Current Social Science Research Report--Sociology #59, April 15, 2008.

CSSRR-Social is a weekly email report produced by the Data and Information Services Center at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. It seeks to help social science researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. This report will contain selected listings of new: reports, articles, bibliographies, working papers, tables of contents, conferences, data, and websites. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:


CSSRR-Social is compiled and edited by Jack Solock and Charlie Fiss.


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Index to this issue:



















1. National Center for Education Statistics Reports:

A. "Findings from the Pilot Teacher Compensation Survey: School Year 2005-06," by Frank Johnson and Stephen Cornman (NCES 2008440, April 2008, .pdf format, 19p.).

B. "Revenues and Expenditures for Public Elementary and Secondary Education: School Year 2005-06 (Fiscal Year 2006)," by Lei Zhou (NCES 2008328, April 2008, .pdf format, 22p.).

2. Department of Health and Human Services, Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation Report: "Coming of Age: Employment Outcomes for Youth who Age out of Foster Care Through Their Middle Twenties (Urban Institute, April 2008, HTML and .pdf format, 72p.).

3. Department of Housing and Urban Development Report To Congress: "Intergenerational Housing Needs and HUD Program Options" (April 2008, .pdf format, 72p.).

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US States:


State Data Center Updates: SDC released the following updates on Apr. 11, 2008 (all .pdf and Microsoft Excel format): Metropolitan Areas: Urban and rural population (1850-2000) and metropolitan and non-metropolitan population (1950-2007); U.S. and all States: Legal permanent resident flow by state of intended residence: 1996-2007."

See Apr. 11, 2008, listings.


State Data Center Web Based Extraction Data: "Single-County IRS Migration Profile" (2008). "This application will generate a migration profile with data regarding movement into and out of the chosen county based on tracking movement reflected in IRS tax returns in consecutive tax years.""

New Jersey:

Department of Health and Senior Services Reports:

A. "Preliminary Death Data for 2005" (April 2008, .pdf format, 38p.).

B. "Violent Deaths in New Jersey 2003-2005: (April 2008, .pdf format, 69p., with Report Maps, .pdf format, 17p.).


North Carolina:

State Demographics Report: "Revised Smoothed County Estimates for 1991-1999" (April 2008).


Department of Health & Family Services Report: "Wisconsin Marriages and Divorces, 2007" (April 2008, .pdf format, 15p.).

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NGO and Other Countries:


Statistics Canada/Statistique Canada Research Paper: "High School Dropouts Returning to School," by Mélanie Raymond (Culture, Tourism and the Centre for Education Statistics - Research Papers No. 55, April 2008, .pdf format, 38p.). Links to the abstract and full-text can be found at:


Cook Islands:

Statistical Office Report: "Population Estimates & Vital Statistics: December Quarter 2007" (April 2008, .pdf format, 2p.).



Statistics Denmark News Release, StatBank Denmark Update:

A. "Towns in Denmark" (Apr. 14, 2008).

B. "BEF44: Population 1 January, by urban areas" (April 2008).



Social Services Statistics Department Periodical: Statistical Reflections (Vol. 2, No. 6, March 2008, .pdf format, 1p.).



Statistical Centre Compendium: A Glance At Iran: 1385 (2006/07) (2008).



Statistics Netherlands Web Magazine Article: "Almost as many higher as lower educated Dutch," by Boukje Janssen (Apr. 15, 2008).



Statistics Latvia News Release: "76% of the doctorate holders are engaged in the research" (Apr. 15, 2008). Note: if the news release is in Latvian, click on the "EN" tab near the top left side of the page for an English version.


New Zealand:

Statistics New Zealand/Tatauranga Aotearoa Reports: "Quarterly regional reviews -- December 2007 quarter" (April 2008, .pdf format, with National Review data in Microsoft Excel format).



Statistics Norway News Releases:

A. "Population statistics. Births 2007" (Apr. 9, 2008). There are links to eight topical tables at the bottom of the news release.

B. "Register of Hunters 2007/2008" (Apr. 11, 2008). There are links to seven topical tables at the bottom of the news release.



Statistical Office News Release: "Student Enrolment in Tertiary Education in the Academic Year 2007/08--FINAL DATA" (Apr. 14, 2008).

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Population Reference Bureau Articles:

A. "Fertility Declining in the Middle East and North Africa," by Farzaneh Roudi-Fahimi and Mary Mederios Kent (April 2008).

B. "Population Losses Mount in U.S. Rural Areas," by Mark Mather (April 2008).


RAND Corporation Technical Report: "Radicalization or Rehabilitation: Understanding the challenge of extremist and radicalized prisoners," by Greg Hannah, Lindsay Clutterbuck and Jennifer Rubin (#TR-571-RC, 2008,.pdf format, 70p.).


