Current Social Science Research Report--Sociology #78, September 3, 2008.

CSSRR-Social is a weekly email report produced by the Data and Information Services Center at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. It seeks to help social science researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. This report will contain selected listings of new: reports, articles, bibliographies, working papers, tables of contents, conferences, data, and websites. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:


CSSRR-Social is compiled and edited by Jack Solock and Charlie Fiss.


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Index to this issue:


















1. Census Bureau Report, Facts for Features:

A. "Income, Earnings, and Poverty Data From the 2007 American Community Survey," by Alemayehu Bishaw and Jessica Semega (ACS-09, August 2008, .pdf format, 46p.).

B. "Halloween: Oct. 31, 2008" (CB08-FF.17, Sep. 3, 2008, HTML and .pdf format, 4p.).

2. National Center for Education Statistics Reports:

A. "Dropout and Completion Rates in the United States: 2006," by Jennifer Laird, Emily Forrest Cataldi, Angelina KewalRamani, and Chris Chapman (NCES 2008053, September 2008, .pdf format, 69p.).

B. "Education and Certification Qualifications of Departmentalized Public High-School Level Teachers of Core Subjects: Evidence from the 2003-04 Schools and Staffing Survey," by Beth A. Morton, Pia Peltola, Michael Hurwitz, Greg F. Orlofsky, and Gregory A. Strizek (NCES 2008338, August 2008, .pdf format, 80p.).

3. Social Security Administration, Office of Policy Report: "Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2007" (September 2008, HTML and .pdf format, 173p., with accompanying tables in HTML, .pdf, and Microsoft Excel format).

4. Bureau of Justice Statistics Reports:

A. "Parents in Prison and Their Minor Children," by Lauren E. Glaze and Laura M. Maruschak (NCJ 222984, August 2008,HTML and .pdf for mat, with .zip compressed spreadsheets) 25p.).

B. "Civil Rights Complaints in U.S. District Courts, 1990 - 2006," by Tracey Kyckelhahn and Thomas H. Cohen (NCJ 222989, August 2008, HTML and .pdf format, 12., with .zip compressed spreadsheets).

5. Department of Justice, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Report: "Sexually Assaulted Children: National Estimates and Characteristics," by David Finkelhor, Heather Hammer, and Andrea J. Sedlak (August 2008, .pdf format, 12p.).

6. Government Accountability Office Report: "2010 Census: Census Bureau's Decision to Continue with Handheld Computers for Address Canvassing Makes Planning and Testing Critical" (GAO-08-936, July 2008, .pdf format, 30p.).

7. National Science Foundation InfoBrief: "Role of HBCUs as Baccalaureate-Origin Institutions of Black S&E Doctorate Recipients," by Joan Burrelli and Alan Rapoport (NSF 08-319, August 2008, HTML and .pdf format, 8p.).

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US States:


Iowa State Data Center Updates: The SDC updated the following files (all .pdf and Microsoft Excel format) on Aug. 27, 2008)


Characteristics of people at specified levels of poverty: 2005-2007

Family poverty status: 2004-2007

Individual poverty status: 2004-2007


People in poverty (three year averages): 2000-2007

See under Aug. 27, 2008 listing.

Michigan: Article: "Overview and Analysis of 2007 Income and Poverty Data" (August 2008).,1607,7-160-17451_18668_41233-198994--,00.html

North Carolina:

State Center for Health Statistics Report: "Basic Automated Birth Yearbook (BABY) North Carolina Residents, 2007" (August 2008, .pdf format).

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NGO and Other Countries:


1. Bureau of Statistics Reports:

A. "Population by Age and Sex, Regions of Australia, 2007" (August 2008, HTML and Microsoft Excel format).

Click on "Downloads" for link to spreadsheets.

B. "Experimental Estimates of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians, Jun 2006" (Microsoft Excel and .zip compressed Microsoft Excel format).

Click on "Downloads" for link to spreadsheets.

C. "Perspectives on Migrants, 2008" (August 2008).

D. "Demography News, Aug 2008" (August 2008).

E. "Divorces, Australia, 2007" (August 2008, Microsoft Excel format).

Click on "Downloads" for link to spreadsheets.

