Current Social Science Research Report--Sociology #34, October 9, 2007.

CSSRR-Social is a weekly email report produced by the Data and Information Services Center at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. It seeks to help social science researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. This report will contain selected listings of new: reports, articles, bibliographies, working papers, tables of contents, conferences, data, and websites. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:


CSSRR-Social is compiled and edited by Jack Solock and Charlie Fiss.


To CSSRR-Econ #34

To CSSRR- Health #34



Index to this issue:















1. Census Bureau Reports, Facts for Features:

A. "Consolidated Federal Funds Report for Fiscal Year 2005" (CFFR/05, September 2007, .pdf format, 116p.).

B. "Federal Aid to States for Fiscal Year 2005" (FAS/05, September 2007, .pdf format, 56p.).

Links to both A. and B., as well as detailed tables, are available from a Census Bureau news release: "Social Security, Medicare and Medicaid Account for Half of Federal Spending" (CB07-141, Oct. 9, 2007).

C. "Facts for Figures Special Edition: Launch of Sputnik I and Start of the 'Space Race': 50th Anniversary (Oct. 4)" (CB07-FFSE.06, Oct. 3, 2007).

See Oct. 3, 2007 listing.

2. Department of Housing and Urban Development Report: "The Applicability of Housing First Models to Homeless Persons with Serious Mental Illness," by Carol L. Pearson, Gretchen Locke, Ann Elizabeth Montgomery, and Larry Buron (July 2007, .pdf format, 180p.).

3. Government Accountability Office Report: "Information Technology: Census Bureau Needs to Improve Its Risk Management of Decennial Systems" (GAO-08-79, October 2007, .pdf format, 41p.).

Note: this is a temporary address. GAO reports are available at:

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US States:


Department of Labor and Workforce Development Periodical: Alaska Economic Trends (October 2007, .pdf format, 23p.). The topic of this months issue is "Population Projections, 2007 to 2030."


Center for Health Statistics Reports:

A. "Birth Profiles by Zip Code, California: 1989-2006" (2007, Microsoft Excel format).

B. "Death Profiles by ZIP Code, California: 1989-2003: (2007, Microsoft Excel format).

C. "Vital Statistics of California: 2004" (2007, .pdf format, 212p.).

North Carolina:

State Demographics Report: "Official July 1, 2006 Municipal Population Estimates" (October 2007, HTML and Microsoft Excel format).

North Dakota:

State Data Center Periodical: Population Bulletin (Vol. 23, No. 10, October 2007, .pdf format, 3p.). The topic of this month's issue is: "Dependency Ratios in North Dakota."


Department of Administration & Information Compendium, Report:

A. Equality State Almanac (2007, .pdf format, 201p.).

B. "American Community Survey (ACS) Profiles: 2006 (2007, HTML and/or .pdf format).

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NGO and Other Countries:

United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs Compendium: Demographic Yearbook: 2004 (2007, .pdf format, with tables available in Microsoft Excel format, 855p.). DGs back to 2000 are available at the site.

Purchasing information:



Australia Bureau of Statistics Periodical, Reports:

A. Corrective Services, Australia, June 2007 (September 2007, .pdf format, 41p., with tables in Microsoft Excel format).

B. "Regional Population Growth, Australia, 1996 to 2006" (September 2007, HTML and Microsoft Excel format). Click on "Details" tab for link to Excel data.

C. "Marriages, Australia, 2006" (October 2007, HTML and Microsoft Excel format). Click on "Details" tab for link to Excel data.



Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística News Releases:

A. "IBGE releases results of Population Count 2007" (Oct. 5, 2007). The news release links to population estimates (.pdf and Microsoft Excel format) and technical documentation. All estimates and documentation are available in Portuguese only.

B. "IBGE presents social indicators of the last ten years" (Sep. 28, 2007). The news release links to a report (.pdf format, 252p.), as well as tables and other ancillary materials. All materials are in Portuguese only.



Statistical Service Report: "Crime: Annual Figures" (October 2007, Microsoft Excel format). Annual data has been updated through 2005.$file/CRIME-(EN)-091007.xls?OpenElement



Statistics Iceland News Release: "School operation in compulsory schools in 2006-2007" (No. 116/2007, Oct. 1, 2007).