Urban Institute Reports:

A. "To Treat or Not to Treat: Evidence on the Prospects of Expanding Treatment to Drug-Involved Offenders," by Avi Bhati, John Roman, and Aaron Chalfin (April 2008, .pdf format, 90p.).

B. "The Effects of Immigration on the Employment Outcomes of Black Americans," by Harry Holzer (Statement before the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights, Apr. 4, 2008, .pdf format, 6p.).


Pew Research Center Report: "Inside the Middle Class: Bad Times Hit the Good Life," by Paul Taylor, Rich Morin, D'Vera Cohn,Richard Fry,Rakesh Kochhar and April Clark (April 9, 2008,.pdf format, 169p.).


University of Chicago Press Book: Punishment and Culture, by Philip Smith (2008, 224p., ISBN (Cloth): ISBN: 978-0-226-76609-6; ISBN (Paper): 978-0-226-76610-2). For more information, including ordering information, see:


Demographic Research Articles:

A. "Religious affiliation, religiosity, and male and female fertility," by Li Zhang (Vol. 18, Article 8, April 2008, .pdf format, p. 233-262). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:

B. "Does income inequality really influence individual mortality? Results from a ‘fixed-effects analysis’ where constant unobserved municipality characteristics are controlled," by Øystein Kravdal (Vol. 18, Article 7, April 2008, .pdf format, p. 205-232). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:


Robert Bosch Stiftung [Stuttgart, Germany] Report: "A Strong Family. Report by the Commission for Family and Demographic Change," by Kurt Biedenkopf, Hans Bertram, Margot Käßmann, Paul Kirchhof, Elisabeth Niejahr, Hans-Werner Sinn, and Frans Willekens (2008, .pdf format, 114p.).

More information about RBS (.pdf format, 80p.).


Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences Article Abstract: "Son-biased sex ratios in the 2000 United States Census," by Douglas Almond and Lena Edlund (Vol. 105, No. 15, April 15, 2008, p. 5681-5682).

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University of Michigan Population Studies Center:

A. "Internationalizing the Social Sciences: The Tough Road Ahead," by David Featherman and Erik Austin (PSC Research Report No. 08-636, April 2008, .pdf format, 12p.).


While social science is widely international, it is not well internationalized. That is, social science around the globe is not optimally equipped with an integrated global infrastructure for deploying its powerful assets--such as its core statistical data from national censuses and surveys--to address prevalent and often transnational social problems and dilemmas (e.g., persistent and widening impoverishment), to anticipate global threats (e.g. global warming), nor to aid scholars and practitioners seeking evidence-based solutions constructed from comparable and shared data. Even more fundamentally, the international dialogues of social science conduct theory-based inquiries without benefit of consensually shared concepts--in nearly any of its disciplines--and without a universally accepted language of its science.

This paper presents the plenary remarks prepared for the "International Data Forum" at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences in Beijing, June 5-7, 2007, where researchers gathered to discuss a key facet of any infrastructure for a more internationalized social science--shared and comparable data, and perhaps an organized forum to advance this worthy goal. Here, David Featherman briefly discusses the formidable challenges and benefits to finding ways to share data internationally.

B. "Race, Immigration and America’s Changing Electorate," by William H. Frey (PSC Research Report No. 08-635, April 2008, .pdf format, 36p.).


One of the most profound changes in America’s demography this century will be its shifting race and ethnic makeup. The rise of immigration from Latin America and Asia, the higher fertility of some minorities and the slow growth of America’s aging white population will have profound impacts on the nation’s demographic profile, with important implications for the electorate. The significance of these changes on identity politics, new racial coalitions and reactions to immigration have already been seen in the 2008 presidential sweepstakes. Yet, these shifts are only the tip of the iceberg of what can be expected in future election cycles as Hispanic, Asian, and Black Americans make up ever larger shares of the electorate.

This report discusses the shifts playing out in 2008, but with an eye toward what they will mean in the future. It begins by examining the magnitude of new minority population growth, how it differs from past election cycles, and the lag that immigrant minorities experience in translating their growth into actual voting power. It then goes on to discuss how these groups differ from each other on basic social and demographic profiles and on key political issues, with special emphasis on immigration. The report addresses the basic question of how important these groups will be in deciding the 2008 presidential election. It assesses their projected impact in key ‘purple’ battleground states, as well as their potential impacts in safer parts of the country.

