Current Social Science Research Report--Sociology #97, January 27, 2009.

CSSRR-Social is a weekly email report produced by the Data and Information Services Center at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. It seeks to help social science researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. This report will contain selected listings of new: reports, articles, bibliographies, working papers, tables of contents, conferences, data, and websites. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:


CSSRR-Social is compiled and edited by Jack Solock and Charlie Fiss.


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Index to this issue:


















1. Department of Health and Human Services Guidelines: "2009 HHS Poverty Guidelines," (January 2009, HTML and .pdf format, 3p.).

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US States:


Department of Finance Report: "California Public Postsecondary Enrollment History" (December 2008, Microsoft Excel format).


Department of Public Health Tables:

A. "Infant Mortality Numbers by County, 2004-2006" (January 2009).

B. Illinois Infant Mortality: 1907-2006" (January 2009).

C. "Illinois Infant Mortality Rate by Race, 1980-2006" (January 2009).


Department of Human Services, Children, Adults, and Families Periodical: Dashboard Report - District and Statewide (January 2009, .pdf format, 43p.).

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NGO and Other Countries:


Australian Institute of Health and Welfare Report: "Child protection Australia 2007-08," (Child welfare series no. 45, January 2009, .pdf format, 117p.).



Statistical Service Compendia:

A. Statistical Abstract: 2007 (January 2009, .pdf format, 398p.).$file/ABSTRACT_2007.pdf?OpenElement

B. Cyprus in Figures: 2008 (January 2009, .pdf format, 44p.).$file/CYPRUS_IN_FIGURES_2008.pdf?OpenElement



Statistics Denmark Focus: "Course participants in general adult education and higher preparatory examinations" (January 2009).



Statistics Finland News Release: "Number of students in education leading to a qualification fell" (Jan. 23, 2009).



Federal Statistical Office STATMagzin Article: "Minimum social security in Germany" (December 2008).,templateId=renderPrint.psml__nnn=true



1. Directorate of Health Statistics Update: "Number of deaths in 2007 by causes of death, age and gender (ICD-10)" (January 2009, Microsoft Excel format, tables in Icelandic and English).

2. Statistics Iceland Report: "Immigrants and persons with foreign background 1996-2008" (January 2009, .pdf format, 23p.). The report is in Icelandic, with and English summary. Table heads are in Icelandic and English.



Statistics Bureau Report, Periodical:

A. "Population Estimates: August 1, 2008 (Final estimates) , January 1, 2009 (Provisional estimates)" (January 2009, HTML and Microsoft Excel format).

B. Japan Monthly Statistics (January 2009, Microsoft Excel format).



National Bureau of Statistics News Release: "The activity of institutions of secondary vocational education at the beginning of 2008/09 school year" (Jan. 14, 2009). The news release links to a more detailed release, including topical tables and charts, in Moldovan.



Statistics Netherlands: SN has updated its Web Magazine, Economic Monitor, and Press Releases from Jan. 22, 2008-Jan. 27, 2009).



Statistics Norway News Releases: SN has updated its news releases from Jan. 22-27, 2009).



Central Statistical Office Compendium, Report:

A. Statistical Yearbook of the Regions - Poland, 2008 (January 2009, .pdf and .zip compressed .pdf format, 378p.). Note: this is a selection of the Compendium. It is in Polish and English.

B. "Voivodship Cities: Basic Statistical Data: (January 2009, .pdf format, 90p.).



Scottish Government Reports:

A. "Growing Up in Scotland: Sweep 3 Food and Activity Report" (January 2009, .pdf format, 59p.). Note: this report links to another GUS Report: "Growing Up In Scotland: Sweep 3 Non-resident Parent Report" (January 2009, .pdf format, 50p.).

B. "Exclusions from Schools 2007/08" (January 2009, .pdf format, 28p., with tables in HTML and Microsoft Excel format).



Statistical Office Report, News Release:

A. "Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of the Republic of Serbia: 1997--2007" (January 2009).

B. "The Number of employment in 2008: Annual Average" (Jan. 23, 2009, .pdf format, 9p.).



National Statistical Institute Report: "Short-term projections of the population: 2008-2018 Series" (January 2009, .pdf, Microsoft Excel, and web extraction data). There is a press release (.pdf format, 8p.) in English. Data are in Spanish.



Statistics Sweden Compendium, Press Release:

A. Sweden Statistical Yearbook 2009 (January 2009, .pdf format, 703p.).

B. "Research and development in the higher education sector: Large universities receive most research funds" (Jan. 21, 2009). The news release links to a detailed report, in Swedish.



