Current Social Science Research Report--Sociology #37, October 30, 2007.

CSSRR-Social is a weekly email report produced by the Data and Information Services Center at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. It seeks to help social science researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. This report will contain selected listings of new: reports, articles, bibliographies, working papers, tables of contents, conferences, data, and websites. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:


CSSRR-Social is compiled and edited by Jack Solock and Charlie Fiss.


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Index to this issue:














National Center for Education Statistics Report: "Preschool: First Findings From the Third Follow-up of the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Birth Cohort (ECLS-B)," by Jodi Jacobson Chernoff, Kristin Denton Flanagan, Cameron McPhee, and Jennifer Park (NCES 2008025, October 2007, .pdf format, 37p.).

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US States:


Applied Population Laboratory, University of Wisconsin-Madison Slide Show: "The American Community Survey: A New Era for Demographic Data," by Katherine White (October 2007, Microsoft PowerPoint format, 30 slides).

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NGO and Other Countries:

Nordic Council of Ministers Compendium: Nordic Statistical Yearbook 2007 (2007, .pdf format, 349p.).,368708,33_368713&_dad=portal&_schema=PORTAL



Australian Bureau of Statistics Report: "Births, Australia, 2006" (October 2007, .pdf format, 104p., with tables in Microsoft Excel format).



Government of Bermuda Compendium: Facts and Figures 2007 (October 2007, .pdf format, 14p.).


Bosnia and Herzegovina:

Federal Office of Statistics Report: "Natural demographic trends according to place of residence FBiH: August 2007 (October 2007, .pdf format, 4p.).



Statistics Canada/Statistique Canada Periodicals:

A. Canadian Social Trends (October 2007, HTML and .pdf format). The subject of this month's issue is: "Young people’s access to home ownership," by Martin Turcotte.

B. Education Matters: Insights on education, learning and training in Canada (Vol. 4, No. 4, October 2007).



Statistical Service Reports:

A. "Population: Demography (Annual Figures)" (October 2007, Microsoft Excel format).$file/DEMOGRAPHY-EN-301007.xls?OpenElement

B. "Population: Households by District (Annual Figures)" (October 2007, Microsoft Excel format).$file/HOUSEHOLDS_BY_DISTRICT-EN-301007.xls?OpenElement

C. "Population: Population by District (Annual Figures): (October 2007, Microsoft Excel format).$file/POPULATION_BY_DISTRICT-EN-301007.xls?OpenElement

D. "Population: Population Summary Data (Annual Figures) (October 2007, Microsoft Excel format).$file/POPULATION-SUMMARY_DATA-EN-301007.xls?OpenElement

E. "Population: Population by Age and Sex (Annual Figures) (October 2007, Microsoft Excel format).$file/POPULATION_BY_AGE_AND_SEX-EN-301007.xls?OpenElement



Institut national d'etudes demographques (INED) Periodical: Population and societies (No. 438, October 2007, .pdf format, 4p.). This month's article is: "Female genital mutilation: the situation in Africa and in France," by Armelle Andro and Marie Lesclingand.



Statistics Office News Release: "Highest life expectancy in Baden-Württemberg" (No. 427, Oct. 26, 2006). There is a link from this news release to a more detailed German language news release which contains a relevant table.,templateId=renderPrint.psml



Statistics Iceland News Release: "Graduates at the upper secondary and tertiary levels in 2005-2006" (No. 124/2007, Oct. 22, 2007).



Central Statistics Office Reports:

A. "Census 2006, Small Area Population Statistics (SAPS)" (October 2007).

B. "Headline Crime Statistics: Quarter 3, 2007" (October 2007, .pdf format, 9 p.).



Statistics Bureau Report: "Population Estimates: May 1, 2007 Final Estimates, Oct. 1, 2007 Provisional Estimates: (October 2007, HTML and Microsoft Excel format).



