Current Social Science Research Report--Sociology #94, January 7, 2009.

CSSRR-Social is a weekly email report produced by the Data and Information Services Center at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. It seeks to help social science researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. This report will contain selected listings of new: reports, articles, bibliographies, working papers, tables of contents, conferences, data, and websites. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:


CSSRR-Social is compiled and edited by Jack Solock and Charlie Fiss.


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Index to this issue:
















1. Census Bureau Compendium, Report, Press Release:

A. Statistical Abstract of the United States, 2009 (December 2008, .pdf format, 1361p.).

B. "The Geographic Distribution and Characteristics of Older Workers in West Virginia: 2004," by Cynthia Taeuber and Matthew R. Graham (LED-OW-04-WV, December 2008, .pdf format, 12p.).

C. "The Geographic Distribution and Characteristics of Older Workers in Kansas: 2004," by Cynthia Taeuber and Matthew R. Graham (Local Employment Dynamics LED-Ow04-KS, December 2008, .pdf format, 12p.).

D. "Americans With Disabilities: 2005," by Matthew W. Brault (P70-117, December 2008, .pdf format, 23p.). The report is linked to from a Census Bureau News Release: "Number of Americans With a Disability Reaches 54.4 Million"

2. Department of Health and Human Services, Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation Brief, Report:

A. "The Promise and Challenge of Using Volunteers to Provide Community-Based Marriage Education," (December 2008, .pdf format, 10p.).

B. "Health and Human Services Funding for Abstinence Education, Education for Teen Pregnancy and HIV/STD Prevention, and Other Programs that Address Adolescent Sexual Activity," (December 2008, HTML and .pdf format, 19p.).

3. Bureau of Justice Statistics Report: "Criminal Victimization, 2007," by Michael R. Rand (NCJ 224390, December 2008, .pdf, ASCII, and zipped comma-delimited format, 11p.).

4. National Center for Education Statistics Brief, Report:

A. "Mathematics Achievement of Language-Minority Students During the Elementary Years," by Gillian Hampden-Thompson, Gail Mulligan, Akemi Kinukawa, and Tamara Halle (NCES 2009036, December 2008, .pdf format, 4p.).

B. "Distance Education at Degree-Granting Postsecondary Institutions: 2006-07," by (NCES 2009044, December 2008, .pdf format, 60p.).

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NGO and Other Countries:

European Commission:

Eurostat Compendium, Report:

A. Regions of the European Union. A statistical portrait - 2009 edition (December 2008, .pdf format, 60p.).,46587259&_dad=portal&_schema=PORTAL&p_product_code=KS-EP-08-001

B. "Living conditions in Europe: Data 2003-06," (2008, .pdf format, 170p.).,46587259&_dad=portal&_schema=PORTAL&p_product_code=KS-DZ-08-001



Central Statistical Office Compendium: Statistical Yearbook of the Republic of Poland, 2008 (December 2008, .pdf format, 89p.). The compendium is in Polish and English. Selected review tables only are available.



Statistics Singapore Periodical: Monthly Digest of Statistics: December 2008 (January 2009, .pdf format, 105p.).



Statistical Office Compendium, News Release:

A. Statistical Yearbook 2008 (2008, .pdf and Microsoft Excel format, 608p.). The compendium is in Slovene and English.

B. "Migration changes, detailed data, Slovenia, 2007" (Dec. 22, 2008).


South Africa:

Statistics South Africa Report: "Marriages and Divorces, 2007," (P0307, December 2008, .pdf format, 28p.).



National Statistics Institute Reports:

A. "Municipal Register: Official Population Figures since 1996." Data is available through Jan. 1, 2008. Multiple download formats are available. There are also links at the site to population data going back to 1900.

B. University Education Statistics Update: "University Entrance Exams" has been updated (December 2008). Multiple download formats are available.



1. National Board of Health and Welfare Report: "Prostitution in Sweden 2007" (December 2008, .pdf format, 72p.).{37D239CF-BE4F-4AF8-B930-D4DD4521D832}

2. Statistics Sweden Press Releases:

A. "Students and graduate students at first and second cycle studies: Uneven recruitment patterns in higher education continue" (Dec. 19, 2008).

The news release links to a publication on the same topic (.pdf format) in Swedish.

B. "Sweden's population 31/12/2008, preliminary figures: Largest population increase in nearly 40 years" (Dec. 18, 2008).

C. "Integration--a description of the situation in Sweden: Many Asian and African born persons face worse conditions" (Dec. 18, 2008).

The news release links to a publication of the same title (.pdf format) in Swedish.



National Statistics Office Periodical: Monthly Digest of Statistics, edited by Dilys Rosen (No. 756, December 2008, .pdf format, 137p.).

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Century Foundation Issue Brief: "The Long Wait for Progress: Women and Economic and Social Equality," by Beverly Goldberg (December 2008, .pdf format, 19p.).