It concludes by taking a longer view of what the nation’s changing race-ethnic makeup will imply for the future, as both new and old minorities comprise larger numbers of younger and middle-age voters, and as their geographic reach affects ever greater parts of the electorate. At the same time, it emphasizes that, for the present, presidential candidates will need to cope with a racially balkanized electorate, with regionally distinct voting blocks that face sometimes conflicting interests, especially in the highly prized purple states.

C. "Fitting Event-History Models to Uneventful Data," by Douglas A. Wolf and Thomas M. Gill (Trends WP 08-07, February 2008, .pdf format, 9p.).


Data with which to study disability dynamics usually take the form of successive current-status measures of disability rather than a record of events or spell durations. One recent paper presented a semi-Markov model of disability dynamics in which spell durations were inferred from sequences of current-status measures taken at 12-month intervals. In that analysis, it was assumed that no unobserved disablement transitions occurred between annual interviews. We use data from a longitudinal survey in which participants’ disability was measured at monthly intervals, and simulate the survival curves for remaining disabled that would be obtained with 1- and 12-month follow-up intervals. The median length of an episode of disability based on the 12-month interval data is over 22 months, while the "true" median, based on the 1-month interval data, is only one month.

For all three, click on the PDF Icon at the top right side of the page for link to full text.


National Bureau of Economic Research:

A. "Is Marriage Always Good for Children? Evidence from Families Affected by Incarceration," by Keith Finlay and David Neumark (w13928, April 2008, .pdf format, 55p.).


One-third of children in the United States are born to unmarried parents. A substantial number of black and Hispanic children live with a never-married mother. Children of never-married mothers are more likely to drop out of high school, repeat grades, and have behavioral problems than are children raised in more traditional family structures. But these relationships may be driven by other factors that affect marital status at birth, post-conception marriage decisions, and later child outcomes, rather than causal effects of family structure.

Given that changes in the availability of men in the marriage market should affect marriage decisions, we use incarceration rates for men as an instrumental variable for family structure in estimating the effect of never-married motherhood on the likelihood that children drop out of high school, focusing on blacks and Hispanics. Instrumental variables estimates suggest that unobserved factors rather than a causal effect drive the negative relationship between never-married motherhood and child outcomes for blacks and Hispanics, at least for the children of women whose marriage decisions are most affected by variation in incarceration rates for men. For Hispanics, in particular, we find evidence that these children may actually be better off living with a never-married mother.

B. "Women's Liberation: What's in It for Men?" by Matthias Doepke and Michèle Tertilt (w13919, April 2008, .pdf format, 53p.).


The nineteenth century witnessed dramatic improvements in the legal rights of married women. Given that these changes took place long before women gained the right to vote, they amounted to a voluntary renouncement of power by men. In this paper, we investigate men's incentives for sharing power with women. In our model, women's legal rights set the marital bargaining power of husbands and wives. We show that men face a tradeoff between the rights they want for their own wives (namely none) and the rights of other women in the economy. Men prefer other men's wives to have rights because men care about their own daughters and because an expansion of women's rights increases educational investments in children. We show that men may agree to relinquish some of their power once technological change increases the importance of human capital. We corroborate our argument with historical evidence on the expansion of women's rights in England and the United States.

C. "Gender Differences in Seeking Challenges: The Role of Institutions," by Muriel Niederle and Alexandra H. Yestrumskas (w13922, April 2008, .pdf format, 46p.).


We examine whether women and men of the same ability differ in their decisions to seek challenges. In the laboratory, we create an environment in which we can measure a participants performance level (high or low), where a high performance level participant has on average higher earnings from solving a hard rather than an easy task, and vice versa. After we identify each participant's performance level, they choose the difficulty level (easy or hard) for the next two tasks (only one of which will be chosen for payment). Although there are no gender differences in performance, or beliefs about relative performance, men choose the hard task about 50 percent more frequently than women, independent of performance level. Gender differences in preferences for characteristics of the tasks cannot account for this gender gap. When we allow for a flexible choice high performing women choose the hard task significantly more often, at a rate now similar to the decision of men. Such a flexible choice makes challenging choices easier when participants are either risk averse, or uncertain about their ability. Our results highlight the role of institution design in affecting choices of women and men, and the resulting gender differences in representation in challenging tasks.


Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research:

A. "Exogenous determinants of early-life conditions, and mortality later in life," by Gerard J. van den Berg, Gabriele Doblhammer-Reiter, and Kaare Christensen (WP 2008-16, April 2008, .pdf format, 37p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:

B. "The transition from school to work in Russia during and after socialism: change or continuity?" by Christoph Buhler and Dirk Konietzka (WP-2008-018, April 2008, .pdf format, 46p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:


United Nations Innocenti Research Centre: "Children’s Perspectives on Economic Adversity: A Review of the Literature," by Gerry Redmond (IDP Number 2008-01, March 2008, .pdf format, 21p.).


Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei (FEEM) [Milano, Italy]: " Geographical Distribution of Crime in Italian Provinces: A Spatial Econometric Analysis," by Teodora Erika Uberti and Maria Francesca Cracolici (No. 11.2008, February 2008, .pdf format, 28p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:


Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) [University of Bonn, Germany]:

A. "The Struggle for Palestinian Hearts and Minds: Violence and Public Opinion in the Second Intifada," by David A. Jaeger, Esteban F. Klor, Sami H. Miaari, Daniele Paserman (Discussion Paper No. 3439, April 2008, .pdf format, 50p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:

B. "From Illegal to Legal: Estimating Previous Illegal Experience among New Legal Immigrants to the United States," by Guillermina Jasso, Douglas S. Massey, Mark R. Rosenzweig, and James P. Smith (Discussion Paper No. 3441, April 2008, .pdf format, 54p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:

C. " Life Satisfaction in Urban China: Components and Determinants," by Lina Song and Simon Appleton (Discussion Paper No. 3443, April 2008, .pdf format, 27p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:

D. "Interethnic Marriage: A Choice between Ethnic and Educational Similarities," by Delia Furtado and Nikolaos Theodoropoulos (Discussion Paper No. 3448, April 2008, .pdf format, 31p.).


This paper examines the effects of education on intermarriage, and specifically whether the mechanisms through which education affects intermarriage differ by immigrant generation, age at arrival, and race. We consider three main paths through which education affects marriage choice. First, educated people may be better able to adapt to different cultures making them more likely to marry outside of their ethnicity (cultural adaptability effect). Second, because the educated are less likely to reside in ethnic enclaves, meeting potential spouses of the same ethnicity may be difficult (enclave effect). Lastly, if spouse-searchers value similarities in education as well as similarities in ethnicity, then the effect of education will depend on the availability of same-ethnicity potential spouses with a similar level of education (assortative matching effect). Using data from the 2000 U.S. Census, we find that controlling for the enclave effect, there is empirical evidence for both the cultural adaptability and assortative matching effects. Our estimates also suggest that assortative matching is relatively more important for the native born rather than the foreign born, for the foreign born that arrived young rather than old, and for Asians rather than Hispanics. We provide additional evidence suggestive of our hypotheses and discuss policy implications.


Institute for Social and Economic Research (ISER) [University of Essex, Colchester, UK]:

A. "The "Bologna Process" and College Enrolment Decisions," by Lorenzo Cappellari (WP 2008-16, April 2008, .pdf format, 33p.).


We use survey data on cohorts of high school graduates observed before and after the Italian reform of tertiary education implementing the ‘Bologna process’ to estimate the impact of the reform on the decision to go to college. We find that individuals leaving high school after the reform have a probability of going to college that is 10 percent higher compared to individuals making the choice under the old system. We show that this increase is concentrated among individuals with good high-school performance and low parental (educational) background. We interpret this result as an indication of the existence of constraints (pre-reform) -- for good students from less affluent household -- on the optimal schooling decision. For the students who would not have enrolled under the old system we also find a small negative impact of the reform on the likelihood to drop-out from university.

B. "Are Lone Mothers Responsive to Policy Changes? The Effects of a Norwegian Workfare Reform on Earnings, Education and Poverty," by Chiara Pronzato and Magne Mogstad (WP 2008-15, April 2008, .pdf format, 31p.).


High welfare dependency and poverty rate among lone mothers prompted a workfare reform of the Norwegian welfare system for lone parents: activity requirements were brought in, time limits imposed and benefit levels raised. To evaluate the reform we introduce an estimator that, unlike the much used difference-in-difference approach, accounts for the fact that policy changes are typically phased in gradually rather than coming into full effect immediately. We find that the reform has not only led to increased earnings and educational attainment--in the process lowering welfare caseloads and therefore easing the government’s financial burden--but also reduced poverty.

C. "The Causes of Seam Effects in Panel Surveys," by Annette Jäckle (ISER Working Paper 2008-14, April 2008, .pdf format, 37p.).


For some domains, panel surveys collect information about the period between interviews. Such data are typically affected by "seam effects": transition rates from one month (or week) to the next are typically far higher if the months were covered in two different interviews, than if they were covered in the same interview. The causes of seam effects are not well understood. As a result, data collection methods designed to reduce the problem appear to work for some types of items, but not for others. This paper presents a theoretical framework of the causes of seam effects that unifies existing theories and evidence. The predictions from the framework are tested using data from the British Household Panel Survey and find support.