Statistics Netherlands Web Magazine Articles:

A. "Career choice in pre-vocational secondary education: economics popular among non-western groups" (Oct. 23, 2007).

B. "Nearly half a million people not receiving benefits are seeking jobs," by Maaike Hersevoort (Oct. 23, 2007).

C. "More than 850 thousand Muslims in the Netherlands," by Marieke van Herten (Oct. 25, 2007).

D. "People born in Amsterdam live on the outskirts of the capital," by Carel Harmsen and Elma van Agtmaal-Wobma (Oct. 25, 2007).


New Zealand:

Statistics New Zealand/Tatauranga Aotearoa "Hot Off the Press"

A. "Subnational Population Estimates: At 30 June 2007" (October 2007, .pdf format, 12p.).

B. "National Population Projections: 2006 (base) -- 2061" (October 2007, .pdf format, 20p.).


Northern Ireland:

Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency Report: "2006-based Northern Ireland Population Projections" (October 2007, press release, .pdf format, 8p., data in Microsoft Excel format).

Press release




Statistics Norway News Releases:

A. "Child welfare - StatRes. 2006: Strong increase in foster home expenditure" (Oct. 25, 2007).

B. "Population statistics. Marriages and divorces. 2006: More registered partnerships" (Oct. 25, 2007). The news release links to 15 relevant tables.

C. "Immigration population by reason of immigration, 1 January 2007: Growth in number of labour immigrants" (Oct. 26, 2007). The news release links to eight relevant tables.



Central Statistical Office Report: "Population. Size and structure by territorial division. As of June 30, 2007" (October 2007, .pdf format, 113p., with tables in .zip compressed Microsoft Excel format).



1. General Register Office Report: "Projected Population of Scotland (2006-based)" (October 2007, HTML and .pdf format, 30p.).

2. Scottish Government Report: "Recorded Crimes and Offences Involving Firearms, Scotland, 2006-07" (October 2007, .pdf format, 22p.).


South Africa:

Statistics South Africa Reports: "Community Survey 2007: Basic Results" (October 2007, .pdf format).



Statistics Sweden News Release: "Household finances 2006: Increased income differences" (Oct. 25, 2007).



1. Department for Culture, Media and Sport Report: "Taking Part: The National Survey of Culture, Leisure and Sport" (October 2007, .pdf format, 19p.).

Click on "The full report can be accessed online" toward the bottom of the page, for link to full text.

2. National Statistics Office, News Releases, Periodical:

A. "Almost 250,000 come for short-term work or study" (Oct. 25, 2007, .pdf format, 3p.).

B. "Variations persist in life expectancy by social class 2002-2005 data released" (Oct. 24, 2007, .pdf format, 8p.).

C. Monthly Digest of Statistics, edited by Dilys Rosen (October 2007, .pdf format, 135p.).

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Urban Institute Reports:

A. "Racial Disparities and the New Federalism," by Margery Austin Turner and Marla McDaniel (Discussion Paper 07-05, October 2007, .pdf format, 47p.).

B. "Into the Eye of the Storm: Assessing the Evidence on Science and Engineering Education, Quality, and Workforce Demand," (October 2007, .pdf format, 48p.).


Allen Guttmacher Institute Report: "Medicaid’s Role in Family Planning," (October 2007, .pdf format, 11p.).


Congressional Hispanic Caucus Institute Report: " Sustainable Homeownership -- Market and Policy Implications for Communities" (October 2007, .pdf format, 23p.).

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Rand Corporation Labor and Population Program:

A. "The Changing Relationship between Education and Marriage in the United States, 1940-2000," by Berna M. Torr (WR-530, October 2007, .pdf format, 38p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:

B. "The Effects of Work-Conditioned Transfers on Marriage and Child Well-Being: A Review," by Jeffrey Grogger and Lynn A. Karoly (WR-531, July 2007, .pdf format, 49p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:


Population Aging Research Center [University of Pennsylvania]:

A. "Literacy Gaps by Educational Attainment: A Comparative Study of 19 Countries," by Hyunjoon Park and Pearl Kyei (WPS 07-12, October 2007, .pdf format, 32p.).