2. Queensland Government Report: "Queensland Government Population Projections to 2056: Queensland and Statistical Divisions" (September 2008, .pdf format).



Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (IBGE) Press Release: "IBGE releases municipal population estimates for 2008" (Aug. 29, 2008). The news release links to the data, (.pdf and Microsoft Excel format, 104p.) which is in Portuguese.



National Statistical Institute Report: "'Statistical Panorama - Bulgaria 2007' - analytical matter" (August 2008, .pdf format, 5p.). The report relates to a larger publication, "Statistical Panorama - Bulgaria 2007" which is available for a fee.

Larger print publication information:

Electronic publication:



Statistics Finland News Release: "Completers of curriculum-based basic vocational education numbered 32,100 in 2007" (Aug. 29, 2008).



Statistics Iceland News Releases:

A. "Personnel in schools at the upper secondary level in November 2007" (Aug. 29, 2008).

B. "Migration January - June 2008" (Sep. 2, 2008).



Central Statistics Office/An Phriomh-Oifig Staidrimh Reports:

A. "Irish Babies' Names: 2007" (August 2008, .pdf format, 12p.).

B. "Vital Statistics: Fourth Quarter and Yearly Summary: 2007" (August 2008, .pdf format, 53p.).



Central Bureau of Statistics Report: "Population of localities with over 1,000 residents - 30.06.2008 (provisional data)" (August 2008, .pdf Microsoft Excel format). Click on title for .pdf versions



Ministry of Health, Labour, and Welfare Reports:

A. "Abridged Life Tables For Japan 2007" (September 2008, HTML and .pdf format, 9p.).

B. "Summary of Vital Statistics" (September 2008, HTML and Microsoft Excel format).



Statistics Latvia News Release: "Development of demographic processes in Latvia in the 1st half-year of 2008" (Aug. 26, 2008). If the report is in Latvian, click on the "EN" tab at the top right side of the page for an English version.



Statistics and Census Service Report: "Demographic Statistics: 2nd Quarter/2008" (August 2008, .pdf and Microsoft Excel format, 4p.).



National Statistical Office News Release: "Band Clubs 2007" (Aug. 28, 2008, .pdf format, 11p.).



Statistics Netherlands: SN has updated its Web Magazine, Economic Monitor, and Press Releases from Aug. 27-Sep. 3, 2008).



Statistics Norway News Releases: SN has updated its news releases from Aug. 27-Sep. 3, 2008).



Scottish Government Reports:

A. "Rural Scotland Key Facts 2008: People and Communities, Services and Lifestyle, Economy and Enterprise" (September 2008, .pdf format, 51p.).

B. "Prison Statistics Scotland, 2007/08" (August 2008, .pdf format, 67p.).



Statistics Singapore Periodical: Monthly Digest of Statistics (August 2008, .pdf format, 104p.).



Statistical Office News Releases:

A. "Graduates from vocational colleges and higher education institutions, Slovenia, 2007," by Andreja Kozmelj (Aug. 28, 2008).

B. "Survey on Living Conditions, detailed data, Slovenia, 2006," by Matija Remec (Aug. 29, 2008).

C. "Migration changes, Slovenia, 2007," by Janja Povhe (Sep. 1, 2008).



Statistics Sweden Compendium: Women and Men in Sweden: Facts and Figures 2008 (2008, .pdf format, 128p.).



1. Department of Work and Pensions Report: "A comparative review of workfare programmes in the United States, Canada and Australia," by Richard Crisp and Del Roy Fletcher (Research Report No 533, August 2008, .pdf format, 19p.).

2. Ministry of Justice Report: "Population in custody: July 2008" (August 2008, .pdf and Microsoft Excel format, 16p.).

3. National Statistics Office News Release: "Divorce rate lowest for 26 years" (Aug. 29, 2008, .pdf format, 4p.).

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Demographic Research Articles:

A. "Women’s changing socioeconomic position and union formation in Spain and Portugal," by Marta Domínguez-Folgueras and Teresa Castro-Martin (Vol. 19, Article 41, .pdf format, p. 1513-1550). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:

B. "Adult mortality and children’s transition into marriage," by Kathleen Beegle and Sofya Krutikova (Vol. 19, Article 42, September 2008, .pdf format, p. 1551-1574). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:


National Research Council Monograph: Common Standards for K-12 Education?: Considering the Evidence: Summary of a Workshop Series, by Alexandra Beatty (National Academies Press, 2008, OpenBook and .pdf format, 104p.). Ordering information for a print copy is available at the site. NAP requires free registration before providing the .pdf version of this monograph.