D. "Measurement Error and Data Collection Methods: Effects on Estimates from Event History Data," by Annette Jäckle (ISER Working Paper 2008-13, April 2008, .pdf format, 38p.).


Event history data from panel surveys typically display a concentration of transitions at the seam between waves of data collection. This ‘seam effect’ is likely to bias estimated durations of benefit receipt, attenuate the estimated effects of explanatory factors on conditional exit probabilities and bias estimated duration dependence. This paper uses benefit histories from survey reports and matched administrative records to assess the extent of bias in key estimates. The paper also evaluates the effectiveness at reducing bias of dependent interviewing techniques, where information collected in a previous interview is used to remind the respondent of sources reported previously, or to verify that sources no longer reported have truly ended.


Center for Economic Studies/Ifo Institute for Economic Research (CESifo) [Munich, Bavaria, Germany]: "Qualifying Religion: The Role of Plural Identities for Educational Production," by Timo Boppart, Josef Falkinger, Volker Grossmann, Ulrich Woitek, and Gabriela Wüthrich (Working Paper 2283, April 2008, .pdf format, 49p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:

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JOURNAL TABLES OF CONTENTS (check your library for availability):

Child Abuse and Neglect (Vol. 32, No. 3, March 2008).

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Penn State Population Research Institute: 2008 National Symposium on Family Issues: Development of Hispanic Children in Immigrant Families: Challenges and Prospects," to be held Oct. 23-24, 2008 in State College, Pennsylvania. For more information see:

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American Educational Research Association: AERA has updated its employment page with listings through Apr. 15, 2008.

------------------------------------------------------------------------- AgeWork has updated its employment page with listings through Apr. 12, 2008.


Chronicle of Higher Education

Sociology positions has been updated through Apr. 15, 2008.


University of Surrey [Guildford, Surrey, UK]:

A. "Lecturer in Quantitative Methods/ Survey Methodology in Sociology"

B. "Senior Lecturer / Reader in Quantitative Methods/Survery Methodology in Sociology"

Scroll to each opportunity and click on it for more information.

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US House Oversight and Government Reform Committee Hearing Testimony: "2010 Census, Progress on the Development of the Field Data Collection Automation (FDCA) Program and the Decennial Response Integration System (DRIS)," a hearing held Apr. 9, 2008 (.pdf format).

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Integrated Public Use Microdata Update: IPUMS at the University of Minnesota announced on Apr. 11, 2008: "Posted IPUMS Version 4.0, the first major revision of the IPUMS files since 2004. Includes revised versions of all samples from 1850-1930, a new 1880 5% sample, and 13 new samples from the Puerto Rican Censuses of 1910-2000 and the Puerto Rican Community Survey."

See Apr. 11, 2008 item.

Data Access:


Human Mortality Database: Note: HMD requires free registration before providing data. The following updates have been added to the database.

Apr. 9, 2008: Data for Canada were revised and updated through 2005

Apr. 9, 2008: Data for United States were revised and updated through 2005

Apr. 10, 2008: Data for England and Wales were revised and updated through 2005.

Data availability:

Data access:

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University of Wisconsin Data and Information Service Center Country Statistical Yearbook Update. Our Country Statistical Yearbook page has added links to several yearbooks. 108 countries are now linked to. The latest updates are:

Pakistan Statistical Yearbook 2007

Pakistan Statistical Pocketbook 2006

Qatar Annual Abstract, 2001-2006

Qatar in Figures, 1998-2006

St. Lucia Annual Statistical Digest: 1996-2006

Statistical Yearbook Thailand 2004 & 2007

Key Statistics of Thailand 2003 & 2007

Turkey Statistical Yearbook 2006

Turkey Key Statistical Indicators 1923-2006

US Statistical Abstract 2008

Statistical Yearbook of Vietnam 2005-2006

Statistical Handbook of Vietnam 2006

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International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA) [Laxenburg, Austria] World Population Program Bibliography Updates:

The latest additions are:

Lutz, W. and V. Skirbekk. 2008. Low fertility in Europe in a global demographic context. Pages 3-19 in J.C. Tremmel (ed.), Demographic Change and Intergenerational Justice. Berlin: Springer.

Goujon, A. and K.C., S. 2008. The past and future of human capital in south-east Asia. Asian Population Studies 4(1): 31-56.

Jensen, T.K., Sobotka, T., Hansen, M.A., Pedersen, A.T., Lutz, W., and N.E., Skakkebæk. 2008. Declining trends in conception rates in recent birth cohorts of native Danish women: A possible role of deteriorating male reproductive health. International Journal of Andrology 31(2): 81-89.

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