Central Statistical Office Report: "Census 2006 - Volume 9 - Irish Language" (October 2007, .pdf format, 150p.).



Central Bureau of Statistics Report: "Recipients of First Degrees From Institutions of Higher Education: Satisfaction with Studies, Employment and Continuation of Studies 1999/2000-2001/02" (September 2007, .pdf format, 113p., with tables in Microsoft Excel and .zip compressed Excel format, and ancillary material in Microsoft Word format).



Statistics and Census Service Periodical: Monthly Bulletin of Statistics: September 2007 (October 2007, .pdf and Microsoft Excel format, 79p.).


New Zealand:

Statistics New Zealand/Tatauranga Aotearoa Reports:

A. "New Zealand Recorded Crime Tables" (October 2007).

B. "Survey of Dynamics and Motivation for Migration in New Zealand: March 2007 quarter" (October 2007, .pdf format, 20p.).

Link to full text is near the bottom of the page.



Scottish Government Reports:

A. "Higher Education Graduates and Graduate Destinations 2005-06" (October 2007, .pdf format, 19p.).

B. "2006 Scottish Crime and Victimisation Survey: Main Findings," by Matthew Brown and Keith Bolling (September 2007, .pdf format, 100p.).

C. "Drugs Misuse in Scotland: Findings From the 2006 Scottish Crime and Victimisation Survey," by Matthew Brown and Keith Bolling (September 2007, .pdf format, 55p.).

D. "Pre-school and Childcare Statistics 2007" (September 2007, .pdf and Microsoft Excel format, 48p.).



Statistical Office Compendium: Slovenia In Figures: 2007 (October 2007, 76p.).



National Statistics Office News Release: "Increase in families mainly cohabiting couples" (Oct. 4, 2007, .pdf format, 4p.).

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Brookings Institution Report: "Resettling New Orleans: The First Full Picture from the Census," by William H. Frey, Audrey Singer, and David Park (September 2007, .pdf format, 27p.).


Urban Institute Reports:

A. "Vulnerable Infants and Toddlers in Four Service Systems," by Elizabeth Harbison, Joanna Parnes, and Jennifer Ehrle Macomber (September 2007, .pdf format, 9p.).

B. "TANF (Temporary Assistance for Needy Families) Caseload Composition and Leavers Synthesis Report," by Gregory Acs and Pamela J. Loprest (September 2007, .pdf format, 185p.).


Allen Guttmacher Institute Periodical: International Family Planning Perspectives (Vol. 33, No. 3, HTML and .pdf format, September 2007).


University of Chicago Press Book: Marriage and Cohabitation, by Arland Thornton, William G. Axinn, and Yu Xie (2007, 412p., ISBN: 978-0-226-79866-0). For more information see:


Psychology Press Monograph: The Education-Drug Use Connection: How Successes and Failures in School Relate to Adolescent Smoking, Drinking, Drug Use, and Delinquency, by Jerald G Bachman, Patrick M O'Malley, John E Schulenberg, Lloyd D Johnston, Peter Freedman-Doan, Emily E Messersmith (August 2007, ISBN: 978-0-8058-6171-6 (paperback), ISBN: 978-0-8058-6170-9 (hardcover)).


Economist Article: "Race, justice and Jena" (Sep. 27, 2007).


Time Article: "Till Work Do Us Part," by Kaare Viemose (Sep. 27, 2007).,9171,1666269,00.html


The Weekly Standard Article: "Population Wars: Why Europe's demography is more complicated than you may think," by Duncan Currie (Sep. 28, 2007).

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University of Wisconsin Center for Demography and Ecology: "The Dimensionality and Measurement of Cognitive Functioning at Age 65 in the Wisconsin Longitudinal Study," by James A. Yonker, Robert M. Hauser, and Jeremy Freese (Working Paper No. 2007-06, 2007, .pdf format, 30p.).


The 2003-05 telephone surveys of high school graduates in the Wisconsin Longitudinal Study administered six cognitive assessments: immediate and delayed word recall, digit ordering, a subset of the WAIS-R similarities test, and letter and category frequency. We have analyzed these data separately among male and female participants in the WLS. We find that a structural model with a single, second order factor for general cognitive functioning fits the data well. The first order factors are memory/attention (word recall and digit ordering), abstract reasoning (WAIS-R), and verbal (letter and category) fluency. In addition, the memory/attention factor loads much more heavily on the general cognition factor among men than among women. We recommend this model be used in other analyses of cognitive functioning in the WLS.