Children's Defense Fund Report: "State of America's Children 2008," (December 2008, .pdf format, 74p.).


Demographic Research Article: "Union formation and fertility in Bulgaria and Russia: A life table description of recent trends," by Dimiter Philipov and Aiva Jasilioniene (Vol. 19, Article 62, December 2008, .pdf format, p. 2057-2114).


Centre for Research on Families and Relationships [University of Edinburgh] Brief: "Infertility in Malawi: exploring its impact and social consequences," (Research Briefing No. 41, December 2008, .pdf format, p.).


Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences Article Abstract: "How social status shapes race," by Andrew M. Penner and Aliya Saperstein (Vol. 105, No. 50, December 16, 2008, p. 19628-19630).

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California Center for Population Research [University of California-Los Angeles]:

A. "'Living Apart Together' Relationships in the United States," by Charles Strohm, Judith A. Seltzer, Susan D. Cochran and Vickie Mays (PWP-CCPR-2008-042, December 2008, .pdf format, 42p.).


We use two surveys to describe the demographic and attitudinal correlates of being in 'Living Apart Together' (LAT), cohabiting, and marital relationships for heterosexuals, lesbians, and gay men. About one third of U.S. adults not married or cohabiting are in LAT relationships - these individuals would be classified as 'single' in conventional studies that focus on residential unions. Gay men are somewhat more likely than heterosexual men to be in LAT relationships. For heterosexuals and lesbians, LAT relationships are more common among younger people. Heterosexuals in LAT unions are less likely to expect to marry their partners, but more likely to say that couples should be emotionally dependent than are cohabiters. Regardless of sexual orientation, people in LAT relationships perceive similar amounts of emotional support from partners, but less instrumental support than cohabiters perceive.

B. "Schooling Location and Economic, Occupational and Cognitive Success among Immigrants and Their Children: the Case of Los Angeles," by Margot I. Jackson, Anne R. Pebley, and Noreen Goldman (PWP-CCPR-2008-041, December 2008, .pdf format, 34p.).


Large numbers of foreign-born residents in the United States mean that many people receive at least part of their education abroad. Despite this fact, our understanding of nativity differences in the success of adults and their children is based on research that does not empirically consider variation in the benefits to schooling depending on where it is received. We use data from the Los Angeles Family and Neighborhood Survey (L.A. FANS) to examine: a) whether the socioeconomic and cognitive returns to education depend on whether it is received in the U.S. or abroad; and b) whether schooling location partially accounts for nativity differences in these returns. We find that the returns to schooling are generally largest for adults who receive at least some of their highest level of education in the U.S. The beneficial effects of U.S. schooling are generally more pronounced at higher levels of educational attainment. Schooling location accounts for a sizeable fraction of the lower socioeconomic and cognitive returns of the foreign-born, relative to natives; some meaningful differences remain, however. In addition, the higher cognitive skills of the children of foreign-born adults remain unexplained. Although we cannot distinguish among the possible pathways underlying these associations (e.g., school quality, transferability of credentials, the timing of immigration) our findings suggest the importance of considering factors related to schooling location as predictors of socioeconomic and cognitive success in the United States.

C. "Diversity and Change in Cambodian Households (1998-2006)," by Floraine Demont and Patrick Heuveline (PWP-CCPR-2008-041, December 2008, .pdf format, 42p.). Note: There is no abstract for this paper.

D. "Acceptance Of Repeat Population-Based Voluntary Counseling And Testing For HIV In Rural Malawi," by Francis Obare, Peter Fleming, Philip Anglewicz, Rebecca Thornton, Francis Martinson, Agatha Kapatuka, Michelle Poulin, Susan Watkins, and Hans-Peter Kohler (CCPR-2008-049, December 2008, pdf format, 17p).


Objective: To examine the acceptance of repeat population-based voluntary counseling and testing (VCT) for HIV in rural Malawi.

Methods: Behavioral and biomarker data were collected in 2004 and 2006 from approximately 3,000 adult respondents. In 2004, oral swab specimens were collected and analyzed using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and confirmatory Western blot tests while finger-prick rapid testing was done in 2006. We use cross-tabulations with chi-square tests and significance tests of proportions to determine the statistical significance of differences in acceptance of VCT by year, individual characteristics and HIV risk.

Results: First, over 90% of respondents in each round accepted HIV test, despite variations in testing protocols. Second, the percentage of individuals who obtained their test results significantly increased from 67% in 2004 when the results were provided in randomly selected locations several weeks after the specimens were collected, to 98% in 2006 when they were made available immediately within the home. Third, whereas there were significant variations in the socio-demographic and behavioral profiles of those who were successfully contacted for a second HIV test, this was not the case for those who accepted repeat VCT. This suggests that variations in the success of repeat testing might come from contacting the individuals rather than from accepting the test or knowing the results.

