CSSRR-Social is a weekly email report produced by the Data and Information Services Center at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. It seeks to help social science researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. This report will contain selected listings of new: reports, articles, bibliographies, working papers, tables of contents, conferences, data, and websites. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:
CSSRR-Social is compiled and edited by Jack Solock and Charlie Fiss.
To CSSRR-Econ #43
To CSSRR- Health #43
Index to this issue:
CENTRAL GOVERNMENT AND NGO STATISTICAL PUBLICATIONS
NGO AND OTHER COUNTRIES
OTHER REPORTS, ARTICLES, ETC.
TABLES OF CONTENTS
WEBSITES OF INTEREST
CENTRAL GOVERNMENT STATISTICAL AND NGO PUBLICATIONS
1. National Center for Education Statistics Reports:
A. "Highlights from PISA 2006: Performance of U.S. 15-Year-Old Students in Science and Mathematics Literacy in an International Context," by Stéphane Baldi, Ying Jin, Melanie Skemer, Patricia J. Green, and Deborah Herget (NCES 2008016, December 2007, .pdf format, 57p.).
B. "Educational Technology in Teacher Education Programs for Initial Licensure," by Brian Kleiner, Nina Thomas, and Laurie Lewis (NCES 2008040, December 2007, .pdf format, 63p.).
C. "Numbers and Rates of Public High School Dropouts: School Year 2004-05," by Jennifer Sable and Nick Gaviola (NCES 2008305, December 2007, .pdf format, 35p.).
D. "Indicators of School Crime and Safety: 2007," by Rachel Dinkes, Emily Forrest Cataldi, and Wendy Lin-Kelly (NCES/Bureau of Justice Statistics NCJ 219553/NCES 2008-021, December 2007, ASCII text and .pdf format, 201p., with .zip compressed spreadsheets).
2. Bureau of Justice Statistics Reports:
A. "Prisoners in 2006," by William J. Sabol, Heather Couture and Paige M. Harrison (NCJ 219416, December 2007, ASCII text and .pdf format, 26p., with .zip compressed spreadsheets).
B. "Probation and Parole in the United States, 2006," by Lauren E. Glaze and Thomas P. Bonczar (NCJ 220218, December 2007, ASCII text and .pdf format, 12p.).
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Census Data Center American Community Survey Profiles: "MCDC has " created a web application that displays our variation of the Bureau's basic profile data in a form that is similar in many ways to the profiles available via American FactFinder. Our profiles differ from the Bureau's in several ways: Our profiles contain both counts and percentages. You not only get the percent of persons estimated to be poor, but also the number of these persons. You can display data for up to 4 geographic entities at one time to assist in comparative analyses. Using the Dexter data extraction utility it is possible to extract the underlying data for further analysis and/or display. You can, for example, easily pull key economic indicator variables for every state, county, PUMA, city, etc. for which data are published and get it in csv, pdf, dbf or SAS dataset format per your specifications. We have emulated the Bureau's 4 sub profiles: basic demographics, social indicators, economic indicators and housing indicators. Unlike the AFF access, we allow you to display any or all of these four profiles at one time. We handle display of the sampling error estimates (margins of error) differently. We use font weights (light, normal and bold) to indicate general reliability of estimates but we do not directly display MOE values as part of the display. Instead the user can view the MOE (as a percentage of the estimate) and the confidence interval for the estimate by moving the cursor over the estimate on the display and leaving it there for 1 second."
State Data Center Periodical: Population Bulletin (Vol. 23, No. 12, December 2007, .pdf format, 3p.). This month's article is: "Housing Units in North Dakota: 1950 to 2000 Census and July 1, 2001 to July 1, 2006 Estimates."
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NGO and Other Countries:
United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific Periodical: Statistical Newsletter (November 2007).
Institute of Health and Welfare Report: "Australia's welfare 2007" (December 2007, .pdf format, 530p.).
Instituto Brasiliero de Geographie e Estatistica (IBGE) News Releases:
A. "In 2006, life expectancy at birth of Brazilians was 72.3 years" (Dec. 3, 2007). Note: there is a link from the news release to complete mortality tables for 2006 (.pdf and .zip compressed Microsoft Excel format). The tables are in Portuguese.
B. "IBGE: marriages are more common among young women" (Dec. 6, 2007). Note: there is a link from the news release to a report: "Estatísticas do Registro Civil 2006" (.pdf format, with selected tables in .pdf and complete tables in .zip compressed Microsoft Excel format). The report is in Portuguese.
Statistics Finland News Releases:
A."Population development in independent Finland - greying Baby Boomers" (Dec. 5, 2007).
B. "Persons with educational qualifications numbered 2,806,000 in 2006" (Dec. 5, 2007).
Federal Statistics Office News Release: "Preliminary evaluation shows slight increase of births" (No. 501, Dec. 11, 2007). Note: the English version links to a German version with a topical table.
