Current Social Science Research Report--Sociology #60, April 22, 2008.

CSSRR-Social is a weekly email report produced by the Data and Information Services Center at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. It seeks to help social science researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. This report will contain selected listings of new: reports, articles, bibliographies, working papers, tables of contents, conferences, data, and websites. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:


CSSRR-Social is compiled and edited by Jack Solock and Charlie Fiss.


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Index to this issue:
















1. Census Bureau, Various:

A. "2008 Elections". "A look at the population, selected characteristics and 2004 voting percentage of each state as it approaches its 2008 primary or caucus."

B. "Facts For Features: Father's Day, Jun. 15, 2008" (CB08-FF.09, April 2008, HTML and .pdf format, 4p.).

2. Congressional Budget Office Brief Report: "Growing Disparities in Life Expectancy" (April 2008, HTML and .pdf format, 6p.).

3. National Center for Education Statistics Report: "Parent Expectations and Planning for College: Statistical Analysis Report," by Laura Lippman, Lina Guzman, Julie Dombrowski, Keith Akemi Kinukawa, Rebecca Shwalb, and Peter Tice (NCES 2008079, April 2008, .pdf format, 75p.).

4. Department of Housing and Urban Development News Release: "HUD And VA To Provide Permanent Housing For An Estimated 10,000 Homeless Veterans: $75 million program to reduce the number of homeless vets," (Apr. 16, 2008).

5. National Science Foundation InfoBrief: "Unemployment Rate of U.S. Scientists and Engineers Drops to Record Low 2.5% in 2006" (NSF 08-305, April 2008, HTML and .pdf format, 7p.).

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NGO and Other Countries:

United Nations:

Department of Economic and Social Affairs Compendium: World Population Policies 2007 (2008, .pdf format, 87p.).



Bureau of Statistics Reports:

A. "Migration, Australia, 2006-07" (March 2008, .pdf format, 100p., with accompanying data in Microsoft Excel format).

B. "Regional Population Growth, Australia, 2006-07" (March 2008, Microsoft Excel format).

Click on "Details" for link to spreadsheets.



Statistics Canada/Statistique Canada Periodical: Social Trends (No. 85, April 2008, HTML and .pdf format).



Statistical Service Compendium: The Statistical Portrait of Women in Cyprus (2008, .pdf format, 92p.). The compendium is in Greek and English.$file/Potrait_of_Women_in_Cyprus.pdf?OpenElement



Statistics Denmark Report: "Reported criminal offences" (April 2008).



Statistics Finland News Release: "University students numbered 176,300 in 2007" (Apr. 17, 2008).



Statistical Office First Release: "Vital events, January-February 2008" (Apr. 21, 2008, .pdf format, 3p.).



Statistics Iceland News Release: "Book publishing 1999-2006" (Apr. 21, 2008).



Statistics Bureau Reports:

A. "Current Population Estimates as of October 1, 2007" (April 2008, Microsoft Excel format).

B. "Japan Monthly Statistics (April 2008, Microsoft Excel format).

C. Population Estimates: November 1, 2007 (Final estimates), April 1, 2008 (Provisional estimates)" (April 2008, Microsoft Excel format).



Statistics Latvia News Release: Note: if the release is in Latvian, click on the "EN" tab at the top right side of the page for an English version. "76% of the doctorate holders are engaged in the research" (Apr. 15, 2008).



Statistics and Census Service Periodicals:

A. Demographic Statistics: 4th Quarter (April 2008, .pdf and Microsoft Excel format, 4p.).

B. Monthly Bulletin of Statistics: March 2008 (April 2008, .pdf and Microsoft Excel format, 79p.).



State Statistical Office News Release: "Primary, lower secondary and upper secondary schools in the Republic of Macedonia at the end of the school year" (Apr. 21, 2008, .pdf format, 7p.).



Statistics Norway News Release: "Cohabitation, 2005-2007" (Apr. 17, 2008). The news release links to three topical tables.



National Statistics Office News Release: "Official population count reveals... 88.57 million Filipinos in 2007" (Apr. 16, 2008).



Statistical Office News Release: "A day dedicated to books," by Andreja Moze (Apr. 18, 2008).



Statistics Sweden News Releases:

A. "Educational attainment of the population 2007" (Apr. 22, 2008).

B. "Students and graduated students in undergraduate education 2006/07" (Apr. 21, 2008).



State Statistics Committee Report: "Preschool institutions: 1990-2007" (Apr. 22, 2008).