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Population Council: "Marriage considerations in sending girls to school in Bangladesh: Some qualitative evidence," by Sajeda Amin and Lopita Huq (Poverty, Gender, and Youth Working Paper no. 12, August 2008, .pdf format, 17p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:


National Bureau of Economic Research:

A. "Technology's Edge: The Educational Benefits of Computer-Aided Instruction," by Lisa Barrow, Lisa Markman, and Cecilia E. Rouse (w14240, August 2008, .pdf format, 60p.).


We present results from a randomized study of a well-defined use of computers in schools: a popular instructional computer program for pre-algebra and algebra. We assess the program using a test designed to target pre-algebra and algebra skills. Students randomly assigned to computer-aided instruction score 0.17 of a standard deviation higher on pre-algebra/algebra tests than students randomly assigned to traditional instruction. We hypothesize that the effectiveness arises from increased individualized instruction as the effects appear larger for students in larger classes and in classes with high student absentee rates.

B. "Externalities in the Classroom: How Children Exposed to Domestic Violence Affect Everyone's Kids," by Scott E. Carrell and Mark L. Hoekstra (w14246, August 2008, .pdf format, 30p.).


It is estimated that between ten and twenty percent of children in the United States are exposed to domestic violence annually. While much is known about the impact of domestic violence and other family problems on children within the home, little is known regarding the extent to which these problems spill over to children outside the family. The widespread perception among parents and school officials is that these externalities are significant, though measuring them is difficult due to data and methodological limitations. We estimate the negative spillovers caused by children from troubled families by exploiting a unique data set in which children's school records are matched to domestic violence cases filed by their parent. To overcome selection bias, we identify the effects using the idiosyncratic variation in peers from troubled families within the same school and grade over time. We find that children from troubled families significantly decrease their peers' reading and math test scores and significantly increase misbehavior of others in the classroom. The effects are heterogeneous across income, race, and gender and appear to work primarily through troubled boys. The results are robust to within-sibling differences and we find no evidence that non-random selection is driving the results.

C. "Selection Bias in College Admissions Test Scores," by Melissa Clark, Jesse Rothstein, Diane Whitmore Schanzenbach (w14265, August 2008, .pdf format, 32p.).


Data from college admissions tests can provide a valuable measure of student achievement, but the non-representativeness of test-takers is an important concern. We examine selectivity bias in both state-level and school-level SAT and ACT averages. The degree of selectivity may differ importantly across and within schools, and across and within states. To identify within-state selectivity, we use a control function approach that conditions on scores from a representative test. Estimates indicate strong selectivity of test-takers in "ACT states," where most college-bound students take the ACT, and much less selectivity in SAT states. To identify within- and between-school selectivity, we take advantage of a policy reform in Illinois that made taking the ACT a graduation requirement. Estimates based on this policy change indicate substantial positive selection into test participation both across and within schools. Despite this, school-level averages of observed scores are extremely highly correlated with average latent scores, as across-school variation in sample selectivity is small relative to the underlying signal. As a result, in most contexts the use of observed school mean test scores in place of latent means understates the degree of between-school variation in achievement but is otherwise unlikely to lead to misleading conclusions.

D. "Fertility Theories: Can They Explain the Negative Fertility-Income Relationship?" by Larry E. Jones, Alice Schoonbroodt, and Michèle Tertilt (w14266, August 2008, .pdf format, 77p.).


In this chapter we revisit the relationship between income and fertility. There is overwhelming empirical evidence that fertility is negatively related to income in most countries at most times. Several theories have been proposed in the literature to explain this somewhat puzzling fact. The most common one is based on the opportunity cost of time being higher for individuals with higher earnings. Alternatively, people might differ in their desire to procreate and accordingly some people invest more in children and less in market-specific human capital and thus have lower earnings. We revisit these and other possible explanations. We find that these theories are not as robust as is commonly believed. That is, several special assumptions are needed to generate the negative relationship. Not all assumptions are equally plausible. Such findings will be useful to distinguish alternative theories. We conclude that further research along these lines is needed.