1. Department for Work and Pensions Report: "Work and well-being over time: lone mothers and their children," by Tess Ridge and Jane Millar (Research Report 536, 2008, .pdf format, 113p.).

2. National Statistics Office Report: "General Household Survey 2007," (January 2009, .pdf and Microsoft Excel format).

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Demographic Research Article: "Rising marital disruption in Italy and its correlates," by Daniele Vignoli and Irene Ferro (Vol. 20, No. 4, January 2009, .pdf format, p. 11-36).


Rand Corporation Labor and Population Program Newsletter (January 2009).


Urban Institute Reports:

A. "Community Revitalization in the United States and the United Kingdom," by Harris Beider, Diane Levy, and Susan J. Popkin (December 2008, .pdf format, 27p.).

B. "The Role of Faith-Based and Community Organizations in Post-Hurricane Human Services Relief Efforts," by Carol J. De Vita, Fredrica D. Kramer, Lauren Eyster, Sam Hall, Petya Kehayova, and Timothy Triplett (December 2008, .pdf format, 103p.).


Public Library of Science (PLoS) One Public Article: "Perceptual Other-Race Training Reduces Implicit Racial Bias," by Sophie Lebrecht, Lara J. Pierce, Michael J. Tarr, and James W. Tanaka (PLoS ONE 4(1): e4215. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0004215, XML, HTML, and .pdf format, 7p.).

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California Center for Population Research [University of California-Los Angeles]: "Institutional, Household, and Individual Influences on Male and Female Marriage and Remarriage in Northeast China, 1749-1912," by Shuang Chen, Cameron Campbell, and James Lee (PWP-CCPR-2008-061, January 2009, .pdf format, 45p.).


In this chapter we examine marriage behavior in Liaoning and Heilongjiang provinces in Northeast China over 160 years from the mid eighteenth to early twentieth century. We extend on our previous analysis of the influence of household and family context on the timing of male first marriage in Liaoning (Lee and Campbell 1997, Campbell and Lee 2008) in several ways. First, we examine female marriage as well as male marriage. To our knowledge, this is the first quantitative analysis of the determinants of female first marriage for a late imperial Chinese population. Second, we assess the role of institutional affiliation in shaping marriage chances. Our study populations comprised five distinct categories, three in Liaoning and two in Shuangcheng, that differed in terms of the privileges, entitlements, constraints, and obligations imposed by the state on affiliated households. We show that category of institutional affiliation was an important determinant of marriage chances, alongside individual and family socioeconomic status. Finally, we examine timing of remarriage to provide a complete view of marriage behaviors in Northeast China. Again, to our knowledge, this is the first quantitative analysis of the determinants of widow and widower remarriage for a Chinese population before the twentieth century.


Center for Research on Child Well-Being [Princeton University]: "Unmarried Fathersí Earnings Trajectories: Does Partnership Status Matter?," by Irwin Garfinkel, Sara S. McLanahan, and Sarah O. Meadows (WP09-02-FF, January 2009, pdf format, 19p.).


Married men earn more than unmarried men. Previous research suggests that marriage itself "causes" some of the difference, but includes few men who fathered children out of wedlock. This paper asks whether increasing marriage (and possibly cohabitation) following a non-marital birth is likely to increase fathersí earnings and labor supply. The analyses are based on a new birth cohort study - the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study - which follows unmarried parents for the first five years after their childís birth. Results provide some support for the idea that increasing marriage will lead to increased fathersí earnings.


John F. Kennedy School of Government [Harvard University]: "A Centered Index of Spatial Concentration: Axiomatic Approach with an Application to Population and Capital Cities," by Filipe Campante and Quoc-Anh Do (Working Paper No. RWP09-005, January 2009, .pdf format, 44p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:


National Bureau of Economic Research:

A. "Public Policies and Women's Employment after Childbearing," by Wen-Jui Han, Christopher Ruhm, Jane Waldfogel, Elizabeth Washbrook (w14660, January 2009, .pdf format, 45p.).


This paper examines how the public policy environment in the United States affects work by new mothers following childbirth. We examine four types of policies that vary across states and affect the budget constraint in different ways. The policy environment has important effects, particularly for less advantaged mothers. There is a potential conflict between policies aiming to increase maternal employment and those maximizing the choices available to families with young children. However, this tradeoff is not absolute since some choice-increasing policies (generous child care subsidies and state parental leave laws) foster both choice and higher levels of employment.

B. "Student sorting and bias in value added estimation: Selection on observables and unobservables," by Jesse Rothstein (w14666, January 2009, .pdf format, 45p.).