Statistics Iceland News Release: "Population projection 2006-2050" (No. 143/2007, Dec. 6, 2007). Note: the news release links to a report: "Population projection in Iceland 2007-2050" (December 2007, .pdf format, 31p.). The report is in Icelandic, table heads are in Icelandic and English.
Central Bureau of Statistics Report: "Recipients of Degrees from the Universities and Other Institutions of Higher Education 2005/06" (November 2007, .pdf format, 72p., with ancillary material in Microsoft Word format and tables in Microsoft Excel format or .zip compressed Microsoft Excel format).
Statistics Netherlands Web Magazine Articles:
A. "Population growing, but hardly in the north," by Jan Latten and Katja Chkalova (Dec. 6, 2007).
B. "More young women trained in a specific discipline," by Francis van der Mooren and Robert de Vries (Dec. 11, 2007).
Statistics New Zealand/Tatauranga Aotearoa Digital Boundaries: "Digital Boundaries covering New Zealand or a specific region are now available to download. Compressed in zip format, the files contain the following geographic layers: meshblock (MB), area unit (AU), urban area (UA), territorial authorities (TA) and regional council (RC).
The annual pattern starts from 2007 and covers only New Zealand. The annual pattern for 2008 will be available in December 2007. It covers only New Zealand and contains General (GEDs) and Maori (MEDs) electoral districts and wards. Also available are Census-based digital boundaries for year 2001 which covers only New Zealand. The latest 2006 Census boundaries cover New Zealand and are broken down into regions.
Statistics New Zealand has made the digital boundaries from 2006 onwards available in two projections: New Zealand Map Grid (NZMG) and New Zealand Transverse Mercator (NZTM).
Statistics and Research Agency Compendium: Registrar General Northern Ireland Annual Report 2006 (December 2007, .pdf format, 58p.). Note: there are links at the site to all RGNIARs back to 1922--click on "Historical Reports" for links to reports before 2001).
Scottish Government Report: "Scottish House Condition Survey: Key Findings for 2005/6," by Debbie Amabile, Pat Cairns, Dave Cormack, Ian Máté, and Alan Sloan (December 2007, .pdf format, 51p.).
Statistical Office News Releases:
A. "Theatrical and musical activity, Slovenia, 2006" (Dec. 11, 2007).
B. "Cinematography, Slovenia, 2006" (Dec. 11, 2007).
C. "Museums, museum collections, exhibition grounds and galleries, Slovenia, 2006" (Dec. 11, 2007).
D. "Broadcasting, Slovenia, 2006" (Dec. 11, 2007).
E. "Cultural institutions, Slovenia, 2006" (Dec. 11, 2007).
F. "Natural and migration changes of population, Slovenia, 2nd quarter 2007-- provisional data" (Dec. 10, 2007).
1. Ministry of Justice Reports:
A. "Criminal Statistics 2006: England and Wales," (November 2007, .pdf format, 176p.).
B. "Statistics of mentally disordered offenders" (Statistical Bulletin, December 2007, .pdf format, 20p.).
2. National Statistics Office News Release: "Both UK and foreign-born women contribute to rise in fertility" (Dec. 11, 2007, .pdf format, 3p.).
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OTHER REPORTS, ARTICLES, ETC.
Demographic Research Articles:
A. "Social mobility and fertility," by Gianpiero Dalla Zuanna (Vol. 17, Article 15, December 2007, .pdf format, p. 441-464). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:
B. "Fertility as a process of social exchange," by Patrick Heady (Vol. 17, Article 15, December 2007, .pdf format, p. 465-496). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:
American Institutes for Research Report: "Validity Study of the NAEP Mathematics Assessment: Grades 4 and 8," by Phil Daro, Frances Stancavage, Moreiça Ortega, Lizanne DeStefano, and Robert Linn (2007, .pdf format, 143p.).
Appendices (2007, .pdf format, 114p.).
Response by Mark Schneider, Commissioner, US National Center for Education Statistics (November 2007).
More information about AIR:
National Education Association Report: "Truth in Labeling: Disproportionality in Special Education," (December 2007, .pdf format, 48p.).
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences Article: "Global climate change, war, and population decline in recent human history," by David D. Zhang, Peter Brecke, Harry F. Lee, Yuan-Qing He, and Jane Zhang (Vol. 104, No. 49, December 4, 2007, .pdf and HTML format, p. 19214-19219). Note: PNAS is providing open access to this article.
Pew Hispanic Center Report: "English Usage Among Hispanics in the United States," by Shirin Hakimzadeh and D'Vera Cohn (November 2007, .pdf format, 21p.).
Center for Immigration Studies Report: "Immigrants in the United States, 2007: A Profile of America’s Foreign-Born Population," by Steven A. Camarota (November 2007, .pdf format, 43p.).