Princeton University Center for Research on Child Wellbeing: "The Characteristics and Causes of Homelessness among At Risk Families with Children in Twenty American Cities," by Angela Fertig and David Reingold (Working Paper 2007-23-FF, October 2007, .pdf format, 29p.).


This paper explores the characteristics and causes of homeless families with children using the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study. These unique data measure a rich set of risk factors likely thought to influence homelessness at the individual, household, and city level. We find that homelessness is most strongly linked to informal and institutional social support, and is only modestly associated with local housing and labor market conditions. These results suggest that interventions designed to build and strengthen informal and institutional social support among low-income mothers, including low-income housing assistance, will have the greatest impact on reducing the likelihood of family homelessness, while policies designed to alter local housing and labor market conditions are unlikely to substantially reduce the risk of this pressing social problem.


Center for Policy Research [Maxwell School, Syracuse University]: "A Monte Carlo Study for Pure and Pretest Estimators of a Panel Data Model with Spatially Autocorrelated Disturbances," by Badi H. Baltagi, Peter Egger and Michael Pfaffermayr (Working Paper No. 98, Sept. 2007, .pdf format, 18p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:


Urban Institute:

A. "Teacher Credentials and Student Achievement in High School: A Cross-Subject Analysis with Student Fixed Effects," by Charles Clotfelter, Helen Ladd, and Jacob Vigdor (CALDER Working Paper 11, September 2007, .pdf format, 60p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:

B. "The Narrowing Gap in New York City Teacher Qualifications and its Implications for Student Achievement in High-Poverty Schools," by Donald Boyd, Hamilton Lankford, Susanna Loeb, Jonah Rockoff, and James Wyckoff (CALDER Working Paper 10, August 2007, .pdf format, 37p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:


National Bureau of Economic Research: "Is Gaining Access to Selective Elementary Schools Gaining Ground? Evidence From Randomized Lotteries," by Julie Berry Cullen and Brian A. Jacob (w13443, September 2007, .pdf format, 60p.).


In this paper, we examine whether expanded access to sought-after schools can improve academic achievement. The setting we study is the "open enrollment" system in the Chicago Public Schools (CPS). We use lottery data to avoid the critical issue of non-random selection of students into schools. Our analysis sample includes nearly 450 lotteries for kindergarten and first grade slots at 32 popular schools in 2000 and 2001. We track students for up to five years and examine outcomes such as standardized test scores, grade retention and special education placement. Comparing lottery winners and losers, we find that lottery winners attend higher quality schools as measured by both the average achievement level of peers in the school as well as by value-added indicators of the school's contribution to student learning. Yet, we do not find that winning a lottery systematically confers any evident academic benefits. We explore several possible explanations for our findings, including the possibility that the typical student may be choosing schools for non-academic reasons (e.g., safety, proximity) and/or may experience benefits along dimensions we are unable to measure, but find little evidence in favor of such explanations. Moreover, we separately examine effects for a variety of demographic subgroups, and for students whose application behavior suggests a strong preference for academics, but again find no significant effects.


World Bank Development Programme: "Why is son preference declining in South Korea ? the role of development and public policy, and the implications for China and India," by Woojin Chung and Monica Das Gupta (WPS 4373, October 2007, ASCII text and .pdf format, 30p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:


Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) [University of Bonn, Germany]:

A. "Africa's Education Enigma? The Nigerian Story," by Ruth Uwaifo Oyelere (Discussion Paper 3097, October 2007, .pdf format, 40p.).


n the last two decades, the social and economic benefits of formal education in Sub-Saharan Africa have been debated. Anecdotal evidence points to low returns to education in Africa. Unfortunately, there is limited econometric evidence to support these claims at the micro level. In this study, I focus on Nigeria a country that holds 1/5 of Africa’s population. I use instruments based on the exogenous timing of the implementation and withdrawal of free primary education across regions in this country to consistently estimate the returns to education in the late 1990s. The results show the average returns to education are particularly low in the 90s, in contrast to conventional wisdom for developing countries (2.8% for every extra year of schooling between 1997 and 1999). Surprisingly, I find no significant differences between OLS and IV estimates of returns to education when necessary controls are included in the wage equation. The low returns to education results shed new light on both the changes in demand for education in Nigeria and the increased emigration rates from African countries that characterized the 90s.