Non-random assignment of students to teachers can bias value added estimates of teachers' causal effects. Rothstein (2008a, b) shows that typical value added models indicate large counter-factual effects of 5th grade teachers on students' 4th grade learning, indicating that classroom assignments are far from random. This paper quantifies the resulting biases in estimates of 5th grade teachers' causal effects from several value added models, under varying assumptions about the assignment process. If assignments are assumed to depend only on observables, the most commonly used specifications are subject to important bias but other feasible specifications are nearly free of bias. I also consider the case where assignments depend on unobserved variables. I use the across-classroom variance of observables to calibrate several models of the sorting process. Results indicate that even the best feasible value added models may be substantially biased, with the magnitude of the bias depending on the amount of information available for use in classroom assignments.

C. "The Impact of Children's Public Health Insurance Expansions on Educational Outcomes," by Phillip B. Levine, and Diane Whitmore Schanzenbach (w14671, January 2009, .pdf format, 37p.).


This paper examines the impact of public health insurance expansions through both Medicaid and SCHIP on children's educational outcomes, measured by 4th and 8th grade reading and math test scores, available from the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP). We use a triple difference estimation strategy, taking advantage of the cross-state variation over time and across ages in childrenís health insurance eligibility. Using this approach, we find that test scores in reading, but not math, increased for those children affected at birth by increased health insurance eligibility. A 50 percentage point increase in eligibility is found to increase reading test scores by 0.09 standard deviations. We also examine whether the improvements in educational outcomes can be at least partially attributed to improvements in health status itself. First, we provide further evidence that increases in eligibility are linked to improvements in health status at birth. Second, we show that better health status at birth (measured by rates of low birth-weight and infant mortality), is linked to improved educational outcomes. Although the methods used to support this last finding do not completely eliminate potentially confounding factors, we believe it is strongly suggestive that improving children's health will improve their classroom performance.

D. "'Momma's Got the Pill'": How Anthony Comstock and Griswold v. Connecticut Shaped U.S. Childbearing," by Martha J. Bailey (w14675, January 2009, .pdf format, 47p.).


The 1960s ushered in a new era in U.S. demographic history characterized by significantly lower fertility rates and smaller family sizes. What catalyzed these changes remains a matter of considerable debate. This paper exploits idiosyncratic variation in the language of "Comstock" statutes, enacted in the late 1800s, to quantify the role of the birth control pill in the 1960s. Almost fifty years after it appeared on the U.S. market, this analysis provides new evidence that oral contraception accelerated the post-1960 decline in marital fertility.


Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) [University of Bonn, Germany]:

A. "Low-Skilled Immigration and the Expansion of Private Schools," by Davide Dottori and I-Ling Shen (Discussion Paper 3946, January 2009, .pdf format, 56p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:

B. "On Mandatory Activation of Welfare Recipients," by Matz Dahlberg, Kajsa Johansson and Eva MŲrk (Discussion Paper 3947, January 2009, .pdf format, 37p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:

C. "Testing the Inverseness of Fertility and Labor Supply: The Case of Ethiopia," by Blen Solomon and Jean Kimmel (Discussion Paper 3949, January 2009, .pdf format, 12p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:

D. "I'll Marry You If You Get Me a Job: Marital Assimilation and Immigrant Employment Rates," by Delia Furtado and Nikolaos Theodoropoulos (Discussion Paper 3951, January 2009, .pdf format, 13p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:


Luxembourg Income Study: "Delay in Marriage and Income Inequality in Japan: The Impact of the Increased Number of Unmarried Adults Living with Their Parents on the Household Economy," by Sawako Shirahase (No. 510, January 2009, .pdf format, 34p.).


The continuous decline in the fertility rate has been witnessed since 1980 in Japan. Japanís total fertility rate in 2005 is 1.32, which is far below the replacement rate, 2.08. One of the main reasons for declining the fertility rate is the delay in marriage or even shy away from marriage among young adults. In this paper, looking at youth in terms of their relation to the household, we will examine the economic disparities of unmarried adults living with their parents in Japan in comparative perspective with Europe and U.S. The countries which I analyze in this paper are France, Germany, Italy, Sweden, U.K., U.S., and Taiwan, compared with Japan. The paper consists of two parts. First, I will examine economic disparities among households with unmarried adults, and second, the determinants of co-residence with their parents will be scrutinized. The degree of the Japanese youth unemployment rate is not as high as those in European countries, but it is commonly found that the youth tend to be targeted by economic downturns, and that they are exposed to high economic risk. Young unmarried people do not always live alone, but share their households with their family, mostly their parents. Less than 20 percent of unmarried adults live alone in Japan, and in Italy and Taiwan, its corresponding figures are even lower than that in Japan. The proportion of income derived from unmarried adults in the household economy is more or less negatively associated with family income. Therefore, unmarried adults are not always dependent on their parents in the household but there are cases in which unmarried adults are the ones who support the family income by living with their parents, particularly in low-income groups. The economic role of unmarried adult children in the household differs by the level of household economy. In determining if unmarried adults live with their parents, the economic factor is important for both men and women. Since their individual income is not high enough to have their independent households, they stay in their parental home. The most interesting finding in this analysis is on the gender role in living arrangement with their parents. Unmarried female adults are less likely to stay in their parental home if their mothers are at work, while there is no significant impact of motherís work on their male counterparts. Unmarried daughters are like to be expected to take over the motherís role in the households when she is in the labor force, so there is a gendered allocation of family role for unmarried adults. Thus, the economic levels of unmarried adults and the gender constrain in allocating family roles were important in determining the living arrangement with the parents.