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University of Wisconsin Institute for Research on Poverty: "The Stability of Shared Child Physical Placements in Recent Cohorts of Divorced Wisconsin Families," by Lawrence M. Berger, Patricia R. Brown, Eunhee Joung, Marygold S. Melli, and Lynn Wimer (Discussion Paper 1329-07, August 2007, .pdf format, 43p.).
This paper describes the living arrangements of children in Wisconsin families with sole mother and shared child physical placements following parental divorce and explores the stability of these arrangements during (approximately) the next three years. Contrary to prior research in this area, results provide little evidence that children in shared placement spend less time in their father’s care about three years after a divorce than they did at the time of the divorce. In contrast, children with sole mother placement appear to progressively spend less time in their father’s care in the years following a divorce, and a considerable proportion of these children spend little or no time in their father’s care about three years after divorce.
Center for Research on Child Wellbeing [Princeton University]: "Mother's Union Formation Following a Nonmarital Birth: Does Mother Know Best?" by Sharon Bzostek, Marcia Carlson, and Sara McLanahan (Working Paper 2006-27-FF, December 2007, .pdf format, 36p.).
This paper uses data from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study to examine mothers’ union formation patterns following a nonmarital birth. The results indicate that five years post-birth, nearly two-fifths of unmarried (at birth) mothers are romantically involved with the focal child’s father, about 30% are involved in a new romantic relationship, and 30% are not in any romantic relationship. Mothers’ age, race/ethnicity, nativity status, birth parity, baseline relationship status, and trust of men are significantly associated with relationship status in the years following a nonmarital birth. Repartnering appears to be associated with upward mobility for mothers in terms of their partners’ human capital and pro-social behavior. These findings are consistent with Edin and Kefalas’ (2005) argument that unmarried mothers continue to search for ‘good partners’ after their children are born, and that many of these women are successful in their searches.
Population Council: "Premarital Sex and Schooling Transitions in Four sub-Saharan African Countries," by Ann Biddlecom, Richard Gregory, Cynthia B. Lloyd, and Barbara S. Mensch (WP 5, 2007, .pdf format, 36p.).
With the spread of formal schooling in sub-Saharan Africa and delays in the age at marriage, a growing proportion of adolescents remain enrolled in school when they 'come of age.' As a consequence, more and more adolescents have to negotiate sexual maturation and sexual initiation in a context very different from that experienced by earlier generations. Using data from the 2004 National Survey of Adolescents conducted in Burkina Faso, Ghana, Malawi, and Uganda, this paper investigates the timing of two key transitions in adolescence--school exit and premarital sex--among those who remain enrolled in school at the beginning of adolescence (age 12). Discrete-time hazard models show that in general girls are more likely than boys to leave school before completing secondary school and before completing primary school, and, among those completing primary school, are less likely to progress to secondary school, although those girls who complete primary school do so at the same age as or at a younger age than their male peers. Girls appear more vulnerable to dropout once they become sexually mature and once they engage in premarital sex. While girls were found to be less likely than boys, at any given age and controlling for other covariates, to have had premarital sex (except in Ghana), school enrollment and the timing of school entry were not consistent factors explaining gender differences. Thus, the negative consequences for schooling associated with sexual maturation and premarital sex appear to be greater for adolescents in these four countries, especially for girls, than the consequences of leaving school early for the likelihood of premarital sex.
Brookings Institution: "The Political Economy of Poverty Reduction," by Raj M. Desai (Wolfensohn Center For Development Working Paper No. 2, November 2007, .pdf format, 54p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:
Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research: "Contextualising demography: the significance of local clusters of fertility in Scotland," by Paul J. Boyle, E. Graham, and Z. Feng (WP-2007-036, December 2007, .pdf format, 39p.).
This study links empirical analysis of geographical variations in fertility to ideas of contextualising demography. We examine whether there are statistically significant clusters of fertility in Scotland between 1981 and 2001, controlling for more general factors expected to influence fertility. Our hypothesis, that fertility patterns at a local scale cannot be explained entirely by ecological socio-economic variables, is supported. In fact, there are ‘unexplained’ local clusters of high and low fertility, which would be masked in analyses at a different scale. We discuss the demographic significance of local fertility clusters as contexts for fertility behaviour, including the role of the housing market and social interaction processes, and the residential sorting of those displaying or anticipating different fertility behaviour. We conclude that greater understanding of local geographical contexts is needed if we are to develop mid-level demographic theories and shift the focus of fertility research from events to processes.
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development: "Ranking Port Cities With High Exposure and Vulnerability To Climate Extremes: Exposure Estimates," by R.J. Nicholls, S. Hanson, C. Herweijer, N. Patmore, S. Hallegatte, J. Corfee-Morlot, J. Chateau, and R. Muir-Wood (Environment Working Papers No. 1, November 2007, .pdf format, 62p.).