B. "Do College-Bound High School Students Need an Extra Year? Evidence from Ontario’s ‘Double Cohort’," by Louis-Philippe Morin (Discussion Paper 3098, October 2007, .pdf format, 41p.).


The Local Average Treatment Effect (LATE) interpretation of the IV estimates of the returns to schooling is becoming increasingly popular. Typically, researchers reporting LATE estimates do not provide systematic evidence that there is substantial heterogeneity across different ability levels in returns, and without such evidence, the LATE interpretation is short of being compelling. The recent abolition of Grade 13 in Ontario’s secondary school system provides a unique opportunity to measure the benefits of an extra year of high school for high-ability students (those bound for college), rather than dropouts. I present a simple factor model which allows the value-added of Grade 13 (in terms of achievement) to be estimated, generalizing the standard difference-in-differences estimator to correct for heterogeneity in ability measurement across college subjects. The main finding is that the estimated return to an extra year of high school in terms of human capital is small for these high-ability students: students coming out of Grade 13 have a 2.2 point advantage (on a 100 point scale) over students from Grade 12, the estimated return to Grade 13 being around 2 percent. This evidence indicates that there is substantial heterogeneity in the return to an additional year of high school in the direction assumed in the prior literature.

C. "The Persistence of Welfare Participation," by Thomas Andrén (Discussion Paper 3100, October 2007, .pdf format, 33p.).


Welfare persistence is estimated in and compared between Swedish-born and foreign-born households. This is done within the framework of a time-stationary dynamic discrete choice model controlling for the initial condition and unobserved heterogeneity. Three different types of persistence are controlled for in terms of observed and unobserved heterogeneity, serial correlation, and structural state dependence, the focus being on the latter measure. In a second step we analyze the long-run effects of receiving social assistance on future household earnings and disposable income. The results show that state dependence in Swedish welfare participation is strong in both Swedish-born and foreign-born. However, the size of the effect is three times as large for the latter group. When the effect is distributed over time, it disappears after three years for both groups. The effect of structural state dependence is decomposed into a number of observed explanatory factors. Surprisingly small effects are found from typical foreign-born factors such as time in the country and country of origin, both important determinants for welfare participation in general. When investigating the effect of social assistance participation on future earnings, we find a strong and persistent effect over the whole observation window, while no such effect could be found for disposable income. This indicates that the economic incentives to leave the dependency are very weak. The picture is similar for both Swedish-born and foreign-born, even though the negative earnings effect is somewhat larger for the latter.

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Compton Foundation/PRB International Fellowship: Application deadline is Dec. 14, 2007. For more information see:

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US Department of Housing and Urban Development: "The following vacancy announcements for a GS-13-0220 Economist in theAmerican Housing Survey Branch have been posted.

HHES-2007-0020 is the announcement that Census Bureau Employees should apply to.

HHES-2007-0022 is for all qualified U.S. citizens, this is the external announcement.

The announcements will close on Thursday, October 18, 2007

Search on announcement numbers.

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United Nations Population Division: "World Population Prospects: The 2006 Revision" (2007, HTML and comma separated value [.csv] format).

Click on "Data Online".


Human Mortality Database: Note: HMD requires free registration before providing data. The following updates have been added to the database.

- Oct. 5, 2007 - Data for Iceland updated through 2006.

Data availability:

Data access:


European Social Survey: Round 3 data (2006/07) has been released. Note: ESS requires user registration before providing data.


Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research: ICPSR at he University of Michigan released several new datasets on Oct. 10, 2007 which may be of interest to Sociology researchers. Note: Some ICPSR studies are available only to ICPSR member institutions. To find out whether your organization is a member, and whether or not it supports ICPSR Direct downloading, see:

New and updated data:

All new and updated data in the last 90 days can be found at:

Click on "list".


UK Data Archive (Essex University, Colchester, UK): The UK Data Archive has recently added the following dataset to its holdings. Note: There maybe charges or licensing requirements on holdings of the UK Data Archive. For more information see:

SN 5717 -Taking Part: the National Survey of Culture, Leisure and Sport, 2005-2006

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