Conclusions: Repeat HIV testing at home by trained health care workers from outside the local area, and with either saliva or blood, is almost universally acceptable in rural Malawi, and thus likely to be acceptable in similar contexts.

E. "Assimilation in a New Context: The Role of Origin and Nationality of Second Generation Educational Attainment in Germany," by Renee Reichl Luthra (CCPR-2008-050, December 2008, pdf format, 46p).


Rand Corporation Labor and Population Program:

A. "Marital Histories and Economic Well-Being," by Julie Zissimopoulos, Benjamin R. Karney, and Amy Rauer (WR-645, November 2008, .pdf format, 44p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:

B. "Methodological Innovations in Collecting Spending Data: The HRS Consumption and Activities Mail Survey," by Michael Hurd and Susann Rohwedde (WR-464, November 2008, .pdf format, 35p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:


National Bureau of Economic Research:

A. "Season of Birth and Later Outcomes: Old Questions, New Answers," by Kasey Buckles and Daniel M. Hungerman (w14573, December 2008, .pdf format, 34p.).


Research has found that season of birth is associated with later health and professional outcomes; what drives this association remains unclear. In this paper we consider a new explanation: that children born at different times in the year are conceived by women with different socioeconomic characteristics. We document large seasonal changes in the characteristics of women giving birth throughout the year in the United States. Children born in the winter are disproportionally born to women who are more likely to be teenagers and less likely to be married or have a high school degree. We show that controls for family background characteristics can explain up to half of the relationship between season of birth and adult outcomes. We then discuss the implications of this result for using season of birth as an instrumental variable; our findings suggest that, though popular, season-of-birth instruments may produce inconsistent estimates. Finally, we find that some of the seasonality in maternal characteristics is due to summer weather differentially affecting fertility patterns across socioeconomic groups.

B. "Improving Educational Outcomes for Poor Children," by Brian Jacob and Jens Ludwig (w14550, December 2008, .pdf format, 50p.).


This review paper, prepared for the forthcoming Russell Sage volume Changing Poverty, considers the ability of different education policies to improve the learning outcomes of low-income children in America. Disagreements on this question stem in part from different beliefs about the problems with our nation's public schools. In our view there is some empirical support for each of the general concerns that have been raised about public schools serving high-poverty student populations, including: the need for more funding for those school inputs where additional spending is likely to pass a benefit-cost test; limited capacity of many schools to substantially improve student learning by improving the quality of instruction on their own; and the need for improved incentives for both teachers and students, and for additional operational flexibility. Evidence suggests that the most productive changes to existing education policies are likely to come from increased investments in early childhood education for poor children, improving the design of the federal No Child Left Behind accountability system, providing educators with incentives to adopt practices with a compelling research base while expanding efforts to develop and identify effective instructional regimes, and continued support and evaluation of a variety of public school choice options.

C. "Empathy and Emulation: Life Satisfaction and the Urban Geography of Comparison Groups," by Christopher P. Barrington-Leigh and John F. Helliwell (w14593, December 2008, .pdf format, 39p.).


Departures from self-centred, consumption-oriented decision making are increasingly common in economic theory and are well motivated by a wide range of behavioural data from experiments, surveys, and econometric inference. A number of studies have shown large negative externalities in individual subjective well-being due to neighbours' incomes. These reflect the role of nearby households as comparison groups acting in individuals' reference-dependent preferences over income or consumption. At the same time, there are many reasons to expect positive spillovers from having prosperous neighbours. We combine high-resolution geographic data from three Canada-wide social surveys and the 2001 census to disentangle the spatial pattern of reference groups in urban areas and to identify channels of positive and negative spillovers on life satisfaction. We find evidence of significant effects of others' income at different scales and are able to reject a number of alternative explanations for the findings.


Statistics Canada/Statistique Canada: "Immigrant Economic and Social Outcomes in Canada: Research and Data Development at Statistics Canada," by Garnett Picot (Analytical Studies Branch Research Paper Series No. 319, December 2008, .pdf format, 37p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:


Centre d'Etudes de Populations, de Pauvreté et de Politiques Socio-Economiques / International Network for Studies in Technology, Environment, Alternatives, Development--Integrated Research Infrastructure in the Socio-economic Sciences (CEPS/INSTEAD--IRISS) [Differdange, Luxembourg]: "Process of transition from school-to-work: generator for the initial stage of path dependence in career development," by Raluca-Catrinel Brinza, Cristina Lincaru, and Gabriela Predosanu (IRISS Working Papers no. 2008-13, December 2008, .pdf format, 41p.).