E. "Like Father, Like Son? A Note on the Intergenerational Transmission of IQ Scores," by Sandra E. Black, Paul J. Devereux, and Kjell G. Salvanes (w14274, August 2008, .pdf format, 16p.).


More able parents tend to have more able children. While few would question the validity of this statement, there is little large-scale evidence on the intergenerational transmission of IQ scores. Using a larger and more comprehensive dataset than previous work, we are able to estimate the intergenerational correlation in IQ scores, examining not just average correlations but also how this relationship varies for different subpopulations. We find that there is substantial intergenerational transmission of IQ scores; an increase in father's IQ at age 18 of 10% is associated with a 3.2% increase in son's IQ at the same age. This relationship holds true no matter how we break the data. This effect is much larger than our estimated elasticity of intergenerational transmission of income of approximately .2.

F. "Mismatch in Law School," by Jesse Rothstein and Albert Yoon (w14275, August 2008, .pdf format, 36p.).


An important criticism of race-based higher education admission preferences is that they may hurt minority students who attend more selective schools than they would in the absence of such preferences. We categorize the non-experimental research designs available for the study of so-called "mismatch" effects and evaluate the likely biases in each. We select two comparisons and use them to examine mismatch effects in law school. We find no evidence of mismatch effects on any students' employment outcomes or on the graduation or bar passage rates of black students with moderate or strong entering credentials. What evidence there is for mismatch comes from less-qualified black students who typically attend second- or third-tier schools. Many of these students would not have been admitted to any law school without preferences, however, and the resulting sample selection prevents strong conclusions.

G. "Affirmative Action in Law School Admissions: What Do Racial Preferences Do?" by Jesse Rothstein and Albert H. Yoon (w14276, August 2008, .pdf format, 70p.).


The Supreme Court has held repeatedly that race-based preferences in public university admissions are constitutional. But debates over the wisdom of affirmative action continue. Opponents of these policies argue that preferences are detrimental to minority students -- that by placing these students in environments that are too competitive, affirmative action hurts their academic and career outcomes.

This article examines the so-called "mismatch" hypothesis in the context of law school admissions. We discuss the existing scholarship on mismatch, identifying methodological limitations of earlier attempts to measure the effects of affirmative action. Using a simpler, more robust analytical strategy, we find that the data are inconsistent with large mismatch effects, particularly with respect to employment outcomes. While moderate mismatch effects are possible, they are concentrated among the students with the weakest entering academic credentials.

To put our estimates in context, we simulate admissions under race-blind rules. Eliminating affirmative action would dramatically reduce the number of black law students, particularly at the most selective schools. Many potentially successful black law students would be excluded, far more than the number who would be induced to pass the bar exam by the elimination of mismatch effects. Accordingly, we find that eliminating affirmative action would dramatically reduce the production of black lawyers.

H. "Cognitive and Non-Cognitive Peer Effects in Early Education," by Matthew Neidell and Jane Waldfogel (w14277, August 2008, .pdf format, 41p.).


We examine peer effects in early education by estimating value added models with school fixed effects that control extensively for individual, family, peer, and teacher characteristics to account for the endogeneity of peer group formation. We find statistically significant and robust spillover effects from preschool on math and reading outcomes, but statistically insignificant effects on various behavioral and social outcomes. Of the behavioral and social effects explored, we find that peer externalizing problems, which most likely capture classroom disturbance, hinder cognitive outcomes. Our estimates imply that ignoring spillover effects significantly understates the social returns to preschool.

I. "'Might Not Be a Tomorrow': A Multi-Methods Approach to Anticipated Early Death and Youth Crime," by Timothy Brezina, Erdal Tekin, Volkan Topalli (w14279, August 2008, .pdf format, 46p.).