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JOURNAL TABLES OF CONTENTS (check your library for availability):

Social Science and Medicine (Vol. 68, No. 3, February 2009).

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Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN) [Columbia University]: "The Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN) of The Earth Institute at Columbia University is now accepting applications for participation in a five-day training workshop in geospatial data analysis techniques for population and demographic research focused on attaining the Millennium Development Goals and sustainable development. Up to ten participants will be selected to attend the workshop. All workshop fees, travel, lodging will be covered for the selected participants along with a small per diem to cover meals." (April 20-24, 2009, Bonn, Germany). The deadline for applications is February 23, 2009.

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Research Committee on Social Stratification and Mobility (RC28), International Sociological Association: "Mobility and Inequality: Intergenerational and Life Course Perspectives," (Aug. 3-6, 2009, New Haven, Connecticut). "The deadline for submitting proposals for a paper or poster is April 1, 2009."


Joint Summer School of the IUSSP (International Union for the Scientific Study of Population) and the Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research (MPIDR) On: Frontiers of Formal Demography," to be held Jun. 2-10, 2009 in Rostock, Germany. For more inforation see:

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EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES: "Agework.Com: AgeWork has updated its employment page with listings through Jan. 27, 2009.


American Statistical Association: ASA has updated its employment page with listings through Jan. 27, 2009.


Chronicle of Higher Education:

Sociology positions has been updated through Jan. 27, 2009.

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US National Center for Health Statistics: NCHS has recently created a new portal for the release of Vital Statistics data. "Public use Birth, Period Linked Birth - Infant Death, Birth Cohort Linked Birth - Infant Death, Mortality Multiple Cause, and Fetal Death data files are available for independent research and analyses."


National Longitudinal Survey: NLS has recently released a revised version of the NLSY79 Child/Young Adult (1986-2006)(revised 2009-01-18). "The NLSY79 Child and Young Adult data file is now accessed via the Web Investigator only. The locally installed version accessed through the DB Investigator is no longer available."


Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research: ICPSR at the University of Michigan released several new datasets on Jan. 19, 2008 which may be of interest to Sociology researchers. Note: Some ICPSR studies are available only to ICPSR member institutions. To find out whether your organization is a member, and whether or not it supports ICPSR Direct downloading, see:

New and updated data:

All new and updated data in the last 90 days can be found at:


UK Data Archive (Essex University, Colchester, UK): The UK Data Archive has recently added the following datasets to its holdings. Note: There maybe charges or licensing requirements on holdings of the UK Data Archive. For more information see:

For new data or new editions of new data in the last month:

and pick "1 month" for either.

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University of Wisconsin Data and Information Service Center Country Statistical Yearbook Update. Our Country Statistical Yearbook page has added links to several yearbooks. Note: check carefully to see if the link is to a hypertext or .pdf yearbook, or information about a print one, as well as the language of the yearbook. Our Country Statistical Yearbook page now points to compendia for 111 countries.


Albania: Indicators by Prefectures: 2005-2006

Austria: Data, Facts, Figures

Malaysia 2007 Yearbook of Statistics

Saudi Arabia Annual Statistical Books: 1999-2007 (Note: links to books before 1999 are not working at present).


Albania: Women and Men in Albania: 2006

Austria: Statistisches Jahrbuch 2008

Cyprus: Statistical Abstract 2007

Cyprus in Figures: 2008

Germany: Regional statistics: 2008

Hungary: Demographic Yearbook, 2007

Hungary: Regional Statistical Yearbook of Hungary, 2007

Japan: Statistical Yearbook 2009

Malaysia Statistics Handbook 2008

Moldova: Population and demographic processes in the Republic of Moldova: 2007 Edition

Poland: Statistical Yearbook 2008

Romania: 2008 Statistical Yearbook

Slovenia: Statistical Yearbook 2008

Taiwan: Statistical Yearbook of the Republic of China 2007

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