This global screening study makes a first estimate of the exposure of the world’s large port cities to coastal flooding due to storm surge and damage due to high winds. This assessment also investigates how climate change is likely to impact each port city’s exposure to coastal flooding by the 2070s, alongside subsidence and population growth and urbanisation. The study provides a much more comprehensive analysis than earlier assessments, focusing on the 136 port cities around the world that have more than one million inhabitants in 2005. The analysis demonstrates that a large number of people are already exposed to coastal flooding in large port cities. Across all cities, about 40 million people (0.6% of the global population or roughly 1 in 10 of the total port city population in the cities considered here) are exposed to a 1 in 100 year coastal flood event.
For present-day conditions (2005), the top ten cities in terms of exposed population are estimated to be Mumbai, Guangzhou, Shanghai, Miami, Ho Chi Minh City, Kolkata, Greater New York, Osaka-Kobe, Alexandria and New Orleans; almost equally split between developed and developing countries. When assets are considered, the current distribution becomes more heavily weighted towards developed countries, as the wealth of the cities becomes important. The top 10 cities in terms of assets exposed are Miami, Greater New York, New Orleans, Osaka-Kobe, Tokyo, Amsterdam, Rotterdam, Nagoya, Tampa-St Petersburg and Virginia Beach. These cities contain 60% of the total exposure, but are from only three (wealthy) countries: USA, Japan and the Netherlands. The total value of assets exposed in 2005 is across all cities considered here is estimated to be US$3,000 billion; corresponding to around 5% of global GDP in 2005 (both measured in international USD).
By the 2070s, total population exposed could grow more than threefold to around 150 million people due to the combined effects of climate change (sea-level rise and increased storminess), subsidence, population growth and urbanisation. The asset exposure could grow even more dramatically, reaching US $35,000 billion by the 2070s; more than ten times current levels and rising to roughly 9% of projected global GDP in this period. On a global-scale, for both types of exposure, population growth, socio-economic growth and urbanization are the most important drivers of the overall increase in exposure. Climate change and subsidence significantly exacerbate this effect although the relative importance of these factors varies by location. Exposure rises most rapidly in developing countries, as development moves increasingly into areas of high and rising flood risk.
It must be emphasised that exposure does not necessarily translate into impact. The linkage between exposure and the residual risk of impact depends upon flood (and wind) protection measures. In general, cities in richer countries have higher protection levels than those in the developing world. Exposed population and assets remain dependent on protection that can fail. Hence, even assuming that protection levels will be very high everywhere in the future, the large exposure in terms of population and assets is likely to translate into regular city-scale disasters across the global scale. The policy implications of this report are clear: the benefits of climate change policies - both global mitigation and local adaptation at the city-scale - are potentially great.
Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) [University of Bonn, Germany]: "Overcrowding in British Cities in 1904," by Ian Gazeley and Andrew T. Newell (Discussion Paper 3199, December 2007, .pdf format, 24p.).
This paper presents an analysis of housing conditions amongst the British urban working class in 1904, using a re-discovered survey. We investigate overcrowding and we find major regional differences. Scottish households were more overcrowded despite being less poor. Investigating the causes of this overcrowding, we find little support for supply-side theories, and none for the idea that Scottish households experienced particularly great variations in income, causing them to commit to overly modest accommodation. However, the Scottish tenancy and local tax laws are probably important in explaining the overcrowding. We provide evidence that Scottish workers generally spent their rent reduction entirely on food, rather than saving.
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JOURNAL TABLES OF CONTENTS (check your library for availability):
Journal of the American Statistical Association (Vol. 102, No. 480, December 2007). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.
Vulnerable Children and Youth Studies (Vol. 2, No. 3, 2007).
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United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs: "Global Forum on Gender Statistics," a conference held 10-12 in Rome, Italy. An agenda and list of documents (.pdf format) are available at the site.
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Luxembourg Income Study:
A. "The Luxembourg Wealth Study (LWS) microdata are now available for use" (Dec. 6, 2007).
More information: (Microsoft Excel and .pdf format).
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Data Archive [University of Michigan]: The SAMHDA Archive announced the availability of two new data files:
Monitoring the Future: A Continuing Study of American Youth (12th-Grade Survey), 2006 (Study #20022).
Monitoring the Future: A Continuing Study of American Youth (8th- and 10th-Grade Surveys), 2006 (Study #20180).
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WEBSITES OF INTEREST:
Sourcebook of Criminal Justice Statistics Updates: The Hindelang Criminal Justice Research Center at the State University of New York at Albany has recently added the following data to its SCJS (.pdf and Lotus spreadsheet format). "2006 offenses know to police"
See items marked "updated".
Sourcebook of Criminal Justice Statistics Online:
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