A number of researchers point to the anticipation of early death, or a sense of "futurelessness," as a contributing factor to youth crime and violence. Young people who perceive a high probability of early death, it is argued, may have little reason to delay gratification for the promise of future benefits, as the future itself is discounted. Consequently, these young people tend to pursue high-risk behaviors associated with immediate rewards, including crime and violence. Although existing studies lend empirical support to these arguments and show a statistical relationship between anticipated early death and youth crime, this support remains tentative. Moreover, a number of questions remain regarding the interpretation of this relationship, the meanings that offenders attach to the prospect of early death, and the causal mechanisms that link anticipated early death to youth crime. In this paper, we address the limitations of previous studies using a multi-methods approach, involving the analyses of national survey data and in-depth interviews with active street offenders.

J. "Criminal Sentencing in Nineteenth Century Pennsylvania," by Howard Bodenhorn (w14283, August 2008, .pdf format, 51p.).


How law is interpreted and enforced at a particular historical moment reflects contemporary social concerns and prejudices. This paper investigates the nature of criminal sentencing in mid-nineteenth-century Pennsylvania. It finds that extralegal factors, namely place of conviction and several personal characteristics, were important determinants of sentence length. The observed disparities in the mid-nineteenth century, however, are different than modern disparities. Instead of longer sentences, African Americans and recent immigrants tended to receive shorter sentences, whereas more affluent offenders received longer sentences. The results are consistent with other interpretations of the period as the "era of the common man."


MDRC: "Designing a Marriage Education Demonstration and Evaluation for Low-Income Married Couples," by Virginia Knox and David Fein (August 2008, .pdf format, 37p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:

More information about MDRC:


World Bank Policy Research Program: "The developing world is poorer than we thought, but no less successful in the fight against poverty," by Shaohua Chen and Martin Ravallion (WPS 4703, August 2008, .pdf and ASCII text format, 46p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:


National Centre for Social and Economic Modelling [University of Canberra, Australia]: "Has the Risk of Social Exclusion for Australian Children Become More Geographically Concentrated?: Patterns from 2001 to 2006," (Conference Paper - CP123, August 2008, .pdf format, 39p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:

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JOURNAL TABLES OF CONTENTS (check your library for availability):

American Journal of Sociology (Vol. 114, No. 1, July 2008). Note: Full text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for availability of this database and issue.

Population Research and Policy Review (Vol. 27, No. 5, Oct. 2008).

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"A World of Populations: 20th Century Demographic Discourses And Practices In Global Perspective" Call for Papers (to be held in Washington, DC, May 2009). For more information see:

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American Educational Research Association: AERA has updated its employment page with listings through Sept. 3, 2008.


Chronicle of Higher Education:

Sociology positions has been updated through Sept. 3, 2008.

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US Department of Housing and Urban Development: "2007 AHS National Data" (August 2008, self decompressing (.exe) SAS and ASCII format, with descriptive statistics in self decompressing (.exe) ASCII format, and documentation in .pdf format).


US Bureau of Justice Statistics: Criminal Victimization in the United States -- Statistical Tables (August 2008, .pdf and Microsoft Excel format). Annual tables are available from 1996-2006.


Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research: ICPSR at he University of Michigan released several new datasets as of Sep. 1, 2008, which may be of interest to Sociology researchers. Note: Some ICPSR studies are available only to ICPSR member institutions. To find out whether your organization is a member, and whether or not it supports ICPSR Direct downloading, see:

New and updated data:

All new and updated data in the last 90 days can be found at:


UK Data Archive (Essex University, Colchester, UK): The UK Data Archive has recently added the following datasets to its holdings. Note: There maybe charges or licensing requirements on holdings of the UK Data Archive. For more information see:

For new data or new editions of new data in the last month:

and pick "1 month" for either.

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Kaiser Family Foundation Updates: updated the following files on Aug. 27, 2008:

Death Rate:

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NLS Bibliography Updates: Note: These citations, along with all of the NLS bibliography, can be found at:

For more information on any of these citations (selected abstracts are available) go to the above listed address and click on "Title List". Click on the first item, which will give the syntax of the citation urls:[0]=5883

Then change the number after the equal sign to the number listed as the "ID Number" in the citations below. You will be taken to the full citation listing.

New listings are numbered 5917-5922

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