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Population Reference Bureau Article: "Immigration Gives Catholicism a Boost in the United States," by Nadwa Mossaad and Mark Mather (April 2008).


Columbia Population Research Center [Columbia University] Research Brief: "Parental Incarceration and Child Wellbeing in Fragile Families," (Fragile Families Research Brief No. 42, April 2008, .pdf format, 4p.).


Demographic Research Article: "What can we learn from indirect estimations on mortality in Mongolia, 1969-1989?" by Thomas Spoorenberg (Vol. 18, Article 10, April 2008, .pdf format, p. 285-310).

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National Bureau of Economic Research:

A. "Consistent Cell Means for Topcoded Incomes in the Public Use March CPS (1976-2007)," by Jeff Larrimore, Richard V. Burkhauser, Shuaizhang Feng, and Laura Zayatz (w13941, March 2008, .pdf format, 53p.).


Using the internal March CPS, we create and in this paper distribute to the larger research community a cell mean series that provides the mean of all income values above the topcode for any income source of any individual in the public use March CPS that has been topcoded since 1976. We also describe our construction of this series. When we use this series together with the public use March CPS, we closely match the yearly mean income levels and income inequalities of the U.S. population found using the internal March CPS data.

B. "Life Expectancy and Human Capital Investments: Evidence From Maternal Mortality Declines," by Seema Jayachandran and Adriana Lleras-Muney (w13947, March 2008, .pdf format, 51p.).


Longer life expectancy should encourage human capital accumulation, since a longer time horizon increases the value of investments that pay out over time. Previous work has been unable to determine the empirical importance of this life-expectancy effect due to the difficulty of isolating it from other effects of health on education. We examine a sudden drop in maternal mortality risk in Sri Lanka between 1946 and 1953, which creates a sharp increase in life expectancy for school-age girls without contemporaneous effects on health, and which also allows for the use of boys as a control group. Using additional geographic variation, we find that the 70% reduction in maternal mortality risk over the sample period increased female life expectancy at age 15 by 4.1%, female literacy by 2.5%, and female years of education by 4.0%.

C. "Beyond Signaling and Human Capital: Education and the Revelation of Ability," by Peter Arcidiacono, Patrick Bayer, and Aurel Hizmo (w13951, March 2008, .pdf format, 39p.).


In traditional signaling models, education provides a way for individuals to sort themselves by ability. Employers in turn use education to statistically discriminate, paying wages that reflect the average productivity of workers with the same given level of education. In this paper, we provide evidence that education (specifically, attending college) plays a much more direct role in revealing ability to the labor market. We use the NLSY79 to examine returns to ability early in careers; our results suggest that ability is observed nearly perfectly for college graduates but is revealed to the labor market much more gradually for high school graduates. As a result, from very beginning of the career, college graduates are paid in accordance with their own ability, while the wages of high school graduates are initially completely unrelated to their own ability. This view of ability revelation in the labor market has considerable power in explaining racial differences in wages, education, and the returns to ability. In particular, we find no racial differences in wages or returns to ability in the college labor market, but a 6-10 percent wage penalty for blacks (conditional on ability) in the high school market. These results are consistent with the notion that employers use race to statistically discriminate in the high school market but have no need to do so in the college market. That blacks face a wage penalty in the high school but not the college labor market also helps to explains why, conditional on ability, blacks are more likely to earn a college degree, a fact that has been documented in the literature but for which a full explanation has yet to emerge.

D. "National Cultures and Soccer Violence," by Edward Miguel, Sebastián M. Saiegh, Shanker Satyanath (w13968, March 2008, .pdf format, 21p.).


Can some acts of violence be explained by a society's "culture"? Scholars have found it hard to empirically disentangle the effects of culture, legal institutions, and poverty in driving violence. We address this problem by exploiting a natural experiment offered by the presence of thousands of international soccer (football) players in the European professional leagues. We find a strong relationship between the history of civil conflict in a player's home country and his propensity to behave violently on the soccer field, as measured by yellow and red cards. This link is robust to region fixed effects, country characteristics (e.g., rule of law, per capita income), player characteristics (e.g., age, field position, quality), outliers, and team fixed effects. Reinforcing our claim that we isolate cultures of violence rather than simple rule-breaking or something else entirely, there is no meaningful correlation between a player's home country civil war history and soccer performance measures not closely related to violent conduct.