The major objective of the project was accomplished through building life-table of survival analysis (event history analysis or duration analysis or transition analysis) for describing transitions from school-to-work using longitudinal micro-data. It is important to mention that we built a longitudinal data base, using the ECHP data base for all the 8 waves, with the SPSS program. The discrete model’s approach for this transition is described as the process of entering on the labour market, between two moments/points in time. The observed subjects are viewed as a cohort, a homogenous one. The selective final sample included the people over 16 years old who responded to the interviews in all the 8 waves, within the same household and who achieved the highest level of education one year before 1994. So, the entrance point is 1994 and the exit point is represented by the year of obtaining the main activity status - self defined as ‘working with an employer in paid employment (15+ hours/week).’ There are some intermediary results obtained for 10 countries: Belgium, Denmark, France, Ireland, Italy, Greece, Spain, Portugal, Germany (ECHP - from national sources), United Kingdom (ECHP - from national sources). Transition process from school-to-work is described as the distribution of time-to-event variables, where the ’event’ is considered ’to be employed’ (in the conditions already specified) in opposition to the state of not experiencing this event. Additionally, we compared the distribution by levels of a factor variable represented by ’gender’/sex and ’the highest level of general or higher education completed’ (stated in ISCED levels). The main results of the study are expressed through: Median Survival Time, Cumulative Proportion Surviving at End of Interval, Probability Density, Hazard Rate - for the aggregate sample and also for the selected countries: Italy, Portugal and Spain.


Institute for Social and Economic Research (ISER) [University of Essex, Colchester, UK]: "If you're happy and you know it, clap your hands! Survey design and the analysis of satisfaction," by Gabriella Conti and Stephen Pudney (ISER Working Paper 2008-39, November 2008, .pdf format, 59p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:


Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) [University of Bonn, Germany]: "An Assignment Model with Divorce and Remarriage," by Pierre-André Chiappori, Murat Iyigun, and Yoram Weiss (Discussion Paper No. 3892, December 2008, .pdf format, 45p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:


Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research: "Who is relevant? Exploring fertility relevant social networks," by Sylvia Keim, Andreas Klarner, and Laura Bernardi (WP-2009-001, January 2009, .pdf format, 20p.).


Based on the analysis of qualitative interviews in western Germany we argue that social relationships have a strong impact on individuals´ and couples´ fertility intentions and behavior. We identify relevant others and mechanisms of influences. The core family is an important factor of influences but we are also able to show that social relationships beyond the core family of parents and siblings need to be considered when taking social influence on the family formation of individuals into account.

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JOURNAL TABLES OF CONTENTS (check your library for availability):

Annals of Statistics (Vol. 36, No. 6, December 2008).

Journal of Family History (Vol. 34, No. 1, January 2009).

Journal of Family Issues (Vol. 30, No. 2, February 2009).

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US National Institutes of Health: "NIH-Supported Centers for Population Health and Health Disparities (CPHHD) (P50)," (RFA-CA-09-001, is a re-issue of RFA-ES-02-009, National Cancer Institute, in conjunction with other agencies, Dec. 23, 2008).

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Rand Corporation: Rand Summer Institute (July 8-9, 2009, Santa Monica, CA). "The RSI consists of two conferences addressing critical issues facing our aging population: a Mini-Medical School for Social Scientists (July 6-7) and a workshop on the Demography, Economics and Epidemiology of Aging (July 8-9). The primary aim of the RSI is to expose scholars interested in the study of aging to a wide range of research being conducted in fields beyond their own specialties."


Intute: Social Sciences: Intute has updated it's Sociology conferences page with new conferences:

5th International Conference on e-Social Science (Jun. 24, 2009).

Times of our Lives: Making Sense Of Ageing (Jul. 3, 2009).

Social Context of Death, Dying and Disposal (Sep. 9, 2009).

ISA International Laboratory for Ph.D. Students in Sociology : Possibility of Sociology in the Era of Globalization (Oct. 10, 2009).

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Agework.Com: AgeWork has updated its employment page with listings through Jan. 7, 2009.


American Educational Research Association: AERA has updated its employment page with listings through Jan. 6, 2009.


American Statistical Association: ASA has updated its employment page with listings through Jan. 7, 2009.


Chronicle of Higher Education:

Sociology positions has been updated through Jan. 6, 2009.

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US Census Bureau: "The latest national, state, and Puerto Rico population estimates - for July 1, 2008 - were released December 22, 2008."


Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research: ICPSR at the University of Michigan released several new datasets on Jan. 4, 2008 which may be of interest to Sociology researchers. Note: Some ICPSR studies are available only to ICPSR member institutions. To find out whether your organization is a member, and whether or not it supports ICPSR Direct downloading, see:

New and updated data:

All new and updated data in the last 90 days can be found at:


UK Data Archive (Essex University, Colchester, UK): The UK Data Archive has recently added the following datasets to its holdings. Note: There maybe charges or licensing requirements on holdings of the UK Data Archive. For more information see:

For new data or new editions of new data in the last month:

and pick "1 month" for either.

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