Using data of literacy skills among adults aged 26 to 35 from the International Adult Literacy Survey, we compare the degree of literacy gaps between those who completed tertiary education and those who did not graduate from high schools across 19 countries. The result of ordinary least square regression shows that although those with a higher level of educational attainment tend to have a higher level of literacy skills in all countries, countries substantially vary in the degree of literacy gaps by educational attainment. The cross-national variation in the literacy gap is mainly driven by between-country differences in the level of literacy skills among those who did not graduate from high school. The result of two-level hierarchical linear models, furthermore, shows that the cross-national variation in the literacy gap by educational attainment is in part attributable to between-country differences in standardization of educational systems and the extent to which adult education and training are offered to the low educated. We discuss theoretical and policy implications of the findings for addressing inequality of literacy skills.

B. "Preliminary Demographic Analysis of a Toba Population in Transition in Northern Argentina," by Claudia Valeggia and Norberto A. Lanza (WPS 07-11, October 2007, .pdf format, 9p.).


The Toba represent one of the many indigenous groups inhabiting the Gran Chaco of South America. They currently live in communities with different degrees of acculturation. We present here a preliminary data on fecundity and mortality estimates for a rural Toba population located in the province of Formosa, Argentina. Reproductive histories (n = 435) were obtained from villagers 12 years old and older. Reproductive histories were cross-checked with other sources such as national identification documents, health records kept at the local health center, and previous censuses to verify the information obtained. The analysis presented here includes data from 1981 to 2002. We estimated the crude birth rate, total fertility rate, the crude death rate, and the rate of population growth. The results show high rates of population growth determined by pre-transitional values of birth and fertility rates and a decrease in mortality rates. This reduction in mortality may be attributed to a slow improvement of life conditions among the Toba, in particular, access to health care and food security. The first two periods analyzed indicated a mild immigration pattern, while in the rest of the years there was a strong emigration. This finding would reflect a situation of crisis and social tensions within and outside the Toba population. This study can contribute to our understanding of demographic dynamics in populations which are experiencing a rapid lifestyle transition; in this case, from a hunter-gatherer recent past to a market economy future.


National Bureau of Economic Research:

A. "Was Postwar Suburbanization "White Flight"? Evidence from the Black Migration," by Leah Platt Boustan (w13543, October 2007, .pdf format, 39p.).


Residential segregation across jurisdiction lines generates disparities in public services and education by race. The distinctive American pattern -- in which blacks live in the center city and whites in the suburban ring -- was enhanced by black migration from the rural South from 1940-1970. I show that urban whites responded to this black influx by relocating to the suburbs and rule out the indirect effect on urban housing prices as a cause. Black migrants may have been attracted to areas already undergoing suburbanization. I create an instrument for changes in urban diversity that predicts black migrant flows from southern states and assigns these flows to northern cities according to established settlement patterns. The best causal estimates imply that "white flight" explains around 20 percent of suburban growth in the postwar period.

B. "Demographic Change and the Structure of Wages: A Demand-Theoretic Analysis for Brazil," by Ernesto F. L. Amaral, Daniel S. Hamermesh, Joseph E. Potter, and Eduardo L.G. Rios-Neto (w13533, October 2007, .pdf format, 20p.).


With rapidly declining fertility and increased longevity the age structure of the labor force in developing countries has changed rapidly. Changing relative supply of workers by age group, and by educational attainment, can have profound effects on labor costs. Their impacts on earnings have been heavily studied in the United States but have received little attention in Asia and Latin America, where supply shocks are at least as large and have often proceeded less evenly across the economy. We use data on 502 local Brazilian labor markets from Censuses 1970-2000 to examine the extent of substitution among demographic groups as relative supply has changed. The results suggest that age-education groups are imperfect substitutes, so that larger age-education cohorts see depressed wage rates, particularly among more-educated groups. The extent of substitution has increased over time, so that the decreasing size of the least-skilled labor force today is barely raising its remaining members' wages.

C. "The Changing Role of Family Income and Ability in Determining Educational Achievement," by Philippe Belley and Lance Lochner (w13527, October 2007, .pdf format, 31p.).