United Nations Policy Research Programme: "Armed conflict and schooling : evidence from the 1994 Rwandan genocide," by Richard Akresh and Damien de Walgue (WPS4606, April 2008, ASCII text and .pdf format, 38p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:


Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) [University of Bonn, Germany]:

A. "Too Young to Leave the Nest? The Effects of School Starting Age," by Sandra E. Black, Paul Devereux, and Kjell G. Salvanes (Discussion Paper No. 3452, April 2008, .pdf format, 58p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:

B. "Was the Mandal Commission Right? Living Standard Differences between Backward Classes and Other Social Groups in India," by Ira N. Gang, Kunal Sen, and Myeong-Su Yun (Discussion Paper No. 3453, April 2008, .pdf format, 31p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:

C. "Growing out of Poverty: Trends and Patterns of Urban Poverty in China 1988-2002," by Simon Appleton, Lina Song, and Qingjie Xia (Discussion Paper No. 3459, April 2008, .pdf format, 41p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:

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American Educational Research Association: AERA has updated its employment page with listings through Apr. 22, 2008.


American Statistical Association: ASA has updated its employment page with listings through Apr. 22, 2008.


Chronicle of Higher Education:

Sociology positions has been updated through Apr. 21, 2008.

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US Senate Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs Hearing Testimony: "Census in Peril: Getting the 2010 Decennial Back on Track, Part II," a hearing held April 15, 2008.

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United Nations World Health Organization: The WHO Mortality Database has been updated with new data (Apr, 14, 2008).


European Commission Eurostat Report: "European Regional and Urban Statistics - Reference guide," (April 2008,.pdf format, 261p.).,46587259&_dad=portal&_schema=PORTAL&p_product_code=KS-RA-07-024

Regional data (various download options):,45323734&_dad=portal&_schema=PORTAL&screen=welcomeref&open=/&product=EU_MASTER_regions&depth=2


Australian Bureau of Statistics: "Survey of Education and Work, Australia -- Confidentialised Unit Record File on CD-ROM, May 2007" (March 2008).

Technical Manual:

ABS restricted data access.!OpenDocument


Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research: ICPSR at he University of Michigan released several new datasets from Apr. 4-22, 2008, which may be of interest to Sociology researchers. Note: Some ICPSR studies are available only to ICPSR member institutions. To find out whether your organization is a member, and whether or not it supports ICPSR Direct downloading, see:

All new and updated data in the last 90 days can be found at:


UK Data Archive (Essex University, Colchester, UK): The UK Data Archive has recently added the following datasets to its holdings. Note: There maybe charges or licensing requirements on holdings of the UK Data Archive. For more information see:

SN 5822 -Experience and Expression in the Fear of Crime, 2003-2004

SN 5824 -1991 Census: Sample of Anonymised Records (SARs); Northern Ireland

SN 5818 -Young Life and Times Survey, 2007

SN 5817 -ONS Omnibus Survey, March 2006

SN 5740 -ONS Omnibus Survey, July 2006

SN 5812 -ONS Omnibus Survey, September 2006

SN 5813 -ONS Omnibus Survey, February 2007

SN 5815 -Annual Population Survey, October 2006 - September 2007

SN 5819 -Digitised Boundary Data, 1840-

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Association of Religion Data Archives (ARDA) [Pennsylvania State University] "Learning Modules" Update: ARDA has added the following modules to its "Learning Modules" site: "Americans and Religious Diversity," "Who is Leading America’s Congregations? A Social and Demographic Profile of U.S. Pastors," and "Clergy Satisfaction and Vocational Commitment."

"The learning modules are topic driven explorations into the numerous datasets that can be found on the ARDA. We currently have modules that guide the user through empirical data on the American religious landscape, evangelicals, seminarians, and the relationship religion holds with opinions on science, gender roles, homosexuality, politics, and crime. These topics are only the beginning, however, as we will continue adding more learning modules to the ARDA. All learning modules are intended for public use and are free of charge to download or redistribute. When using or revising the learning modules, however, please credit both the module's author and the Association of Religion Data Archives ("

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Panel Study Of Income Dynamics Bibliography Update: The University of Michigan Institute for Social Research PSID has recently added the following item to its bibliography. The entire bibliography can be searched or browsed in various ways at:

Hilber, Christian A. L. and Liu, Yingchun. Explaining the Black-White Homeownership Gap: The Role of Own Wealth, Parental Externalities and Locational Preferences. Journal of Housing Economics. 2008; _(_):_.

Yeung, Wei-Jun Jean and Conley, Dalton. Black-White Achievement Gap and Family Wealth. Child Development. 2008; 79(2):303-324.

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