rising. Also Cyprus undergoes a strong process of change while experiencing large inflows of migration. The paper investigates the challenges and the potentials of migration from a European Union perspective. It advocates for a new concept to measure the ethnic identity of migrants, models its determinants and explores its explanatory power for various types of economic performance. The ethnosizer, a measure of ethnic identity, classifies migrants into four states: integration, assimilation, separation and marginalization. Empirical evidence supports its relevance for economic outcomes.


Institute for Social and Economic Research (ISER) [University of Essex, Colchester, UK]:: "Inequality and Quiescence: A Continuing Conundrum," by R. E. Pahl, David Rose, and Liz Spencer (ISER Working Paper 2007-22, September 2007, .pdf format, 32p.).


How may we account for the fact that most people appear to accept widespread social and economic inequalities? This is a question that has often been posed in the social sciences. One possible explanation is that individuals tend to make comparisons with others like themselves and so, as a result, do not appreciate the full range of inequality. This was the conclusion drawn by research in the 1960s and was re-affirmed by further research in the 1970s. However, more recently, it has been suggested that social and economic change in the intervening period may have had effects on the range and type of comparisons people are able to make. In particular, it has been argued that the growth of the mass media has exposed people to a broader range of lifestyles and the expansion of the consumer society has created ever greater desires. In these circumstances, it is thought that peopleís horizons will have expanded so that they no longer have such restricted points of reference for their social comparisons. In this paper, we use evidence from a small scale pilot qualitative study to investigate social comparisons in the 21st century. We find that, in many ways, social comparisons are still narrow and knowledge of the true extent of inequality is still limited. What comparisons people do make appear to be based on lifestyle and consumption. Hence, they are neither resentful of the super rich, nor of others closer to themselves who have done better in life. However, they are very aware of their advantages compared with less fortunate members of society. Our respondents see themselves as members of a comfortable middle mass of Ďordinary, hard-working familiesí. The paper concludes with some reflections on the nature of social cohesion in the UK today.


Institute for Fiscal Studies [London, UK]: "Maternal education, home environments and the development of children and adolescents," by Pedro Carneiro, Costas Meghir and Matthias Parey (IFS Working Papers, W15/07, September 2007, .pdf format, 53p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:

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JOURNAL TABLES OF CONTENTS (check your library for availability):

Cities (Vol. 24, No. 5, October 2007).

History of the Family (Vol. 12, No. 1, 2007).

Social Work (Vol. 52, No. 3, July 2007). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

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American Statistical Association: ASA has updated its employment page with listings from Sep. 19-25, 2007).

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US Senate Judiciary Committee Hearing Publication: "Comprehensive Immigration Reform," a hearing held Feb. 28, 2007 (Senate Hearing 110-110, Serial No. J-113-13, ASCII text and .pdf format, 158p.).

Search 110th Congress Senate Hearings for "110-110" (with the quotes). Note: multiple publications will be retrieved by this search. Scroll to or "find in text" the above title.


US House Judiciary Committee Hearing Publication: "Shortfalls of the 1996 Immigration Reform Legislation," a hearing held Apr. 20, 2007 (House Serial Publication 110-25, ASCII text and .pdf format, 113p.).

Search 110th Congress House Hearings for "110-25" (with the quotes).

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Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research: ICPSR at he University of Michigan released several new datasets Sept. 25, 2007 which may be of interest to Sociology researchers. Note: Some ICPSR studies are available only to ICPSR member institutions. To find out whether your organization is a member, and whether or not it supports ICPSR Direct downloading, see:

New and updated data:

All new and updated data in the last 90 days can be found at:

Click on "list"


UK Data Archive (Essex University, Colchester, UK): The UK Data Archive has recently added the following datasets to its holdings. Note: There maybe charges or licensing requirements on holdings of the UK Data Archive. For more information see:

SN 5708 -ONS Omnibus Survey, October 2005

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German Social Sciences Infrastructure Services: "A Tabular History of Comparative Survey Research" (2007).

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