This paper uses data from the 1979 and 1997 National Longitudinal Survey of Youth cohorts (NLSY79 and NLSY97) to estimate changes in the effects of ability and family income on educational attainment for youth in their late teens during the early 1980s and early 2000s. Cognitive ability plays an important role in determining educational outcomes for both NLSY cohorts, while family income plays little role in determining high school completion in either cohort. Most interestingly, we document a dramatic increase in the effects of family income on college attendance (particularly among the least able) from the NLSY79 to the NLSY97. Family income has also become a much more important determinant of college 'quality' and hours/weeks worked during the academic year (the latter among the most able) in the NLSY97. Family income has little effect on college delay in either sample.

To interpret our empirical findings on college attendance, we develop an educational choice model that incorporates both borrowing constraints and a 'consumption' value of schooling - two of the most commonly invoked explanations for a positive family income - schooling relationship. Without borrowing constraints, the model cannot explain the rising effects of family income on college attendance in response to the sharply rising costs and returns to college experienced from the early 1980s to early 2000s: the incentives created by a 'consumption' value of schooling imply that income should have become less important over time (or even negatively related to attendance). Instead, the data are more broadly consistent with the hypothesis that more youth are borrowing constrained today than were in the early 1980s.


UK Department for Work and Pensions: "Child maintenance: The eligible population in Great Britain," by Chris Bullen (WP 41, October 2007, .pdf format, 34p.).


Institute for Social and Economic Research (ISER) [University of Essex, Colchester, UK]: "Have Some European Countries Been More Successful at Employing Disabled People Than Others?" by Morten Blekesaune (Working Paper 2007-23, October 2007, .pdf format, 29p.).


Have some European countries been more successful at employing disabled people than others? Answering this question requires data about disability that are comparable across countries. This paper investigates three possible sources of survey data. Altogether, the European Social Survey (ESS) appears to be the most suitable data source for comparing disabled people between European countries. Employment rates among disabled people vary a lot between these countries. This variation is investigated in relation to several country-level characteristics: the number of people reporting disability, employment rates among non-disabled people, general unemployment rates, some characteristics of disability policies as well as some general employment policies. It is difficult to explain why particular countries are more or less successful at employing disabled people.

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Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research: ICPSR at he University of Michigan released has released several new datasets in the last week, which may be of interest to Health researchers. Note: Some ICPSR studies are available only to ICPSR member institutions. To find out whether your organization is a member, and whether or not it supports ICPSR Direct downloading, see:

All new and updated data in the last 90 days can be found at:

Click on "all studies updated or added within the last 90 days". Most recent new studies are listed first.


UK National Digital Archive of Datasets: "Schools' Census: All Schools, 1995-2001." For more information see:


UK Data Archive (Essex University, Colchester, UK): The UK Data Archive has recently added the following datasets to its holdings. Note: There maybe charges or licensing requirements on holdings of the UK Data Archive. For more information see:

SN 5633 -Participation of Volunteer Citizens in the Governance of Education, 2000-2003

SN 5712 -Latinobarómetro, 1995-2005

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Association of Religious Data Archives (Penn State University) Update: The ARDA website has announced two new features:

A. "QuickLists: Global and U.S. Religion Lists." "Which states have the most Mormons?  Which nations have the most Muslims? How can I find U.S. cities with the highest concentration of Evangelicals?  Answers to these and many other commonly asked questions can be found on our new feature called QuickLists. Visitors will find ranked lists of key religious groups, such as Mormons, United Methodists, Southern Baptists and others, by state, metro area and county for three different decades (1980, 1990 and 2000).  Those who prefer to examine broader religious traditions will find lists for Judaism, Evangelical Protestants, Mainline Protestants, Orthodox, and Catholics. QuickLists also provides international lists on religion, such as which nations experience the highest levels of religious regulation and how nations rank on seventeen different major religions.  In all nearly two-hundred QuickLists are available in the debut, with many more to come."

B. "National Profiles: Now with Google Maps and Religious Persecution Data." "Our overhauled National Profiles now include Google mapping, which allows scrolling, zooming and the exploration of countries surrounding the selected nation. Plus, new information has been added. Data on religious persecution report on the number of people in each nation who have been displaced or physically harmed as a result of their religion."

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